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Augusta County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Augusta County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Augusta County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded August 1, 1738
County Seat Staunton
Courthouse
United States  go to  Virginia  go to  Augusta County

Virginia county in the Shenandoah Valley region.

Contents

County Courthouse

Augusta County Courthouse
 

Augusta County, Virginia
6 East Johnson Street
Staunton, Virginia 24401-4303
Phone:540-245-5321


Clerk Circuit Court has birth and death records 1853-1896
marriage records from 1785, probate and land records from 1745,
property tax records 1800-1851, land tax records from 1786 and court claims 1782-1785[1]


Beginning Dates for Augusta County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1748 1853 1810 1745 1745

History

The county was named after Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Alternburg (1719-1772), who through marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751), became the Princess of Wales in 1736.

Parent County

1738--Augusta County was created 1 August 1738 from Orange County.
County seat: Staunton [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Albemarle | Bath | Highland | Nelson | Pendleton County, West Virginia | Rockbridge | Rockingham

Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Augusta County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):80-86. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American

Augusta County, Virginia cohabitation records are available online.

Registers of free African Americans who lived in Augusta County, Virginia before the Civil War have been published in book form and online:

  • Bushman, Katherine G. The Registers of Free Blacks 1810-1864, Augusta County, Virginia and Staunton, Virginia. Verona, Virginia: Mid-Valley Press, 1989. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.591 F2b.
  • The Valley of the Shadow website has the  Register of Free Blacks in Augusta County, Virginia, 1803-1845.  Site also has a link to the Staunton City Register.

Additional resources about Augusta County's free African Americans include:

  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. 2005-present. - free online book. Ailstock, Anderson, Barnett, Battles, Bush, Cauther, Cooper, Fields, Jenkins, Kinney, Knox, McCoy, Mason, Maxfield, Nickens, Parr, Pryor, Redcross, Road, Roberts, Scot, Simpson, Tyre, Vena, Viers, Walden, Young families in pre-1820 Augusta County, Virginia.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "Augusta County Personal Property Tax List 1796-1820," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Kegley, Mary B. Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 F2kf; digital version at Family History Archives. [Includes information from Augusta County.]

Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia.

Freedmen's BureauLetters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

  • [Clarke] Gresham, Mary. "Clarke Family Bible, Augusta County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1964):14-16. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 B2vg. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [Fulton] Cramer, Rose Fulton. "The John Fulton Bible, Augusta County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):15-18. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 B2vg. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [Givens] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2bw 1965; digital version at Google Books. [Includes transcript of the bible of Robert Givens, of Lincoln county, Ky., 1759-1802, and his declaration of services rendered." See pp. 223-226.]

Biography

  • [McFerrin] Fitzgerald, O.P. John B. McFerrin, a Biography. Nashville, Tennessee : Publishing House of the M. E. Church, South, 1888. FHL Collection 1321222 Item 2; digital version at Family History Archives.

Cemeteries

For a more detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Augusta County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Augusta County:[3]

  • Allen Cemetery
  • Augusta Memorial Gardens
  • Bazzrea Family Cemetery
  • Bells Cemetery
  • Belmont Cemetery
  • Cash Cemetery
  • Click Cemetery
  • Cline Cemetery
  • Community Memorial Cemetery
  • Craigsville Memorial Cemetery
  • Croft Cemetery
  • Crosby Cemetery
  • Deerfield Community Cemetery
  • Edgewood Cemetery
  • Glebe Cemetery
  • Green Hill Cemetery
  • Greenville Cemetery
  • Hildebrand Cemetery
  • Hunters Cemetery
  • Jerusalem United Brethren Church Cemetery
  • Landes Cemetery
  • Melanchthon Lutheran Chapel Cemetery
  • Miller Memorial Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Moscow Church of the Brethren Cemetery
  • Mount Chapel Cemetery
  • Mount Herman Cemetery
  • Mount Lebanon Cemetery
  • Mountain View Cemetery
  • Naked Creek Cemetery
  • Oak Hill Cemetery
  • Oak Lawn Memory Gardens
  • Old Cemetery
  • Old Forge Cemetery
  • Old Salem Cemetery
  • Rocky Springs Cemetery
  • Saint Paul Cemetery
  • Schutterie Cemetery
  • Sellers Cemetery
  • Staunton National Cemetery
  • Thornrose Cemetery
  • West Augusta Cemetery

The Genealogy Center at Allen County Public Library (Indiana) has searchable databases for a number of Augusta County cemeteries.

