Indians of Michigan

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(links, cleanup and WorldCat)
Line 286: Line 286:
 
[[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency of]] Indian Affairs 1814-1851. {{FHL|589956|item|disp=FHL film 1604649 (first of 71 films) }}  
 
[[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency of]] Indian Affairs 1814-1851. {{FHL|589956|item|disp=FHL film 1604649 (first of 71 films) }}  
  
[[Northern Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Northern Superintendency]] 1851-1876. M1166 {{FHL|573492|item|disp=FHL film 1490921 (first of 35 films) }}
+
[[Northern Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Northern Superintendency]] 1851-1876. M1166 {{FHL|573492|item|disp=FHL film 1490921 (first of 35 films) }}  
  
Family History Library Catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Michigan++Native+races&prekeyword=Michigan++Native+races Michigan Native Races]
+
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1855-1868. by Raymond Clyde Lantz. {{FHL|619036|item|disp=FHL Book 970.3 Ot8L}}<br> [http://www.worldcat.org/title/ottawa-and-chippewa-indians-of-michigan-1855-1868-including-some-swan-creek-and-black-river-of-the-sac-and-fox-agency-for-the-years-1857-1858-and-1865/oclc/866284751 WorldCat]
 +
 
 +
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1870-1909. by Raymond Clyde Lantz. {{FHL|550582|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 L196o}}<br> [http://www.worldcat.org/title/ottawa-and-chippewa-indians-of-michigan-1870-1909/oclc/25502485 WorldCa]t
 +
 
 +
<br> Family History Library Catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Michigan++Native+races&prekeyword=Michigan++Native+races Michigan Native Races]
  
 
== Queries: Messages Boards &amp; Mailing Lists<br>  ==
 
== Queries: Messages Boards &amp; Mailing Lists<br>  ==

Revision as of 18:36, 7 July 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Michigan Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Michigan

The name Michigan come from a Chippewan Indian word "Michigana" meaning "great or large lake"

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Michigan

The following list of tribes and bands of American Indians who have lived in Michigan has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico...[1] and Swanton's Indian Tribes of North America[2].

Tribes:

Literature - http://www.indians.org/welker/chippewa.htm

http://www.tolatsga.org/ojib.html

http://nativeheritageproject.com/category/chippewa/

Histroy of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan  FHL Book 970.1 B562h

http://www.tolatsga.org/dela.html

http://www.tolatsga.org/hur.html

http://www.tolatsga.org/kick.html

http://www.dickshovel.com/men.html

http://www.dickshovel.com/mia.html

A starting point for doing Ottawa/Odawa Indian genealogy research - https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Ottawa_Indians

http://www.scottnicholson.com/scholastic/ottawa.html

http://www.native-languages.org/ottawa.htm

http://www.tolatsga.org/otta.html

History of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan.  FHL Book 970.1 B562h

Trail of Tears - http://www.potawatomi-tda.org/families.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctvBYTCQ-SE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRZJYhl4xd0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ex5s0lERkM

http://www.tolatsga.org/pota.html

http://www.dickshovel.com/win.html

Tribes Recognized by the State of Michigan

Burt Lake Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians,Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians, Gun Lake Village Band of Grand Lake Ottawa Indians, (Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians United Nations of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi), Swan Creek Black River Confederated Ojibwa Tribe, and Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan,


Bands:


Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Michigan has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Church Records

Families: Indian & Metis

ANCE / ANSE

ASSIGINACK

ASSINIWE

BAILLEY

BLACKBIRD

BOURASSA

CADOT(TE)

CHARBONNEAU

COWN / CANNE / COWAN

DUFAULT

ERMENTINGER

ESPIEW

FAGNANT & FONTAINE

(De)LANGLADE

LOUISIGNAN

LOZON

McSAWBY

PONTIAC

SABO / SABBOOE

Biographies

Blackbird, Andrew J.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Blackbird
http://www.enotes.com/andrew-blackbird-reference/andrew-blackbird
http://imp.lss.wisc.edu/~jrvalent/AIS/Assets/Pdfs/BookBlackbird.pdf
http://www.michmarkers.com/startup.asp?startpage=S0352.htm
http://msupress.msu.edu/bookTemplate.php?bookID=4340

  • Cobmoosa

https://www.msu.edu/user/johns116/Cub-Baa-Moo-Sa.html

  • Okemos

http://www.michmarkers.com/startup.asp?startpage=L2133.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Okemos

http://www.danbytwp.org/images/Chief_Okemos.pdf

http://www.bay-journal.com/bay/1he/writings/okemos-chief.html

http://chiefokemos.com.mytempweb.com/okemos_mems_mons.asp

http://chiefokemos.com.mytempweb.com/okemos_pics.asp

  • Pontiac

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_Pontiac

http://americanindianshistory.blogspot.com/2011/10/chief-pontiac-biography.html

http://nativeheritageproject.com/2012/05/24/chief-pontiac/

http://virtualology.com/automotivefounders/OTTAWACHIEFPONTIAC.COM/

http://www.danielnpaul.com/ChiefPontiac-Ottawa.html

http://www.genealogytrails.com/ill/natamer_pontiac.html

http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=1597

Pontiac and the Indian Uprising, by H.H. Peckham, 1947.

