Great Valley Road

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=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
The American Indians developed a network of eastern trade and warrior trails stretching from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. One of these trails, the Great Warrior Path from New York to the Carolinas also served as the western boundary of British settlement until 1744. In that year a new treaty gave control of the east side of the trail to European colonists in Virginia. This opened the way for the trail to become one of the most important roads for settlers in Colonial America.<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[[{{DollarhideMigration}}]], 5.</ref> The Great Valley Road was most heavily used by Ulster-Irish immigrants called Scots-Irish in America to spread through most of Appalachia bringing their [[United States Church Records#Presbyterian|Presbyterian]] religion.
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The American Indians developed a network of eastern trade and warrior trails stretching from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. One of these trails, the Great Warrior Path from New York to the Carolinas, also served as the western boundary of British settlement until 1744. In that year a new treaty gave control of the east side of the trail to European colonists in Virginia. This opened the way for the trail to&nbsp;evolve into&nbsp;one of the most important roads for settlers in Colonial America.<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[[{{DollarhideMigration}}]], 5.</ref>  
  
The [[Wilderness Road]] into Kentucky branched off the Great Valley Road in southwest Virginia.  
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After 1744, the Great Valley Road was most heavily used by Ulster-Irish immigrants called Scots-Irish in America to spread through most of Appalachia bringing their [[United States Church Records#Presbyterian|Presbyterian]] religion. Pennsylvania Germans also used the trail to spread into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. The first settlements in Tennessee were associated with the end of the trail in that region.
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The [[Wilderness Road]] opened in 1775 into Kentucky branched off the Great Valley Road in southwest Virginia at Bristol (Sapling Grove).<ref>Dollarhide, 12-13.</ref>
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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(Northeast to Southwest)  
 
(Northeast to Southwest)  
  
*Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
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*Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (often called the Philadelphia Wagon Road through Pennsylvania)
 
*Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania  
 
*Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania  
 
*Gettysburg, Adams, Pennsylvania  
 
*Gettysburg, Adams, Pennsylvania  
 
*Hagerstown, Washington, Maryland (crosses [[Cumberland Road|Cumberland Road]])  
 
*Hagerstown, Washington, Maryland (crosses [[Cumberland Road|Cumberland Road]])  
*Winchester, Frederick, Virginia ([[Pioneer Road|Pioneer Road from]] Alexandria joins here)  
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*Winchester, Frederick, Virginia ([[Pioneer Road|Pioneer Road from]] Alexandria joined here)  
 
*Staunton, Augusta, Virginia (start of [[Kanawah Trail|Kanawah Trail]] to West Virginia)  
 
*Staunton, Augusta, Virginia (start of [[Kanawah Trail|Kanawah Trail]] to West Virginia)  
*Roanoke, Roanoke, Virginia (trail forks toward Knoxville and Augusta)  
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*Roanoke, Roanoke, Virginia (trail forks toward Knoxville and Augusta)
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(Western fork)
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*Bristol, Washinton, Virginia (start of [[Wilderness Road|Wilderness Road]] to Boonesborough  
 
*Bristol, Washinton, Virginia (start of [[Wilderness Road|Wilderness Road]] to Boonesborough  
 
*Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee  
 
*Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee  
*Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee (connects with Avery's Trace to Nashville, and Georgia Road to Athens)
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*Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee (connects with Avery's Trace to Nashville, and the Georgia Road to Athens)
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(Southern fork)
  
 
*Martinsville, Henry, Virginia (on south fork of the Great Valley Road)  
 
*Martinsville, Henry, Virginia (on south fork of the Great Valley Road)  

Revision as of 00:31, 1 August 2010

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Great Valley Road
The Great Valley Road went from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Roanoke, Virginia. There it split with one fork going to Knoxville, Tennessee, and the other to Augusta, Georgia.

The Great Valley Road, also called in various parts the "Great Wagon Road," "Great Warriors' Trail," "Valley Pike," "Carolina Road," or "Trading Path," was the most important Colonial American route for settlers of the mountainous backcountry of the southern British colonies. It went from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania over to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia forking into the Tennessee Valley and Knoxville. The other fork went more south into the Piedmont Region of North Carolina, and then to its terminus on the Savannah River at Augusta, Georgia. Several other important early pathways merged with, or split off from the Great Valley Road.

Contents

Historical Background

The American Indians developed a network of eastern trade and warrior trails stretching from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. One of these trails, the Great Warrior Path from New York to the Carolinas, also served as the western boundary of British settlement until 1744. In that year a new treaty gave control of the east side of the trail to European colonists in Virginia. This opened the way for the trail to evolve into one of the most important roads for settlers in Colonial America.[1]

After 1744, the Great Valley Road was most heavily used by Ulster-Irish immigrants called Scots-Irish in America to spread through most of Appalachia bringing their Presbyterian religion. Pennsylvania Germans also used the trail to spread into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. The first settlements in Tennessee were associated with the end of the trail in that region.

The Wilderness Road opened in 1775 into Kentucky branched off the Great Valley Road in southwest Virginia at Bristol (Sapling Grove).[2]

Route

(Northeast to Southwest)

  • Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (often called the Philadelphia Wagon Road through Pennsylvania)
  • Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Gettysburg, Adams, Pennsylvania
  • Hagerstown, Washington, Maryland (crosses Cumberland Road)
  • Winchester, Frederick, Virginia (Pioneer Road from Alexandria joined here)
  • Staunton, Augusta, Virginia (start of Kanawah Trail to West Virginia)
  • Roanoke, Roanoke, Virginia (trail forks toward Knoxville and Augusta)

(Western fork)

  • Bristol, Washinton, Virginia (start of Wilderness Road to Boonesborough
  • Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee
  • Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee (connects with Avery's Trace to Nashville, and the Georgia Road to Athens)

(Southern fork)

  • Martinsville, Henry, Virginia (on south fork of the Great Valley Road)
  • Salem, Forsyth, North Carolina
  • Salisbury, Rowan, North Carolina 
  • Charlotte, Mecklenburg, North Carolina 
  • Camden, Kershaw, South Carolina (where it merged with the Fall Line Road)
  • Augusta, Richmond, Georgia

Settlers and Records

For partial list of settlers who used the Great Valley Road to settle in ??? , see .

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Great Wagon Road

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[FHL Ref Book 973 E3d], 5.
  2. Dollarhide, 12-13.