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United StatesGotoarrow.pngSouth Carolina Gotoarrow.png Aiken County

Aiken County, South Carolina genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

Coordinates: 33.55°0′N 81.64°0′W / 33.55°N 81.64°W / 33.55; -81.64

Aiken County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Aiken County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 10, 1871
County Seat Aiken
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Aiken County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915 1911 1915 1880 1872 1873

County Courthouse

AikenSC.jpg
Aiken County Courthouse
109 Park Ave. SE
Aiken, SC 29801


Aiken County Probate Judge
Room E126
109 Park Ave. SE
Aiken, SC 29801
Mailing address:
P.O. Box 1576
Aiken SC 29802-1576
803-642-2002
Marriage and probate records

Register Mesne Conveyance
828 Richland Ave. West
Room 100
Aiken, South Carolina 29801
Phone: 803-642-2072
Deeds and Mortgages

Clerk of Court
Second Floor
109 Park Ave. SE
Aiken, SC 29801
Phone: 803-642-1715
Mailing address:
P.O. Box 583
Aiken, SC 29802-0583
Court records

Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Monday - Friday

Historical Facts

Aiken County is named for William_Aiken (1779-1831), founder and president of the South_Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company and father of South Carolina Governor William Aiken, Jr. (who served from 1844-1846).[1] The South Carolina Railroad first brought large numbers of people to the area in the 1830s when it completed a line between Charleston and Hamburg (located on the Savannah River).[2] The creation of a county in the area was first considered in 1857 (under the name Calhoun) but the Bill failed. Aiken was originally going to be named Woodbury and then Randolph.[3]Learn more about the history of Aiken County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

Parent County/Boundary Changes

For more information as well as maps of Aiken County through time, see the South Carolina State Archives or South Carolina County Maps and Atlases.

County Seat

The county seat of Aiken County is Aiken, which was incorporated in 1835.[4]

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken[5]

Record Loss

Places/Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

  • Vandervelde, Isabel. Aiken County: The Only South Carolina County Founded During Reconstruction. Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1999. FHL Books 975.775 F2v
  • Vandervelde, Isabel. Other Free People in Early Barnwell District. Newberry, S.C.: Art Studio Press, 2001. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online; FHL;Book 929.273 G139v, includes Aiken County.

Known plantations South Carolina Plantations:

  • Airville
  • Beech Island
  • Cathwood (aka Cedar Grove, Kathwood)
  • Cedar Grove (aka Cathwood, Kathwood)
  • Faifields (at Ridge Spring)
  • Granville (at Beech Island)
  • John Glaze
  • Jumping Creek (at Aiken)
  • Kathwood (aka Cedar Grove, Cathwood)
  • Kitchin
  • Oakland (at Beech Island)
  • Oakwood
  • Pascalis (at Aiken)
  • Redcliffe (at Beech Island)
  • Rose Hill (at Beech Island)
  • Silver Bluff (at Jackson)
  • Silver Hill
  • Williams

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Aiken County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 28,112
1890 31,822 13.2%
1900 39,032 22.7%
1910 41,849 7.2%
1920 45,574 8.9%
1930 47,403 4.0%
1940 49,916 5.3%
1950 53,137 6.5%
1960 81,038 52.5%
1970 91,023 12.3%
1980 105,625 16.0%
1990 120,940 14.5%
2000 142,552 17.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Aiken County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

Church

The Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939 is available for free online, courtesy: South Caroliniana Library. Aiken County's W.P.A. reports are included.

Aiken County Churches identifies dozens of churches in the area, courtesy: South Carolina Genealogical Society.

