Cumberland County, Pennsylvania

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[[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Cumberland County'''  
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''[[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Cumberland County'''  
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'''Cumberland County, Pennsylvania''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
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{{PADC}}
  
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
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== Historical Facts  ==
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== Cumberland County Pennsylvania Historical Facts  ==
 
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| width="20%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''</center>
 
| width="20%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''</center>
 
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>1893</center>  
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1893</center>  
| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>1885</center>  
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1885</center>  
| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>1893</center>  
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1893</center>  
| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>1750</center>  
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1750</center>  
| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>1750</center>
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| width="20%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1750</center>
 
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*'''Parent Counties''': Formed from [[Lancaster County, Pennsylvania|Lancaster]] County 27 January 1750.<ref name="HBG">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].</ref>
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[[Image:Pacumberland.jpg|right|500px|Pacumberland.jpg]]  
*'''County Seat:''' Carlisle<br>
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*'''Neighboring Counties''': {{PAGENAME}}&nbsp;'''residents''' may also have records in <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Pennsylvania" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_County,_Pennsylvania (accessed 17 July 2012).</ref>[[Perry County, Pennsylvania|Perry]] (north){{•}}[[Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]] (west){{•}}[[Adams County, Pennsylvania|Adams]] (south){{•}}[[Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]] (east){{•}}[[York County, Pennsylvania|York]] (southeast)
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<br> The Scotch-Irish settled heavily in the Cumberland Valley. It is estimated that they made up 90% of the population in the eighteenth century.<ref name="way">Wayland F. Dunaway, ''The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania'' (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 59-64. Free digital version at [http://collection1.libraries.psu.edu/u?/digitalbks2,18370 PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State].</ref> <br>  
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*'''Parent Counties''': Formed from [[Lancaster County, Pennsylvania|Lancaster]] County 27 January 1750.<ref name="HBG">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].</ref>
  
==== Boundary Changes <ref name="PaLine">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21353742&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results ''Pennsylvania line : a research guide to Pennsylvania genealogy and local history, 1990 ed.''] (Laughlintown, Pa.: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1990), [FHL book 974.8 D27p 1990]. </ref>  ====
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*'''County Seat:''' Carlisle
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*'''Neighboring Counties''': {{PAGENAME}}&nbsp;'''residents''' may also have records in:<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Pennsylvania" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_County,_Pennsylvania (accessed 17 July 2012).</ref>
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**[[Perry County, Pennsylvania|Perry]] (north)
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**[[Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]] (west)
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**[[Adams County, Pennsylvania|Adams]] (south)
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**[[Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]] (east)
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**[[York County, Pennsylvania|York]] (southeast)
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The Scotch-Irish settled heavily in the Cumberland Valley. It is estimated that they made up 90% of the population in the eighteenth century.<ref name="way">Wayland F. Dunaway, ''The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania'' (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 59-64. Free digital version at [http://collection1.libraries.psu.edu/u?/digitalbks2,18370 PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State].</ref>  
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==== Boundary Changes ====
  
 
*'''10 March 1682:''' Chester County was created from the Colonial lands, including the whole part of future Cumberland County.  
 
*'''10 March 1682:''' Chester County was created from the Colonial lands, including the whole part of future Cumberland County.  
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*'''9 September 1784:''' [[Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]] County was set off, no part of it was taken for any future counties.<br>  
 
*'''9 September 1784:''' [[Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]] County was set off, no part of it was taken for any future counties.<br>  
 
*'''19 September 1789:''' [[Mifflin County, Pennsylvania|Mifflin]] County was created from Cumberland and [[Northumberland County, Pennsylvania|Northumberland]] counties, including the parts for future [[Centre County, Pennsylvania|Centre]] and [[Juniata County, Pennsylvania|Juniata]] Counties.<br>  
 
*'''19 September 1789:''' [[Mifflin County, Pennsylvania|Mifflin]] County was created from Cumberland and [[Northumberland County, Pennsylvania|Northumberland]] counties, including the parts for future [[Centre County, Pennsylvania|Centre]] and [[Juniata County, Pennsylvania|Juniata]] Counties.<br>  
*'''22 March 1820:''' [[Perry County, Pennsylvania|Perry]] County was created from Cumberland County.
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*'''22 March 1820:''' [[Perry County, Pennsylvania|Perry]] County was created from Cumberland County.<ref name="PaLine">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21353742 ''Pennsylvania line : a research guide to Pennsylvania genealogy and local history, 1990 ed.''] (Laughlintown, Pa.: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1990), [FHL book 974.8 D27p 1990]. </ref>
  
== African Americans  ==
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For animated maps illustrating Pennsylvania county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/pennsylvania/ "Rotating Formation Pennsylvania County Boundary Maps"] (1673-1878) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
  
*[http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=541 Slave returns]
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==== Records Loss  ====
  
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For a list of record loss in Pennsylvania counties see: [http://www.genealogyinc.com/pennsylvania/pa-counties.html#courthouse Pennsylvania Counties with Burned Courthouses]
  
== Resources ==
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==== African Americans ====
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*[http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=541 Slave returns]
  
 
==== Bible Records  ====
 
==== Bible Records  ====
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:*[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/bibles.htm Cumberland County Bible Records] at [http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/ Cumberland County, Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives]
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==== Biographies  ====
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:*[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/bios.htm Cumberland County Biographies] at [http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/ Cumberland County, Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives] including Beer's ''History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania'' surname list with page links.
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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| width="31%" bgcolor="#dbbff7" align="center" | '''Published Grave Transcripts'''  
| bgcolor="DBEADC" align="center" | '''County Cemetery Directories'''
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| bgcolor="#dbeadc" align="center" | '''County Cemetery Directories'''
 
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=40&GScnty=2261&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]  
 
[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=40&GScnty=2261&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]  
  
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=40&CScnty=2261 Findagrave.com]  
 
[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=40&CScnty=2261 Findagrave.com]  
  
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[http://www.interment.net/us/pa/cumberland.htm Interment.net]  
 
[http://www.interment.net/us/pa/cumberland.htm Interment.net]  
  
| bgcolor="#EDDFFB" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3ACemeteries+Pennsylvania+Cumberland+County.&qt=hot_subject WorldCat]  
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3ACemeteries+Pennsylvania+Cumberland+County.&qt=hot_subject WorldCat]  
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx Names in Stone]  
 
[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx Names in Stone]  
  
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[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/cemet.htm USGenWeb]  
 
[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/cemet.htm USGenWeb]  
  
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[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]  
 
[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]  
  
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[http://pennsylvania-genealogy.net/Cumberland-County-Cemetery-Records.cfm Pennsylvania Genealogy]  
 
[http://pennsylvania-genealogy.net/Cumberland-County-Cemetery-Records.cfm Pennsylvania Genealogy]  
  
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[http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=13807&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=33&stateAbbv=&stateName= Epodunk]  
 
[http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=13807&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=33&stateAbbv=&stateName= Epodunk]  
  
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[http://pennsylvaniagravestones.org/search.php?cid=21&lm=s&last=&fm=s&first= Pennsylvania Gravestones]  
 
[http://pennsylvaniagravestones.org/search.php?cid=21&lm=s&last=&fm=s&first= Pennsylvania Gravestones]  
  
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[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]  
 
[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]  
  
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx#results Names in Stone]  
 
[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx#results Names in Stone]  
  
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/pennsylvania/cumberland_county.htm Access Genealogy]  
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/pennsylvania/cumberland_county.htm Access Genealogy]  
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Pennsylvania/Cumberland/Default.aspx Ancestry($)]  
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Pennsylvania/Cumberland/Default.aspx Ancestry($)]  
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| colspan="3" | See [[Pennsylvania Cemeteries|Pennsylvania Cemeteries]] for more information.
 
| colspan="3" | See [[Pennsylvania Cemeteries|Pennsylvania Cemeteries]] for more information.
 
