Gloucester County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Gloucester County'''
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Guide to '''Gloucester County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
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{{VADC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Gloucester County
 
| county = Gloucester County
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Gloucester
 
| seat wl = Gloucester
}} ''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Gloucester_County,_Virginia|Gloucester County]]''
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}}  
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidewater_region_of_Virginia Tidewater] county in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hampton_Roads Hampton Roads] region of Virginia.
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== Gloucester County Virginia Courthouse  ==
 
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== County Courthouse  ==
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{{RAOGKcourthouse}}  
 
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}  
  
'''Gloucester County, Virginia'''<br>6489 Main Street<br>P&nbsp;O&nbsp;Box&nbsp;N<br>Gloucester, Virginia 23061<br>  
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[http://www.gloucesterva.info/ Gloucester County Courthouse]<br>6489 Main Street<br>P&nbsp;O&nbsp;Box&nbsp;N<br>Gloucester, Virginia 23061<br>Phone: 804-693-4042
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Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1863-1890<br>and 1912-1916, death records from 1865-1890<br>marriage records from 1853, divorce, probate, court<br>and land records from 1865<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gloucester County, Virginia. Page 714 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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<br><br>  
  
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land|Land]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1810
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1810
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1865
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1865
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1865
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1865
 
|}
 
|}
  
== History  ==
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== Gloucester County Virginia History  ==
 
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
[[Image:{{DukeofGloucester}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{DukeofGloucester}}]]  
  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1651'''--Gloucester County was created in&nbsp;1651 from [[York County, Virginia|York]] County. <br>'''County seat: '''Gloucester <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1651'''--Gloucester County was created in&nbsp;1651 from [[York County, Virginia|York]] County. <br>'''County seat: '''Gloucester <ref name="HBG"/>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
Gloucester County has suffered heavy record loss.  
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{{Fire}}Gloucester County has suffered heavy record loss.  
  
 
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
 
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
  
{{Lrld}}
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{{Lrld}}  
  
 
Weisiger abstracted a valuable source that includes deed, will, and marriage information about {{PAGENAME}} residents:  
 
Weisiger abstracted a valuable source that includes deed, will, and marriage information about {{PAGENAME}} residents:  
  
*Weisiger, Benjamin B. ''Burned County Data 1809-1848 As Found in the Virginia Contested Election Files.'' Richmond, Va., 1986. {{FHL|510820|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 P2w}}.<ref>John Frederick Dorman, "Review of ''Burned County Data 1809-1848''," in ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):60-61. </ref> {{Fire}}
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*Weisiger, Benjamin B. ''Burned County Data 1809-1848 As Found in the Virginia Contested Election Files.'' Richmond, Va., 1986. {{FHL|510820|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 P2w}}.<ref>John Frederick Dorman, "Review of ''Burned County Data 1809-1848''," in ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):60-61. </ref>
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Gloucester County Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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|}
 
|}
  
== Resources  ==
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== Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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[[Image:Vagloucester.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
  
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
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==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
  
Freedmen's Bureau [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1596147 Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721]
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Freedmen's Bureau [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1596147 Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721]  
  
 
::*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/gloucester.htm "Gloucester County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
 
::*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/gloucester.htm "Gloucester County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
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::*Smith, Gloria L. ''Solemn Ceremonies: Index of Civil War Marriages, Virginia: Marriage Records of African-American Families of Gloucester County, Virginia Area: From Record Group 105 Received at Camp Hamilton, Virginia''. Tucson, Arizona: G.L. Smith, 1990. {{FHL|526282|item}}
 
::*Smith, Gloria L. ''Solemn Ceremonies: Index of Civil War Marriages, Virginia: Marriage Records of African-American Families of Gloucester County, Virginia Area: From Record Group 105 Received at Camp Hamilton, Virginia''. Tucson, Arizona: G.L. Smith, 1990. {{FHL|526282|item}}
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==== Bible Records  ====
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{{VABible}}
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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::''More Cemeteries of Gloucester County, Virginia'', by Harry R. Jordan.
 
::''More Cemeteries of Gloucester County, Virginia'', by Harry R. Jordan.
  
