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At the southeastern edge of the Piedmont is the (water)fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain. Towns grew at the fall line because cargo on boats had to be portaged around the waterfalls which also served as an important early source of water power. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of many towns. The larger rivers were navigable up to the fall line, providing a trade route for these mill towns.
The Fall Line Road (or Southern Road) was the road built to connect these growing mill towns.
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
(Northeast to Southwest)
- Fredericksburg, VA: Rappahannock
- Richmond, VA: James
- Petersburg, VA: Appomattox
- Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina on the Roanoke
- Smithfield, North Carolina on the Neuse River.
- Fayetteville, North Carolina on the Cape Fear River.
- Cheraw, South Carolina on the Pee Dee River.
- Camden, South Carolina on the Wateree River.
- Columbia, South Carolina on the Congaree*Augusta, GA Savannah
- Milledgeville, Georgia on the Oconee River.
- Macon, Georgia on the Ocmulgee River.
- Columbus, Georgia on the Chattahoochee River.
- Tallassee, Alabama on the Tallapoosa River.
- Wetumpka, Alabama on the Coosa River.
Settlers and Records
No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.