Albany Post Road

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Albany Post Road map.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Albany Post Road''', also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of [[New York City, New York|New York City]] (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.<ref name="Old Alb">Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] was about 150 miles (241 km) long.  
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[[Image:Albany Post Road map.png|border|right|300px|Albany Post Road map.png]]The '''Albany Post Road''', also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of [[New York City, New York|New York City]] (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.<ref name="Old Alb">Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] was about 150 miles (241 km) long.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
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:*[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer County]]  
 
:*[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer County]]  
 
:*[[Albany County, New York|Albany County]]
 
:*[[Albany County, New York|Albany County]]
<div></div><div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left;">
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.<ref>''Handybook'', 847-54.</ref>  
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.<ref>''Handybook'', 847-54.</ref>  
  
 
The migration pathways connected at the south end in [[New York City, New York|New York City]] included:  
 
The migration pathways connected at the south end in [[New York City, New York|New York City]] included:  
  
:*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Island_Sound Long Island Sound] connected New York City with [[:Category:Europe|Europe]] and [[:Category:Africa|Africa]]  
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:*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Island_Sound Long Island Sound] connected New York City with [[:Category:Europe|Europe]], [[:Category:Africa|Africa]], the [[:Category:Caribbean|Caribbean]], and [[:Category:South America|South America]]  
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] a navigable river stretching from north of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] then flowing south to empty into the Atlantic Ocean at [[New York City, New York|New York City]]  
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] a navigable river stretching from north of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] then flowing south to empty into the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean] at [[New York City, New York|New York City]]  
 
:*[[Great Shamokin Path]] a pre-historic Indian path from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Island Long Island] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie] mostly in [[Pennsylvania]]  
 
:*[[Great Shamokin Path]] a pre-historic Indian path from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Island Long Island] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie] mostly in [[Pennsylvania]]  
:*Port of New York City 1624 where ships on the Hudson River and from around the world brought immigrants  
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:*Port of New York City 1624 where ships from around the world brought immigrants, and boats could go up the Hudston River
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
:*[[King's Highway]] (or Boston Post Road) 1673 connected [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to [[Charleston, South Carolina]] and many in between cities  
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:*[[King's Highway]] (or Boston Post Road) 1673 connected [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to [[Charleston, South Carolina]] and many coastal cities between
 
:*[[Morris Canal]] 1831 connected [[Jersey City, New Jersey]] (and NY City) to [[Philipsburg, New Jersey]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delaware_River Delaware River] and part of [[Pennsylvania]]  
 
:*[[Morris Canal]] 1831 connected [[Jersey City, New Jersey]] (and NY City) to [[Philipsburg, New Jersey]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delaware_River Delaware River] and part of [[Pennsylvania]]  
 
:*[[Delaware and Raritan Canal]] 1834 connected [[New Brunswick, New Jersey]] on the Raritan River (and NY City) to [[Bordontown, New Jersey]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delaware_River Delaware River] and part of [[Pennsylvania]]
 
:*[[Delaware and Raritan Canal]] 1834 connected [[New Brunswick, New Jersey]] on the Raritan River (and NY City) to [[Bordontown, New Jersey]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delaware_River Delaware River] and part of [[Pennsylvania]]
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The migration pathways connected at the north end in [[Albany, New York|Albany]] included:  
 
The migration pathways connected at the north end in [[Albany, New York|Albany]] included:  
  