Baptist

  • The First Baptist Church was organized by a small group near the site of the Palmetto Golf Club. In 1836 this organization moved to the town of Aiken. The church was completed in 1836 and named the Aiken Baptist Church. Other Baptist Churches include: Beech Island Baptist Church, organized on 21 January 1832; Belvedere Baptist Church, organized on 19 February 1922; Clearwater No.1 Baptist Church, organized in 1872; Green Pond Baptist Church, organized in 1887; The Memorial Baptist Church; The Ellenton Memorial Christian Church, was first located at Ellenton and established in 1839; Mount Beulah Baptist Church, organized in 1833; Spring Branch Baptist Church, constituted on 20 May 1871 while part of Barnwell County; Montmorenci Baptist Church, organized on 19 December 1870; Shaws Fork Baptist Church, organized in 1913; Talatha Baptist Church, one of the older churches in the Aiken Association; White Pond Church, there is no date of organization but first baptism was in 1844; Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church, erected in 1834.[6]

Catholic Church

  • Exploration in the colonial period lead to the introduction of Catholicism in the region. The Church of St. Claire of the Holy Cross was built in 1867 and was the predecesor of Saint Mary's Catholic Church of Aiken.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Churches were established in the 1950s. LDS Ward and Branch Records
  • Aiken

Episcopal Church

  • St. Thaddeus Episcopal Church was built in 1842 on land donated by the the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. [7]

Presbyterian

  • Coles, W.R. The Immanuel Presbyterian Mission at Aiken, S.C. 1893. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

General

As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Aiken, South Carolina at World Connect, results in more than 8,000 entries.

Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders | Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

  • Rowland, Arthur Ray. Neighbors of North Augusta and Its Geographical Ancestors including Hamburg Township and Schultz Township in Edgefield County and Aiken County, South Carolina: from U.S. census records, 1850-1900. North Augusta, S.C.: RR Books, 2006. FHL 975.7 X22r

Message Boards

Bibliography

  • [Barton] Barton, Mildred Elizabeth. A Family Tree: Barton-Gingrey, Brown-Moseley. Aiken, S.C.: M.B. Barton, 1990. FHL Book 9.273 B285bb
  • [Finley] Finley, William Peronneau. In Memoriam, William Peronneau Finley. Augusta, Ga.: Jas. L. Gow, Pr., 1876. FHL Film 1841762 Item 37.
  • [Holley] McCreary, Richard A. The Sovereign Evans Holley Family of Aiken County, South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.: R.A. McCreary, 1993?. FHL 929.273 H724m
  • [Johnson] Rumph, Thedoshia Juanita Harvey and Marian Dale Harvey. Family History of Jacob E. Johnson (Birth/Death Dates Unknown) & Elizabeth Johnson Born in 1809 in Virginia, Died 6-2-1895 in Aiken, S.C. Pemberton, N.J.: T.J.H. Rumph, 2001. FHL 929.273 J633r
  • [Kirkland] The 14 Children of John & Lavina Kirkland John b. 1810 d. 1889 (Aiken Co.) South Carolina. FHL 929.273 K635kj
  • [Plunkett] Ivy, Emma Plunkett. Ten Thousand Plunketts. 2 vols. Atlanta: Peachtree Letter Service, 1974. FHL Book 929.273 P741i v. 1 - v. 2; digital version Vol. 2 at FamilySearch Books Online.
  • [Ravenel] Childs, Arney R. The Private Journal of Henry William Ravenel, 1859-1887. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1947. FHL Film 1425401 Item 2.
  • [Speidel] Speidel, James L. Genealogy of Jim Speidel. Marietta, Ga.: J.L. Speidel, 19--?. FHL Book 929.273 Sp32sjL.
  • [Younce] Yonce, Luther V. "Yonce" Families in the United States of America: Nationality, German: Pennsylvania in 1738, Virginia about 1765, North Carolina about 1768, South Carolina before 1772, Ohio late 1788, Kentucky in 1807, Tennessee early 1800, Missouri in 1838, Mississippi mid 1800, Arkansas mid 1800, and More. Knoxville, Tenn.: Tennessee Valley Pub., c1993. FHL Book 929.273 Y8yL

Historic Residences

  • Greetings from Aiken, S.C. 1909. Digital version at Internet Archive. [Includes photographs of many historic buildings.]

