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Various Spellings: Washoe, Wasco

Population: 1990: 1,520

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California
919 Highway 395 South
Gardnerville, NV 89410
Phone: 1.775.265.4191
Fax: 1.775.265.6240

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1825: Jebediah Smith
  • 1850: Trading posts in Washoe territory
  • 1855 June 25, with the Wallawalla and Waco
  • 1857: Potato War
  • 1858: Comstock Lode
  • 1860: Pyramid Lake War with the Northern Paiute
  • 1860: Northern Paiute conquered the Washo
  • 1865November 15, Middle Oregon Tribes
  • 1917: land set aside for the Wahoe near Carson City, Nevada became the Carson Colony
  • ----Dresslerville Colony and Reno-Sparks Colony
  • 1924: granted U.S. citizenship
  • 1935: constitution
  • 1936: Federally recognized as the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California
  • 1966: 795 acres Wahoe Ranch

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Reservation

A tract of land set aside for occupation and use by American Indians.

Bands of the Washoe Tribe and Their Colonies

The term or designation of Washoe Indians is a broad categorization of several bands within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically lived on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, near Reno, Nevada and the Lake Tahoe area of California. Some of the bands or groups of Washoe include:

Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M 234 RG 75 Rolls

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Washoe Oregon Superintendency,1842-80 Washington D.C. 607-30 - - -
Washoe Utah and Nevada Superintendencies Washington D.C. 896-906, 538-45 - - -
Washoe Walker River Agency San Francisco - - 631 FHL Films: 583088-583093
Treaties
  • 1855 June 25, with the Wallawalla and Waco
  • 1865November 15, Middle Oregon Tribes

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • California Indians and Their Reservations: An Online Dictionary. Available online.
  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Kroeber, Alfred L. Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 78, 1925. Reprint. New York City: Dover Publications, [ca 2006] WorldCat 255854981 Available online.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 7 May 2012, at 07:01.
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