::Tyler, Lyon G. "Old Tombstones in Gloucester County," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 2, No. 4 (Apr. 1894):219-229; Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1894):28-43; Vol. 3, No. 2 (Oct. 1894):115-120; Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jan. 1895):182-189; Vol. 3, No. 4 (Apr. 1895):253-255. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($). [Alternate title: "Inscriptions on Old Tombs in Gloucester Co., Virginia."]
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::Tyler, Lyon G. "Old Tombstones in Gloucester County," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1915402 Vol. 2, No. 4 (Apr. 1894):219-229]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1915500 Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1894):28-43]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1914587 Vol. 3, No. 2 (Oct. 1894):115-120]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1914773 Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jan. 1895):182-189]; [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1915291 Vol. 3, No. 4 (Apr. 1895):253-255]. Digitized by [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] - free. [Alternate title: "Inscriptions on Old Tombs in Gloucester Co., Virginia."]
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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::Axelson, Edith F. ''A Guide to Episcopal Church in Virginia.'' Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia, ISBN 0-935931-45-7.  
 
::Axelson, Edith F. ''A Guide to Episcopal Church in Virginia.'' Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia, ISBN 0-935931-45-7.  
 
::Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Gloucester County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):325-346; Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct. 1939). Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
::Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Gloucester County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):325-346; Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct. 1939). Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
::Mason, George Carrington. ''Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet &amp; Shepperson, 1945. Available at {{FHL|92828|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH28,36029 BYU Family History Archives]. [Includes Gloucester County.]
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::Mason, George Carrington. ''Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet &amp; Shepperson, 1945. Available at {{FSbook|94556}}; {{FHL|92828|title-id|disp=FHL}}(Includes Gloucester County.)
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
 
;'''Abingdon Parish'''
 
;'''Abingdon Parish'''
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;'''Kingston Parish'''
 
;'''Kingston Parish'''
  
::Matheny, Emma R. and Helen K. Yates. ''Kingston Parish Register, Gloucester and Mathews Counties, Virginia, 1749-1827'', Richmond [Virginia]: E.R. Matheny and H.K. Yates, c1963. Reprinted 2004. Original is available at {{FHL|104516|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49215 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc080630832_emmarmathenyandhelenkyates1963 World Vital Records] ($).
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::Matheny, Emma R. and Helen K. Yates. ''Kingston Parish Register, Gloucester and Mathews Counties, Virginia, 1749-1827'', Richmond [Virginia]: E.R. Matheny and H.K. Yates, c1963. Reprinted 2004. Original is available at {{FHL|104516|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49215 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc080630832_emmarmathenyandhelenkyates1963 World Vital Records] ($).
  
 
::Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia,"&nbsp;''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):261-264. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
::Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia,"&nbsp;''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):261-264. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
::''The Vestry Book of Kingston Parish, Mathews County, Virginia (until May 1, 1791, Gloucester County), 1679-1796. Transcribed, annotated, and indexed ''by C.G. Chamberlayne. Originally published Richmond, Virginia, 1929. ISBN 0-8063-4842-9; available at {{FHL|106719|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25703 Ancestry] ($) and [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH27,51537 BYU Family History Archives].
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::''The Vestry Book of Kingston Parish, Mathews County, Virginia (until May 1, 1791, Gloucester County), 1679-1796. Transcribed, annotated, and indexed ''by C.G. Chamberlayne. Originally published Richmond, Virginia, 1929. ISBN 0-8063-4842-9; available at {{FSbook|93401}}; {{FHL|106719|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25703 Ancestry] ($)
  
 
;'''Petsworth Parish'''
 
;'''Petsworth Parish'''
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::''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'', by Robert B. Simple. Revised and extended by Rev. G. W. Beale, Pitt and Dickinson, Publishers, Richmond, Virginia, 1894.
 
::''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'', by Robert B. Simple. Revised and extended by Rev. G. W. Beale, Pitt and Dickinson, Publishers, Richmond, Virginia, 1894.
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::{{VAbap}}
  
 
==== Methodist Church  ====
 
==== Methodist Church  ====
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==== Genealogy&nbsp;  ====
 
==== Genealogy&nbsp;  ====
  
More than 300 genealogies have been published about Gloucester County families. To view a list, visit [[Gloucester County, Virginia Genealogy|Gloucester County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 550 genealogies have been published about Gloucester County families. To view a list, visit [[Gloucester County, Virginia Genealogy|Gloucester County, Virginia Genealogy]].
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
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::{{ImmigrantServants|Gloucester}}
 
::{{ImmigrantServants|Gloucester}}
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
  
