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History

Cumberland County, New York was a former county of New York Province that was created in 1766 from part of Albany County on land that eventually became parts of the states of Vermont and New Hampshire.[1] In 1772 Cumberland (to the south) gave up part of her land to increase the size of Gloucester County (to the north) which had given part of her land to Charlotte County (to the west).[2] Cumberland County was roughly equivalent to modern Windham and Windsor counties in Vermont.[3] For a map see the bottom of this page.

On 15 Janurary 1777 Cumberland County, and Gloucester County were ceded from New York to Vermont.[2] These two counties were combined into a single short-lived county called Cumberland on the east side of Vermont. See also Cumberland County, Vermont. At the same time the east of Lake Champlain part of Charlotte County was also ceded from New York to Vermont. This Charlotte County land became Bennington County on Vermont's west side.[1]

In 1781 Vermont extinguished Cumberland County and split her into four pieces: Orange County, Windham County, Windsor County, and Washington (old) County. The next year Washington (old) County became part of the State of New Hampshire.[4]

In 1784 the remaining fragment of Charlotte County on the western side of Lake Champlain was renamed to Washington County, New York.[5]

Records

For records of Cumberland County, Vermont, see Orange County, Windham County, and Windsor County in Vermont, and New Hampshire. Some records created prior to 1777 may also be found at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, New York" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_County,_New_York (accessed 20 June 2011).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Gloucester County, New York" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloucester_County,_New_York (accessed 20 June 2011).
  3. Esther Munroe Swift, Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History (Brattleboro, Vt.: Stephen Green Press, 1977), 18. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 974.3 E2s.
  4. "Vermont County Information" in Genealogy Trails at http://genealogytrails.com/ver/county_info.html (accessed 2 October 2010).
  5. "Discontinued and Extinct New York Counties" in My New York Genealogy at http://www.mynewyorkgenealogy.com/ (accessed 11 October 2010).
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Charlotte County 1777.png

 

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