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==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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{{PAChurch2}}  
 
{{PAChurch2}}  
  
[[Image:Cumberland county pennsylvania churches.png|thumb|right|400px]] {{PAChurch1|Cumberland|415535}}  
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[[Image:Cumberland county pennsylvania churches.png|thumb|right|400px]]  
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The [http://www.historicalsociety.com/Home_Page.php Cumberland County Historical Society ]&nbsp;holdings include local area church records. The society also maintains an internal database of over 900 church and cemetery records. [http://www.historicalsociety.com/Template14.html Research Services] will perform a search of their records for a fee.
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<br> {{PAChurch1|Cumberland|415535}}  
  
 
===== County-wide Database - Multi-denominational  =====
 
===== County-wide Database - Multi-denominational  =====
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===== Catholic  =====
 
===== Catholic  =====
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St. Patrick's, located in Carlisle, was constructed in 1807. Prior to it's construction the area was used as a supply station for the Jesuits.<ref>Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 216. {{WorldCat|4592541}}; {{FHL|182299|item|disp=FHL book 974.84 H2h}}</ref>
  
 
*"100 years of the Pittsburgh Catholic Diocese 1843–1943". ''Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society Quarterly'', 17:1. FamilySearch Library book [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F151821 974.8 B2wg]. Contains chronolgy, map, county-by-county information.
 
*"100 years of the Pittsburgh Catholic Diocese 1843–1943". ''Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society Quarterly'', 17:1. FamilySearch Library book [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F151821 974.8 B2wg]. Contains chronolgy, map, county-by-county information.
  
 
===== Episcopalian  =====
 
===== Episcopalian  =====
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Attempts to establish a congregation date from as early as 1753 with a permanent structure being built about 1825.<ref>Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 212. {{WorldCat|4592541}}; {{FHL|182299|item|disp=FHL book 974.84 H2h}}</ref>
  
 
'''St. John's Church, Carlisle'''  
 
'''St. John's Church, Carlisle'''  
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===== Lutheran  =====
 
===== Lutheran  =====
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Lutherans began to establish their denomination in the county about the mid 1700s. However, major strides in the growth of the denomination did not occur in Cumberland County, until the mid 1800s.<ref>Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 217. {{WorldCat|4592541}}; {{FHL|182299|item|disp=FHL book 974.84 H2h}}</ref>
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'''First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle'''
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:*'''1787-1875''' - First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle, Baptism Index 1787-1875 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|C504661}}.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/2/23/Igipennsylvaniac.pdf.</ref>
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:*'''1790-1792, 1816-1880''' - First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle, Marriage Index 1790-1792 and 1816-1880 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|C504661}}.<ref name="vr" />
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'''St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Shiremanstown'''
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:*'''1787-1871''' - St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Shiremanstown, Baptism Index 1787-1871 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|C505401}}.<ref name="vr" />
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:*'''1790, 1872-1880''' - St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Shiremanstown, Marriage Index 1790, 1872-1880 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|M505401}}.<ref name="vr" />
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'''St. Stephen Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Kingstown'''
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:*'''1775-1852''' - St. Stephen Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Kingstown, Baptism Index 1775-1852 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|C504661}}.<ref name="vr" />
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'''Trindle Spring Evangelical Lutheran Church'''
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:*'''1803-1874''' - Trindle Spring Evangelical Lutheran Church, Shiremanstown, Baptism Index 1803-1874 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free. Batch {{IGI|C503951}}.<ref name="vr" />
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'''Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lemoyne'''
  
 
:*'''1896-1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5717 Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lemoyne, Pa. Parish Register 1896-1936] at Ancestry ($).
 
:*'''1896-1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5717 Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lemoyne, Pa. Parish Register 1896-1936] at Ancestry ($).
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:*'''1785-1812''' - Marriage Record of the First Presbyterian Church, at Carlisle, 1785-1812 (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2, Vol. 8, Part 4) at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2206 Ancestry] ($); [http://books.google.com/books?id=AD0OAAAAIAAJ Google Books] - free.
 
:*'''1785-1812''' - Marriage Record of the First Presbyterian Church, at Carlisle, 1785-1812 (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2, Vol. 8, Part 4) at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2206 Ancestry] ($); [http://books.google.com/books?id=AD0OAAAAIAAJ Google Books] - free.
  
===== Lutheran  =====
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'''Silver Spring Presbyterian Church'''
  
*'''1896-1936''' - [http://http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5717 Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1896-1936] at [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($); book transcription.
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:*'''1814-1830''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pacumber/silspma.htm Silver Spring Presbyterian Church Marriages, 1814-30, Silver Spring Twp., Cumberland County, Pennsylvania] at [http://www.pagenweb.org/ PAGenWeb] - free.
  
 
==== Court Records  ====
 
==== Court Records  ====
  
Thousands of commissioners orders from the 1820s and 1830s have been indexed and digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/OrdersInventory.aspx?OSID=0 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website.
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{{PA court1}}
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Thousands of commissioners orders from the 1820s and 1830s have been indexed and digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/OrdersInventory.aspx?OSID=0 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website.  
  
 
===== Court of Common Pleas  =====
 
===== Court of Common Pleas  =====
  
====== Clerk of the Court  ======
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The Courts of Common Pleas are the trial courts of Pennsylvania. Major civil and criminal cases are heard in these courts. Judges also decide cases involving adoption, divorce, child custody, abuse, juvenile delinquency, estates, guardianships, charitable organizations and many other matters. The Common Pleas courts are organized into 60 judicial districts. {{PAGENAME}} has its own judicial district. Judges of the Common Pleas courts are elected to 10-year terms. A president judge and a court administrator serve in each judicial district.<ref>The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania http://www.pacourts.us/T/CommonPleas/ accessed 10 July 2012.</ref><br>
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*'''1769-1905''' Appearance dockets; Adsecturm index, 1750-1894 {{FHL|420384|item|disp=FHL Film 1010167 (first of 40)}}. Consult listings in both individual volumes and Adsectum index for all parties concerned.<br><br>
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===== Clerk of the Court  =====
  
 
{{PA court2}}  
 
{{PA court2}}  
  
====== Prothonotary  ======
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===== Prothonotary  =====
  
===== Orphan's Court (see Vital Records) =====
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{{PA court3}}
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===== Orphans' Court  =====
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{{PA court4}}
  
 
===== Quarter Sessions  =====
 
===== Quarter Sessions  =====
  
 
:*'''1750-1785''' - Greene, Diane E. ''Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Quarter Session Dockets 1750-1785.'' Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield, 2001. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49111 Ancestry] ($); {{FHL|1062989|item|disp=FHL Book 974.843 P2g}}.
 
