Hardin County, Tennessee

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1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population censuses of Hardin County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see [[Tennessee Census|Tennessee Census]]. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.  
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1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Hardin County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see [[Tennessee Census|Tennessee Census]]. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.  
  
 
See [[Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book]] for more information about statewide printed indexes.  
 
See [[Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book]] for more information about statewide printed indexes.  

Revision as of 16:58, 18 April 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Tennessee Gotoarrow.png Hardin County

Hardin County, Tennessee genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Hardin County (established 1819) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

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Online Records
Hardin County, Tennessee
Map
Boundary map of Hardin County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hardin County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Location of Tennessee in the U.S.
Facts
Founded: November 13, 1819
County Seat Savannah
Courthouse
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Contents

Quick Dates

Hardin County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1881 1863 1908 1820 1835 1836

County Courthouse

Hardin County Courthouse
 601 Main Street;
Savannah, TN 38372
Phone: 901.925.8166 

County Clerk has marriage records from 1864,
divorce, land, probate and court records. [2]


Hardin County Courthouse, Savannah, Tenn. Courtesy: Collection: County Court Houses, Flickr by Jimmy Emerson. Used by permission.

Hardin County Courthouse
601 Main St.
Savannah, TN 38372
Phone: 1-731-925-8166

Hardin County Clerk
Marriage, probate, land and court records
500 Court Street
Savannah, TN 38372
Phone: 1-731-925-3921

Hours:
Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri. 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
Wed. and Sat. 8 a.m.-noon

History

West Tennessee county. Established 1819.

The county is named after "Joseph Hardin legislator of the Southwest Territory and State of Franklin."[3]

Parent County

1819--Hardin County was created 13 November 1819 from Chickasaw Indian Lands.
County seat: Savannah[4]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[5] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[6] (male)

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Tennessee counties see: Tennessee Counties with Burned Courthouses

Fire.png
1859, 1864, 1949--Fires damaged courthouse records.[7]

  • Lost marriages: 1819 tp 1863
  • Lost probate: 1819 to 1836

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Adamsville Economy (hist.) New Harmony Shady Grove
Austin Five Forks New Hope Shiloh
Belle Meade Gibbs (hist.) New Town Sibley
Bethlehem Gillises Mills Nixon Slab Town (hist.)
Big Ivy Grandview Oak Grove Smiths Fork (hist.)
Box Elder Hamburg Olivehill Southside
Bruton Branch Havana Olivet Stringtown
Bucktown Hinkle Paulks (hist.) Stout
Caney Hollow Holiday Hills Phillips Swift
Center Star Holtsville Piney Grove Thompson Crossroads
Centerview Hookers Bend Pittsburg Landing Walkertown
Cerro Gordo Hurley Pollards Mill Walnut Grove (hist.)
Childers Hill Lebanon Pyburn West Hima
Counce Crossroads Lowryville Red Sulphur Springs White Sulphur (hist.)
Crowtexas Maddox River Heights Winn Springs
Crump Milledgeville Saltillo Woodland Heights
Damon Morris Chapel Savannah

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Tnhardin.png

Getting Started

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Hardin County biography, cemetery, and history records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research Guides

African American

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png Tennessee African Americans

Census takers found no free African Americans living in Hardin County, Tennessee in 1820.[8]

Resources include:

Cemeteries

Tennessee cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

The following websites may contain Hardin County cemetery records:

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried. Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone. May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • ePodunk list of Hardin County cemeteries

Census

1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Hardin County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Hardin County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1820

  • Bentley, Elizabeth P. Index to the 1820 Census of Tennessee. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. FHL 976.8 X22b 1820

1833

  • Brown, Albert The 1833 census of males 21 and over, Hardin Co., Tennessee Bethel Springs, Tennessee : History and genealogy, c1994 [FHL US/CAN book 976.831 X28]

1840

  • Curtis, Janet Austin 1840 U.S. census, Hardin County, Tennessee Fort Worth, Texas : American REference Publishing Company, 1972 FHL US/CAN book 976.8 A1

1840 Pensioners

1860

  • Brown, Albert The 1860 census of Hardin County, Tennessee Bethel Springs, Tennessee : A. Brown, c1998 FHL US/CAN book 976.831 X2

1870

1880

  • Sistler, Barbara 1880 census Hardin County, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee : B. Sistler and Associates, 2001 FHL US/CAN book 976.831 X2
  • Brown, Albert The 1880 Census of Hardin County, Tennessee Bethel Springs, Tennessee : A. Brown, c1994 FHL US/CAN book 976.831 X28

1890 - Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Burress, Reita Jones. "1890 Civil War Veterans Census of Hardin County, Tennessee," available online.

Church

Presbyterian

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Hardin County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.
  • [Doss] Descendant of Reuben Jackson Doss (1820-1910), resident of Shelby, Colbert, and Marion counties, Alabama and Hardin County, Tennessee. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 76381). Genetic signature available online (labeled Wi-1), genealogical description available online, courtesy: The Doss DNA Project, World Families. Matches have been found.

Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

General

As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Hardin, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 45,000 entries.