::*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806347201_pollycarymason1946 World Vital Records] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]  
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{{vapatent}}
::*Nugent, Nell Marion. ''Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666''. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at {{FHL|160644|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48408 Ancestry] ($). [Includes Gloucester County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]
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::*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806347201_pollycarymason1946 World Vital Records] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]  
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::*Nugent, Nell Marion. ''Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666''. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at {{FHL|160644|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48408 Ancestry] ($). [Includes Gloucester County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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::''A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia Historical Manuscripts, 1651-1865''. Compiled by Charles A, Bodie and William H. Steriner. Archives Divisionn, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, September 1976. Available at {{FHL|106728|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 
::''A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia Historical Manuscripts, 1651-1865''. Compiled by Charles A, Bodie and William H. Steriner. Archives Divisionn, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, September 1976. Available at {{FHL|106728|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
::Gray, Mary Wiatt. ''Gloucester County, Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia:&nbsp;Cottrell &amp; Cooke Inc., 1936. Available at {{FHL|106741|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30025 Ancestry] ($). Reviewed by M.W. Hiden in ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan. 1938):135-136. Review available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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::Gray, Mary Wiatt. ''Gloucester County, Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia:&nbsp;Cottrell &amp; Cooke Inc., 1936. Available at {{FHL|106741|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30025 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|109983}} - free.
  
 
::Mason, Polly Cary. "The Story of Elmington: Gloucester County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 55, No. 3 (Jul. 1947):247-258. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
::Mason, Polly Cary. "The Story of Elmington: Gloucester County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 55, No. 3 (Jul. 1947):247-258. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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::*Clayton, Jasper. "Officers Appointed by the Gloucester Co. (Va.) Committee of Safety in 1775,"&nbsp;''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 15, No. 2 (Oct. 1906):123-124. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
::*Clayton, Jasper. "Officers Appointed by the Gloucester Co. (Va.) Committee of Safety in 1775,"&nbsp;''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 15, No. 2 (Oct. 1906):123-124. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
::*Hatch, Charles E. "Gloucester Point in the Siege of Yorktown 1781," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):265-284. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
::*Hatch, Charles E. "Gloucester Point in the Siege of Yorktown 1781," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):265-284. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
::*''The Governors' Island, Gwynn's Island, Virginia, During the Revolution''. By Peter Jennings Wrike.(c) 1993, The Gwynn's Island Museum, Gwynn, Virginia. ISBN 1-883911-00-1 (pbk.). ISBN 1-883911-01-X (cloth).
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::*''The Governors' Island, Gwynn's Island, Virginia, During the Revolution''. By Peter Jennings Wrike.(c) 1993, The Gwynn's Island Museum, Gwynn, Virginia. ISBN 1-883911-00-1 (pbk.). ISBN 1-883911-01-X (cloth).  
 
::'''Revolutionary War - Gloucester District Battalion'''  
 
::'''Revolutionary War - Gloucester District Battalion'''  
 
::*''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787'', Compiled by E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra, Willow Bend Books, Westminster, Maryland, ISBN 1-58549-652-9.
 
::*''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787'', Compiled by E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra, Willow Bend Books, Westminster, Maryland, ISBN 1-58549-652-9.
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::*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Gloucester County, p. 81. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
 
::*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Gloucester County, p. 81. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  
===== '''''Civil War''''' =====
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===== Civil War  =====
  
<br>Virginia, Civil War Service[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]
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{{VAciv}}
  
<br>Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]
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:- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].
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:- [[5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].
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:- [[5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12 months, 1861-62) (Mullins') (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12 months, 1861-62) (Mullins') (Confederate)]]. Company A (Gloucester Light Dragoons).<ref>Robert J. Driver, ''5th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). {{FHL|677483|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 127}}.</ref>
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:- [[24th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|24th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company C (Chesapeake Rangers).<ref>Darryl Holland, ''24th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). {{FHL|677485|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 128}}.</ref>
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:- [[26th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|26th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company F (The Gloucester Invincibles) and Company K (The Gloucester Grays).<ref>Alexander Lloyd Wiatt, ''26th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). {{FHL|488664|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 13}}.</ref>
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:- [[34th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|34th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company A (Gloucester Artillery).<ref>Johnny L. Scott, ''34th Virginia Infantry'' (Appomattox, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1999). {{FHL|963370|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 135}}.</ref>
  
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Records and histories are available, including:
  
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*Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]
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*Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]
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*Andrews, Andrew Jackson. ''A Sketch of the Boyhood Days of Andrew J. Andrews of Gloucester County, Virginia, and His Experience as a Soldier in the Late War Between the States''. Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1990. Available at {{FHL|777138|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
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*''Gloucester County In The Civil War'', by Ludwell Lee Montague, The DeHardit Press, Gloucester, Virginia. Reviewed by Ludwell H. Johnson III in ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 74, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):497-498. Review available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
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*''Reminiscences, Confederate Soldiers of Gloucester County, Virginia and Other matter pertaining to local history during the War betweeen the States, 1861-1865'', written by notable Richmond and Gloucester women of the Confederancy. Collected and compiled by Nellie Shackleford Smith.
 +
*''26th Virginia Infantry'', by Alex L. Wiatt, (c)1984, H. E. Howard, Inc.
  