:*'''1750-1785''' - Greene, Diane E. ''Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Quarter Session Dockets 1750-1785.'' Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield, 2001. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49111 Ancestry] ($); {{FHL|1062989|item|disp=FHL Book 974.843 P2g}}.
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{{PA court6|Cumberland|412313}}
  
 
==== Emigration and Immigration  ====
 
==== Emigration and Immigration  ====
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:*'''1824-1872''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=594 Treasurer's Deeds Unseated Lands 1824-1872] at Cumberland County, PA Archives website - Free. Index and scanned images.  
 
:*'''1824-1872''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=594 Treasurer's Deeds Unseated Lands 1824-1872] at Cumberland County, PA Archives website - Free. Index and scanned images.  
 
:*'''1973–present''' - Cumberland County offers free [http://www.landex.com/ online access] to indexes. Fees apply to view images since 1993. Check the website for current information on availability and fees.
 
:*'''1973–present''' - Cumberland County offers free [http://www.landex.com/ online access] to indexes. Fees apply to view images since 1993. Check the website for current information on availability and fees.
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'''Online Land Record Abstracts'''
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:*[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/land.htm Cumberland County Land Records] at [http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/ Cumberland County, Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives] including a surname list of Cumberland County warrantees of land 1750-1874.
  
 
'''Land Records on Microfilm'''  
 
'''Land Records on Microfilm'''  
Line 261: Line 327:
 
*[http://discover.hsp.org/Search/Results?lookfor=Cumberland+land&type=AllFields&submit=Find Historical Society of Pennsylvania]<br>  
 
*[http://discover.hsp.org/Search/Results?lookfor=Cumberland+land&type=AllFields&submit=Find Historical Society of Pennsylvania]<br>  
 
*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=Cumberland+county+pennsylvania+land WorldCat] (For instructions see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].)<br>  
 
*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=Cumberland+county+pennsylvania+land WorldCat] (For instructions see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].)<br>  
*{{FHL|359598|subject-id|disp=Family History Library Catalog}} (For instructions see [[Family History Library Catalog Place-name Search|FHL Catalog Place-name Search]].)
+
*{{FHL|359598|subject-id|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} (For instructions see [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search]].)
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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<center>'''Click the image to view an enlarged version'''</center>  
 
<center>'''Click the image to view an enlarged version'''</center>  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
 
+
*[http://www.mapofus.org/pennsylvania/ Maps of Pennsylvania (1673-1878)]
 
[http://ancestortracks.com/ Ancestor Tracks] has posted free, downloadable images from the [http://ancestortracks.com/CumberlandResources.html 1872 Atlas of Cumberland Co., Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys by and under the Direction of F.W. Beers]. &nbsp;This wall map located in the Library of Congress shows major landowners and geographic sites at the date of publishing. &nbsp;While the physical maps are in the public domain, the images we have taken of the maps belong to us and are not to be used commercially. &nbsp;We hereby give permission to use them strictly for personal use; please attribute to Ancestor Tracks.  
 
[http://ancestortracks.com/ Ancestor Tracks] has posted free, downloadable images from the [http://ancestortracks.com/CumberlandResources.html 1872 Atlas of Cumberland Co., Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys by and under the Direction of F.W. Beers]. &nbsp;This wall map located in the Library of Congress shows major landowners and geographic sites at the date of publishing. &nbsp;While the physical maps are in the public domain, the images we have taken of the maps belong to us and are not to be used commercially. &nbsp;We hereby give permission to use them strictly for personal use; please attribute to Ancestor Tracks.  
  
Line 295: Line 361:
 
:*'''1820-1834''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=545 Revolutionary War Pension Applications Series 2, 1820-1834] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
 
:*'''1820-1834''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=545 Revolutionary War Pension Applications Series 2, 1820-1834] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
  
===== Later Records =====
+
===== Later Records =====
  
Various military records, including Civil War Board of Relief (1861-1862), Military Bounty Correspondence (1862), Military Enrollment (1870-1874), Military Exonerations (1846-1865), Military Fund (1845-1873), Military Papers Miscellaneous (1840-1923), and Militia Rolls (1849-1861) have been digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Record_Series.aspx?RSID=11&RID=1 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website - Free.
+
Various military records, including Civil War Board of Relief (1861-1862), Military Bounty Correspondence (1862), Military Enrollment (1870-1874), Military Exonerations (1846-1865), Military Fund (1845-1873), Military Papers Miscellaneous (1840-1923), and Militia Rolls (1849-1861) have been digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Record_Series.aspx?RSID=11&RID=1 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website - Free.  
  
 
==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
 
==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
 +
 +
{{PANaturalization}}
 +
 +
'''Original Naturalization Records on Microfilm'''<br> Naturalization records available for Cumberland County, Pennsylvania include the following:<br>
 +
 +
'''Online Naturalization Indexes and Records'''<br>
 +
 +
:*'''1820-1906''' – [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Index to Declarations and Petitions in the Western District of Pennsylvania, US Circuit and District Courts] located in ''US Naturalization Records Indexes, 1794-1995'' database on [http://ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), National Archives publication M1208<br>
 +
:*'''1820-1930''' – [http://www.fold3.com/titleinfo.php?id=119&title=naturalizations_pa_western%2F&xid=319 Naturalization Petitions of the U.S. District Court, 1820-1930, and Circuit Court, 1820-1911, for the Western District of Pennsylvania] on [http://www.fold3.com/ Fold3.com] - ($), indexed, National Archives publication M1537, incomplete for all counties<br>
 +
:*'''1820-1930''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1554 Naturalization Petitions of the U.S. District Court, 1820-1930, and Circuit Court, 1820-1911, for the Western District of Pennsylvania] located in ''Selected US Naturalization Records - Original Documents, 1790-1974'' database on [http://ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), indexed, National Archives publication M1537.<br>
 +
 +
:*'''1798-1905''' Naturalization Records {{FHL|420347|item|disp=FHL film 1011467 (first of 5 films)}}<br>
 +
 +
{{PAnaturalization2|Cumberland|468833}}
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
Line 313: Line 393:
  
 
:*[http://www.pa-roots.org/data/list.php?893 PA-Roots Newspaper Articles] for Cumberland County.
 
:*[http://www.pa-roots.org/data/list.php?893 PA-Roots Newspaper Articles] for Cumberland County.
 
