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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Georgia_Road|Georgia Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Georgia_Road|Georgia Road]]''  
  
The '''Georgia Road''', also called the Federal Road, was a federal toll road opened in 1805 from Savannah, Georgia across Cherokee Indian lands to Knoxville, Tennessee. After improvements in 1819 it was renamed the Federal Road.<ref name="GAFedRoad">Wikipedia contributors, "Federal Road (Cherokee lands)," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Road_(Cherokee_lands) (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref>  
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[[Image:{{GARoadMap}}]]The '''Georgia Road''', also called the Federal Road, was a toll road opened in 1805 from Savannah, Georgia across [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee Indian]] lands to Knoxville, Tennessee. Branches also extended to Nashville, Tennessee and Huntsville, Alabama. After improvements in 1819 it was renamed the Federal Road.<ref name="GAFedRoad">Wikipedia contributors, "Federal Road (Cherokee lands)," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Road_(Cherokee_lands) (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref>  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
The 1805 Treaty of Tellico allowed the construction of roads through Cherokee Indian lands.&nbsp;The Middle&nbsp;Cherokee Trading Path was used for much of the route of the George Road.<ref>"Old Federal Road" in ''About North Georgia'' at http://ngeorgia.com/ang/Old_Federal_Road (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref> It entered Cherokee land at the present Hall County–Jackson County line and headed toward present-day Ramhurst, where it forked, one trail went north to Knoxville and the other west to Chattanooga (Ross Landing) and Nashville. White squatters often settled near the road on Indian lands, and the Indians were soon forced to withdraw.<ref>"Federal Road" in ''New Georgia Encyclopedia'' at http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-801 (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref>
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The 1805 Treaty of Tellico allowed the construction of roads through [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee Indian]] lands. The Middle Cherokee Trading Path was used for much of the route of the Georgia Road.<ref name="OFRANG">"Old Federal Road" in ''About North Georgia'' at http://ngeorgia.com/ang/Old_Federal_Road (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref> It entered Cherokee land at Vann's Ferry and headed toward present-day Ramhurst, where it forked, one trail went north to Knoxville and the other west to Chattanooga (Ross Landing) and Nashville. Another fork started at South Pittsburg, Tennessee and followed the northwest side of the Tennesse River toward Huntsville, Alabama.
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Indians, postal workers, settlers, slaves, miners, ministers, soldiers of the [[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|War of 1812 ]](1812-1815) and the Seminole War, and stagecoaches used the Georgia Road. Pioneers frequently squatted on Indian land next to road, and the Indians were soon forced to withdraw, or forcibly removed.<ref>"Federal Road" in ''New Georgia Encyclopedia'' at http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-801 (accessed 31 July 2010).</ref> The road was improved in 1819, and was then called the "Old Federal Road."
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In 1828 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_Gold_Rush gold was discovered in Georgia]. The Georgia Road became the main route to the gold fields, many of them on Cherokee land. The miners demanded protection from Cherokee Indians. Soldiers were called in and by 1835&nbsp;[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears removed the Indians] and their land was given away to whites in [[Georgia Land and Property#Land_Lottery_Records|land lotteries]].<ref name="OFRANG" /><ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Georgia Gold Rush" in ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_Gold_Rush (accessed 5 August 2010).</ref>
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The development of steamboats and railroads in the 1830s resulted in declining use of the Georgia Road. By 1845 many parts of the road had been abandoned.<ref name="OFRANG" />  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
*
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'''''To Knoxville'''''
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*Athens, Clarke, Georgia
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*Vann's Ferry, Hall, Georgia
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*Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
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*Conasauga, Polk, Tennessee
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*west of Etowah, McMinn, Tennessee
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*Old Tellico, Monroe, Tennessee
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*Niles Ferry, Monroe, Tennessee
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*follow the old Marysville road to Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee
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'''''To Nashville'''''
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*Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
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*Chattanooga (Ross Landing), Hamilton, Tennessee
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*Monteagle, Marion, Tennessee
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*Murfreesboro, Rutherford, Tennessee
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*Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee
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'''''To Huntsville'''''
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*South Pittsburg, Marion, Tennessee
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*follow the northside of the Tennessee River to
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*Huntsville, Madison, Alabama
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
For partial list of settlers who used the Georgia Road, see .  
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There is no known list of settlers who travelled the Georgia Road. However, some of the early residents of Tennessee ''may'' have used the Georgia Road to reach their destination, as well as several other routes like the [[Great Valley Road|Great Valley Road]], [[Natchez Trace]], [[Wilderness Road]], [[Kentucky Road]], or [[Avery's Trace]].
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For early '''''Tennessee''''' settlers see:
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*East Tennessee Historical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44435788 First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendants]'' (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [{{FHL|976.8 H2ff}}].
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For early '''''Alabama''''' settlers see:
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*''Census, 1809, Madison County and Huntsville prior to 1819'' (Microfilm made in 1978 of a photocopy in the Madison County Public Library, Huntsville, Alabama) [{{FHL|1034495|item 2}}].
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*MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46982459 Residents, 1808-1812, Madison county, Alabama, Mississippi Territory]'' (Anniston, AL&nbsp;: MLH Research, ©1998).
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*Edward Chambers Betts, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1298992 Early history of Huntsville, Alabama: 1804 to 1870]'' (Montgomery, Ala.: Brown Print., c1916). {{FSbook|88380}}
  
