Champlain Canal

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''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Canals|Canals]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[Champlain_Canal|Champlain Canal]]''<br><br>[[Image:Champlain map.png|right|400px]]  
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''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Canals|Canals]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]&nbsp; [[Champlain_Canal|Champlain Canal]]''<br><br>[[Image:Champlain map.png|right|400px]]  
  
In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) Champlain Canal in [[New York|New York State]] connected [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] and thus [[New York City, New York|New York City]], as well as to the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and rural upstate [[New York]]. In 1843 Lake Champlain was also connected by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chambly_Canal Chambly Canal] in [[Portal:Quebec|Quebec]], [[Canada|Canada]] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River] and thence to the North Atlantic Ocean. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
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In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) '''Champlain Canal''' in [[New York|New York State]] connected [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] and thus [[New York City, New York|New York City]], as well as to the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and rural upstate [[New York]]. In 1843 Lake Champlain was also connected by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chambly_Canal Chambly Canal] in [[Quebec|Quebec]], [[Canada|Canada]] to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River] and thence to the North Atlantic Ocean. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
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The construction of the Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and was joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal linked to the Erie Canal at Waterford, New York and was finished in 1823.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Champlain Canal" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Champlain_Canal (accessed July 18, 2009).</ref> Many of the workers who helped build the Champlain and Erie canals were Irish immigrants.  
 
The construction of the Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] and was joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal linked to the Erie Canal at Waterford, New York and was finished in 1823.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Champlain Canal" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Champlain_Canal (accessed July 18, 2009).</ref> Many of the workers who helped build the Champlain and Erie canals were Irish immigrants.  
  
The Champlain Canal connection with the Erie Canal made it a natural route for residents of [[Vermont]] and New York near Lake Champlain to use to move south and west via the Erie Canal. The Champlain Canal is part of the [http://www.nyscanals.gov/ New York State Canal System], now mostly used for recreation.  
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The Champlain Canal connection with the Erie Canal made it a natural route for residents of [[Vermont]] and New York near [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] to use to move south and west via the Erie Canal. The Champlain Canal is part of the [http://www.nyscanals.gov/ New York State Canal System], now mostly used for recreation.  
  
 
=== Canal Route  ===
 
=== Canal Route  ===
  
The Champlain Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) and the Erie Canal (and Buffalo) with Lake Champlain. It&nbsp;start in&nbsp;the&nbsp;Hudson River Valley at Troy, New York&nbsp;and reaches north from Waterford toward Whitehall, New York on&nbsp;Lake Champlain. Some of the communities on the&nbsp;Champlain Canal from north&nbsp;to&nbsp;south include: [[Image:Erie Canal.jpg|thumb|right|575px]]  
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The Champlain Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) and the Erie Canal (and Buffalo) with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain]. It starts in the Hudson River Valley at Troy (some say Albany), New York and reaches north from Waterford toward Whitehall, New York on Lake Champlain. Some of the communities on the Champlain Canal from north to south include: [[Image:Erie Canal.jpg|thumb|right|575px]]  
  
 
*Whitehall, [[Washington County, New York|Washington]] County  
 
*Whitehall, [[Washington County, New York|Washington]] County  
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*Northumberland, [[Saratoga County, New York|Saratoga]] County  
 
*Northumberland, [[Saratoga County, New York|Saratoga]] County  
 
*Waterford, Saratoga County  
 
*Waterford, Saratoga County  
*Troy, [[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]] County
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*Troy, [[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]] County  
 
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*Albany, [[Albany County, New York|Albany]] County
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<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
 
'''Connecting Migration Routes'''. The Champlain Canal is linked to other migration routes at each end.  
 
'''Connecting Migration Routes'''. The Champlain Canal is linked to other migration routes at each end.  
  