Andrews, Andrew Jackson. ''A Sketch of the Boyhood Days of Andrew J. Andrews of Gloucester County, Virginia, and His Experience as a Soldier in the Late War Between the States''. Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1990. Available at {{FHL|777138|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
+
==== Native American  ====
 
+
::*''Gloucester County In The Civil War'', by Ludwell Lee Montague, The DeHardit Press, Gloucester, Virginia. Reviewed by Ludwell H. Johnson III in ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 74, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):497-498. Review available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
::*''Reminiscences, Confederate Soldiers of Gloucester County, Virginia and Other matter pertaining to local history during the War betweeen the States, 1861-1865'', written by notable Richmond and Gloucester women of the Confederancy. Collected and compiled by Nellie Shackleford Smith.
+
::*''26th Virginia Infantry'', by Alex L. Wiatt, (c)1984, H. E. Howard, Inc.
+
  
 +
The Chickoyackes Tribe lived in the area in the late 1600s.<ref>Charles Campbell, ''History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia'' (Philadelphia, Pa.: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1860), 267-268. Digitized by [http://archive.org/stream/historycolonyan02campgoog#page/n266/mode/2up Internet Archive].</ref>
  
 
==== Naturalization  ====
 
==== Naturalization  ====
  
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]
+
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]  
  
==== Newspapers ====
+
==== Newspapers ====
  
{{RAOGKobituary}}  
+
::{{VAnews}}
  
 
::Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
 
::Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
Line 318: Line 345:
 
==== Officials  ====
 
==== Officials  ====
  
::*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]
+
::*Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]
  
 
==== Periodicals  ====
 
==== Periodicals  ====
  
:The Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia publishes a journal. Most volumes are available for free in PDF format on their [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vaggsv/books__journals.htm website].
+
:The Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia publishes a journal called ''The Family Tree Searcher''. Most volumes are available for free in PDF format on their [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vaggsv/books__journals.htm website]. Some volumes are in FamilySearch Books Online: {{FSbook|205318|disp=Vol. 11}} | {{FSbook|205330|disp=Vol. 12}}
  
 
==== Private Papers  ====
 
==== Private Papers  ====
Line 330: Line 357:
 
::"Family Account of Mrs. Lucy Ann Page, Dec'd, Late of Gloucester County, Virginia," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 11, No. 4 (Apr. 1903):251-260. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
::"Family Account of Mrs. Lucy Ann Page, Dec'd, Late of Gloucester County, Virginia," ''The William and Mary Quarterly'', Vol. 11, No. 4 (Apr. 1903):251-260. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
==== Probate  ====
+
==== Probate Records ====
  
 
:Local Court
 
:Local Court
  
 
::Hopkins, William Lindsay. ''Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800''. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at {{FHL|537823|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Gloucester County.]  
 
::Hopkins, William Lindsay. ''Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800''. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at {{FHL|537823|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Gloucester County.]  
::King, George H.S. "Will of Robert Singleton of Gloucester County,"&nbsp;[1725] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 64, No. 1 (Jan. 1956):103-104. Available at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4246197?&Search=yes&term=Gloucester&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoAdvancedSearch%3Fq0%3DGloucester%26f0%3Dti%26c0%3DAND%26q1%3D%26f1%3Dall%26c1%3DAND%26q2%3D%26f2%3Dall%26c2%3DAND%26q3%3D%26f3%3Dall%26wc%3Don%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo%3D%26jc.History_TheVirginiaMagazineofHistoryandBiography%3Dj101342%26jc.History_TheWilliamandMaryQuarterly%3Dj100408%26Search%3DSearch&item=14&ttl=41&returnArticleService=showArticle JSTOR] ($).
+
::King, George H.S. "Will of Robert Singleton of Gloucester County,"&nbsp;[1725] ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 64, No. 1 (Jan. 1956):103-104. Available at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4246197 JSTOR] ($).
  
 
:London Courts
 
:London Courts
Line 350: Line 377:
 
::*'''[1704] '''"Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," ''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol.&nbsp;28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of VMHB at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($). [Gloucester County appears in 32:281-287, 338-343.]  
 
::*'''[1704] '''"Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," ''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol.&nbsp;28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of VMHB at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($). [Gloucester County appears in 32:281-287, 338-343.]  
 