Bibliography

  • [Bratton] Jones, Louise Brint Family History of our Brattons, Masseys and Martins Salt Lake City, Utah? : L.B. Jones, 1985. Available at the Family History Library FHL book 929.273 B737j with a digital version at FamilySearch Books Online .
  • [Brooks] Brooks, Moses Edward. Descendants of James Brooks. Unknown: unknown, 1974. Available at Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • [Cook] See Grimes
  • [Grimes] Grimes, Jay Cook. Grimes, Cook and Related Families of Wayne County, Tennessee: A Genealogy. Related Families, Johnson, Morris, Montague, 1800-1960. Auburn, Alabama: J.C. Grimes, 1960. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 G883gc and FHL US/CAN Film 1321218 Item 4; digital versions available at Ancestry ($); Heritage Quest Online ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • [Johnson] See Grimes
  • [Martin] See Bratton
  • [Massey] See Bratton
  • [McDougal] The McDougal Family in Hardin County, Tennessee. MSS., Paducah, Ky. Microfilmed in 1963. FHL US/CAN Film 301102 Item 53.
  • [Montague] See Grimes
  • [Morris] See Grimes
  • [Rose] Rose, Christine. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Rose : of Sussex County, Virginia, Orange County, North Carolina, and Wayne and Hardin Counties, Tennessee. San Jose, Calif.: C.C. Rose, 1980. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 R72rch.

Land

  • Hardin County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1835 and is located at the Courthouse, 601 Main St., Savannah, TN 38372-2061; Telephone: (731) 925-3921.Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries.
  • The Family History Library has microfilmed copies of deeds 1835-1892 with indexes1835-1903; land entries 1820-1820-1853, tax sales to the state 1896-1913; and survey books1824-1934.

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. [In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service.] The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War

The following Hardin County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

  1. 1835 Pension Roll
  2. 1852 Rejected or Suspended Pensions

Additional resources include:

War of 1812
Civil War

Civil War service men from Hardin County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Hardin County.

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Hardin County:

The Civil War Battle of Shiloh took placein Hardin County, a few miles southwest of Savannah,on the Tennessee River near an area called Pittsburg Landing. Shiloh Military Park occupies this site today.


Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battles were fought in Hardin County


  • April 6 - 7, 1862 = Shiloh[10]
  • April 29 - June 10, 1862 = Corinth[11]See Map showing battle taking place in Mississippi.


Map showing Civil War battles in Tennessee

Newspapers

Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Hardin County click on the following city:

Occupations

  • Miller, Alan N. West Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1821 to 1889. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2man. Purchase at Genealogical.com. [Includes Hardin County.]

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Hardin County, Tennessee records have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL Book 976.8 B2a.
Family Findings
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Hardin County, Tennessee records have been published in Family Findings, the quarterly of the Mid-West Tennessee Genealogical Society (42+ vols.). The Family History Library has most issues of this quarterly FHL US/CAN 976.8 B2f.
Tables of contents for some volumes are available online, courtesy: TNGenWeb Project:
Many articles from this publication have been reproduced on the TNGenWeb Project website, try this specialized Google search.
Hardin County Historical Quarterly
Indexed in the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI)
West Tennessee Historical Society Papers
Family History Library has Volumes 1 - 16 and 30 FHL US/CAN Book 976.81 B5w. The West Tennessee Historical Society Papers are indexed in PERiodical Source Index (PERSI)
To view Table of Contents and complete articles from 1947 - 2005 see Shelby County Register of Deeds

Prisons

Learn if your Hardin County, Tennessee ancestors went to prison!

Probate

The County Court has responsibility for the probate records of Hardin County.

FamilySearch has placed scans of the following records online in the Tennessee, Probate Court Books, 1795-1927 collection. These are browse-only collections. Handwritten indexes may be found at the front or back of some volumes:

  • Wills, 1838-1921 (2 vols.)
  • Settlements, Wills, 1842-1848 ("Vol. D")
  • Inventories, Wills, 1836-1842 ("Vol. B")
  • Administrator records, 1873-1878
  • Bonds, 1895-1927
  • Bonds, Letters, 1874-1915 (3 vols.)
  • Insolvent estate records, 1873-1896
  • Inventories, 1865-1916 (3 vols.)
  • Settlements, 1836-1916 (4 vols.)

The following Hardin County probate records have been indexed:

  • [1866-1902] Brown, Albert. Index to Guardians Settlement Records, Jul 1866 - Jul 1902. Bethel Springs, Tennessee: A. Brown, 1994. (FHL 976.829 P28b.)
  • [1836-1861] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Tennessee Wills & Administrations 1779-1861. Nashville, Tenn. Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1990. FHL US/CAN 976.8 P22s. [Includes an index to this county's probate records.]
  • USGenWeb's Hardin County page has links to some wills and estate records.

Taxation

The original Hardin County Record of Tax Sales to the State records 1896-1913 were microfilmed by the TSLA. FHL copy: FHL US/CAN Film 983534 Item 1.

The original Hardin County State Tax on Mortgage records 1917-1928 were microfilmed by TSLA. FHL copy: FHL US/CAN Film 983534 Item 2.