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2bw 1965; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Birth and Death Records from the Tombstones of the Old Stone Church Graveyard in Augusta Co., Virginia," see pp. 289-291.]
  • King, Fannie Bayly. Partial List of Early Settlers, Revolutionary Soldiers and the Graves of Augusta County Soldiers Located to Date. Staunton, Va.: unknown, 1935. FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Also includes immigrants 1739-1740, some French and Indian War soldiers, and some dissenting preachers (ca. 1750-1840).]
  • Mickley, Minnie Fogel. Stone Church Graveyard, Middle River District, Augusta County, Virginia. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5916 V3s.
  • Tombstone Transcription Project Augusta County - photos and transcriptions - USGenWeb

Census


For tips on accessing Augusta County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

 

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 10,886
1800 11,712 7.6%
1810 14,308 22.2%
1820 16,742 17.0%
1830 19,926 19.0%
1840 19,628 −1.5%
1850 24,610 25.4%
1860 27,749 12.8%
1870 28,763 3.7%
1880 35,710 24.2%
1890 37,005 3.6%
1900 32,370 −12.5%
1910 32,445 0.2%
1920 34,671 6.9%
1930 38,163 10.1%
1940 42,772 12.1%
1950 34,154 −20.1%
1960 37,363 9.4%
1970 44,220 18.4%
1980 53,732 21.5%
1990 54,677 1.8%
2000 65,615 20.0%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1810

  • 1810 Census of Augusta County, Virginia. Beverly, W. Va.: Crickard, 1968?. FHL Collection US/CAN Access Services Window 6015641; digital version at Ancestry ($).

1840

  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Augusta County, Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

  • King, Fannie Bayly. Partial List of Early Settlers, Revolutionary Soldiers and the Graves of Augusta County Soldiers Located to Date. Staunton, Va.: unknown, 1935. FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes a list of dissenting preachers (ca. 1750-1840).]
Baptist

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Church of England

go to See also Augusta Parish, Virginia

German Reformed
  • Braun, Johannes, Klaus Wust and Joseph H. Meyerhoeffer. Shenandoah Valley Family Data, 1799-1813: From the Memorandum Book of Pastor Johannes Braun. Edinburg, Va.: Shenandoah History Publishers, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 K2bjo.
  • Joyner, Peggy Shomo. St. John's Church Register, German Reformed and Lutheran, Augusta County, Virginia, (1748) 1786-1872. Portsmouth, Virginia: P.S. Joyner, 1995. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5916 K2j.
Lutheran
  • Joyner, Peggy Shomo. St. John's Church Register, German Reformed and Lutheran, Augusta County, Virginia, (1748) 1786-1872. Portsmouth, Virginia: P.S. Joyner, 1995. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5916 K2j.
Presbyterian

Early Presbyterian Churches (with years constituted):