Land and Property

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart shows where you may best expect to find land records for Aiken County:


Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County with Parent Counties and Districts [8]
Date Government Office  
1871-Present Aiken County
1868-1871 Orangeburg County
1868-1908 Lexington County
1865-1868 Orangeburg District
1785-1865 Records Lost*  **
1710-1785 Charleston District
1670-1710 Proprietary Land Grants

* Some Orangeburg District deeds were recorded in Charleston District and were not destroyed
** Orangeburg District, Orangeburg County, 1785 Lexington County and Lewisburg County records destroyed by fire


Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County originating in Barnwell County with Parent Counties and Districts [9]
Date Government Office  
1871-Present Aiken County
1868-1871 Barnwell County
1800-1868 Barnwell District
1791-1799 Records Lost*
1786-1791 Winton County"
1769-1786 Records Lost"*
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
 

*Orangeburg District records destroyed by fire



Tracing Land Currently in Aiken County originating in Edgefield County with Parent Counties and Districts [10]
Date Government Office  
1871-present Aiken County
1868-1871 Edgefield County
1800-1868 Edgefield District
1785-1800 Edgefield County (old) *
1769-1785 Ninety-Six District
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
 

* First deed book is missing.

Conveyance Books

The original Aiken County Conveyance Books are kept at the South Carolina Department of Archives and Libraries. The years 1872 to 1955 have been microfilmed: FHL 14 microfilms.

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868
  • Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants

History

  • Aiken, South Caorlina. A Description of the Climate, Soils, and the Nature of the Products in the Vicinity of Aiken, S.C. ... New York and Aiken: J.C. Derby, Publisher, 1870. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Henderson, P. F. A Short History of Aiken and Aiken County  (Digitization of original published: Columbia, South Carolina : R.L. Bryan, 1951) 45 pages. Includes early Aiken history, battle of Aiken, historic spots and Aiken people in books. FHL has a digital copy, Other Libraries.
  • MacDowell, Dorothy K. An Aiken Scrapbook: a Picture Narrative of Aiken and Aiken County, South Carolina ([S.l.: s.n.], 1982) Book found at FHL 975.775 H2m and Other libraries
  • Maness, Harold S. Forgotten Outpost: Fort Moore & Savanah Town, 1685-1765 (Beech Island, South Carolina: Harold S. Maness Family, c1986, Beech Island, South Carolina: Beech Island Historical Society, c1986), 256 pages. Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls Book found at FHL 975.775 H2mh
  • Toole, Gasper Loren. Ninety Years in Aiken County : Memoirs of Aiken County and its People (Charleston? South Carolina: s.n., 1959), 401 pages. Contains descriptions of schools, newspapers and biographies. Book at FHL 975.775 H2t; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).
  • Vandervelde, Isabel. Aiken County: the Only South Carolina County Founded During Reconstruction  (Spartanburg, South Carolina : Reprint Co., c1999), 545. Has index with about 3000 names.Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls presumed relevant to the new county. Book at FHL 975.775 F2v , Other Libraries.

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Aiken County for European settlers included: [11]

Overland migration routes in and around early South Carolina.

Military

Gotoarrow.png See Aiken County, South Carolina Cemeteries for military burials in the county.

General
  • Sheahan, John J. Military markers and data: cemeteries located in Aiken County, South Carolina. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. FHL Film 1598370 item 8.
  • Vandervelde, Isabel, Aiken County: the Only South Carolina County Founded During Reconstruction (Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Co., c1999), 545. Has index with about 3000 names.Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls presumed relevant to the new county. Book at FHL 975.775 F2v,Civil War pages 321-371. Other Libraries.
Revolutionary War
  • "Local Revolutionary fighting, 1780- 1781," Aiken County Historical Society, Journal, May 2006. Aiken County Historical Society : Aiken, SC.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Aiken County, p. 181. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War, 1861-1865

Aiken County was created after the Civil War on 10 March 1871 from the counties of Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington and Orangeburg. During the Civil War, men from the area of Aiken County mostly would have served in various regiments recruited in those counties. Counties were called districts during the Civil War.

- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's)
- Company E - (At Reorganization was known as Wee Nee Volunteers or Williamsburg Volunteers)
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company F
- 14th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company H
  • Maness, Harold S., Forgotten Outpost: Fort Moore & Savanah Town, 1685-1765, (Beech Island, South Carolina : Harold S. Maness Family, c1986, Beech Island, South Carolina: Beech Island Historical Society, c1986), 256 pages. Includes 1870 militia rolls of Barnwell & Edgefield County residents presumed to become a part of the new Aiken County; 1868 voter registration rolls Book found at FHL 975.775 H2mh

The Battle of Aiken, (accessed 6 Apr 2011).

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Aiken County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

World Vital Records, a subscription website, offers access to the following Aiken County newspapers:

Ancestry, a subscription website, offers access to the following Aiken County newspaper:

  • Aiken Standard (1969-1977). Aiken, South Carolina, United States Of America. Database created from microfilm copies of the newspaper. Available at Ancestry ($).

Current

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • News and Journal

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[12]Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History retains all original estate documents beginning with 1873 through 1903. Probate Court has a copy of those records on microfilm, available for public viewing. Aiken County Probate Court retains original estate records beginning in 1904 through the present.

Aiken County Probate Court retains Marriage License records beginning in 1911 through the present. Probate Court has a copy of those records on microfilm, available for public viewing.

Aiken County, Estate Records 1873-1927 FHL Film 2156404

Taxation

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

  • [1870] Assessor's Return of Taxable Real Property in Barnwell County Annexed by Aiken County, 1870, News and Journal, Vol. 24, No. 3 (2008).
  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Aiken County.

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Aiken County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Aiken County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages - Indexes

  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Aiken County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths - Indexes and Records

  • 1914-1960 - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

  • Aiken County Public Library
    Address:
    314 Chesterfield St. SW
    Aiken, SC 2980
    Telephone: 803-642-2020
    Hours of operation: Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Saturday 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Tuesday & Thursday 10:00 a.m to 9:00 p.m., closed Sundays year-round. 

The Aiken County Public Library is part of the ABBE Regional Library Sytsem. Its catalog is overseen by that organization as is its book ordering and other functions. Use the links below for the ABBE Regional Library to learn more.

Other Aiken County libraries: Jackson, Midland Valley, New Ellenton, North Augusta, Wagner. Of these facilities the Nancy Carson Library in North Augusta is the largest.

  • Nancy Carson Library in North Augusta
    Address:
    135 Edgefield Road
    North Augusta, SC 29841
    Telephone: 803-279-5767
    Hours of operation: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday - 10"00 a.m to 9:00 p.m.; Wednesday, Friday - 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.; Saturday 10:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.; Sunday Closed

The Nancy Carson Public Library in North Augusta is part of the ABBE Regional Library Sytsem. Its catalog is overseen by that organization as is its book ordering and other functions. Use the links below for the ABBE Regional Library to learn more.

The Museum is housed in a 1930's Winter Colony mansion named "Banksia". Its 3.5 acre grounds are also home to a 1890's one-room schoolhouse and a log cabin built in 1808. The purpose of the museum is to collect and preserve historical material relating to Aiken County and to display and interpret such information to the public. It operates under the direction of the Aiken County Historical Commission, There is no charge to visit the Museum.

Family History Centers

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

P.O. Box 415
Aiken SC 29082
e-mail: aikenbarnwellgenealogy@gmail.com

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Aiken County, South Carolina

References

  1. Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, Palmetto Place Names (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 11.
  2. South Carolina State Library, "Aiken County" (http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/aiken-county: accessed 13 Apr 2011).
  3. Hicks, Theresa M., South Carolina: A Guide to County Records (Peppercorn Publications, Inc.:Columbia, South Carolina, 1998) 12.
  4. Hicks, Theresa M., South Carolina: A Guide to County Records (Peppercorn Publications, Inc.:Columbia, South Carolina, 1998) 12.
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. Ninety Years in Aiken County: memoirs of Aiken County and its people.Gaspar Loren Toole, II. pp. 170-204.
  7. Ninety Years in Aiken County: Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People. Gaspar Loren Toole, II, p. 288
  8. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  9. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  10. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  11. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) ▲ WorldCat 50140092, and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) ▲ WorldCat 1523234.
  12. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."

 

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