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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Canals|Canals ]] >  [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]''  
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''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Canals|Canals]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[Champlain_Canal|Champlain Canal]]''<br><br>[[Image:Champlain map.png|right|400px]]
  
In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) Champlain Canal in [[Portal:New York|New York State]] allowed boats from [[New York City, New York|New York City]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] and from rural upstate [[Portal:New York|New York]] on the Erie Canal to reach [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain]. In 1843&nbsp;Lake Champlain&nbsp;was also connected to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River]&nbsp;and the North Atlantic Ocean by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chambly_Canal Chambly&nbsp;Canal] in Canada. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
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In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) '''Champlain Canal''' in [[New York|New York State]] connected [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] and thus [[New York City, New York|New York City]], as well as to the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and rural upstate [[New York]]. In 1843 Lake Champlain was also connected by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chambly_Canal Chambly Canal] in [[Quebec|Quebec]], [[Canada|Canada]] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River] and thence to the North Atlantic Ocean. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
The construction of the&nbsp;Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the [[Erie_Canal|Erie Canal]]&nbsp;and joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake&nbsp;Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal&nbsp;was&nbsp;finished in 1823.&nbsp;Many of the workers who helped build the canal were Irish immigrants.
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The construction of the Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and was joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal linked to the Erie Canal at Waterford, New York and was finished in 1823.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Champlain Canal" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Champlain_Canal (accessed July 18, 2009).</ref> Many of the workers who helped build the Champlain and Erie canals were Irish immigrants.  
  
The&nbsp;Champlain Canal connection with the Erie canal made it a natural route for residents of Vermont and New York near Lake Champlain to use to move south and west via the Eire Canal.  
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The Champlain Canal connection with the Erie Canal made it a natural route for residents of [[Vermont]] and New York near [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] to use to move south and west via the Erie Canal. The Champlain Canal is part of the [http://www.nyscanals.gov/ New York State Canal System], now mostly used for recreation.  
  
 
=== Canal Route  ===
 
=== Canal Route  ===
  
The Erie Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) with Lake Erie. It follows the Mohawk River Valley west from Albany, New York to reach toward Buffalo, New York. Some of the communities on the Erie Canal from east to west include: [[Image:Erie Canal.jpg|thumb|right|575px|Map of New York's Erie Canal. To enlarge: click the map slowly three times.]]  
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The Champlain Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) and the Erie Canal (and Buffalo) with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain]. It starts in the Hudson River Valley at Troy (some say Albany), New York and reaches north from Waterford toward Whitehall, New York on Lake Champlain. Some of the communities on the Champlain Canal from north to south include: [[Image:Erie Canal.jpg|thumb|right|575px]]  
  
*Albany
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*Whitehall, [[Washington County, New York|Washington]] County
*Troy
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*Fort Ann, Washington County
*Schenectady
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*Fort Edward, Washington County<br>
*Fonda
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*Northumberland, [[Saratoga County, New York|Saratoga]] County
*Herkimer
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*Waterford, Saratoga County
*Utica
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*Troy, [[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]] County
*Rome
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*Albany, [[Albany County, New York|Albany]] County
*Syracuse
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<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
*Lyons
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'''Connecting Migration Routes'''. The Champlain Canal is linked to other migration routes at each end.
*Palmyra
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*Rochester
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*Albion
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*Lockport
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*Buffalo
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=== Settlers and Records  ===
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The migration pathways connected at the Champlain Canal ''north end'' included:
  
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref>
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] with connections to:
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::*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richelieu_River Richelieu River]
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::*[[Chambly Canal]] 1843
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::*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River]
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::*[[Halifax Road]] or Grand Communication Route before 1812
  
Prior to the building of the Erie Canal the settlers in upstate [[Portal:New York|New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Portal:Vermont|Vermont]]. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into [[Portal:Ohio|Ohio]] would have reached the Erie Canal from [[New York City, New York|New York City]], or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]. Most of the men who&nbsp;labored to build&nbsp;the Erie Canal were from [[Portal:Ireland|Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.
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The migration pathways connected at the ''south end'' included:  
  
