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This article is about the southern U.S. state. For other uses, see Alabama (disambiguation).
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Key Topics
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Did You Know?
United States  go to  Alabama

Welcome to Alabama, Heart of Dixie
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Alabama state seal.png
Alabama flag.png

Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris, but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in February 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital.

Counties

Extinct or Renamed Counties: Baine | Baker | Benton | Cabela | Cotaco | Decatur | Hancock | Jones | Sanford

Lauderdale CountyLimestone CountyMadison CountyJackson CountyColbert CountyLawrence CountyMorgan CountyMarshall CountyDeKalb CountyFranklin CountyMarion CountyWinston CountyCullman CountyEtowah CountyCherokee CountyLamar CountyFayette CountyWalker CountyBlount CountySt. Clair CountyCalhoun CountyCleburne CountyPickens CountyTuscaloosa CountyJefferson CountyTalladega CountyClay CountyRandolph CountySumter CountyGreene CountyHale CountyShelby CountyBibb CountyChilton CountyCoosa CountyTallapoosa CountyChambers CountyChoctaw CountyWashington CountyMobile CountyBaldwin CountyHale CountyMarengo CountyClarke CountyPerry CountyAutauga CountyDallas CountyLowndes CountyMontgomery CountyMacon CountyRussell County, AlabamaElmore CountyLee CountyWilcox CountyMonroe CountyButler CountyConecuh CountyEscambia CountyCrenshaw CountyCovington CountyBullock CountyBarbour CountyPike CountyCoffee CountyDale CountyHenry CountyGeneva CountyHouston CountyAlabama-county-map.gif

Major Repositories

Alabama Department of Archives and History • Alabama Historical Association • Birmingham Public Library • University of Alabama Libraries • Mobile Public Library • Florence-Lauderdale Public Library • Samford University Library • Wallace State College • National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta) • Allen County Public Library

Migration Routes

Alabama-Chickasaw Trail · Alabama, Choctaw and Natchez Trail · Alabama and Mobile Road · Chattanooga-Willstown Road · Coosa-Tugaloo Indian Warpath · Fall Line Road (or Southern Road) · Federal Horse Path · Gaine's Trace · Georgia Road · Great Indian Warpath · Great South Trail · Jackson's Military Road · Lower Creek Trading Path · Macon and Montgomery Trail · Memphis, Pontotoc and Mobile Trail · Middle Creek Trading Path · Mobile and Natchez Trail · Natchez-Lower Creeks Trail · Natchez Trace (or Chickasaw Trail) · Okfuskee Trail · Tallapoosa-Birmingham Road · Upper Creeks-Pensacola Trail

Many Indian trail maps are contained in the book, Indian Trails of the Southeast: Extract from the 42nd Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology by William E. Meyers, originally published in 1925.  This book is available online at Gustav's Library ($).

Research Tools

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