<br>
 
  
 
===== Obituaries  =====
 
===== Obituaries  =====
Line 320: Line 398:
 
Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died. However, sometimes an obituary is found in the location from which he or she originated. To find an obituary, see the information under the [[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania#Newspapers|Newspaper heading]]  
 
Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died. However, sometimes an obituary is found in the location from which he or she originated. To find an obituary, see the information under the [[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania#Newspapers|Newspaper heading]]  
  
{{Tip|Sometimes the fastest way of finding obituaries is to call or email the local [http://www.publiclibraries.com/ public library] in the area where the person died.   If the library does not have newspapers, a librarian often will know where they are kept. If a death date is known, and the newspapers are at the library, someone on staff will usually make a search for a small fee, or will indicate someone who will do the search.}}<br>  
+
{{Tip|Sometimes the fastest way of finding obituaries is to call or email the local [http://www.publiclibraries.com/ public library] in the area where the person died. If the library does not have newspapers, a librarian often will know where they are kept. If a death date is known, and the newspapers are at the library, someone on staff will usually make a search for a small fee, or will indicate someone who will do the search.}}<br>  
  
 
'''Online Obituary Abstracts'''  
 
'''Online Obituary Abstracts'''  
  
 
:*[http://www.pa-roots.org/data/list.php?894 PA-Roots Obituaries] for Cumberland County.  
 
:*[http://www.pa-roots.org/data/list.php?894 PA-Roots Obituaries] for Cumberland County.  
:*[http://cumberlink.com/ The Sentinel Online] Obituaries are archived from 1997 to the present. To find a name, use the advanced search tab.
+
:*[http://cumberlink.com/ The Sentinel Online] Obituaries are archived from 1997 to the present. To find a name, use the advanced search tab.  
 +
:*[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/obits.htm Cumberland County Obituaries] at [http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/ Cumberland, Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives]
  
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
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:*'''1917-1946''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=441 Commissions Volunteer Police Officers] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and some scanned images.
 
:*'''1917-1946''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=441 Commissions Volunteer Police Officers] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and some scanned images.
 +
 +
:*[http://paironworks.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cumberland.html Cumberland County Iron Furnaces and Iron Works] at [http://www.pagenweb.org/ PAGenWeb] - free.
  
 
===== Indentured Servants  =====
 
===== Indentured Servants  =====
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==== Officials  ====
 
==== Officials  ====
  
Cumberland County has preserved records of local men who served in various government capacities during the 1700s and 1800s, including assessors, attorneys, auditors, clerks of court, commissioners, constables, coroners, election officials, judges, juries, justices of the peace, lumber inspectors, notaries, policemen, poorhouse directors, prothonotaries, recorders of deeds, registrars of wills, sheriffs, surveyors, and treasurers. The records have been indexed and digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Record_Series.aspx?RSID=47&RID=1 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website - Free.
+
Cumberland County has preserved records of local men who served in various government capacities during the 1700s and 1800s, including assessors, attorneys, auditors, clerks of court, commissioners, constables, coroners, election officials, judges, juries, justices of the peace, lumber inspectors, notaries, policemen, poorhouse directors, prothonotaries, recorders of deeds, registrars of wills, sheriffs, surveyors, and treasurers. The records have been indexed and digitized at the [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Record_Series.aspx?RSID=47&RID=1 Cumberland County, PA Archives] website - Free.  
  
 
Constables helped maintain law and order in the community. Many can be identified:  
 
Constables helped maintain law and order in the community. Many can be identified:  
Line 353: Line 434:
 
:*'''1791-1884''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=539 Appointments and Petitions for Appointments 1791-1884] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Includes many different types of local government officials.
 
:*'''1791-1884''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=539 Appointments and Petitions for Appointments 1791-1884] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Includes many different types of local government officials.
  
:*'''1793-1888''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1841 Constables Oaths of Office 1793-1888] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free.
+
:*'''1793-1888''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1841 Constables Oaths of Office 1793-1888] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free.  
 
:*'''1805-1870''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=526 Constable Bonds 1805-1870] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies locals who served as constables by name and township.
 
:*'''1805-1870''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=526 Constable Bonds 1805-1870] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies locals who served as constables by name and township.
  
Line 413: Line 494:
  
 
:*'''1750-1937'''-[https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FMM5Y-7JQ%3An1441244041%3Fcc%3D1999196 Cumberland County Probate Records]<br>
 
:*'''1750-1937'''-[https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FMM5Y-7JQ%3An1441244041%3Fcc%3D1999196 Cumberland County Probate Records]<br>
 +
 +
'''Online Probate Abstracts'''
 +
 +
:*[http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/wills.htm Cumberland County Wills and Estate Records] at [http://usgwarchives.net/pa/cumberland/ Cumberland County, Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives] including will abstracts 1750-1776, with index.
  
 
'''Original Probate Records on Microfilm'''<br>  
 
'''Original Probate Records on Microfilm'''<br>  
Line 423: Line 508:
 
===== Archives  =====
 
===== Archives  =====
  
:*[http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=2566 Cumberland County Archives] <br>1 Courthouse Square <br>Carlisle, PA 17013 <br>Phone: 717.240.7886 <br> Hours: By Appointment Only (Mon-Fri)
+
[http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=2566 Cumberland County Archives] <br>1 Courthouse Square <br>Carlisle, PA 17013 <br>Phone: 717.240.7886 <br>Hours: By Appointment Only (Mon-Fri)  
  
:The Archives holds deeds (1831-1908), mortgages (1839-1924), births, marriages, and deaths (1852-1855), letters of administration (1887-1937) and more.
+
The Archives holds deeds (1831-1908), mortgages (1839-1924), births, marriages, and deaths (1852-1855), letters of administration (1887-1937) and more.  
  
:*{{PA Archives}}
+
{{PA Archives}}  
  
 
===== Courthouse  =====
 
===== Courthouse  =====
Line 433: Line 518:
 
[http://www.ccpa.net/ Cumberland County Courthouse]<br>1 Courthouse Square <br>Carlisle, PA 17013<br>Hours: M-F 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM <br>Phone: 717-240-6100 <br>Toll Free: 1-888-697-0371 <br>  
 
[http://www.ccpa.net/ Cumberland County Courthouse]<br>1 Courthouse Square <br>Carlisle, PA 17013<br>Hours: M-F 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM <br>Phone: 717-240-6100 <br>Toll Free: 1-888-697-0371 <br>  
  
[http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=123 Recorder of Deeds] <br> can be reached at 717.240.6370 and is open M-F from 8 am - 4:30 pm.  
+
[http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=123 Recorder of Deeds] <br>can be reached at 717.240.6370 and is open M-F from 8 am - 4:30 pm.  
  
 
The [http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=125 Register of Wills and Clerk of Orphans' Court] is located in room 102 of the County Courthouse and is available at 717-240-6345. The office is open from 8 am - 4:30 pm.  
 
The [http://www.ccpa.net/index.aspx?nid=125 Register of Wills and Clerk of Orphans' Court] is located in room 102 of the County Courthouse and is available at 717-240-6345. The office is open from 8 am - 4:30 pm.  
Line 453: Line 538:
 
===== Societies  =====
 
===== Societies  =====
  
==== Schools ====
+
Rich in history, {{PAGENAME}} contains a number of societies dealing with the history of the area.
 +
 
 +
[http://www.historicalsociety.com/ Cumberland County Historical Society] <br>21 North Pitt Street <br>P.O. Box 626 <br>Carlisle, PA 17013 <br>Phone: 717.249.7610
 +
 
 +
The Cumberland County Historical Society was founded in 1874 an maintains http://www.historicalsociety.com/Template9.html The Hamilton Library], a [http://www.historicalsociety.com/Museum_Main.html Museum] and works with the Cumberland Valley Visitors Bureau to maintain and staff the county Visitors Center.
 +
 
 +
The Hamilton Library holds historical records, a collection of manuscripts and rare books, census records, tax lists, newspapers and periodicals, and surname files.
 +
 
 +
==== Schools ====
  
 
:*'''1899''' - [http://records.ccpa.net/weblink_public_print/DocView.aspx?id=366929&dbid=7 Return of Children Between the Ages of Six and Twenty-One years, residing within the District of South Middleton Township, Upper, 1899] at Cumberland County, PA Archive - Free. Scanned images. Identifies children's names, exact birth dates, genders, nationalities, residences, school districts, and parents.
 