The following Hardin County tax records have been abstracted:[12]

  • [1821-1823] "Hardin County Sheriff Seeks to Collect Three Years of Unpaid Taxes," [1821-1823] Ansearchin' News, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Spring 2000):17-18. For access, see Periodicals.
  • [1833] "1833 Enumeration, Hardin County, Tennessee," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 30, No. 4 (Winter 1983):159-163. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a v. 29-30 (1982-1983); free digital version at society's website. For further access, see Periodicals.
  • [1836-1837] "Hardin County, Tennessee 1836 Civil District Map" and "Hardin County, Tennessee 1836 and 1837 Tax Lists," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Spring 1990):20-26; Vol. 37, No. 2 (Summer 1990):81-87. For access, see Periodicals.
  • [1836-1837] Brown, Albert. 1836 & 1837 Tax List Hardin Co., Tennessee. Bethel Springs, Tenn.: History & Genealogy, 1994. FHL US/CAN Book 976.831 R49b.
  • [1862-1866] Direct Tax Assessment List, 1862-66, Hardin County Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jul. 1982); Vol. 1, No. 2 (Oct. 1982); Vol. 1, No. 4 (Apr. 1983); Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan. 1984); Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1984); Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct. 1984); Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1985); Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul. 1985); Vol. 3, No. 4 (Oct. 1985); Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan. 1986); Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr. 1986); Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jul. 1986); Vol. 4, No. 4 (Oct. 1986).

Vital Records

See also How to order Tennessee Vital Records or order electronically online.

Marriage

Marriages were not officially recorded in Hardin County during the first few years of its existence. In 1838, a law was passed mandating the practice.[13] The following publication, based on early newspapers, helps to alleviate this genealogical obstacle:

  • Lucas, Silas Emmett. Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. FHL 976.8 V2L.

The following Hardin County Courthouse marriage records have been abstracted and/or indexed:

  • 1859-1881 - Brewington, Tonney R. Marriage records of Hardin County, Tennessee, 1859-1881 : a listing of marriage data taken directly from the marriage registers found in the Hardin County courthouse Enville, Tennessee : Brewington Genealogical Services, c1991. FHL US/CAN Book 976.831 V2b
  • 1859-1887 - Brown, Albert Hardin County, Tennessee, marriages index, 1859-1887 Bethel Springs, Tennessee : A. Brown, c1994. FHL US/CAN Book 976.831 V28b
  • 1860-1899 - Hardin County Marriage Index 1860-1899 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.[9]
  • 1863-1958 - Hardin County (Tennessee) County Court Clerk Marriage records (Hardin County, Tennessee), 1863-1958 Nashville, Tennessee : Tennessee State Library and Archives, [197-?]-1988. FHL US/CAN Film 981000, 879045-48, 1928699-701
  • 1865-1868 - Historical Records Survey (Tennessee) Marriage records, 1865-1868, Hardin County, Tennessee Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1939. FHL US/CAN Film 24684 item 3
  • Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950 - covers all counties in Tennessee.
  • Many county marriage records are indexed with images at Ancestry's Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 ($).  Be aware that this index is not complete for all counties.
Divorce

In 1940 and 1941, W.P.A. workers pinpointed the location of Hardin County divorce papers in diverse manuscript collections, see:

  • W.P.A. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey, 1941. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A3gp.
Death

For deaths of Methodists in Hardin County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Societies and Libraries

See also a List of Tennessee Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Hardin County Library
1365 Pickwick St
Savannah, TN 38372
731-925-4314
Hours:
Mon, Tues, Thurs 9 am - 8 pm
Wed 9 am - 12 pm, Fri 9 am - 5 pm
Sat 9 am - 1 pm
Genealogical Resources: Census Records, Birth, Marriage, and Death Records, Probate Records, Newspapers including The Savannah Courier, Deeds, Court Minutes, Tax Lists, etc.
Hardin County Historical Society
P.O. Box 1012
Savannah, TN 38372
West Tennessee Heritage Study Center
Paul Meek Library
University of Tennessee at Martin
731-881-7060
Hours vary by semester
The Heritage Study Center holds a variety of genealogical resources including materials relating to the following counties in Tennessee: Benton, Carroll, Chester, Crockett, Decatur, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Houston, Humphreys, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, McNairy, Obion, Perry, Shelby, Stewart, Tipton, Wayne, Weakley and Carlisle, Fulton, and Hickman counties in Kentucky.
West Tennessee Historical Society
P.O. Box 111046
Memphis, TN 38111
901-475-6608
efrank@memphis.edu


Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Hardin County, Tennessee

References

  1. "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hardin County, Tennessee page 640, At various libr40ries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 640. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  5. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  6. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).
  7. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 31 March 2014).
  8. *Waldrep, G.C. "'Free Colored' Heads of Household in the 1820 Tennessee Census," available online, courtesy: Free African Americans website.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d3/Igitennesseef.pdf.
  10. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 19 September 2012)
  11. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 22 August 2012)
  12. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.
  13. Gale Williams Bamman, C.G., "Research in Tennessee," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 2 (June 1993):105. FHL 973 B2ng v. 81