  • Augusta Stone (1740)[4]
  • Bethel (1746)[4]
  • First Presbyterian Church (1818), Staunton, Va.[4]
  • Hebron (1746)[4]
  • Mount Carmel, Steele's Tavern, Va.[4]
  • South Mountain (1743)[4]
  • Stone Meeting House (1793), Old Providence, Spottswood, Va.[4]
  • Tinkling Spring (1738)[4]
  • Craig, John. List of Baptisms by Rev. John Craig, Augusta County, Virginia, 1740-1749. 193-?; reprint, Staunton, Va.: L.B. Hatke, 1979. Original edition available at FHL US/CAN Fiche 6015426; digital version of reprint at Ancestry ($).
  • Craig, Lillian Kennerly. Reverend John Craig 1709-1774: His Descendants and Allied Families. New Orleans, Louisiana: Accurate Letter Co., 1963. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 C844c. [Founder of Tinkling Spring Presbyterian Church.]
  • Hoge, Arista. The First Presbyterian Church, Staunton, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: Caldwell-Sites, 1908. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 599249 Item 4; digital version at BYU Family History Archives.
  • Houston, Florence Wilson, Laura Cowan Blaine, and Ella Dunn Mellette. Maxwell History and Genealogy: Including the Allied Families of Alexander, Allen, Bachiler, Batterton, Beveridge, Blaine, Brewster, Brown, Callender, Campbell, Carey, Clark, Cowan, Fox, Dinwiddie, Dunn, Eylar, Garretson, Gentry, Guthrie, Houston, Howard, Howe, Hughes, Hussey, Irvine, Johnson, Kimes, McCullough, Moore, Pemberton, Rosenmuller, Smith, Stap, Teter, Tilford, Uzzell, Vawter, Ver Planck, Walker, Wiley, Wilson; Also Baptismal Record of the Rev. John Craig, D.D., of Augusta County, Virignia, 1740-1749, Containing One Thousand Four Hundred and Seventy-four Names (First Publication of the Original Record). Indianapolis, Indiana: Press of C.E. Pauley, Indianapolis Engraving Co., 1916. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).

Court

County Court

  • Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. 3 vols. Rosslyn, Va.: The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912. Digital versions of all three volumes and comprehensive index at RootsWeb; digital version of Volume 1 at Google Books (full-view). [Volume 1 includes abstracts of Court Order Books 1-24 (1745-1799) and Court Judgments, which continues in Volume 2.]

Pennsylvania Courts

  • Crumrine, Boyd and Washington County Historical Society, Washington, Pa. The County Court for the District of West Augusta, Virginia: Held at Augusta Town, Near Washington, Pennsylvania, 1776-1777. Printed by the Observer Job Rooms, for the Washington County Historical Society, 1905. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • Crumrine, Boyd and Inez Raney Waldenmaier. Virginia Court Records in Southwestern Pennsylvania: Records of the District of West Augusta and Ohio and Yohogania Counties, Virginia, 1775-1780. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1974. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 974.88 P2c.

Directories

  • A Directory of the Representative Business and Professional Men of Augusta County and Staunton, Va. unknown: Rohrer & Diamond, 1899. FHL Collection 6015631-6015632; digital version at Ancestry ($).

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from purported descendants of the following Augusta County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.
  • [McClure] Multiple descendants of Halbert McClure, b. 1685 Raphoe Parish, County Donegal, Ireland, d. 1754 near Timber Ridge, Augusta (now Rockbridge) County, Virginia. Y-DNA 12, 25, and 67 Marker Tests, FTDNA (Kits 25104, 33804, 62193, 137959). Genetic signatures available online (labelled Lineage 1 Halbert McClure (son of James) 1685 N. Ire-1754 Va Branch: MA-1, M-9, M-22, M-29, M-33), courtesy: The McClure DNA Project, World Families Network.

Genealogy

More than 700 genealogies have been published about Augusta County families. To view a list, visit Augusta County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

  • King, Fannie Bayly. Partial List of Early Settlers, Revolutionary Soldiers and the Graves of Augusta County Soldiers Located to Date. Staunton, Va.: unknown, 1935. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Also includes immigrants 1739-1740, some French and Indian War soldiers, and some dissenting preachers (ca. 1750-1840).]
  • Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], The American Genealogist, Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 973 D25aga.

Land and Property

An early settlers map is available for Beverley Manor in Augusta County. The cartographer plots the locations of pioneers. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.5916 E7h. An alphabetical listing is available: FHL Book 975.5916 E7h supp. 1. For another version, see: FHL Map 975.5 E7hjr.

An early settlers map showing the purchasers of the 92,100 acre grant to Benjamin Borden on the west side of the Blue Ridge Mountains (1739) is available. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.5 E7hi.

Augusta County Property Book 1876 (digital image) Virginia Pioneers ($)

Deeds

  • Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. 3 vols. Rosslyn, Va.: The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912. Digital version of all three volumes and comprehensive index at RootsWeb; digital version of Volume 1 at Google Books (full-view). [Volume 3 includes abstracts of Deed Books 1-27.]

Grants and Patents

  • Kaylor, Peter Cline. Abstract of Land Grant Surveys of Augusta and Rockingham Counties, Virginia, 1761-1791. Dayton, VA: Shenandoah Press, 1938. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 982080 Item 7; digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Sims, Edgar Barr. Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia. [Springfield, Virginia]: Genealogical Books in Print, c1992. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.4 R22w 1992. [Includes Augusta County, Virginia.]

Local Histories

  • Aull, Edward. Early History of Staunton and Beverley Manor in Augusta County, Virginia. Birmingham: Aull, 1963. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 A1 no. 40.
  • Creigh, Alfred. History of Washington County from Its First Settlement to the Present Time, First Under Virginia as Yohogania, Ohio, or Augusta County Until 1781, and Subsequently Under Pennsylvania; With Sketch of all the Townships, Boroughs, and Villages, Etc.; and to Which is Added a Full Account of the Celebrated Mason and Dixon's Line, the Whiskey Insurrection, Indian Warfare, Traditional and Local Historical Events. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: B. Singerly, 1871. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 974.882 H2ch and FHL US/CAN 924904 Item 2; digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • Dunlap, Boutwell. Augusta County, Virginia in the History of the United States. Frankfort, Kentucky: The Kentucky State Historical Society, 1918. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • Hotchkiss, Jedediah. The City of Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, and the Surrounding Country: Their Condition, Resources and Advantages, and the Inducements They Offer to Those Seeking Homes or Places for Business, Investments, etc. Staunton, Va.: D.E. Strasburg, 1878. Available at FHL US/CAN Fiche 6015433; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Kemper, Charles Edward. Historical Notes from the Records of Augusta County, Virginia. Lancaster, Pa.: Historical Society?, 1979. Available at FHL US/CAN Fiche 6015425; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Peyton, John Lewis. History of Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: S.M. Yost, 1882. Original edition available at FHL US/CAN Film 30313; 1972 reprint at FHL US/CAN Book 975.591 H2p 1972; digital versions at Ancestry ($); Google Books (full-view); and World Vital Records ($).
  • Prichard, A. M. Name Index to Peyton's History of Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: Prichard?, 1979. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 982336 Item 6; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • Waddell, Joseph Addison. Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, With Reminiscences Illustrative of the Vicissitudes of Its Pioneer Settlers ... Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1886. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • Waddell, Joseph Addison. Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871. Staunton, Va.: C.R. Caldwell, 1902. Available at FHL US/CAN Book and FHL US/CAN Film 1000633 Item 2; digital versions at Ancestry ($); Google Books (full-view); and World Vital Records ($) (second edition).

Maps

  • Hale, John S. Early Settlement in Beverley Manor, Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton, Virginia: Old Dominion Map Co., Creative Cartographers, [198-]. Available at FHL US/CAN Map Case 975.5916 E7h. [The map shows the boundaries of each holding, the name of the grantee, and the date of purchase.]
  • Hildebrand, John R. An Historical Map of Augusta County, Virginia 1732-1872: Compiled from Old Maps, Historical Records and Traditions. J.R. Hildebrand, 1933. Available at FHL US/CAN Map Case 975.5916 E7hi.
  • Hildebrand, John R. The Beverley Patent, 1736: Including Original Grantees, 1738-1815 in Orange & Augusta Counties, Va. 1954. Available at FHL US/CAN Map Case 975.5 E7hjr.
  • Hotchkiss, Jed. and Joseph A. Waddell. Historical Atlas of Augusta County, Virginia: Maps from Original Surveys by Jed. Hotchkiss, its Annals by Joseph A. Waddell, Physiography by Jed. Hotchkiss. Chicago, Illinois: Waterman, Watkins & Company, 1885. Available at FHL US/CAN X Large Folio 975.5916 E7h and FHL US/CAN Film 1421680 Item 13.