:*'''1899''' - [http://records.ccpa.net/weblink_public_print/DocView.aspx?id=366929&dbid=7 Return of Children Between the Ages of Six and Twenty-One years, residing within the District of South Middleton Township, Upper, 1899] at Cumberland County, PA Archive - Free. Scanned images. Identifies children's names, exact birth dates, genders, nationalities, residences, school districts, and parents.
Line 494: Line 587:
  
 
{{PA vitals}}  
 
{{PA vitals}}  
 +
 +
See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/pennsylvania/pa-vital-records/ How to order Pennsylvania Vital Records]
  
 
===== Birth  =====
 
===== Birth  =====
Line 499: Line 594:
 
{{PA birth}}  
 
{{PA birth}}  
  
:*'''1788-1908''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1767 Bastardy Bonds 1788-1908] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
+
:*'''1788-1908''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1767 Bastardy Bonds 1788-1908] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.  
 
+
 
:*'''1852-1854''' – Pennsylvania Births [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2349 Ancestry.com] – ($) Index with images.
 
:*'''1852-1854''' – Pennsylvania Births [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2349 Ancestry.com] – ($) Index with images.
  
Line 508: Line 602:
  
 
:*'''1700-1821''' - Pennsylvania Marriage Records [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2383 Ancestry.com] – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties.  
 
:*'''1700-1821''' - Pennsylvania Marriage Records [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2383 Ancestry.com] – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties.  
:*'''1725-1976''' - {{RecordSearch|1681011|Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1709-1940}} - free index. Not complete for all years.  
+
:*'''1725-1976''' - {{RecordSearch|1681011|Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1709-1940}} - free index. Not complete for all years. This index is not necessarily intended to index any specific set of records. This index is not complete for any particular place or region. This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.  
 
:*'''Pre-1810''' – Pennsylvania Marriages [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2098 Ancestry.com] – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties. Includes 35,000 marriage records from vol. VIII of of the second series of the Pennsylvania Archives.  
 
:*'''Pre-1810''' – Pennsylvania Marriages [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2098 Ancestry.com] – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties. Includes 35,000 marriage records from vol. VIII of of the second series of the Pennsylvania Archives.  
 
:*'''1761-1786''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1049 Marriage Bonds 1761-1786] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and some scanned images.  
 
:*'''1761-1786''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1049 Marriage Bonds 1761-1786] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and some scanned images.  
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===== Divorce  =====
 
===== Divorce  =====
  
Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary. The office of the Prothonotary is located in the [[{{PAGENAME}}#Courthouse|courthouse]] building. The [Cumberland County, PA Archives http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=447 website] includes a list of divorces in the county between 1810 and 1967.
+
Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary. The office of the Prothonotary is located in the [[{{PAGENAME}}#Courthouse|courthouse]] building. The [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=447 Cumberland County, PA Archives website] includes a list of divorces in the county between 1810 and 1967.  
 +
 
 +
[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Archives (Historical Records)<br>1 Courthouse Square<br>Carlisle, PA 17013
  
 
===== Death  =====
 
===== Death  =====
Line 522: Line 618:
 
{{PA death}}<br>  
 
{{PA death}}<br>  
  
:*'''1785-1914''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=528 Coroner's Inquests] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index.
+
:*'''1785-1914''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=528 Coroner's Inquests] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index.  
 
+
:*'''1852-1854''' – Pennsylvania Deaths [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2487 Ancestry.com] – ($) Index with images.  
:*'''1852-1854''' – Pennsylvania Deaths [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2487 Ancestry.com] – ($) Index with images.
+
:*'''1917-1921''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=648 Statement of Deaths in Cumberland County 1917-1921] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Scanned images.  
 
+
:*'''1921-1934''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1194 Anatomical Board Unclaimed Bodies 1921-1934] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Scanned images.  
:*'''1917-1921''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=648 Statement of Deaths in Cumberland County 1917-1921] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Scanned images.
+
 
+
:*'''1921-1934''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1194 Anatomical Board Unclaimed Bodies 1921-1934] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Scanned images.
+
 
+
 
:*'''1930-1937''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1189 Anatomical Board Unfit Bodies 1930-1937] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
 
:*'''1930-1937''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=1189 Anatomical Board Unfit Bodies 1930-1937] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
  
Line 538: Line 630:
 
:*'''1874-1893''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=544 Voter Oaths] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies individuals by name, naturalization status, and often township of residence.
 
:*'''1874-1893''' - [http://ccweb.ccpa.net/archives/Inventory.aspx?PSID=544 Voter Oaths] at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies individuals by name, naturalization status, and often township of residence.
  
== Web Sites ==
+
== Genealogy Societies and Libraries ==
  
*[http://www.historicalsociety.com/ Cumberland County Historical Society]
+
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/pennsylvania/pa-society-archive/ List of Pennsylvania Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies]
*[http://usgensites.com/pacumberland Cumberland County PA Genealogy]
+
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/PA/Cumberland/ Linkpendium - Cumberland County]
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pacumber/ USGenWeb project].&nbsp;
+
*{{FHL|Pennsylvania%2C+Cumberland|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
  
== Places  ==
+
== Cumberland County Pennsylvania Genealogy Websites  ==
 +
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/pennsylvania/cumberland-county/ Cumberland County, PA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy]
 +
 
 +
== Cumberland County Pennsylvania Places  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
  
== References  ==
+
== Cumberland County Pennsylvania Genealogy References  ==
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania}} {{Pennsylvania-stub}}  
+
{{Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania}}  
 
+
</div>
[[Category:Templates_for_PA_pages]] [[Category:Cumberland_County,_Pennsylvania]]
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[[Category:Templates_for_PA_pages]] [[Category:Clinton_County,_Pennsylvania]]

Revision as of 23:25, 18 July 2014

United StatesGotoarrow.png Pennsylvania Gotoarrow.png Cumberland County

Cumberland County, Pennsylvania genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Pennsylvania
Online Records


Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 27, 1750
County Seat Carlisle
Courthouse
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Courthouse.jpg
Address Cumberland County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Carlisle, PA 17013
Cumberland County Website
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Contents

Cumberland County Pennsylvania Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Deeds
Probate
1893
1885
1893
1750
1750
Pacumberland.jpg
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Lancaster County 27 January 1750.[1]
  • County Seat: Carlisle
  • Neighboring Counties: Cumberland County, Pennsylvania residents may also have records in:[2]

The Scotch-Irish settled heavily in the Cumberland Valley. It is estimated that they made up 90% of the population in the eighteenth century.[3]