::*'''[1704]''' Hansford, Thelma. ''Tax Lists York County 1782, 1783, 1784; Rent Roll York County 1704, Gloucester 1704, Warwick 1704; James City County Taxes 1768''. Virginia?: T.I. Hansford?, 1950. Available at {{FHL|490187|title-id|disp=FHL}}.  
 
::*'''[1704]''' Hansford, Thelma. ''Tax Lists York County 1782, 1783, 1784; Rent Roll York County 1704, Gloucester 1704, Warwick 1704; James City County Taxes 1768''. Virginia?: T.I. Hansford?, 1950. Available at {{FHL|490187|title-id|disp=FHL}}.  
::*'''[1704/05, 1770-1782] '''Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806347201_pollycarymason1946 World Vital Records] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]  
+
::*'''[1704/05, 1770-1782] '''Mason, Polly Cary. ''Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia''. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. {{FHL|106758|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|106876|title-id|disp=1965 reprint }}available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49309 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806347201_pollycarymason1946 World Vital Records] ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]  
 
::*'''[1770-1771, 1774-1775] '''Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. ''Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773''. Richmond, Virginia:&nbsp;I.B. Woodson, 1970. Available at {{FHL|78068|title-id|disp=FHL}}. ISBN 0-89308-306-2.  
 
::*'''[1770-1771, 1774-1775] '''Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. ''Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773''. Richmond, Virginia:&nbsp;I.B. Woodson, 1970. Available at {{FHL|78068|title-id|disp=FHL}}. ISBN 0-89308-306-2.  
 
::*'''[1774-1775] '''Billups, John R. ''Tithables, 1774-1775, of Kingston Parish, also Billups' Accounts, 1787-1842''. MSS., Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available at {{FHL|368429|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Kingston Parish was located in Gloucester County at the time, but later fell within the bounds of Mathews County.]  
 
::*'''[1774-1775] '''Billups, John R. ''Tithables, 1774-1775, of Kingston Parish, also Billups' Accounts, 1787-1842''. MSS., Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available at {{FHL|368429|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Kingston Parish was located in Gloucester County at the time, but later fell within the bounds of Mathews County.]  
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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
{{VAbmd}}<br>
+
{{VAbmd}}<br>  
 +
 
 +
===== Marriage  =====
 +
 
 +
::'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
::'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
  
 
===== Death  =====
 
===== Death  =====
  
::Hunt, L. Roane and Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia. ''Death Records of Gloucester County, Virginia, 1865-1890: Special Project of the Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia''. Gloucester, Virginia: Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia, 2000. Available at FHL.
+
::'''1865-1890''' - Hunt, L. Roane and Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia. ''Death Records of Gloucester County, Virginia, 1865-1890: Special Project of the Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia''. Gloucester, Virginia: Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia, 2000. Available at FHL.
  
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
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::{{VAnewspapers}}
 
::{{VAnewspapers}}
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
  
*[[Tidewater_Genealogical_Society|Tidewater Genealogical Society]]
+
== Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
 
 +
*[[Tidewater Genealogical Society|Tidewater Genealogical Society]]
 +
*[http://mpaagenealogicalsociety.org/ Middle Peninsula African-American Genealogical &amp; Historical Society]
  
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
 
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
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*[[Gloucester Virginia Family History Center]]
 
*[[Gloucester Virginia Family History Center]]
  
== Websites  ==
+
== Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
  
 
*Gloucester County, Virginia [http://vagenweb.org/gloucester/ USGENWEB]  
 
*Gloucester County, Virginia [http://vagenweb.org/gloucester/ USGENWEB]  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Gloucester|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Gloucester|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/gloucester/ Cyndi's List]
+
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/gloucester/ Cyndi's List]<br>
  
<br>Learning How to[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help Edit our Wiki Sites]
+
== Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy References  ==
 
+
<br> {{Online course badge
+
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html
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| name = Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos
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}}
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== References  ==
+
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Gloucester_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Gloucester_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 22:46, 27 June 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Gloucester County

Guide to Gloucester County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Gloucester County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Gloucester County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Gloucester County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1651
County Seat Gloucester
Courthouse

Contents

Gloucester County Virginia Courthouse

 

Gloucester County Courthouse
6489 Main Street
P O Box N
Gloucester, Virginia 23061
Phone: 804-693-4042

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1863-1890
and 1912-1916, death records from 1865-1890
marriage records from 1853, divorce, probate, court
and land records from 1865[1]



Beginning Dates for Gloucester County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1853 1853 1810 1865 1865

Gloucester County Virginia History

Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640-1660)

The county is named after Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640-1660), third son of King Charles I of England.

Parent County

1651--Gloucester County was created in 1651 from York County.
County seat: Gloucester [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Fire.png
Gloucester County has suffered heavy record loss.
  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Weisiger abstracted a valuable source that includes deed, will, and marriage information about Gloucester County, Virginia residents:

  • Weisiger, Benjamin B. Burned County Data 1809-1848 As Found in the Virginia Contested Election Files. Richmond, Va., 1986. FHL Book 975.5 P2w.[2]

Gloucester County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Vagloucester.jpg

Research Guides

  • A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia Historical Manuscripts, 1651-1865, Archives Division, Virginia State Library, Richmond, September 1976. FHL US/CAN Book 975.532 A3b.
  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. "Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t [For Gloucester County, see pp. 57-58]

African American

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721

  • Johnson, Martha C. Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia. FHL Collection 1728886 Item 2.
  • Smith, Gloria L. Solemn Ceremonies: Index of Civil War Marriages, Virginia: Marriage Records of African-American Families of Gloucester County, Virginia Area: From Record Group 105 Received at Camp Hamilton, Virginia. Tucson, Arizona: G.L. Smith, 1990. FHL Collection

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Cemeteries

 

Cemeteries of Lower Gloucester County, Virginia, by Harry R. Jordan. Available at FHL.
Epitaphs of Gloucester and Mathews Counties in Tidewater Virginia through 1865, 1959, The Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia. FHL US/CAN Book 975.53 V3e.
More Cemeteries of Gloucester County, Virginia, by Harry R. Jordan.
Tyler, Lyon G. "Old Tombstones in Gloucester County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Apr. 1894):219-229; Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1894):28-43; Vol. 3, No. 2 (Oct. 1894):115-120; Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jan. 1895):182-189; Vol. 3, No. 4 (Apr. 1895):253-255. Digitized by JSTOR - free. [Alternate title: "Inscriptions on Old Tombs in Gloucester Co., Virginia."]

Census

For tips on accessing Gloucester County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 13,498
1800 8,181 −39.4%
1810 10,427 27.5%
1820 9,678 −7.2%
1830 10,608 9.6%
1840 10,715 1.0%
1850 10,527 −1.8%
1860 10,956 4.1%
1870 10,211 −6.8%
1880 11,876 16.3%
1890 11,653 −1.9%
1900 12,832 10.1%
1910 12,477 −2.8%
1920 11,894 −4.7%
1930 11,019 −7.4%
1940 9,548 −13.3%
1950 10,343 8.3%
1960 11,919 15.2%
1970 14,059 18.0%
1980 20,107 43.0%
1990 30,131 49.9%
2000 38,293 27.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1782-1783 Enumeration
  • James, Edward Wilson. "Census Gloucester County, 1782-83, Free and Slave, Gloucester County," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jul. 1904):14-16; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Oct. 1904):185-187; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jan. 1905):269-271; Vol. 12, No. 4 (Apr. 1905):414-416. Available at JSTOR ($).

1784 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

A Guide to Church Records in the Library of Virginia

Anglican

(Also known as Church of England and Episcopal Church)
Gotoarrow.png See also Abingdon Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Kingston Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Petsworth Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Ware Parish

Axelson, Edith F. A Guide to Episcopal Church in Virginia. Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia, ISBN 0-935931-45-7.
Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Gloucester County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):325-346; Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct. 1939). Available at JSTOR ($).
Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FamilySearch Books Online; FHL(Includes Gloucester County.)


Abingdon Parish
The Register of Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia, 1677-1780, Compiled by Robert W. Robins, Honford House, Arlington, Virginia, (c)1981, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 80-85448
Abingdon Church: A Chronology of its History, 1650-1970. (c)1972, Gloucester County, Virginia.
Kingston Parish
Matheny, Emma R. and Helen K. Yates. Kingston Parish Register, Gloucester and Mathews Counties, Virginia, 1749-1827, Richmond [Virginia]: E.R. Matheny and H.K. Yates, c1963. Reprinted 2004. Original is available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):261-264. Available at JSTOR ($).
The Vestry Book of Kingston Parish, Mathews County, Virginia (until May 1, 1791, Gloucester County), 1679-1796. Transcribed, annotated, and indexed by C.G. Chamberlayne. Originally published Richmond, Virginia, 1929. ISBN 0-8063-4842-9; available at FamilySearch Books Online; FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($)
Petsworth Parish
Chamberlayne, Churchill Gibson. The Vestry Book of Petsworth Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia, 1677-1793 Richmond [Virginia]: Library Board, Division of Purchase and Printing, 1933. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.532 K2c and US/CAN Film 1425712 Item 7; Reprint US/CAN Book 975.532 K2c 1979. Digital version at Google Books (full-view); and World Vital Records ($).
Ware Parish
The World of Ware Parish in Gloucester County, Virginia, by Spotswood Hunnicutt Jones, The Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia, (1991). ISBN 0-87517-063-3. Library of Congress Number: 91-91176