=== Internet&nbsp;Links  ===
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] with connections to:
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::*[[Erie Canal]] 1825
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::*[[Mohawk or Iroquois Trail]]
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::*[[Forbidden Path]] or Catskill Turnpike
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::*[[Hudson River Path]]
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::*[[Greenwood Road]]
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::*[[Old Connecticut Path]]
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::*and via the Hudson River, several trails out of New York City
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::*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean]
  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal "Erie Canal" in Wikipedia]
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Also, the Champlain Canal route runs parallel to part of the [[Lake Champlain Trail]] from Albany, New York to Sorel-Tracy, Quebec.  
*[http://www.eriecanal.org/index.html The Erie Canal by ErieCanal.org] General history but more focused on the western portion from Palmyra to Buffalo
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*[http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/ History of the Erie Canal] University of Rochester student documentation of its history
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*[http://www.lcmm.org/images/img_our_fleet/img_lois_mcclure/ERCA_web_test_map3.pdf Map of the Erie Canal] Modern National Historic Parks style map
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'''Digitized book:'''
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=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=hCNg1_H4cz0C&dq=Erie+Canal&printsec=frontcover&source=bll&ots=DpvTh0lJXp&sig=PUpfGKZbpFWB8icXyIvqiUYyKfk&hl=en&ei=zKlDSunUJZPkMNXRwa0B&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=17 Images of America: Erie Canal] by Martin Morganstein and Joan H. Cregg 128 pages
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Because so many immigrants traveled on&nbsp;canals, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref>
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Prior to the building of the Champlain and Erie canals the settlers in upstate [[New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont]]. Once the canals were finished, setters could also move farther west into [[Ohio]]. Most of the men who labored to build the Champlain Canal were from [[Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.
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=== Internet Links  ===
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champlain_Canal Champlain Canal] in Wikipedia
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*[http://www.champlaincanal.net/ Champlain Canal]&nbsp;History, boating information, maps, photos and business services
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*[http://www.lcmm.org/images/img_our_fleet/img_lois_mcclure/ERCA_web_test_map3.pdf Map of the Erie Canal] Modern National Historic Parks style map including the Champlain Canal
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}}<br><br>[[United States Migration Internal|United States Migration Internal]]
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{{reflist}}
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{{New York|New York}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}} {{-}}</div>  
  
[[Category:US_Migration_Canals|US_Migration_Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes|Migration_Routes]]
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[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Quebec]]

Latest revision as of 07:18, 3 April 2012

United States  go to  Migration  go to  Canals  go to  Champlain Canal

Champlain map.png

In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) Champlain Canal in New York State connected Lake Champlain to the Hudson River and thus New York City, as well as to the Erie Canal and rural upstate New York. In 1843 Lake Champlain was also connected by the Chambly Canal in Quebec, Canada to the Saint Lawrence River and thence to the North Atlantic Ocean. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

Contents

Historical Background

The construction of the Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the Erie Canal and was joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal linked to the Erie Canal at Waterford, New York and was finished in 1823.[1] Many of the workers who helped build the Champlain and Erie canals were Irish immigrants.

The Champlain Canal connection with the Erie Canal made it a natural route for residents of Vermont and New York near Lake Champlain to use to move south and west via the Erie Canal. The Champlain Canal is part of the New York State Canal System, now mostly used for recreation.

Canal Route

The Champlain Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) and the Erie Canal (and Buffalo) with Lake Champlain. It starts in the Hudson River Valley at Troy (some say Albany), New York and reaches north from Waterford toward Whitehall, New York on Lake Champlain. Some of the communities on the Champlain Canal from north to south include:
Erie Canal.jpg
  • Whitehall, Washington County
  • Fort Ann, Washington County
  • Fort Edward, Washington County
  • Northumberland, Saratoga County
  • Waterford, Saratoga County
  • Troy, Rensselaer County
  • Albany, Albany County

Connecting Migration Routes. The Champlain Canal is linked to other migration routes at each end.

The migration pathways connected at the Champlain Canal north end included:

The migration pathways connected at the south end included:

Also, the Champlain Canal route runs parallel to part of the Lake Champlain Trail from Albany, New York to Sorel-Tracy, Quebec.

Settlers and Records

Because so many immigrants traveled on canals, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.[2]

Prior to the building of the Champlain and Erie canals the settlers in upstate New York were often from New England, especially Vermont. Once the canals were finished, setters could also move farther west into Ohio. Most of the men who labored to build the Champlain Canal were from Ireland and many of them settled near it.

Internet Links

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Champlain Canal" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Champlain_Canal (accessed July 18, 2009).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).


 

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  • This page was last modified on 3 April 2012, at 07:18.
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