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1975):248-254; Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118; Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):194-202; Vol. 22, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1978):279-286; Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):31-38; Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):113-119; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):195-198. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Augusta County's 1782-1785 [sic] Delinquent Lists appear on 22:194-202; 1786-1787 Delinquent Lists appear on 22:279-286 and 23:31-37; additional 1787 Delinquent List appears on 21:113-114; additional 1787 Delinquent List appears on 23:113-119; 1788 Delinquent List appears on 19:248-250 and 23:195-198.]

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2bL. [Identifies some Augusta County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Cleek, George Washington. Early Western Augusta Pioneers. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001. digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes section on "Soldiers of the Various Early Wars."]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2c; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Augusta County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Augusta County, Virginia Indian Wars 1754-1764. Reprint, Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. ["Lyman Draper, one of the countries earliest historians recorded the names of those either killed, wounded, or taken prisoners by the enemy in Augusta County. At this time, Augusta County covered a great deal of the upper part of the eastern United States with over seven states being taken from it in total or in part. These listings included those on the Monongalia, Holston, New, Greenbrier Rivers, Reed Creek, South Branch, Fort Vause, Jackson’s River and many other areas of the east."]
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2bL. [Identifies some Augusta County militia officers, soldier enlistments, veterans, and court martial records; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2bw 1965; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Augusta County, see pp. 30-58, 104-107.]
  • Cleek, George Washington. Early Western Augusta Pioneers. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001. digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes section on "Soldiers of the Various Early Wars."]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL US/CAN Book and US/CAN Fiche 6048997; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Augusta County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • King, Fannie Bayly. Partial List of Early Settlers, Revolutionary Soldiers and the Graves of Augusta County Soldiers Located to Date. Staunton, Va.: unknown, 1935. Available at FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Also includes immigrants 1739-1740, some French and Indian War soldiers, and some dissenting preachers (ca. 1750-1840).]
Dunmore's War
  • Augusta, Bedford, Botetourt, Culpeper and Fincastle Payrolls and Public Service Claims, 1775: Also Known as Dunmore's War: Enlarged and Photocopied. Fort Wayne, Indiana: Allen County Public Library, 2004. Available at FHL US/CAN Large Q Book 975.5 M2au.
  • Norris, D.L. and Mrs. Rudolph. Some Virginia Revolutionary War and Pension Records in Augusta and Rockbridge Counties, 1776-1833. MSS., 1952-1953, available at FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 8. [Includes abstracts of records concerning Dunmore's War.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Augusta County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Augusta County supplied soldiers for the:

- 8th Virginia Regiment
- 9th Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment
- 12th Virginia Regiment (1st and 8th Companies)[5]

Writing in 1889, local historian Waddell wrote "It is impossible to obtain any list or particular account of troops furnished by Augusta county during the Revolutionary war, and the names of only a few comparatively of the soldiers have escaped oblivion."[6] Has this conclusion held true or been disproven?

Additional resources:

Augusta residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[7]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2bw 1965; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "List of Militiamen in Captain John Given's Company, Augusta County, Virginia, from October 16, 1777, to March 15, 1782, inclusive, with transcript of the bible of Robert Givens, of Lincoln county, Ky., 1759-1802, and his declaration of services rendered." See pp. 223-226.]
  • Bushman, Katherine G. Augusta County, Virginia, Court of Claims, 1782-1785. MSS., 1970, available at FHL US/CAN Film 858643 Item 5.
  • Cleek, George Washington. Early Western Augusta Pioneers. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001. digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes section on "Soldiers of the Various Early Wars."]
  • King, Fannie Bayly. Partial List of Early Settlers, Revolutionary Soldiers and the Graves of Augusta County Soldiers Located to Date. Staunton, Va.: unknown, 1935. Available at FHL US/CAN 850091 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Also includes immigrants 1739-1740, some French and Indian War soldiers, and some dissenting preachers (ca. 1750-1840).]
  • Norris, D.L. and Mrs. Rudolph. Some Virginia Revolutionary War and Pension Records in Augusta and Rockbridge Counties, 1776-1833. MSS., 1952-1953, available at FHL US/CAN Film 850091 Item 8. [Includes abstracts of records concerning Dunmore's War.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Augusta County on page 133.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Augusta County men served in the 32nd and 93rd Regiments.[8]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Augusta County, pp. 62-63.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Augusta County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Augusta County, Virginia:

