Caroline County, Maryland Genealogy

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(Difference between revisions)
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*[ The Caroline County MDGenWeb Project], a member of [[MDGenWeb|The MDGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].  
*[ The Caroline County MDGenWeb Project], a member of [[MDGenWeb|The MDGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].  
*[ "Caroline Co.,"] in ''Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives.''
*[ "Caroline Co.,"] in ''Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives.''  
*[ The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Caroline County.  
*[ The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Caroline County.  
*[ The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Caroline County. (Backup site)  
*[ The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Caroline County. (Backup site)  

Revision as of 18:53, 4 May 2012

United States  go to  Maryland  go to  Caroline County
MD Caroline map.png
Caroline County Boundary Map.jpg


County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Caroline County, Maryland Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1898 1774 1898 1800 1774 1688
Caroline County, Maryland courthouse.JPG

Office of the Commissioners of Caroline County
109 Market Street
Room 123
Denton, Maryland 21629


  • Named for Lady Caroline Eden, wife of Maryland's last appointed royal colonial governor, Robert Eden, 1st Baronet of Maryland before he was usurped by the Annapolis Convention in 1776.
  • Pig Point was the county seat. The name has since been renamed Denton.

Parent County

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1890


Populated Places

  • Denton
  • Federalsburg
  • Goldsboro
  • Greensboro
  • Henderson
  • Hillsboro
  • Marydel
  • Preston
  • Ridgely
  • Templeville
  • American Corner
  • Andersontown
  • Baltimore Corner
  • Bethlehem
  • Burrsville
  • Choptank
  • Gilpin Point
  • Grove
  • Harmony
  • Hickman
  • Hobbs
  • Jumptown
  • Ninetown
  • Oakland
  • Oil City
  • Tanyard
  • Tuckahoe Neck
  • Two Johns
  • Reliance
  • Whiteleysburg
  • Williston

Neighboring Counties

Dorchester | Queen Anne's | Talbot | Delaware counties: Kent | Sussex




Federal Census reports available 1800-1930 including slave and veterans schedules. For tips on accessing Caroline County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.


Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Caroline County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions.

Church of England

go to See also St. John's Parish


Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


  • Barnes, Robert W., F. Edward Wright, Vernon L. Skinner and Henry C. Peden. Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 23 vols. Westminster, Md.: Family Line, 1996-2003; Lewes, Del.: Delmarva Roots and Colonial Roots, 2007. FHL US/CAN Book 975.21 D2b v. 1 ff. [Caroline County families appear in Vols. 7 and 11.]


  • [Genn] Hillman, Ralph E. "James Genn of Northumberland County, Virginia, and Some of His Descendants," The American Genealogist, Vol. 72, No. 1 (Jan. 1997):32-38; Vol. 72, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):101-108.
  • [Wright] Wright, Charles W. The Wright Ancestry of Caroline, Dorchester, Somerset and Wicomico Counties Maryland. Baltimore: Baltimore City Printing and Binding Co., 1907. Available at FHL; digital versions at BYU Family History Archives and Google Books (full-view).



Maryland State Archives has uploaded free images and indexes to the complete series of Caroline County Deed Books (1774-present). Visit their site to find the land records that interest you: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Free registration is required.)

Local Histories



Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Caroline County on page 127.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Caroline County, pp. 139-140. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  • Wright, F. Edward Caroline County (Maryland) militia in the War of 1812,  (1977) pages 65.




  • [1783] Caroline County Tax List of 1783: This is an alphabetical index to names to all property owners assessed. The index cards at the Maryland State Archives include county, hundred, names of tracts of land and whether individuals were paupers or single males as provided in the law.

Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites