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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Catawba_Trail|Catawba Trail]]''[[Image:Catawba and Unicoi Trails.png|right|650px]]  
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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[United States Migration Internal|Migration&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Catawba_Trail|Catawba Trail]]''<br><br>[[Image:Catawba and Unicoi Trails.png|right|650px]]<br><br>
  
 
The '''Catawba Trail''' (dark blue on the map) was actually a network of paths which connected lower and middle Cherokee settlements of the Carolinas with the Overhill Cherokee settlements of eastern Tennessee.<ref name="NAT">Native American Trails" in ''Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture'' at http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=T106 (accessed 14 August 2010).</ref> American pioneer soldiers and settlers used the Catawba Trail to reach northeast Tennessee no later than 1777.<ref name="ETHS1st">East Tennessee Historical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44435788 First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendants]'' (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [{{FHL|976.8 H2ff}}], 23-24.</ref> {{Adoption TNGenWeb}}  
 
The '''Catawba Trail''' (dark blue on the map) was actually a network of paths which connected lower and middle Cherokee settlements of the Carolinas with the Overhill Cherokee settlements of eastern Tennessee.<ref name="NAT">Native American Trails" in ''Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture'' at http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=T106 (accessed 14 August 2010).</ref> American pioneer soldiers and settlers used the Catawba Trail to reach northeast Tennessee no later than 1777.<ref name="ETHS1st">East Tennessee Historical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44435788 First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendants]'' (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [{{FHL|976.8 H2ff}}], 23-24.</ref> {{Adoption TNGenWeb}}  
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A system of gaps and trails were the primary transporation routes of early Tennessee settlers. The '''Catawba Trail''' emerged from the Saluda Gap where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now meet. The trail curved north toward the Catawba Gap. From there it followed the north side of the French Broad River to Knoxville, Tennessee. Waxhaw (Mecklenburg County, North Carolina area) pioneers would have been attracted to this southern branch. A northern branch of the trail went from the Catawba Gap through Morganton, Burke, North Carolina toward the Yadkin River settlements. These two population centers in North Carolina contributed about 1/4th of the earliest northeast Tennessee settlers; Virginia and Pennsylvania providing the rest via the [[Great Valley Road]]. Some of the Yadkin River pioneers may have used the Fancy Gap to connect with the Great Vally Road when moving to Tennessee. Only a handful would have used the difficult Boone's Gap to reach the Watauga area.<ref name="ETHS1st" />  
 
A system of gaps and trails were the primary transporation routes of early Tennessee settlers. The '''Catawba Trail''' emerged from the Saluda Gap where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now meet. The trail curved north toward the Catawba Gap. From there it followed the north side of the French Broad River to Knoxville, Tennessee. Waxhaw (Mecklenburg County, North Carolina area) pioneers would have been attracted to this southern branch. A northern branch of the trail went from the Catawba Gap through Morganton, Burke, North Carolina toward the Yadkin River settlements. These two population centers in North Carolina contributed about 1/4th of the earliest northeast Tennessee settlers; Virginia and Pennsylvania providing the rest via the [[Great Valley Road]]. Some of the Yadkin River pioneers may have used the Fancy Gap to connect with the Great Vally Road when moving to Tennessee. Only a handful would have used the difficult Boone's Gap to reach the Watauga area.<ref name="ETHS1st" />  
  
Several groups of American soldiers reached Tennessee North and South Carolina during the Revolutionary War; at least two groups used the Catawba Trail to get there. After the war many of these veterans returned to Tennessee, mostly by way of the Catawba Trail. It was the primary path of North and South Carolina pioneers headed west to Tennessee until the [[Unicoi Trail]] was opened to settlers about 1795.<ref name="ETHS1st" />
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Several groups of American soldiers reached Tennessee North and South Carolina during the Revolutionary War; at least two groups used the Catawba Trail to get there. After the war many of these veterans returned to Tennessee, mostly by way of the Catawba Trail. It was the primary path of North and South Carolina pioneers headed west to Tennessee until the [[Unicoi Trail]] was opened to settlers about 1795.<ref name="ETHS1st" />  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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'''Warning:''' There may be more than one trail identified by the name of Catawba Trail. This description is for the trail that connects the [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] in Greenville County, South Carolina north to the Cumberland Gap and the [[Warriors Path of Kentucky]] in Bell County, Kentucky.  
 
'''Warning:''' There may be more than one trail identified by the name of Catawba Trail. This description is for the trail that connects the [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] in Greenville County, South Carolina north to the Cumberland Gap and the [[Warriors Path of Kentucky]] in Bell County, Kentucky.  
  
'''Counties on the Catawba Trail''' (south to north)  
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'''Counties on the Catawba Trail''' (south to north).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref><ref>William E. Myers, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast'' (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 38. ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234&amp;amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat entry].</ref>
  
 
*'''''South Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Greenville County, South Carolina|Greenville]]  
 
*'''''South Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Greenville County, South Carolina|Greenville]]  
 
*'''''North Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Polk County, North Carolina|Polk]], [[Henderson County, North Carolina|Henderson]], [[Buncombe County, North Carolina|Buncombe]], [[Madison County, North Carolina|Madison]]  
 
*'''''North Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Polk County, North Carolina|Polk]], [[Henderson County, North Carolina|Henderson]], [[Buncombe County, North Carolina|Buncombe]], [[Madison County, North Carolina|Madison]]  
*'''''Tennessee:&nbsp;''''' [[Cocke County, Tennessee|Cocke]], [[Greene County, Tennessee|Greene]], [[Hamblen County, Tennessee|Hamblen]], [[Grainger County, Tennessee|Grainger]], [[Claiborne County, Tennessee|Claiborne]], [[Hancock County, Tennessee|Hancock]]  
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*'''''Tennessee:&nbsp;''''' [[Cocke County, Tennessee|Cocke]], [[Greene County, Tennessee|Greene]], [[Hamblen County, Tennessee|Hamblen]], [[Grainger County, Tennessee|Grainger]], [[Hancock County, Tennessee|Hancock]], [[Claiborne County, Tennessee|Claiborne]]  
 
*'''''Virginia:&nbsp;''''' [[Lee County, Virginia|Lee]]  
 
*'''''Virginia:&nbsp;''''' [[Lee County, Virginia|Lee]]  
 
*'''''Kentucky:&nbsp;''''' [[Bell County, Kentucky|Bell]]
 
*'''''Kentucky:&nbsp;''''' [[Bell County, Kentucky|Bell]]
  
'''Overlapping and Connecting Trails.''' The south end of the '''Catawba Trail''' connects with the [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] in Greenville County, South Carolina and runs north through the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina crossing the [[Great Indian Warpath]] or [[Great Valley Road]] in Tennessee, and crossing the Holston River near the western tip of Virginia, passing into the Cumberland Gap and the linking to the [[Warriors Path of Kentucky]] in Bell County.
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'''Overlapping and Connecting Trails.''' The south end of the '''Catawba Trail''' connects with the [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] in Greenville County, South Carolina and runs north through the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina crossing the [[Great Indian Warpath]] or [[Great Valley Road]] in Tennessee, and crossing the Holston River near the western tip of Virginia, passing into the Cumberland Gap and the linking to the [[Warriors Path of Kentucky]] (or [[Wilderness Road]]) in Bell County.<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref> 
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===

Latest revision as of 15:59, 9 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Catawba Trail

Catawba and Unicoi Trails.png


The Catawba Trail (dark blue on the map) was actually a network of paths which connected lower and middle Cherokee settlements of the Carolinas with the Overhill Cherokee settlements of eastern Tennessee.[1] American pioneer soldiers and settlers used the Catawba Trail to reach northeast Tennessee no later than 1777.[2]
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Contents

Historical Background

A system of gaps and trails were the primary transporation routes of early Tennessee settlers. The Catawba Trail emerged from the Saluda Gap where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now meet. The trail curved north toward the Catawba Gap. From there it followed the north side of the French Broad River to Knoxville, Tennessee. Waxhaw (Mecklenburg County, North Carolina area) pioneers would have been attracted to this southern branch. A northern branch of the trail went from the Catawba Gap through Morganton, Burke, North Carolina toward the Yadkin River settlements. These two population centers in North Carolina contributed about 1/4th of the earliest northeast Tennessee settlers; Virginia and Pennsylvania providing the rest via the Great Valley Road. Some of the Yadkin River pioneers may have used the Fancy Gap to connect with the Great Vally Road when moving to Tennessee. Only a handful would have used the difficult Boone's Gap to reach the Watauga area.[2]

Several groups of American soldiers reached Tennessee North and South Carolina during the Revolutionary War; at least two groups used the Catawba Trail to get there. After the war many of these veterans returned to Tennessee, mostly by way of the Catawba Trail. It was the primary path of North and South Carolina pioneers headed west to Tennessee until the Unicoi Trail was opened to settlers about 1795.[2]

Route

Warning: There may be more than one trail identified by the name of Catawba Trail. This description is for the trail that connects the Lower Cherokee Traders' Path in Greenville County, South Carolina north to the Cumberland Gap and the Warriors Path of Kentucky in Bell County, Kentucky.

Counties on the Catawba Trail (south to north).[3][4]

Overlapping and Connecting Trails. The south end of the Catawba Trail connects with the Lower Cherokee Traders' Path in Greenville County, South Carolina and runs north through the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina crossing the Great Indian Warpath or Great Valley Road in Tennessee, and crossing the Holston River near the western tip of Virginia, passing into the Cumberland Gap and the linking to the Warriors Path of Kentucky (or Wilderness Road) in Bell County.[5]

Settlers and Records

There is no known list of settlers who travelled the Catawba Trail. However, some of the early residents of Tennessee may have used the trail to reach their destination, as well as several other routes like the Great Valley Road, Wilderness Road, Kentucky Road, Avery's Trace, Unicoi Trail, or Georgia Road. For early Tennessee settlers see:

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. Native American Trails" in Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture at http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=T106 (accessed 14 August 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 East Tennessee Historical Society, First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendants (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [FHL 976.8 H2ff], 23-24.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  4. William E. Myers, Indian Trails of the Southeast (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 38. (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.

 

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