The migration pathways connected at the ''north end'' included:  
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The migration pathways connected at the Champlain Canal ''north end'' included:  
  
 
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] with connections to:  
 
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Champlain Lake Champlain] with connections to:  
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richelieu_River Richelieu River]  
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::*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richelieu_River Richelieu River]  
:*[[Chambly Canal]]  
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::*[[Chambly Canal]] 1843
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River]  
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::*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lawrence_River Saint Lawrence River]  
:*[[Halifax Road]] or Grand Communication Route
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::*[[Halifax Road]] or Grand Communication Route before 1812
  
 
The migration pathways connected at the ''south end'' included:  
 
The migration pathways connected at the ''south end'' included:  
  
 
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] with connections to:  
 
:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] with connections to:  
:*[[Erie Canal]]  
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::*[[Erie Canal]] 1825
:*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean]
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::*[[Mohawk or Iroquois Trail]]
 +
::*[[Forbidden Path]] or Catskill Turnpike
 +
::*[[Hudson River Path]]
 +
::*[[Greenwood Road]]
 +
::*[[Old Connecticut Path]]
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::*and via the Hudson River, several trails out of New York City
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::*the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean]
  
 
Also, the Champlain Canal route runs parallel to part of the [[Lake Champlain Trail]] from Albany, New York to Sorel-Tracy, Quebec.  
 
Also, the Champlain Canal route runs parallel to part of the [[Lake Champlain Trail]] from Albany, New York to Sorel-Tracy, Quebec.  
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Because so many immigrants traveled on&nbsp;canals, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref>  
 
Because so many immigrants traveled on&nbsp;canals, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref>  
  
Prior to the building of the Champlain and Erie canals the settlers in upstate [[New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont]]. Once the canals were finished, setters could also move&nbsp;farther west into [[Ohio]]. Most of the men who&nbsp;labored to build&nbsp;the&nbsp;Champlain Canal were from [[Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.  
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Prior to the building of the Champlain and Erie canals the settlers in upstate [[New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont]]. Once the canals were finished, setters could also move farther west into [[Ohio]]. Most of the men who labored to build the Champlain Canal were from [[Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.  
  
 
=== Internet Links  ===
 
=== Internet Links  ===
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
{{New York|New York}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}}  
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{{New York|New York}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}} {{-}}</div>
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Quebec]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Quebec]]

Revision as of 07:18, 3 April 2012

United States  go to  Migration  go to  Canals  go to  Champlain Canal

Champlain map.png

In 1823 the 60-mile (97 km) Champlain Canal in New York State connected Lake Champlain to the Hudson River and thus New York City, as well as to the Erie Canal and rural upstate New York. In 1843 Lake Champlain was also connected by the Chambly Canal in Quebec, Canada to the Saint Lawrence River and thence to the North Atlantic Ocean. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

Contents

Historical Background

The construction of the Champlain Canal began in 1817 and was worked on at the same time as the Erie Canal and was joined to it. In 1819 the Fort Edward to Lake Champlain section was opened. The whole Champlain Canal linked to the Erie Canal at Waterford, New York and was finished in 1823.[1] Many of the workers who helped build the Champlain and Erie canals were Irish immigrants.

The Champlain Canal connection with the Erie Canal made it a natural route for residents of Vermont and New York near Lake Champlain to use to move south and west via the Erie Canal. The Champlain Canal is part of the New York State Canal System, now mostly used for recreation.

Canal Route

The Champlain Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) and the Erie Canal (and Buffalo) with Lake Champlain. It starts in the Hudson River Valley at Troy (some say Albany), New York and reaches north from Waterford toward Whitehall, New York on Lake Champlain. Some of the communities on the Champlain Canal from north to south include:
Erie Canal.jpg
  • Whitehall, Washington County
  • Fort Ann, Washington County
  • Fort Edward, Washington County
  • Northumberland, Saratoga County
  • Waterford, Saratoga County
  • Troy, Rensselaer County
  • Albany, Albany County

Connecting Migration Routes. The Champlain Canal is linked to other migration routes at each end.

The migration pathways connected at the Champlain Canal north end included:

The migration pathways connected at the south end included:

Also, the Champlain Canal route runs parallel to part of the Lake Champlain Trail from Albany, New York to Sorel-Tracy, Quebec.

Settlers and Records

Because so many immigrants traveled on canals, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.[2]

Prior to the building of the Champlain and Erie canals the settlers in upstate New York were often from New England, especially Vermont. Once the canals were finished, setters could also move farther west into Ohio. Most of the men who labored to build the Champlain Canal were from Ireland and many of them settled near it.

Internet Links

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Champlain Canal" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Champlain_Canal (accessed July 18, 2009).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).