Great Genesee Road

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Great_Genesee_Road|Great Genesee Road]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Great_Genesee_Road|Great Genesee Road]]''  
  
[[Image:Great Genesee map.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Great Genesee Road''', a fork of the "Mohawk Trail," or "Iroquois Trail" was built by New York State to connect [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Schuyler Fort Schuyler] (now [[Utica, New York]]) on the [[Mohawk Trail]] and Mohawk River with Canawaugus (now Caledonia), [[Livingston County, New York]] on the Genesee River in 1794. In 1798 the legislature authorized a road extension to [[Buffalo, New York]] on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Another fork also went to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Niagara Fort Niagara] on the border with [[Canada]].<ref name="Old Alb">Wikipedia contributors, "New York State Route 5" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Route_5 (accessed 28 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the Great Genesee Road connected to other important migration pathways. The length of the road from Utica to Buffalo was 205 miles (330 km).  
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[[Image:Great Genesee map.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Great Genesee Road''', a fork of the "Mohawk Trail," or "Iroquois Trail" was built by New York State to connect [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Schuyler Fort Schuyler] (now [[Utica, New York]]) on the [[Mohawk Trail]] and Mohawk River with Canawaugus (now Caledonia), [[Livingston County, New York]] on the Genesee River in 1794. In 1798 the legislature authorized a road extension to [[Buffalo, New York]] on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Another fork also went to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Niagara Fort Niagara] on the border with [[Canada]].<ref name="Rte5">Wikipedia contributors, "New York State Route 5" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Route_5 (accessed 28 June 2011).</ref> Each end of the Great Genesee Road connected to other important migration pathways. The length of the road from Utica to Buffalo was 205 miles (330 km).  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
As westward expansion began after the American Revolution, the only central New York pathways west of [Fort Schuyler] ([[Utica, New York]]) were rivers and a footpath called the [[Mohawk Trail]] or Iroquois Trail. The land companies which began developing large tracts of land for settlement started clamoring for the state to make better roads for their customers.
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As westward expansion began after the American Revolution, the only central New York pathways west of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Schuyler Fort Schuyler] ([[Utica, New York]]) were rivers and a footpath called the [[Mohawk Trail]] or Iroquois Trail. The land companies which began developing large tracts of land for settlement started clamoring for the state to make better roads for their customers.<ref name="Rte5" />
  
In 1794 the state legilature authorized a road from Fort Schuyler to
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In 1794 the state legilature authorized a road from Fort Schuyler to Canawaugus to help settlers reach the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Military_Tract New Military Tract]. This area was set aside as 500 acres of bounty land to compensate each New York Revolutionary War veterans for his service. The new road followed the route of the old Mohawk Trail. An extension to Buffalo was authorized four years later.<ref name="Rte5" />
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However, the road construction was spotty and in places incomplete. In 1800 the legislature chartered the Seneca Road Company to charge tolls for improving the road. High quality toll roads were called turnpikes and this one was called the Seneca Turnpike, 157 miles (253 km) from Utica to Canandaigua, longest such road in New York. The road was [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macadam macadamized] to reduce pot holes. In 1805 the western extension to Buffalo was turned into the Ontario and Genesee Turnpike. In 1806 the Seneca Road Company began developing a more northerly alternate route from Seneca Falls across more level terrain in Elbridge, Geddes, and Fayetteville before rejoining the old turnpike at Chittenango. In time this became the more popular route.<ref name="Rte5" />
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The construction of the [[Erie Canal]] in 1825 reduced traffic on the turnpikes. Later railroads began to compete for traffic. Reduced revenue on the turnpikes made the road companies unprofitable. In 1852 the Seneca Road Company was dissolved and the turnpikes became public roads again.<ref name="Rte5" />
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===

Revision as of 12:45, 29 June 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png Migration Gotoarrow.png Trails and Roads Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Great Genesee Road

The Great Genesee Road, a fork of the "Mohawk Trail," or "Iroquois Trail" was built by New York State to connect Fort Schuyler (now Utica, New York) on the Mohawk Trail and Mohawk River with Canawaugus (now Caledonia), Livingston County, New York on the Genesee River in 1794. In 1798 the legislature authorized a road extension to Buffalo, New York on Lake Erie. Another fork also went to Fort Niagara on the border with Canada.[1] Each end of the Great Genesee Road connected to other important migration pathways. The length of the road from Utica to Buffalo was 205 miles (330 km).

Contents

Historical Background

As westward expansion began after the American Revolution, the only central New York pathways west of Fort Schuyler (Utica, New York) were rivers and a footpath called the Mohawk Trail or Iroquois Trail. The land companies which began developing large tracts of land for settlement started clamoring for the state to make better roads for their customers.[1]

In 1794 the state legilature authorized a road from Fort Schuyler to Canawaugus to help settlers reach the New Military Tract. This area was set aside as 500 acres of bounty land to compensate each New York Revolutionary War veterans for his service. The new road followed the route of the old Mohawk Trail. An extension to Buffalo was authorized four years later.[1]

However, the road construction was spotty and in places incomplete. In 1800 the legislature chartered the Seneca Road Company to charge tolls for improving the road. High quality toll roads were called turnpikes and this one was called the Seneca Turnpike, 157 miles (253 km) from Utica to Canandaigua, longest such road in New York. The road was macadamized to reduce pot holes. In 1805 the western extension to Buffalo was turned into the Ontario and Genesee Turnpike. In 1806 the Seneca Road Company began developing a more northerly alternate route from Seneca Falls across more level terrain in Elbridge, Geddes, and Fayetteville before rejoining the old turnpike at Chittenango. In time this became the more popular route.[1]

The construction of the Erie Canal in 1825 reduced traffic on the turnpikes. Later railroads began to compete for traffic. Reduced revenue on the turnpikes made the road companies unprofitable. In 1852 the Seneca Road Company was dissolved and the turnpikes became public roads again.[1]

Route

The counties along this migration route (east to west) were as follows:[2]

Settlers and Records

a

External Links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Wikipedia contributors, "New York State Route 5" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Route_5 (accessed 28 June 2011).
  2. Compare the more northerly route to Fort Niagara in Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 849, WorldCat entry, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002 with the more southerly route to Buffalo described in Wikipedia contributors, "New York State Route 5" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Route_5 (accessed 28 June 2011).