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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Avery's Trace

Avery's Trace, also called the Nashville Road, North Carolina Military Trace, North Carolina Road, or Cumberland Trace, was authorized in 1787 and opened in 1788 to connect Knoxville to Nashville, Tennessee.[1][2][3]
Avery's Trace connected East and Middle Tennessee to promote settlement. It was guarded by five forts.


Historical Background

In 1787 the North Carolina legislature considered Tennessee part of its territory. They authorized and funded the blazing of a settlers' trail by Peter Avery and 300 soldiers who would also protect pioneer companies from Cherokee Indians angry about a road crossing their land without permission.[1] The soldiers helped blaze the trail and were paid in bounty land for their service. The first year 25 families headed west on the trace.[2] The trail connected East Tennessee (Knoxville) with Middle Tennessee (French Lick, or Nashville).

The Cherokee Indians disputed the right of whites to use their old paths and 102 pioneers were killed in 1792 alone. To minimize the danger from Indians, pioneer families would gather at Clinch mountain and wait for a company of 50 soldiers to accomapany them along the trace. A peace treaty finally made the trace safe from Indian raids in 1799.[4]


  • South end of Clinch Mountain (near Blaine, Grainger, Tennessee)
  • Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee
  • Fort Southwest Point, Kingston, Roane, Tennessee
  • Fort Blount, Jackson, Tennessee at a ford to the north side of the Cumberland River
  • Bledsoe’s Fort, Castalian Springs, Sumner, Tennessee
  • Mansker’s Fort, Goodlettsville, Davidson, Tennessee
  • Fort Nashborough, Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee crossing to the south side of the Cumberland River

Settlers and Records

For partial list of settlers who used the Avery's Trace, see:

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Avery's Trace

Internet Sites

  • Doug Drake, Jack Masters, and Bill Puryear, Cumberland Pioneer Settlers 1779-1804. Selected outstanding photos, art work, and extracts from their book cited above.
  • Avery Trace in Dale Hollow Lake, "The Family Vacation Fun Place" details of the route and famous people who used it.
  • Fort Southwest Point 1797 - 1811 what you'll see there, history, photos, events, and links.
  • Fort Blount in Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture description, purpose, and history.
  • Bledsoe's Station Wikipedia article gives geography, history, park, and photos.
  • Fort Nashborough Wikipedia article describes the exploration, early settlers, construction, politics, and Indian wars.


  1. 1.0 1.1 William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997) [FHL 973 E3d], 22.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Avery’s Trace," in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery%27s_Trace (accessed 27 July 2010).
  3. "Avery Trace" in Cumberland Pioneer Settlers 1779-1804 at http://www.cumberlandpioneers.com/averytrace.html (accessed 5 August 2010). Detailed explanation of why Avery's Trace is not what the road from Knoxville to Nashville was likely called.
  4. "Avery Trace" in Dale Hollow Lake, "The Family Vacation Fun Place" at http://www.dalehollow-lake.net/html/avery_trace.html (accessed 5 August 2010).


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