Copenhagen: Police CensusEdit This Page
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The police census records are probably one of the most vital of records used in Copenhagen research. The records tracked individuals in Copenhagen year by year, creating a valuable database of the city's residents. The police censuses fill in the years between the national censuses and contain vital genealogical material.
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In 1816, the Copenhagen police began taking a census of every resident over the age of ten, both male and female, in the city. The census was taken twice a year, once in May and once in November. After some time, a few of the surrounding suburbs were included in the census: Brønshøj-Rødovre (1868-1900), Sundbyvester and –øster (1889-1901), and Kastrup (1891, 1893-1895).
What You Typically Find
The police censuses are similar to other censuses in Denmark. The only difference is that it is particular to Copenhagen, and there are absolutely no children under the age of ten on the census. Some of the most typically information listed in the censuses include:
-the floor living on
-Rank, status, and occupation
-Length of time in residence by half year
-When began service
-Where last served
The later censuses include a little more information including birth date.
An index exists for the census records and can be a real help in locating individuals. Each year has an index that is divided into Kreds, or police districts. All names are alphabetized and then listed under the street names. Once the street is located, the correct census can be pulled up.
The actual censuses are organized by Kreds first, then street, then house number, and finally by resident. Residents are listed on the left side of the page, servants in the middle, and lodgers on the right side. Be sure not to forget to check all three parts if you don't know what the individual or family was.
All police census records and index (1866-1923) are available at the Family History Library on microfilm. Currently, they are only found in the previous version of the catalog (under Denmark, København, København, then Census (choose 1882-1889 or 1889-1901). Click on Mandtaller, then View Film notes, and choose the film number corresponding to the year needed.
They are also found at several different archives and libraries in Copenhagen.
How to Find and Search the Police Census
If you know the street address- Search the Street Index to find the film number.
If you do NOT know the street address-Search the Alphabetical Name Index for your ancestor’s surname, then use the Street Index to find the film number. If there were many people listed with the same name as your ancestor, you may still be able to identify which one of them was your ancestor by looking at the other household members, although no children age 10 and younger were listed in the census.
Alphabetical Name Index- This index is organized first by year, then by Kreds, and then alphabetically by surname. In any given year you will need to search all 6 Kreds individually. The surnames are alphabetized by the first letter of the surname, but not alphabetized beyond that first letter, so the search takes 20-40 minutes per Kreds. When you find the correct person in the name index of one of the Kreds, it will list his or her address and birthplace. Using that address, look up their street in the Street Index, under the same year and Kreds.
The Street Index- Is located here on the wiki. Use this to find the FHL film number.
The Police Census- Look for the printed (not handwritten) pages entitled Anmældelse til Politiet. At the bottom of each of these pages is the census month and year, written in bold. Unlike most documents, the most recent year is at the beginning, and the earlier years follow afterward. There is a page with this title for each building’s resident list (whether single-family or multiple-family dwelling), which is hand-written on the succeeding page. After you have found the year you seek, find the street (alphabetically) and then the house number. You will find this information on the same pages entitled Anmældelse til Politiet, in the upper left corner under “Kobenhavns Politikreds”. “Gade” is the Danish word for street, and “husnummer” is the house number. All even-numbered addresses are grouped together, followed by the odd-numbered addresses, as the enumerator canvassed the street, walking up one side, and down the other.
Københavs Stadsarkiv. Politets Mandtaller:1868-1899. Københanvn: Københavns Stadsarkiv research guide, 2008.
Politets Mandtaller: November 1869. København: Kreds 1, FHL microfilm no. 322581.
Politets Mandtaller: May 1875. København: Kreds 3, FHL microfilm no. 322915.
Politets Mandtaller: November 1880. København: Kreds 4, FHL microfilm no. 323258.