Albany Post Road

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Albany Post Road map.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Albany Post Road''', also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of New York City (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of Albany (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.<ref name="Old Alb">Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the Hudson River was about 150 miles (241 km) long.  
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[[Image:Albany Post Road map.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Albany Post Road''', also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of [[New York City, New York|New York City]] (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.<ref name="Old Alb">Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] was about 150 miles (241 km) long.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
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The '''Albany Post Road''' was created with military communications apparently in mind during a period tension between the Second and the Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. In 1664 four English warships in the harbor compelled the surrender of the [[New Netherland]] colony to [[England]], thereby starting the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Dutch_War Second Anglo-Dutch War]. The colony was renamed [[New York]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "New Amsterdam" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Amsterdam (accessed 24 June 2011).</ref> That same year King Charles II of England requested a postal road (later called the [[King's Highway]] or Boston Post Road) be built from Boston to newly conquered New York City.<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|660781|item|disp=FHL Book 973 E3d}}.</ref> The first ride carrying mail on the Boston Post Road was in January 1673.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road (accessed 24 June 2011). The first use of the trail for mail delivery was in 1673.</ref> In 1669 the New York government also designated a postal road from New York City to Albany, the '''Albany Post Road'''. It followed older trails of the Wiccoppe and Wappinger Indian tribes on the east side of the Hudson River. By 1671 these tribes had been hired to carry the mail between the two towns.<ref name="Old Alb" /> In July 1673, during the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Anglo-Dutch_War Third Anglo-Dutch War], a Dutch fleet recaptured New York, but the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 1674 Treaty of Westminster] returned it to England.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Treaty of Westminster (1674)" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 (accessed 24 June 2011).</ref>  
 
The '''Albany Post Road''' was created with military communications apparently in mind during a period tension between the Second and the Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. In 1664 four English warships in the harbor compelled the surrender of the [[New Netherland]] colony to [[England]], thereby starting the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Dutch_War Second Anglo-Dutch War]. The colony was renamed [[New York]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "New Amsterdam" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Amsterdam (accessed 24 June 2011).</ref> That same year King Charles II of England requested a postal road (later called the [[King's Highway]] or Boston Post Road) be built from Boston to newly conquered New York City.<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|660781|item|disp=FHL Book 973 E3d}}.</ref> The first ride carrying mail on the Boston Post Road was in January 1673.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Post Road" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road (accessed 24 June 2011). The first use of the trail for mail delivery was in 1673.</ref> In 1669 the New York government also designated a postal road from New York City to Albany, the '''Albany Post Road'''. It followed older trails of the Wiccoppe and Wappinger Indian tribes on the east side of the Hudson River. By 1671 these tribes had been hired to carry the mail between the two towns.<ref name="Old Alb" /> In July 1673, during the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Anglo-Dutch_War Third Anglo-Dutch War], a Dutch fleet recaptured New York, but the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 1674 Treaty of Westminster] returned it to England.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Treaty of Westminster (1674)" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 (accessed 24 June 2011).</ref>  
  
In 1703 the legislature authorized the widening of the Albany Post Road into a general public highway. This highway was named the "Queen's Road" in honor of Anne, Queen of Great Britain. When she was succeeded by George II and George III, the road became known as the "King's Road" (not to be confused with the [[King's Highway]] from Boston to New York City to Charleston). The Albany Post Road was widened for the military in the 1730s. Around that time taverns were built and occasional stagecoach service began along the route. In 1754 the British Army again widened the road to help defend against invasion from [[Quebec|Quebec]]. After 1763 [http://www.hudsonvalleyruins.org/yasinsac/milestones/milestones.html milestones] were added at the request of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin Postmaster Benjamin Franklin]. During the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] the road was fortified, defended, and frequently used for troop movements. After the war in 1785 the legislature established regular stagecoach service. Mail service went up the river on the east side road, and down the river on the west side road.<ref name="Old Alb" />  
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In 1703, during [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Anne's_War Queen Anne's War]&nbsp;the legislature authorized the widening of the Albany Post Road into a general public highway. This highway was named the "Queen's Road" in honor of Anne, Queen of Great Britain. When she was succeeded by George II and George III, the road became known as the "King's Road" (not to be confused with the [[King's Highway]] from Boston to New York City to Charleston). The Albany Post Road was widened for the military in the 1730s. Around that time taverns were built and occasional stagecoach service began along the route. In 1754, two years before the French and Indian War,&nbsp;the British Army again widened the road to help defend against invasion from [[Quebec|Quebec]]. After 1763 [http://www.hudsonvalleyruins.org/yasinsac/milestones/milestones.html milestones] were added at the request of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin Postmaster Benjamin Franklin]. During the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] the road was fortified, defended, and frequently used for troop movements. After the war in 1785 the legislature established regular stagecoach service. Mail service went up the river on the east side road, and down the river on the west side road.<ref name="Old Alb" />  
  
 
In 1806 competing turnpike routes lessened the traffic on the old route. By 1850 railroads had made the Albany Post Road obsolete and stagecoach service stopped.<ref name="Old Alb" />  
 
In 1806 competing turnpike routes lessened the traffic on the old route. By 1850 railroads had made the Albany Post Road obsolete and stagecoach service stopped.<ref name="Old Alb" />  
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:*[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer County]]  
 
:*[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer County]]  
 
:*[[Albany County, New York|Albany County]]
 
:*[[Albany County, New York|Albany County]]
 
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<div></div><div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.<ref>''Handybook'', 847-54.</ref>  
 