Baptist Church

Dover Association
The Baptists of Virginia, 1699-1926, by Garnett Ryland, The Virginia Baptist Board of Missions and Education, Richmond, Virginia, 1955
A Chronicle of Christian Heritage, Dover Baptist Association: 1783-1983. by William L. Lumpkin. Skipworth Press, Inc. Richmond, Virginia. (c) 1983, ISBN 0-931804-11-6
A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia, by Robert B. Simple. Revised and extended by Rev. G. W. Beale, Pitt and Dickinson, Publishers, Richmond, Virginia, 1894.
The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Methodist Church

Gloucester County, Virginia, Methodist Records, by Michael Pollock, New Papyrus Publishing, Athens, Georgia, (c)2007.

Court

Chancery Court

Indexed images of Gloucester County, Virginia Chancery Records 1866-1931 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Genealogy 

More than 550 genealogies have been published about Gloucester County families. To view a list, visit Gloucester County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

Headright grants identify many Gloucester County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[3] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:


Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Abingdon Parish, Ware Parish, and Gloucester County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

  • Mason, Polly Cary. Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. Original edition and 1965 reprintavailable at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Gloucester County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Local Histories

A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia Historical Manuscripts, 1651-1865. Compiled by Charles A, Bodie and William H. Steriner. Archives Divisionn, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, September 1976. Available at FHL.
Gray, Mary Wiatt. Gloucester County, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Cottrell & Cooke Inc., 1936. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); FamilySearch Books Online - free.
Mason, Polly Cary. "The Story of Elmington: Gloucester County, Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Jul. 1947):247-258. Available at JSTOR ($).
"...past is prologue", Gloucester County, Virginia, A publication of Gloucester County and The Gloucester Historical and Bicentennial Committee, (c)1973, Library of Congress Card Catalog Number 73-87-914. Reviewed by William M.E. Rachal in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Apr. 1975):214. Review available at JSTOR ($).
Sinclair, Caroline Baytop. Gloucester's Past in Pictures. Reviewed by David C. Holly in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 100, No. 3, The Home Front and Beyond: Virginians in the World War 2 Era (Jul. 1992):462-463. Review available at JSTOR ($).
Six Periods in the History of Gloucester County. DeHardit Press.
Swem, E.G. "Views of Yorktown and Gloucester Town, 1755," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr. 1946):99-105. Available at JSTOR ($).
With Reverence for the Past: Gloucester County, Virginia. by Martha W. McCarthney, The Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.(c)2001.ISBN 0-9710690-0-X. Reviewed by Emily Salmon in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 109, No. 4 (2001):419-420. Review available at JSTOR ($).

Maps

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Gloucester County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Gloucester County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Gloucester County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Gloucester County, see p. 82.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Gloucester County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Gloucester County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Gloucester County on page 130.]
  • Clayton, Jasper. "Officers Appointed by the Gloucester Co. (Va.) Committee of Safety in 1775," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Oct. 1906):123-124. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Hatch, Charles E. "Gloucester Point in the Siege of Yorktown 1781," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. 1940):265-284. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • The Governors' Island, Gwynn's Island, Virginia, During the Revolution. By Peter Jennings Wrike.(c) 1993, The Gwynn's Island Museum, Gwynn, Virginia. ISBN 1-883911-00-1 (pbk.). ISBN 1-883911-01-X (cloth).
Revolutionary War - Gloucester District Battalion
  • A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787, Compiled by E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra, Willow Bend Books, Westminster, Maryland, ISBN 1-58549-652-9.
War of 1812

Gloucester County men served in the 21st Regiment.[4]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Gloucester County, p. 81. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Gloucester County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Gloucester County, Virginia:


- 1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12 months, 1861-62) (Mullins') (Confederate). Company A (Gloucester Light Dragoons).[5]
- 24th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (Chesapeake Rangers).[6]
- 26th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (The Gloucester Invincibles) and Company K (The Gloucester Grays).[7]
- 34th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Gloucester Artillery).[8]

Records and histories are available, including:

  • Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
  • Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865
  • Andrews, Andrew Jackson. A Sketch of the Boyhood Days of Andrew J. Andrews of Gloucester County, Virginia, and His Experience as a Soldier in the Late War Between the States. Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1990. Available at FHL.
  • Gloucester County In The Civil War, by Ludwell Lee Montague, The DeHardit Press, Gloucester, Virginia. Reviewed by Ludwell H. Johnson III in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 74, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):497-498. Review available at JSTOR ($).
  • Reminiscences, Confederate Soldiers of Gloucester County, Virginia and Other matter pertaining to local history during the War betweeen the States, 1861-1865, written by notable Richmond and Gloucester women of the Confederancy. Collected and compiled by Nellie Shackleford Smith.
  • 26th Virginia Infantry, by Alex L. Wiatt, (c)1984, H. E. Howard, Inc.