Boundary Changes

  • 10 March 1682: Chester County was created from the Colonial lands, including the whole part of future Cumberland County.
  • 14 October 1728: Lancaster County was set off from Chester County, including the future Cumberland County.
  • 9 March 1771: Bedford County was created from Cumberland County. By this time, Cumberland County included all what is now of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Franklin, plus parts of Centre, Union, Snyder counties as well as the current county.
  • 9 September 1784: Franklin County was set off, no part of it was taken for any future counties.
  • 19 September 1789: Mifflin County was created from Cumberland and Northumberland counties, including the parts for future Centre and Juniata Counties.
  • 22 March 1820: Perry County was created from Cumberland County.[4]

For animated maps illustrating Pennsylvania county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Pennsylvania County Boundary Maps" (1673-1878) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Records Loss

For a list of record loss in Pennsylvania counties see: Pennsylvania Counties with Burned Courthouses

African Americans

Bible Records

Biographies

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGenWeb

Billion Graves

Pennsylvania Genealogy

Epodunk

Pennsylvania Gravestones

Billion Graves

Names in Stone

Access Genealogy
Ancestry($)

See Pennsylvania Cemeteries for more information.

Census

For tips on accessing Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Federal (or United States) census records online, see: Pennsylvania Census.

There are no county or state census records available for Pennsylvania. County and city tax records can be used as a substitute when census records are not available.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. In Pennsylvania, church records are often used as a substitute for birth, marriage, and death information. For general information about Pennsylvania denominations, view the Pennsylvania Church Records wiki page.


Cumberland county pennsylvania churches.png

The Cumberland County Historical Society  holdings include local area church records. The society also maintains an internal database of over 900 church and cemetery records. Research Services will perform a search of their records for a fee.


Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Church Records  in online catalogs like:


County-wide Database - Multi-denominational
Contains church records of:
  • Jonathan Worrall, J.P./Misc. Marriae Licenses, 1890-1915
  • Big Spring: United Brethren in Christ
  • Boiling Springs: Boiling Springs Methodist Episcopal Church; Otterbein United Methodist Church; St. John's Lutheran Church; United Brethren in Christ
  • Bridgeton: First United Methodist Church
  • Carlisle: Allison United Methodist Church; First Presbyterian Church; First United Methodist Church; German Reformed Church; Grace United Methodist Church; Historical Society Carlisle Marriages and Deaths; Second Presbyterian Church; St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church; United Brethren in Christ
  • Chambersburg: United Brethren in Christ
  • Maurice River: Cumberland Circuit Methodist Episcopal Church; Harmony Circuit Methodist Episcopal Church; Port Elizabeth Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Mechanicsburg: Silver Spring Presbyterian Church; Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church; United Methodist Church
  • Millville: First Presbyterian Church on Maurice River
  • Mount Holly Springs: Wesley United Methodist Church
  • New Cumberland: St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church; United Brethren in Christ
  • New Kingstown: Trinity United Methodist Church
  • Newville: Big Spring Presbyterian Church
  • Philadelphia: Cohansey Baptist Church
  • Shippensburg: German Reformed Church; Grace United Church of Christ; Memorial Lutheran Church; Middle Spring Presbyterian Church; Presbyterian Church; United Methodist Church
  • Walnut Bottom: Trinity United Methodist Church
  • 1737-1898 - Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Church Records at Ancestry ($). Big Spring Presbyterian Church (Newville, Pa.), Bobenmayer Church (Upper Frankford, Pa.), First Evangelical Lutheran Church (Carlisle, Pa.), Meeting-House Springs, Middle Spring Presbyterian Church, Poplar Evangelical Lutheran Church (Shiremanstown, Pa.), German Reformed Church (Shippenstown, Pa.), St. James Episcopal Church, St. Stephen's Evangelical Lutheran Church (New Kingston, Pa.), First Presbyterian Church (Carlisle, Pa.), Trindle Spring Lutheran Church, Ziegler's Church (Mifflin Twp., Pa.) and other miscellaneous church records.
Catholic

St. Patrick's, located in Carlisle, was constructed in 1807. Prior to it's construction the area was used as a supply station for the Jesuits.[5]

  • "100 years of the Pittsburgh Catholic Diocese 1843–1943". Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society Quarterly, 17:1. FamilySearch Library book 974.8 B2wg. Contains chronolgy, map, county-by-county information.
Episcopalian

Attempts to establish a congregation date from as early as 1753 with a permanent structure being built about 1825.[6]

St. John's Church, Carlisle

Registers begin in 1793.[7]

Lutheran

Lutherans began to establish their denomination in the county about the mid 1700s. However, major strides in the growth of the denomination did not occur in Cumberland County, until the mid 1800s.[8]

First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle

St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Shiremanstown

St. Stephen Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Kingstown

Trindle Spring Evangelical Lutheran Church

Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lemoyne

Presbyterian

Silvers' Spring Presbyterian Church, near the present site of Mechanicsburg, was organized in 1734. Meeting House Spring Presbyterian Church was organized in Middleton Township (present site of Carlisle) in 1734. Big Spring Presbyterian Church was organized in what is now the town of Newville by 1737. Falling Spring Presbyterian Church was organized, at a Scotch-Irish settlement in what is now Franklin County (formerly Lancaster and then Cumberland counties), in 1738. Middle Spring Presbyterian Church, in Southampton Township, was organized by the 1740s. Upper West Conococheague Presbyterian Church was organized at what is now the town of Mercersburg in 1738. Another Presbyterian church at the "Conococheague Settlement" (present-day Greencastle) was organized by 1738.[3]

First Presbyterian Church

  • 1785-1812 - Marriage Record of the First Presbyterian Church, at Carlisle, 1785-1812 (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2, Vol. 8, Part 4) at Ancestry ($); Google Books - free.

Silver Spring Presbyterian Church

Court Records

Cumberland County, Pennsylvania court records are housed at the Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Courthouse. For many counties copies of court records may be found at the Pennsylvania State Archives and in the FamilySearch collection. Note that within these collections some films may contain the same records, but have different titles. Other titles are not duplicates. See Finding Court Records at other repositories within this section for links to the online catalogs for these two collections. Films at the Pennsylvania State Archives are not available for inter-library loan. If court records are available FamilySearch films may be ordered at a local Family History Center.


Thousands of commissioners orders from the 1820s and 1830s have been indexed and digitized at the Cumberland County, PA Archives website.

Court of Common Pleas

The Courts of Common Pleas are the trial courts of Pennsylvania. Major civil and criminal cases are heard in these courts. Judges also decide cases involving adoption, divorce, child custody, abuse, juvenile delinquency, estates, guardianships, charitable organizations and many other matters. The Common Pleas courts are organized into 60 judicial districts. Cumberland County, Pennsylvania has its own judicial district. Judges of the Common Pleas courts are elected to 10-year terms. A president judge and a court administrator serve in each judicial district.[10]

  • 1769-1905 Appearance dockets; Adsecturm index, 1750-1894 FHL Film 1010167 (first of 40). Consult listings in both individual volumes and Adsectum index for all parties concerned.