'''Connecting trails.''' The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.<ref>''Handybook'', 847-54.</ref>  
  
The migration pathways connected at the south end in New York City included:  
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The migration pathways connected at the south end in [[New York City, New York|New York City]] included:  
  
:*the Atlantic Ocean, and Long Island Sound pre-historic
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:*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Island_Sound Long Island Sound] connected New York City with [[:Category:Europe|Europe]] and [[:Category:Africa|Africa]]
:*Hudson River prehistoric
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] a navigable river stretching from north of [[Albany, New York|Albany]] south and emptying in to the Atlantic Ocean at [[New York City, New York|New York City]]
:*[[Great Shamokin Path]] pre-historic  
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:*[[Great Shamokin Path]] a pre-historic Indian path from Long Island to Lake Erie
:*Port of New York City 1624  
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:*Port of New York City 1624 where ships on the Hudson River and from around the world brought immigrants
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
 
:*[[Albany_Post_Road|Albany Post Road]] (or Queen's Road, or King's Road) 1669  
:*[[King's Highway]] (or Boston Post Road) 1673  
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:*[[King's Highway]] (or Boston Post Road) 1673 connecting [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to New York City and [[Charleston, South Carolina]] and cities in between
:*[[Morris Canal]] 1831  
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:*[[Morris Canal]] 1831 connected Jersey City, New Jersey (and New York City) to Philipsburg, New Jersey on the Delaware River and part of Pennsylvania
:*[[Delaware and Raritan Canal]] 1834
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:*[[Delaware and Raritan Canal]] 1834 connected New Brunswick, New Jersey on the Raritan River (and New York City) to Bordontown, New Jersey on the Delaware River and part of Pennsylvania
  
The migration pathways connected at the north end in Albany included:  
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The migration pathways connected at the north end in [[Albany, New York|Albany]] included:  
  
 
:*Hudson River prehistoric  
 
:*Hudson River prehistoric  
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
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{{New York|New York}} </div><div></div>
{{New York|New York}}  
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_York_(Manhattan)_County,_New_York]]
 
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_York_(Manhattan)_County,_New_York]]

Revision as of 12:33, 27 June 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png Migration Gotoarrow.png Trails and Roads Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Albany Post Road

Albany Post Road map.png
The Albany Post Road, also known as the "Queen's Road," and later the "King's Road" connected the colonial seaport of New York City (New Amsterdam) and the fur trading outpost, and second-largest city of Albany (Beverwijck), New York starting in 1669.[1] Each end of the road at New York City and Albany was a nexus of other significant migration routes. The Albany Post Road along the east side of the Hudson River was about 150 miles (241 km) long.

Contents

Historical Background

The Albany Post Road was created with military communications apparently in mind during a period tension between the Second and the Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. In 1664 four English warships in the harbor compelled the surrender of the New Netherland colony to England, thereby starting the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The colony was renamed New York.[2] That same year King Charles II of England requested a postal road (later called the King's Highway or Boston Post Road) be built from Boston to newly conquered New York City.[3] The first ride carrying mail on the Boston Post Road was in January 1673.[4] In 1669 the New York government also designated a postal road from New York City to Albany, the Albany Post Road. It followed older trails of the Wiccoppe and Wappinger Indian tribes on the east side of the Hudson River. By 1671 these tribes had been hired to carry the mail between the two towns.[1] In July 1673, during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, a Dutch fleet recaptured New York, but the 1674 Treaty of Westminster returned it to England.[5]

In 1703, during Queen Anne's War the legislature authorized the widening of the Albany Post Road into a general public highway. This highway was named the "Queen's Road" in honor of Anne, Queen of Great Britain. When she was succeeded by George II and George III, the road became known as the "King's Road" (not to be confused with the King's Highway from Boston to New York City to Charleston). The Albany Post Road was widened for the military in the 1730s. Around that time taverns were built and occasional stagecoach service began along the route. In 1754, two years before the French and Indian War, the British Army again widened the road to help defend against invasion from Quebec. After 1763 milestones were added at the request of Postmaster Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolutionary War the road was fortified, defended, and frequently used for troop movements. After the war in 1785 the legislature established regular stagecoach service. Mail service went up the river on the east side road, and down the river on the west side road.[1]

In 1806 competing turnpike routes lessened the traffic on the old route. By 1850 railroads had made the Albany Post Road obsolete and stagecoach service stopped.[1]

Route

The counties along this migration route (south to north) were as follows:[6]

Connecting trails. The Albany Post Road linked to other trails at each end. Other trails also had junctions with it in two places in the middle.[7]

The migration pathways connected at the south end in New York City included:

The migration pathways connected at the north end in Albany included:

Between those ends the Albany Post Road also also had junctions with two other important migration routes:

  • Minsi Path from Philadelphia to Kingston, New York, just across the Hudson River from the Albany Post Road in Dutchess County.
  • Catskill Road (or Susquehanna Turnpike) 1806 from Springfield, Massachusetts to Wattle's Ferry, New York (and eventually Ithaca) crossed the Albany Post Road in Columbia County.

Modern parallels. The modern road that roughly matches the Albany Post Road is U.S. Route 9 from New York City (Broadway) to Albany.

Settlers and Records

a

External Links

a

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "New Amsterdam" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Amsterdam (accessed 24 June 2011).
  3. William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 E3d.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road (accessed 24 June 2011). The first use of the trail for mail delivery was in 1673.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Treaty of Westminster (1674)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 (accessed 24 June 2011).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 478. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Handybook, 847-54.