- 1st Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, Local Defense (Confederate). Company E (Valley Rangers)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Mountain Guard), Company D (Southern Guard), Company E (Augusta Greys), Company F (West View Infantry), Company G (Staunton Rifles), Company H (Augusta Rifles), Company I (Ready Rifles), Company L (West Augusta Guard).[9]
- 7th Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense (1st Nitre Battalion) (Confederate). Company D.[10]
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (Valley Cavalry or Rangers) and Company I (Churchville Cavalry).[11]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F.[12]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Confederate). Company C (Augusta Lee Rifles).[13]

Many records and histories are available, including:

An interesting study, called the Valley of the Shadow Project, has collected military and private papers detailing the experience of the Civil War in Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Augusta County, Virginia.

  • Cleek, George Washington. Early Western Augusta Pioneers. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001. digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes section on "Soldiers of the Various Early Wars."]

Native Americans

  • Chester County Historical Society (West Chester, Pennsylvania). Genealogical Manuscripts Up to 1968. MSS., microfilmed in 1968, available at FHL 104 Rolls. [Includes: Copy of the deed from the six united nations of Indians to the American colonies, as recorded in deed book 22 in the Clerk's office of the Circuit Court of Augusta County, Virginia, in the courthouse at Staunton, Va.]

Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 U23c. [Includes sections on Staunton and Waynesboro silversmiths.]
  • Stewart, William C. "Mercantile Adventures in Early Virginia, John Stewart, Tailor of Augusta and Botetourt Counties," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1967):3-11; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1967):61-66. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 B2vg. Digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

Periodicals

The Blount Journal

Genealogical articles with abstracts of Augusta County, Virginia records have been published in The Blount Journal, the publication of the Blount County Genealogical and Historical Society. Began in 1985, still in print. Tables of contents are available online. Purchase back issues through the society. The Family History Library has acquired most volumes FHL US/CAN Book 976.8885 B2b.

Petitions

  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Augusta County petitions (1776-1864) are described on pp. 135-185.]

Probate Records

  • Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. 3 vols. Rosslyn, Va.: The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912. Digital version of all three volumes and comprehensive index at RootsWeb; digital version of Volume 1 at Google Books (full-view). [Volume 3 includes abstracts of Will Books 1-12; Volume 2 includes abstracts of administrator's bonds and guardian's bonds.]
  • Rudolph, Frances Lee Wilson. Copies of Wills of Early Settlers in Augusta County, Virginia. MSS., 1950, deposited at the Daughters of the American Revolution National Library in Washington, D.C., copy available at FHL.
  • Digital Images of Augusta County Wills 1745-1753. See names of Testators. Virginia Pioneers