Clerk of the Court

The Clerk of Courts prepares and maintains the records for the Criminal Division of the Court of Common Pleas. The Clerk signs and affixes the Seal of the Courts to all writs and processes, administers oaths and affirmations, and assumes custody of the seal and records of the Courts. The Clerk certifies and distributes orders of the Court. The Clerk also certifies and prepares bills of costs for the defendants and utilizes the computerized financial management system to disburse fines, costs and restitution.[11] For the Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Clerk of Courts address see the Courthouse section on this page.


Prothonotary

The office of the Prothontary is the custodian of all civil matters in the county. This includes naturalization, immigration, equity actions, judgements, federal and local tax leins, city liens, family court, arbitrations, license suspension appeals, appeals to higher court, commercial code filings, applications for passports and divorce proceedings. See the Courthouse section on this page for the Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Prothonotary office information.


Orphans' Court

See Vital Records
The Orphans' Court is responsible for a wide range of matters. The name of the Court is derived from the more general definition of "orphan," that being a person or thing that is without protective affiliation or sponsorship. This would include those not capable of handling their own affairs, minors, incapacitated persons, decedents estates, nonprofit corporations and trusts. It is the role of the Court to ensure that the best interests of the person or entity are not compromised.

It is believed the name of this court was borrowed from the Court of Orphans of the city of London, England which had the care and guardianship of children of deceased citizens, in their minority.[12]

For Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Orphans' Court contact information see the Courthouse section on this page.


Quarter Sessions
  • 1750-1785 - Greene, Diane E. Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Quarter Session Dockets 1750-1785. Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield, 2001. Digital version at Ancestry ($); FHL Book 974.843 P2g.

Finding Court Records at Other Repositories

Additional court records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Court Records in online catalogs like:


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic Groups

Germans

Gazetteers

Genealogy

History

Published Histories

Land and Property

Land records in Cumberland County began in 1750. These records are filed with the Recorder of Deeds office in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts, indexes, mortgages, leases, grants, sheriff sales, land patents, and maps. Property records include liens as well as livestock brands and estray records.

The following are examples of available resources:

Online Land Records

Online Land Record Abstracts

Land Records on Microfilm

Additional Resources

Note that the "Maps" section below includes maps related to land ownership.

See Pennsylvania Land and Property for more information about using land records, especially about original land warrants, surveys, and patents filed at the state land office.

Additional resources can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County Pennsylvania Land in online catalogs such as:

Maps

https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/1/1c/Cumberland_county_pennsylvania_townships.pngCumberland county pennsylvania townships.png
About this image
Click the image to view an enlarged version


Ancestor Tracks has posted free, downloadable images from the 1872 Atlas of Cumberland Co., Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys by and under the Direction of F.W. Beers.  This wall map located in the Library of Congress shows major landowners and geographic sites at the date of publishing.  While the physical maps are in the public domain, the images we have taken of the maps belong to us and are not to be used commercially.  We hereby give permission to use them strictly for personal use; please attribute to Ancestor Tracks.

Migration

Military

French and Indian War

In 1756, Colonel Armstrong recruited many Scotch-Irish men from Cumberland County. They attacked and destroyed the Indian village at Kittanning (present-day Armstrong County).[3]

Colonel Henry Bouquet led a group of Scotch-Irish men from Cumberland County to rescue Fort Pitt. They decisively defeated the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run.[3]

Reverend John Elder, pastor of Derry and Paxtang churches, recruited Scotch-Irish rangers from his congregation in Cumberland County. Known as the Paxton Rangers or Paxton Boys, they provided security for white settlements between the Blue Mountains and the Susquehanna River. They are remembered for playing a prominent role in Pontiac's War.[3]

Revolutionary War

Local men served in the Cumberland County Militia. A guide at the Pennsylvania State Archives website identifies townships where specific companies recruited soldiers, see Revolutionary War Militia Battalions and Companies, Arranged by County.

Cumberland County men also served in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment,[13] the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment[14] and the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment.[15]

Later Records

Various military records, including Civil War Board of Relief (1861-1862), Military Bounty Correspondence (1862), Military Enrollment (1870-1874), Military Exonerations (1846-1865), Military Fund (1845-1873), Military Papers Miscellaneous (1840-1923), and Militia Rolls (1849-1861) have been digitized at the Cumberland County, PA Archives website - Free.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Naturalization records can contain information about immigration and nativity. Prior to 1906, it is rare to find the town of origin in naturalization records. See Pennsylvania Naturalization for more information about the types of records and availability.

Naturalizations granted at the county level were kept by the office of the Prothonotary. Naturalizations could also be granted on the Federal Court level.


Original Naturalization Records on Microfilm
Naturalization records available for Cumberland County, Pennsylvania include the following:

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Finding Naturalization Indexes at Other Repositories

Additional naturalization indexes can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County, Pennsylvania naturalization in online catalogs like:

Newspapers

Cumberland County, Pennsylvania newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, historical/genealogical societies, college or university libraries, or state archives in the area where the newspaper was published.

For information on state-wide newspapers see Pennsylvania Newspapers


Newspapers of Cumberland County

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Obituaries

Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died. However, sometimes an obituary is found in the location from which he or she originated. To find an obituary, see the information under the Newspaper heading


Online Obituary Abstracts

Occupations

Indentured Servants

Officials

Cumberland County has preserved records of local men who served in various government capacities during the 1700s and 1800s, including assessors, attorneys, auditors, clerks of court, commissioners, constables, coroners, election officials, judges, juries, justices of the peace, lumber inspectors, notaries, policemen, poorhouse directors, prothonotaries, recorders of deeds, registrars of wills, sheriffs, surveyors, and treasurers. The records have been indexed and digitized at the Cumberland County, PA Archives website - Free.

Constables helped maintain law and order in the community. Many can be identified:

  • 1789-1927 - Constables' Returns 1789-1927 at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies locals who served as constables by name and township.

If your ancestors served as a tax collector, you may be able to identify him in these collections:

Periodicals

Poorhouse, Almshouse

Poorhouse Records History at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Scanned images.

  • 1812-1948 - Orders, 1812-1948 at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.
  • 1868 - Poorhouse Vouchers at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and scanned images.

Prisons

Probate Records

Probate matters in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania are handled by the Orphans' Court and start when the county was created. To obtain original probate records, contact the Orphan's Court in the County Courthouse.

In addition to wills and administrations, the Orphans' Court also handles: audits of accounts of executors, administrators, trustees, and guardians; distribution of estates of decedents, incompetents, and minors; appointment and control of guardians; adoptions; appeals from the Register of Wills involving probate matters; inheritance tax appeals and various petitions and motions.


Online Probate Records

Original probate records for some Pennsylvania counties are available free online as digital images at FamilySearch.org. The dates vary significantly for each county and not all counties are listed. Some counties may only have probate indexes. This Pennsylvania collection of images may be browsed through the links listed below:

Complete Collection:

Chester County Only:

Online Probate Abstracts

Original Probate Records on Microfilm

Repositories

Archives

Cumberland County Archives
1 Courthouse Square
Carlisle, PA 17013
Phone: 717.240.7886
Hours: By Appointment Only (Mon-Fri)

The Archives holds deeds (1831-1908), mortgages (1839-1924), births, marriages, and deaths (1852-1855), letters of administration (1887-1937) and more.