Native American

The Chickoyackes Tribe lived in the area in the late 1600s.[9]

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Gloucester County, Virginia newspapers.


Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Abingdon silversmiths.]

Officials

  • Mason, Polly Cary. Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. Original edition and 1965 reprintavailable at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]

Periodicals

The Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia publishes a journal called The Family Tree Searcher. Most volumes are available for free in PDF format on their website. Some volumes are in FamilySearch Books Online: Vol. 11 | Vol. 12

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

"Family Account of Mrs. Lucy Ann Page, Dec'd, Late of Gloucester County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Apr. 1903):251-260. Available at JSTOR ($).

Probate Records

Local Court
Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes Gloucester County.]
King, George H.S. "Will of Robert Singleton of Gloucester County," [1725] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 64, No. 1 (Jan. 1956):103-104. Available at JSTOR ($).
London Courts
Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Abingdon Parish, Ware Parish and Gloucester County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Schools

Bagby, George F. "William G. Price and the Gloucester Agricultural and Industrial School," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 108, No. 1 (2000):45-84. Available at JSTOR ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?
  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [Gloucester County appears in 32:281-287, 338-343.]
  • [1704] Hansford, Thelma. Tax Lists York County 1782, 1783, 1784; Rent Roll York County 1704, Gloucester 1704, Warwick 1704; James City County Taxes 1768. Virginia?: T.I. Hansford?, 1950. Available at FHL.
  • [1704/05, 1770-1782] Mason, Polly Cary. Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia. 2 vols. 1946-1948; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield, 2003. Original edition and 1965 reprintavailable at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($). [Includes land patent abstracts, 1704/05 rent roll, Gloucester County tax lists 1770-1782, Mathews County tax lists 1774-1791, burgesses, council, and court, county officials, etc.]
  • [1770-1771, 1774-1775] Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773. Richmond, Virginia: I.B. Woodson, 1970. Available at FHL. ISBN 0-89308-306-2.
  • [1774-1775] Billups, John R. Tithables, 1774-1775, of Kingston Parish, also Billups' Accounts, 1787-1842. MSS., Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available at FHL. [Kingston Parish was located in Gloucester County at the time, but later fell within the bounds of Mathews County.]
  • [1782] Land Tax Records, 1782, Tidewater Virginia Families, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Feb. 1993); Vol. 2, No. 1 (May 1993).
  • [1782-1820] Land Tax Lists, 1782-1820, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Spring 1997).
  • [1782-1815] Heinegg, Paul. "Gloucester County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Gloucester County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Gloucester County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1790, 1800] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Land Tax Lists of Gloucester County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1794] James, Edward Wilson. "Carriage Owners, Gloucester County, 1784," [or 1794] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jan. 1906):313-314. Available at JSTOR ($). [Abstracted from 1794 Personal Property Tax Lists.]
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul. 1980); Vol. 24, No. 4 (Oct. 1980).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Gloucester County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Gloucester County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Marriage
1660-1800 - Virginia Marriages 1660-1800 (Ancestry) ($).
1740-1850 - Virginia Marriages 1740-1850 (Ancestry) ($).
Death
1865-1890 - Hunt, L. Roane and Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia. Death Records of Gloucester County, Virginia, 1865-1890: Special Project of the Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia. Gloucester, Virginia: Gloucester Genealogical Society of Virginia, 2000. Available at FHL.
Vital Record Substitutes
The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Gloucester County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gloucester County, Virginia. Page 714 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Burned County Data 1809-1848," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):60-61.
  3. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  4. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 91. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  5. Robert J. Driver, 5th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 127.
  6. Darryl Holland, 24th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 128.
  7. Alexander Lloyd Wiatt, 26th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 13.
  8. Johnny L. Scott, 34th Virginia Infantry (Appomattox, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1999). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 135.
  9. Charles Campbell, History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia (Philadelphia, Pa.: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1860), 267-268. Digitized by Internet Archive.