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1730-1754] Joyner, Peggy Shomo. Abstracts of Virginia's Northern Neck Warrants and Surveys. Vol. 1 [Orange & Augusta counties, with tithables, delinquents, petitioners, 1730-1754]. Portsmouth, Virginia: P.S. Joyner, 1985. FHL 975.5 R2j.
  • [1748-1804] Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, Vol. 2. 1912; reprint: Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1980. FHL Collection 975.5916 F2c 1980 v. 2; digital version at RootsWeb. [Includes abstracts of delinquents and insolvents for the years 1748 to 1804 on pp. 413-429.]
  • [1764-1765, 1769] Tax List, 1764-65, 1769, Augusta Historical Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Fall 1972).
  • [1777-1778] Augusta County, Virginia List of Tithables, 1777-1778. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available at FHL: FHL 30312.
  • [1777] Augusta Tithables List, 1777, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Aug. 2001); Vol. 39, No. 4 (Nov. 2001); Vol. 40, No. 4 (Nov. 2002); Vol. 41, No. 2 (May 2003); Vol. 42, No. 2 (May 2004); Vol. 42, No. 3 (Aug. 2004); Vol. 42, No. 4 (Nov. 2004); Vol. 43, No. 2 (May 2005); Vol. 43, No. 4 (Nov. 2005); Vol. 44, No. 1 (Feb. 2006); Vol. 44, No. 2 (May 2006); Vol. 44, No. 3 (Aug. 2006); Vol. 44, No. 4 (Nov. 2006). FHL 975.5 B2vs; digital versions of Vols. 39 and 40 at Ancestry ($).
  • [1777] Tithables, 1777, Allegheny Regional Ancestors, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Winter 1993). FHL 975.4 D25a v. 1-2
  • [1781-1784] Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, Vol. 2. 1912; reprint: Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1980. FHL Collection 975.5916 F2c 1980 v. 2; digital version at RootsWeb. [Includes abstracts of tithables 1781 to 1784 on pp. 429-431.]
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. FHL 975.5 R4f 1978. [1782 personal property tax list of Augusta County.]
  • [1782] Tax List, 1782, Bath County Heritage Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Winter 1998).
  • [1782] Personal Property Tax List, 1782, Augusta Historical Bulletin, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1976).
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL 975.5 R4sn. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Augusta County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1782-1788] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1975):248-254; Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118; Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):194-202; Vol. 22, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1978):279-286; Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):31-38; Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):113-119; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):195-198. FHL 975.5 B2vg; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Augusta County's 1782-1785 [sic] Delinquent Lists appear on 22:194-202; 1786-1787 Delinquent Lists appear on 22:279-286 and 23:31-37; additional 1787 Delinquent List appears on 21:113-114; additional 1787 Delinquent List appears on 23:113-119; 1788 Delinquent List appears on 19:248-250 and 23:195-198.]
  • [1784-1800] Tax List, 1784-1800: Men to French Broad, Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 6 (Dec. 1978).
  • [1790, 1800] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Accomack County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1796-1820] Heinegg, Paul. "Augusta County Personal Property Tax List 1796-1820," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1800] "Augusta County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1962):75-80; Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1962):113-120; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1962):157-163. FHL 975.5 B2vg; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL 975 E4w v. 5. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Augusta County is included in Vol. 5.]

Vital Records


Indexes to Augusta County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth

Beth Fridley has published the following databases online at Ancestry:

  • Augusta County, Virginia Births, 1862-75 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Augusta County, Virginia Births, 1876-79 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Augusta County, Virginia Births, 1880-87 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Augusta County, Virginia Births, 1888-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
  • Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. 3 vols. Rosslyn, Va.: The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5916 F2c 1980; digital versions of all three volumes and comprehensive index at RootsWeb; digital version of Volume 1 at Google Books (full-view). [Some early marriages (groom only list) 1748-1788 are found in Volume 2; these records were copied from a clerk's record book that was lost some time after the author transcribed the list in 1912.  The original list was the clerk's record of marriage license payments and the date of the payment.]
  • First Marriage Record of Augusta County, Virginia, 1785-1813. 1930?; reprint, unknown: Col. Thomas Hughart Chapter, D.A.R., 1979. Multiple copies available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5916 V2f 1962; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Augusta County, VAGenWeb includes abstracts of marriage book 1, marriages 1700-1799, and marriages from Chalkley's Chronicles.

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

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Virginia Pioneers ($)

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Augusta County, Virginia. Page 710 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Augusta County, Virginia Heritage Book (Walworth Publishing Co., 1998), 43-45. FHL Book 975.5916 H2a.
  5. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 67-68. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  6. Joseph A. Waddell, Annals of Augusta County, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1886), 155.
  7. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 18-23. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 48. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  9. Lee A. Wallace, 5th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.:H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 40.
  10. David F. Riggs, 7th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1982). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 3.
  11. Robert J. Driver, 14th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47.
  12. Richard B. Kleese, 23rd Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 118.
  13. Richard L. Armstrong, 25th Virginia Infantry and 9th Battalion Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 71.


 

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