 
{{Wikipedia|Federal Road (Cherokee lands)}}  
 
{{Wikipedia|Federal Road (Cherokee lands)}}  
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=== Internet Sites  ===
 
=== Internet Sites  ===
  
*
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*[http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-801 Federal Road] in ''New Georgia Encyclopedia'' describes both the Georgia Road and Federal Horse Path.
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*[http://ngeorgia.com/ang/Old_Federal_Road Old Federal Road] in ''About North Georgia'' details about the time before the road, its origins, details about the route,&nbsp;and history, the Georgia gold rush, Trail of Tears, and the road's declining use.
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*Allen Parke Swayne, and James Parke Swayne, [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnmcmin2/OldFederalRoad.htm Old Federal Road] in ''Rootsweb'' details about road locations in Georgia.
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}}  
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{{reflist}} {{Alabama|Alabama}} {{Georgia|Georgia}} {{Tennessee|Tennessee}}  
 
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{{Tennessee|Tennessee}}  
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Tennessee]] [[Category:Georgia]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Tennessee]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Alabama]]

Latest revision as of 20:06, 23 October 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Georgia Road

The Georgia Road connected Athens, Knoxville, Nashville, and Huntsville.
The Georgia Road, also called the Federal Road, was a toll road opened in 1805 from Savannah, Georgia across Cherokee Indian lands to Knoxville, Tennessee. Branches also extended to Nashville, Tennessee and Huntsville, Alabama. After improvements in 1819 it was renamed the Federal Road.[1]

Contents

Historical Background

The 1805 Treaty of Tellico allowed the construction of roads through Cherokee Indian lands. The Middle Cherokee Trading Path was used for much of the route of the Georgia Road.[2] It entered Cherokee land at Vann's Ferry and headed toward present-day Ramhurst, where it forked, one trail went north to Knoxville and the other west to Chattanooga (Ross Landing) and Nashville. Another fork started at South Pittsburg, Tennessee and followed the northwest side of the Tennesse River toward Huntsville, Alabama.

Indians, postal workers, settlers, slaves, miners, ministers, soldiers of the War of 1812 (1812-1815) and the Seminole War, and stagecoaches used the Georgia Road. Pioneers frequently squatted on Indian land next to road, and the Indians were soon forced to withdraw, or forcibly removed.[3] The road was improved in 1819, and was then called the "Old Federal Road."

In 1828 gold was discovered in Georgia. The Georgia Road became the main route to the gold fields, many of them on Cherokee land. The miners demanded protection from Cherokee Indians. Soldiers were called in and by 1835 removed the Indians and their land was given away to whites in land lotteries.[2][4]

The development of steamboats and railroads in the 1830s resulted in declining use of the Georgia Road. By 1845 many parts of the road had been abandoned.[2]

Route

To Knoxville

  • Athens, Clarke, Georgia
  • Vann's Ferry, Hall, Georgia
  • Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
  • Conasauga, Polk, Tennessee
  • west of Etowah, McMinn, Tennessee
  • Old Tellico, Monroe, Tennessee
  • Niles Ferry, Monroe, Tennessee
  • follow the old Marysville road to Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee

To Nashville

  • Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
  • Chattanooga (Ross Landing), Hamilton, Tennessee
  • Monteagle, Marion, Tennessee
  • Murfreesboro, Rutherford, Tennessee
  • Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee

To Huntsville

  • South Pittsburg, Marion, Tennessee
  • follow the northside of the Tennessee River to
  • Huntsville, Madison, Alabama

Settlers and Records

There is no known list of settlers who travelled the Georgia Road. However, some of the early residents of Tennessee may have used the Georgia Road to reach their destination, as well as several other routes like the Great Valley Road, Natchez Trace, Wilderness Road, Kentucky Road, or Avery's Trace.

For early Tennessee settlers see:

For early Alabama settlers see:

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Federal Road (Cherokee lands)

Internet Sites

  • Federal Road in New Georgia Encyclopedia describes both the Georgia Road and Federal Horse Path.
  • Old Federal Road in About North Georgia details about the time before the road, its origins, details about the route, and history, the Georgia gold rush, Trail of Tears, and the road's declining use.
  • Allen Parke Swayne, and James Parke Swayne, Old Federal Road in Rootsweb details about road locations in Georgia.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Federal Road (Cherokee lands)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Road_(Cherokee_lands) (accessed 31 July 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Old Federal Road" in About North Georgia at http://ngeorgia.com/ang/Old_Federal_Road (accessed 31 July 2010).
  3. "Federal Road" in New Georgia Encyclopedia at http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-801 (accessed 31 July 2010).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Georgia Gold Rush" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_Gold_Rush (accessed 5 August 2010).

 

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  • This page was last modified on 23 October 2012, at 20:06.
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