Czech Republic Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Access the records: Czech Republic, Censuses, 1843-1921 .
Title in the Language of The Records
Tschechische Republik, Volkzählungen, 1843-1921
Česká republika Sčítání lidu, 1843-1921
This collection will cover censuses between 1843 and 1921 for the Czech Republic.
The first records published will include only those for Northwestern Bohemia housed in the State Regional Archives of Litoměřice. Censuses for Northwestern Bohemia includes the regions of Liberec and Ústí nad Labem, which cover the okres of Česká Lípa, Jablonec nad Nisou, Liberec, Semily, Chomutov, Děčín, Litoměřice, Louny, Most, Teplice, and Ústí nad Labem. More records will be added as they become available.
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Czech Republic, Censuses, 1843-1921." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Bureau of Statistics. Statni Oblastni archiv v Litoměřice.
The State Regional Archives of Litomerice is an administrative body under the Czech Ministry of the Interior. Its jurisdiction covers the geographic area of the Usti and Liberec Regions in Northern Bohemia.
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These population records usually contain the following information:
- House number
- Head of household
- Names of members of the household (including servants)
- Ages, occupations, religions
- Relationships to head of household
- Some also give date and place of birth.
How to Use the Records
To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Okres (District)"
⇒Select the "Místo (Place)"
⇒ Select the "Rok sčítání (Census year")
⇒Select the "Archivní čísla (Archive number)" which takes you to the images.
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
The census records link families together into family groups and greatly supplement the research process. They are extremely valuable in locating birthplaces, and determining ages, and relationships and lead to primary vital records sources, making them very valuable for pedigree links. Each census is important by itself, but each should also be used with church records and other censuses. A census can provide you with names and ages of family members, which can then be used to calculate birth or marriage dates. It can provide the county and town where your ancestor lived, people living with (or gone from) the family, and relatives that may have lived nearby. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives outside of the immediate family.
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
- If they are subject to military service, they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
- The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
Known Issues with This Collection
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Czech Republic, Censuses, 1843-1921," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 12 July 2012), Libochovice > Slatina > 1921224103010-1296-001-089 > Image 2 of 206 Images, Rozalie Dlouhie; citing Census Records,Libochovičtí Židé v minulosti a současné památky na ně, Zentner, Jakub Václav.