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] a navigable river stretching from north of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] then flowing south to empty into the Atlantic Ocean at [[New York City, New York|New York City]]  
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] a navigable river stretching from north of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] then flowing south to empty into the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean] at [[New York City, New York|New York City]]  
:*[[Lake Champlain Trail]] pre-historic  
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:*[[Lake Champlain Trail]] a pre-historic Indian path from [[Albany, New York|Albany]] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River St. Lawrence River] via the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River], [[Champlain Canal]], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain], and in [[Quebec]] the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richelieu_River Richelieu River] (and [[Chambly Canal]])
:*[[Mohawk or Iroquois Trail]] pre-historic
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:*[[Mohawk or Iroquois Trail|Mohawk or Iroquois Trail]] 1722 from [[Albany, New York|Albany]] to [[Utica, New York|Utica]] to [[Rome, New York|Rome]] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Oswego Fort Oswego] on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Ontario Lake Ontario]
:*[[Forbidden Path]] (or Catskill Turnpike) pre-historic  
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::*with a Mohawk or Iroquois Trail west fork by 1758 from [[Utica, New York|Utica]] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Niagara Fort Niagara]
:*[[Old Connecticut Path]] pre-historic  
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::*and that fork was partially overlapped in 1794 by the [[Great Genesee Road]] from [[Utica, New York|Utica]] to [[Buffalo, New York|Buffalo]], [[Erie County, New York]]
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:*[[Forbidden Path]] (later Catskill Turnpike) a pre-historic Indian path from [[Albany, New York|Albany]] to [[Buffalo, New York|Buffalo]] on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]
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:*[[Old Connecticut Path]] a pre-historic Indian path from [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to [[Springfield, Massachusetts]] to [[Albany, New York|Albany]] with a fork from Springfield to [[Hartford, Connecticut]]
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
:*[[Greenwood Road]]  
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:*[[Greenwood Road]] from [[Hartford, Connecticut]] to [[Albany, New York|Albany]]  
:*[[Champlain Canal]] 1819  
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:*[[Champlain Canal]] 1819 connected the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] (New York City to Montreal)
:*[[Erie Canal]] 1825
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:*[[Erie Canal]] 1825 connected [[Albany, New York|Albany]] to [[Buffalo, New York|Buffalo]] on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie] (New York City to the Great Lakes)
  
 
''Between'' those ends the '''Albany Post Road''' also also had junctions with two other important migration routes:  
 
''Between'' those ends the '''Albany Post Road''' also also had junctions with two other important migration routes:  
  
:*[[Minsi Path]] from Philadelphia to Kingston, New York, just across the Hudson River from the Albany Post Road in Dutchess County.  
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:*[[Minsi Path]] from [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]] via the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delaware_Water_Gap Delaware Water Gap] to [[Kingston, New York]] ([[Ulster County, New York|Ulster County]]), just across the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] from the Albany Post Road in [[Dutchess County, New York|Dutchess County]].  
:*[[Catskill Road]] (or Susquehanna Turnpike) 1806 from Springfield, Massachusetts to Wattle's Ferry, New York (and eventually Ithaca) crossed the Albany Post Road in Columbia County.
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:*[[Catskill Road]] (or Susquehanna Turnpike) 1806 from [[Springfield, Massachusetts]] to Catskill, [[Greene County, New York]] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unadilla_%28village%29,_New_York Wattle's Ferry]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susquehanna_River Susquehanna River]] in [[Otsego County, New York]] (and eventually Ithaca, [[Tompkins County, New York]]) crossed the Albany Post Road in [[Columbia County, New York|Columbia County]].
  
 
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern road that roughly matches the Albany Post Road is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_9_in_New_York U.S. Route 9] from New York City (Broadway) to Albany.  
 
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern road that roughly matches the Albany Post Road is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_9_in_New_York U.S. Route 9] from New York City (Broadway) to Albany.  
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=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
a
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Settlers who came via New York City along the Albany Post Road may have arrived by sea, or by the [[King's Highway]]. Arrivals by sea were most likely from northern Europe and the British Isles. Settlers arriving via the King's Highway were most likely from New England, and their ancestors were most likely from the British Isles, [[Quebec]], or [[France]]. In the 1820s many Irish workers were attracted to the area to help build the [[Erie Canal]], and [[Champlain Canal]].
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Setters who started at the Albany end of the road may have begun in [[Quebec]] or [[Vermont]].
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No complete list of settlers who used the '''Albany Post Road''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived 1669 to 1850, and therefore who were the most likely candidates to have traveled the Albany Post Road.
 +
 
 +
For partial lists of early settlers who may have used the Albany Post Road, see histories like:
 +
 
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'''''Dutchess County'''''
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*James Hadden Smith, ''History of Du[t]chess County, New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers'' (Interlaken, N.Y.: Heart of The Lakes Publ., 1980). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7259599 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|224242|item|disp=FHL Book 974.733 H2sm 1980}}.
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'''''Columbia County'''''
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*Franklin Ellis, ''History of Columbia County, New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers'' (Philadelphia, Penns.: Everts and Ensign, 1878). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11107166 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|209738|item|disp=FHL Book 974.739 H2co}}.
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'''''Rensselaer County'''''
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*Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester, ''History of Rensselaer Co., New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers'' (Philadelphia, Penns.: Everts and Peck, 1880). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18750611 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|209535|item|disp=FHL Book 974.741 H2s}}.
  
