Warm Springs Indian Agency (Oregon)Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oregon Gotoarrow.png Warm Springs Indian Agency (Oregon)


The Warm Springs Agency is a currently operating agency in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Its supervising office is the Portland Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Cayuse, Chinook, Paiute,Walla Walla, and Wasco

History

The Warm Springs Agency was established in 1851 for the Indians in Oregon, east of the Cascade Mountains. It was also called the Utilla Agency, Eastern Oregon Agency, Northeastern Oregon Agency, Middle Oregon Agency, and Dalles Agency. It was originally located at the Lower Crossing of the Utilla (Umatilla) River and was responsible for the Cayuse, Shoshoni, and Nez Perce Indians.

In 1854, the agency moved to The Dalles. At that time, it was responsible for the Wasco, Walla Walla, Cayuse, Shoshoni, and Umatilla Indians. At the same time, the Southeastern District Agency was established for the Indians south of the 44th parallel.

In 1856, the Warm Springs Reservation was established and in 1861, the agent moved his headquarters to that reservation and the name of the agency was settled[1].

In 1917, the Roseburg Agency was discontinued and the Indians assigned to them were transferred to the Warm Springs Agency. In 1936, the Indians that had been assigned to the Roseburg Agency were re-assigned to the Umatilla Agency[2].

Agents and Appointment Date

Elias Wampole 1850 at Utilla, Robert R. Thompson 1853 and Ami P. Dennison 1857 at The Dalles, William Logan 1861, John Smith 1865, Bvt. Capt. W.W. Mitchell 1869 and John Smith 1870 at Warm Springs [3]

Records

Some records of the Warm Springs Agency are in the Pacific Alaska Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Seattle[4], including:

  • Census records, 1880-1934
  • School reports, 1891-1915
  • Health records, 1900-1922
  • Tribal court records, 1900-1934
  • Census for the Burns Colony, 1929-1946
  • And other administrative and financial records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Warm Springs Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Warm Springs Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 183, Warm Spring Indian Reservation, in Crook County, Oregon, and in District 183, Warm Spring Indian Reservation, in Wasco County, Oregon.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Warm Springs Agency, 1882-1899, are on roll 55 of that Microcopy set[5]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617728).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1886-1891, 1895, 1897-1911, and 1913-1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 635 thru 639[6]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 583094-583098). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Warm Springs Agency, 1907-1937, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 164-166[7], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm numbers 1724382-1724384. Reports for some years are missing.

Records Available Through the Family History Library

Warm Springs Agency Records 1879-1952. FHL films: 10221379-1021385, 1022004

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 125.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 189-190.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].
  4. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, P. 51.
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 17 January 2013, at 17:02.
  • This page has been accessed 1,588 times.