The Pennsylvania Archivescollection contains county archive records that can be searched onsite. Currently the Archives' staff cannot provide research or make copies of these records. Their collections include Almshouse Registers; Tax records; Birth, Death and Marriage Indexes and Records; Midwife records; African American records; Wills; Deeds; Naturalizations; Coroner's inquests; and Orphan's Court dockets. A list of the Archive's county holdings are on Microfilm or Manuscript form.


Courthouse

Cumberland County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Carlisle, PA 17013
Hours: M-F 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM
Phone: 717-240-6100
Toll Free: 1-888-697-0371

Recorder of Deeds
can be reached at 717.240.6370 and is open M-F from 8 am - 4:30 pm.

The Register of Wills and Clerk of Orphans' Court is located in room 102 of the County Courthouse and is available at 717-240-6345. The office is open from 8 am - 4:30 pm.

The County Archives (see above) holds deeds (1831-1908), mortgages (1839-1924), births, marriages, and deaths (1852-1855), letters of administration (1887-1937) and more.

Prothonotary Office
1 Courthouse Sq.
Suite 100
Carlisle, PA 17013
Phone: 717–240–6195

Many records stored at the courthouse are now available for free online.[16]

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Cumberland County, Pennsylvania is the Carlisle Pennsylvania Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.


Libraries
Museums
Societies

Rich in history, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania contains a number of societies dealing with the history of the area.

Cumberland County Historical Society
21 North Pitt Street
P.O. Box 626
Carlisle, PA 17013
Phone: 717.249.7610

The Cumberland County Historical Society was founded in 1874 an maintains http://www.historicalsociety.com/Template9.html The Hamilton Library], a Museum and works with the Cumberland Valley Visitors Bureau to maintain and staff the county Visitors Center.

The Hamilton Library holds historical records, a collection of manuscripts and rare books, census records, tax lists, newspapers and periodicals, and surname files.

Schools

Slavery and Bondage

Taxation

  • 1778-1782, 1785 - State and Supply Transcripts of the County of Cumberland: For the Years 1778, 1779, 1780, 1781, 1782 and 1785. (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 3, Vol. 20). Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Google Books - free.
  • 1798 - Pennsylvania, U.S. Direct Tax Lists, 1798 at Ancestry ($).

Vital Records

Vital records are handled by the County Orphans' Court. Between the years 1852-1855 Pennsylvania made a failed attempt to record birth, marriage and death events at the county level. While the records for that time period are available, there were few events recorded. County marriage records were kept in earnest in 1885. Births and deaths, at the county level, were begun in 1893 and kept through 1905. Abstracts and copies of vital records are available for some counties, but most are incomplete. For the most complete set of records, always contact the County Orphans' Court.



See also How to order Pennsylvania Vital Records

Birth

Early births 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. See the heading Court Records on this page for contact information.

Indexes for Pennsylvania birth records are available through the Department of of Health for 1906 and 1907. Once an individual is located in the index a non certified Birth certificate can be obtained by writing and sending $3.00 to:

Division of Vital Records
ATTN: Public Records
P.O. Box 1528
New Castle, PA 16103


Marriage

Pennsylvania marriages are located at the county level. Contact the Cumberland County, Pennsylvania clerk's office for these records.

  • 1700-1821 - Pennsylvania Marriage Records Ancestry.com – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties.
  • 1725-1976 - Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1709-1940 - free index. Not complete for all years. This index is not necessarily intended to index any specific set of records. This index is not complete for any particular place or region. This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.
  • Pre-1810 – Pennsylvania Marriages Ancestry.com – ($) This database is incomplete for all counties. Includes 35,000 marriage records from vol. VIII of of the second series of the Pennsylvania Archives.
  • 1761-1786 - Marriage Bonds 1761-1786 at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Index and some scanned images.
  • 1852-1854 - Pennsylvania Marriages Ancestry.com – ($) Index with images.
  • 1885-1950 - Pennsylvania County Marriage, 1885-1950 Extracted marriage records – free. This database is incomplete for all counties. May also contain marriage records earlier than 1885.
Divorce

Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary. The office of the Prothonotary is located in the courthouse building. The Cumberland County, PA Archives website includes a list of divorces in the county between 1810 and 1967.

[Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Archives (Historical Records)
1 Courthouse Square
Carlisle, PA 17013

Death

Early deaths 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. See the heading Court Records on this page for contact information.

Indexes for Pennsylvania death records are available through the Department of Health for 1906 through 1962. Once an individual is located in the index a non certified death certificate can be obtained obtained by writing and sending $3.00 to:

Division of Vital Records
ATTN: Public Records
P.O. Box 1528
New Castle, PA 16103


Finding Vital Records at Other Repositories

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Vital Records in online catalogs like:


Voter Registration

  • 1874-1893 - Voter Oaths at Cumberland County, PA Archives - Free. Identifies individuals by name, naturalization status, and often township of residence.

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Cumberland County Pennsylvania Genealogy Websites

Cumberland County Pennsylvania Places

Populated Places

Cumberland County Pennsylvania Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Pennsylvania" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_County,_Pennsylvania (accessed 17 July 2012).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Wayland F. Dunaway, The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1944), 59-64. Free digital version at PA's Past: Digital Bookshelf at Penn State.
  4. Pennsylvania line : a research guide to Pennsylvania genealogy and local history, 1990 ed. (Laughlintown, Pa.: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1990), [FHL book 974.8 D27p 1990].
  5. Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 216. WorldCat 4592541; FHL book 974.84 H2h
  6. Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 212. WorldCat 4592541; FHL book 974.84 H2h
  7. Philip Syng Physick Conner,"Registers of the Anglican Church in Pennsylvania prior to 1800," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 12 (1888):341-349. For free online access, see WeRelate.
  8. Pliny A. Durant, J. Fraise Richard, Bennett Bellman, "History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania" (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886), 217. WorldCat 4592541; FHL book 974.84 H2h
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/2/23/Igipennsylvaniac.pdf.
  10. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania http://www.pacourts.us/T/CommonPleas/ accessed 10 July 2012.
  11. Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania, Clerk of Courts in http://www.pacourts.us/T/CommonPleas/ClerksOfCourts.htm (accessed 25 Aug 2012)
  12. The Philadelphia Courts at http://www.courts.phila.gov/common-pleas/orphans/ accessed 10 July 2012
  13. John B.B. Trussell and Charles C. Dallas, The Pennsylvania Line; Regimental Organization and Operations, 1776-1783 (Harrisburg, Pa.: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1977). Digital version at Family History Archive.
  14. Wikipedia contributors, "8th Pennsylvania Regiment," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Pennsylvania_Regiment, accessed 31 May 2012.
  15. Wikipedia contributors, "9th Pennsylvania Regiment," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/9th_Pennsylvania_Regiment, accessed 31 May 2012.
  16. Dick Eastman, "Cumberland County, Pennsylvania Archives Go Online," Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, 15 July 2009, http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2009/07/cumberland-county-pennsylvania-archives-go-online.html, accessed 5 September 2012.