 
=== External Links  ===
 
=== External Links  ===
  
a
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road Old Albany Post Road] Wikipedia route, history, resources, external links, and references
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albany_Post_Road Albany Post Road] Wikipedia list of modern parallel roads
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*[http://www.hudsonvalleyruins.org/yasinsac/milestones/milestones.html Milestones] photos of Albany Post Road milestones in Westchester County
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
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{{reflist}} {{New York|New York}} </div>
  
{{reflist}}  
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{{featured article}}
{{New York|New York}} </div><div></div>
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_York_County_(Manhattan),_New_York]] [[Category:Bronx_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Westchester_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Putnam_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Dutchess_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Columbia_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Rensselaer_County,_New_York]] [[Category:Albany_County,_New_York]]
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_York_(Manhattan)_County,_New_York]]
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Revision as of 11:01, 19 May 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Migration Gotoarrow.png Trails and Roads Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Albany Post Road

Albany Post Road map.png
The Albany Post Road, also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of New York City (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of Albany (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.[1] Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the Hudson River was about 150 miles (241 km) long.

Contents

Historical Background

The Albany Post Road was created with military communications apparently in mind during a period tension between the Second and the Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. In 1664 four English warships in the harbor compelled the surrender of the New Netherland colony to England, thereby starting the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The colony was renamed New York.[2] That same year King Charles II of England requested a postal road (later called the King's Highway or Boston Post Road) be built from Boston to newly conquered New York City.[3] The first ride carrying mail on the Boston Post Road was in January 1673.[4] In 1669 the New York government also designated a postal road from New York City to Albany, the Albany Post Road. It followed older trails of the Wiccoppe and Wappinger Indian tribes on the east side of the Hudson River. By 1671 these tribes had been hired to carry the mail between the two towns.[1] In July 1673, during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, a Dutch fleet recaptured New York, but the 1674 Treaty of Westminster returned it to England.[5]

In 1703, during Queen Anne's War the legislature authorized the widening of the Albany Post Road into a general public highway. This highway was named the "Queen's Road" in honor of Anne, Queen of Great Britain. When she was succeeded by George II and George III, the road became known as the "King's Road" (not to be confused with the King's Highway from Boston to New York City to Charleston). The Albany Post Road was widened for the military in the 1730s. Around that time taverns were built and occasional stagecoach service began along the route. In 1754, two years before the French and Indian War, the British Army again widened the road to help defend against invasion from Quebec. After 1763 milestones were added at the request of Postmaster Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolutionary War the road was fortified, defended, and frequently used for troop movements. After the war in 1785 the legislature established regular stagecoach service. Mail service went up the river on the east side road, and down the river on the west side road.[1]

In 1806 competing turnpike routes lessened the traffic on the old route. By 1850 railroads had made the Albany Post Road obsolete and stagecoach service stopped.[1]

Route

The counties along this migration route (south to north) were as follows:[6]

Connecting trails. The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.[7]

The migration pathways connected at the south end in New York City included:

The migration pathways connected at the north end in Albany included:

Between those ends the Albany Post Road also also had junctions with two other important migration routes:

Modern parallels. The modern road that roughly matches the Albany Post Road is U.S. Route 9 from New York City (Broadway) to Albany.

Settlers and Records

Settlers who came via New York City along the Albany Post Road may have arrived by sea, or by the King's Highway. Arrivals by sea were most likely from northern Europe and the British Isles. Settlers arriving via the King's Highway were most likely from New England, and their ancestors were most likely from the British Isles, Quebec, or France. In the 1820s many Irish workers were attracted to the area to help build the Erie Canal, and Champlain Canal.

Setters who started at the Albany end of the road may have begun in Quebec or Vermont.

No complete list of settlers who used the Albany Post Road is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived 1669 to 1850, and therefore who were the most likely candidates to have traveled the Albany Post Road.

For partial lists of early settlers who may have used the Albany Post Road, see histories like:

Dutchess County

  • James Hadden Smith, History of Du[t]chess County, New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers (Interlaken, N.Y.: Heart of The Lakes Publ., 1980). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 974.733 H2sm 1980.

Columbia County

  • Franklin Ellis, History of Columbia County, New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia, Penns.: Everts and Ensign, 1878). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 974.739 H2co.

Rensselaer County

  • Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester, History of Rensselaer Co., New York: with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia, Penns.: Everts and Peck, 1880). WorldCat entry. FHL Book 974.741 H2s.

External Links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "New Amsterdam" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Amsterdam (accessed 24 June 2011).
  3. William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 E3d.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road (accessed 24 June 2011). The first use of the trail for mail delivery was in 1673.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Treaty of Westminster (1674)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 (accessed 24 June 2011).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 478. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Handybook, 847-54.