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United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Washington County
Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park (ACW), Washington County, Arkansas by Justin Fisher

Guide to Washington County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.






Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records






Washington County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded October 17, 1828
County Seat Fayetteville
Courthouse
Address Washington County Courthouse
280 N College Ave #300
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone: 501.444.1711

Contents

County Courthouse

Washington County Courthouse
280 N College Ave #300
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone: 501.444.1711


County Clerk has marriage records from 1845 and probate records from 1828; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records; City Librarian has cemetery records[1]

Beginning years for Washington County, Arkansas government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1845 1914* 1835 1834 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

History

Washington County is Arkansas's seventeenth county, formed on October 17, 1828, and named for George Washington, the first President of the United States.

Parent County

  • 1828--Washington County was created 17 October 1828 from Crawford County.  County seat: Fayetteville [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Arkansas counties see: Arkansas Counties with Burned Courthouses

Places/Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

  • Elkins
  • Elm Springs
  • Farmington
  • Fayetteville
  • Goshen
  • Greenland
  • Johnson
  • Lincoln
  • Prairie Grove
  • Springdale
  • Tontitown
  • West Fork
  • Winslow



Neighboring Counties

Adair County, Oklahoma  · Benton  · Crawford  · Madison  ·

Mayes CountyDelaware CountyBenton CountyCherokee CountyCarroll County, ArkansasSequoyah CountyWashington CountyFranklin CountyJohnson CountyNewton CountyMadison CountyCrawford CountyLogan CountySebastian CountyHaskell CountyMcDonald CountyLe Flore CountyBarry CountyAdair CountyARWashington3.JPG


Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Biographies

Cemeteries

Online Washington County, Arkansas cemeteries from state and national resources
Search for names of people
(County-wide)
Get a list of cemeteries
(Most click to names of people)
Find published records
(Often more complete)
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, change the name, then "Search"
  • Billion Graves Change the name, then "Search" (Statewide, many counties nil)
  • ARGenWeb Select a county, then "Cemeteries." Some overlap with USGenWeb.

More cemetery lists

Cemeteries of Washington County - Index and Transcriptions -  Washington County ARGenWeb,

Combs Cemetery, Confederate Cemetery, Fayetteville National Cemetery, Harrell Cemetery, Joyce Cemetery, Mount Salem Cemetery, Reese Cemetery 1, Reese Cemetery 2, Roberson CemeteryTharp Cemetery, Walker Cemetery, Whitehouse CemeteryZion Cemetry

Census

Church Records

Church records vary greatly, depending upon the the record keepers and beliefs of the church. They may give: a member's dates of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information, maiden name; and death date. For more information, see Arkansas Church Records.

See also [[{{{1}}} County, Arkansas Genealogy#Towns and Townships|Towns and Townships]] to search the FamilySearch Catalog for records not listed at the county level.

Court

Genealogy

  • Biographies from The History of Washington County, Arkansas (1889) published by Goodspeed Publishing Company are available free on the My Genealogy Hound website.

Land and Property

Land and property records can 1) place an ancestor in a particular location, 2) provide economic information, 3) reveal family relationships and more.

After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse in the form of deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, and others.

See Arkansas Land and Property for more about online collections and early Arkansas land grants and patents from the government to private ownership.

Federal Land PatentsHomestead and Cash Entry Patents Before 1908  -  USGenWeb Washington County Archives,  Land Records 1834-1991, Fayetteville Public Library Land Index, 1830-1903

Washington County Archives Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief [[{{{1}}} County, Arkansas Genealogy#History Timeline|Timeline History of the county]]. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

See also [[{{{1}}} County, Arkansas Genealogy#Towns and Townships|Towns and Townships]] to search the FamilySearch Catalog for records not listed at the county level.


History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture [1]

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Arkansas, Washington County on page 191.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Arkansas section begins on page 439.]
Mexican War
Civil War

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Washington County.

- 1st Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Stirman's) (Confederate), Companies D and E
- 16th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- 17th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Griffith's) (Confederate), Companies D and E
- 34th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies A, B, C, H and K
- Witherspoon's Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Union)[4]
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[5]Company C

Also see Arkansas in the Civil War

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Washington County.

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Arkansas newspapers in online catalogs like:

Occupations

Probate Records

Probate2.JPG

Probate records of Arkansas have been kept by the probate or county courts. You can obtain copies of the original records by contacting the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of many Arkansas probate records. See Arkansas Probate Records for more information about Probate records in Arkansas, including statewide indexes.

  • Probate Records 1837-1931 Part of: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Letters of administration 1840-1905; Letters of testamentary 1841-1905; Probate records 1837-1886; Wills 1889-1931.

Taxation

Arkansas tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years for some counties. For more information see Arkansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arkansas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth
  • 1900-1953 - Washington County Birth Index 1900-1953. Batch C750893 at FamilySearch - free.[8]
Marriage
Death
  • Obituaries submitted to Washington County ARGenWeb


Vital Record Substitutes


Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites



Sites with online indexes or images of records
ARGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Washington County, Arkansas
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Washington County, Arkansas
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
Arkansas History Commission AR state agency involved in organizing and maintaining state and local history of AR
See also local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Washington County, Arkansas
GeneaBloggers enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
Google+ list of groups from "arkansas genealogy" search
Facebook list of groups from "Arkansas Genealogy" search
genealogy.com Washignton County, AR Genealogy Forum
ancestry.com Washington County Message Board

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 70.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Arkansas, Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas, for the period of the late rebellion, and to November 1, 1866, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990) FHL fiche 6082312
  5. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987) FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  6. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  7. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August 2012).
  8. 8.0 8.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d7/Arkansasnz.pdf.
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 18 November 2014, at 23:22.
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