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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   New York   Gotoarrow.png   New York Military   Gotoarrow.png   New York in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png   New York Civil War Union Units 103rd through 150th   Gotoarrow.png  123rd Regiment, New York Infantry

123 ny infantry regiment monument gettysburg.jpg


Brief History

The 123rd Infantry Regiment, also known as the Washington County Regiment, was organized at Salem, Washington County, New York and mustered in September 4, 1862.[1][2] They were mustered in under Colonel Archibald L. McDougall, Lt. Colonel Franklin Norton and Major James C. Rogers.[3]
they marched to Washington, D. C April 29-May 20, 1865. Mustered out June 8, 1865 Colonel Rogers, Lieutenant Colonel Tanner and Major Gray. The Veterans and Recruits were transferred to the 60th New York Infantry.

For more information on this history of this unit, see:

The New York State Military Museum website has a unit history project page for the 102nd Infantry Regiment.

The Civil War in the East website gives a timeline for the involvement of 102nd New York Infantry Regiment in the war.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles,companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

See the Regiment Roster, for listing of individuals, their company and their involvement.

Company A - principally recruited from Greenwich, Washington County

Company B - principally recruited from Kingsbury, Washington County

Company C - principally recruited from Whitehall, Washington County

Company D - principally recruited from Fort Ann, Putnam and Dresden, all of Washington County

Company E - principally recruited from Hartford and Hebron of Washington County

Company F - principally recruited from Argyle and Greenwich of Washington County

Company G - principally recruited from White Creek, Jackson, Greenwich and Salem, all of Washington County

Company H - principally recruited from Salem, Shushan, Greenwich, Hartford and Hebron, all of Washington County

Company I - principally recruited from Easton, Cambridge, Hartford and Hebron, all of Washington County

Company K - principally recruited from Granville and Hampton of Washington County

Source Material

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘New York in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • New York in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for New York, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • The Union Army : a History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861-65, Records of the Regiments in the Union Army, Cyclopedia of Battles, Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers, Reprint of original published: Madison, WI.: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. Other libraries with this book,FHL Collection FHL book 973 M2ua
  • Morhous, Henry C. Reminiscences of the 123rd Regiment, N.Y.S.V., : giving a complete history of its three years service in the war, Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America,1992  (originally published: Greenwich, N.Y. : Peoples Journal Book and Job Office, 1879). Google Books, FHL fiche 6083820 (3 fiche)
  • Morhous, Henry C. Reminiscences of the 123rd Regiment, N.Y.S.V., : giving a complete history of its three years service in the war. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1992) FHL Fiche 6083820
  • Perry, Kenneth A.; Hammond, King S.; Mathews, Horace P.  We are in a fight today : the Civil War diaries of Horace P. Mathews & King S. Hammond. (Bowie, Maryland : Heritage Books, c2000) FHL Book 973 M2pwa
  • United States. Army. New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 123rd (1862-1865). Report of the monument committee of the One Hundred and Twenty-Third Regiment New York Infantry Volunteers : 1st Brig., 1st Div., 20th Corps. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1992( FHL Fiche 6083819


  1. Frederick Henry Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, (Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908), as cited at Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System (database on-line) at http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ (accessed 2010).
  2. New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs. "Unit History Project : 123rd Infantry Regiment” in New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center at http://dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/123rdInf/123rdInfMain.htm (accessed 9 December 2010) citing Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912).
  3. Hawks, Steve.The Civil War in the East. Database. http://www.civilwarintheeast.com/USA/NY/NY123.php (accessed 9 December 2010)


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