  • Waukazo(o)

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~waukazoo/

  • Wolfe, Payson

http://www.geni.com/people/Payson-Wolfe/6000000013269050769

http://www.historygrandrapids.org/photo/1248/payson-wolfe-civil-war-sharpsh

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Wolfe-220


Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Michigan has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Lists & Rolls

Maps

Military Engagements

  • Pontiac's Uprising

https://www.facebook.com/groups/109717099063919/517089421660016/

History of the Conspiracy of Pontiac - http://books.google.com/books?id=tDwTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR16&dq=conspiracy+of+pontiac&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hROdUabhLajo0gGhiIBY&ved=0CEgQ6AEwAg

Family History Library

Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1814-1851. FHL film 1604649 (first of 71 films)

Northern Superintendency 1851-1876. M1166 FHL film 1490921 (first of 35 films)

Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1855-1868. by Raymond Clyde Lantz. FHL Book 970.3 Ot8L
WorldCat

Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1870-1909. by Raymond Clyde Lantz. FHL book 970.1 L196o
WorldCat


Family History Library Catalog Michigan Native Races

Queries: Messages Boards & Mailing Lists

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map -Michigan – Indian Reservations- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[7], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[8], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

See Also

Michigan History -- for a calendar giving important dates pertaining to Indians

Michigan Military -- for a list of forts

http://www.hanksville.org/NAresources/

Metis -

Books -

  • Metis families: a genealogical compendium, (Gail Morin) [Primarily western
  • Canadian Plains families, but some have origins back in Michigan & Quebec], 2 vls.
  • The Wisconsin creoles, (Les Rentmeester)
  • The People who own themselves: aboriginal ethnogenesis in a Canadian family. 1660-1900 [Desjarlais family], (Heather Divine).
  • All our relations: Chippewa mixed bloods and the Treaty of 1837, (Theresa M. Schenck).

http://www.great-lakes.net/envt/flora-fauna/native.html


Treaties

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online..
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H551g
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H551g
  7. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  8. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • Clarke Historical Library, Native American Material. This library has a great deal of information about Native Americans, especially in Michigan.  Some of the material is available online. Be sure to use the list on the left side to find materials.
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Blackbird, Andrew J., History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians - http://books.google.com/books/about/History_of_the_Ottawa_and_Chippewa_India.html?id=bX8CAAAAYAAJ
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
Anishnawbe Genealogy Research – comp. by James P. LaLone, rev. Apr. 2013

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Bantin, Philip C. & Mark G. Thiel - Guide to Catholic Indian Mission and School Records in Midwest Repositories. (intro online - http://www.marquette.edu/library/archives/NativeGuide/Help/Preface-1984.pdf)
Baraga, Frederick - Chippewa Indians as Recorded by Rev. Frederick Baraga in 1847.
Baraga, Frederick – A Dictionary of the Otchipwe Language, Explained in English. (available through Google books)
Barce, Elmore – The Land of the Potawatomi (Google book).
Barr, Charles Butler - Guide to Sources of Indian Genealogy.
Bellfy, Phil – Three Fires Unity. The Anishnaabeg of the Lake Huron Borderlands.
Blackbird, Andrew J. - History of the Ottawa & Chippewa Indians of Michigan. (Google book)
Blair, Emma Helen - Indian Tribes of the Upper Mississippi Valley and Region of the Great Lakes. (Google book)
Buechner, Cecilia Bain – The Pokagons.
Bussey, M.T. comp., with legends by Simon Otto – Aube Na Bing: A Pictorial History of Michigan Indians
Carpenter, Cecelia Svinth - How to Research American Indian Blood Lines: A Manual on Indian Genealogical Research.
Chaput, Donald – Michigan Indians, A Way of Life Changes.
Cleveland, Charles E. - Rites of Conquest: the History & Culture of Michigan's Native Americans.
Clifton, James A. - The Pokagons, 1683-1983.
Copway, George - Traditional History & Characteristic Sketches of the Ojibway Nation.
Dawes, Charles E. – Dictionary English-Ottawa, Ottawa-English.
Diedrich, Mark – Ojibway Chiefs: Portraits of Anishinaabe Leadership.
Dinsmore, Dorothy Stott & Anne M. Hallock - Indian Dave's Travels: a Colorful Character.
Dowd, James – Built Like a Bear, Shabni (He Has Pawed Through).
Edmunds, R. David - Kinsmen Through Time: an Annotated Bibliography of Potawatomi History.
Edmunds, R. David - The Potawatomi, Keepers of the Fire.
Eklund, Coy – Chippewa (Ojibwa) Language Book.
Englebert, Robert & Guillaume Teasdale (eds.) – French and Indians in the Heart of North America. 1630-1815
Faux, David K. – Understanding Ontario First Nations Genealogical Records, Sources and Case Studies.
Genser, Wallace – “Habitants, Half-Breeds, and Homeless Children: Transformations in Metis and Yankee-Yorker Relations in Early Michigan”, in THE MICHIGAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, v.24, #1, Spring, 1978, pp.23-47.
Gilman, Carolyn, et al. – Where Two Worlds Meet: The Great Lakes Fur Trade.
Gruett, Phillip - Indian Family History (1868). Unpublished mss. (now online)
Hale, Duane Kendall - Researching & Writing Tribal Histories.
Hele, Karl S., editor, - Lines Drawn Upon the Water: First Nations and the Great Lakes Borders and Borderlands.
Hickson, Harold – The Chippewa and Their Neighbors. A Study in Ethnohistory. (revised edition)
Hill, Edward E. - Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians.
Hill, Edward E. - Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Howe, Frances R. (edited by James Dowd) – Story of a French Holmstead in the Old Northwest
Hulst, Cornelia Steketee – Indian Sketches, Pere Marquette and the Last of the Pottawatomie Chiefs.
Ilko, John A. – An Annotated Listing of Ojibwa Chiefs.
Johnson, Steven L. - Guide to American Indian Documents in the Congressional Serial Set, 1817-1899.
Johnston, Basil H. - Anishinaubae Thesaurus.
Jones, Peter - History of the Ojebway Indians.
Karamanski, Theodore J. – Blackbird’s Song. Andrew J. Blackbird and the Odawa People
Kelton, Dwight H. – Indian Names of Places Near the Great Lakes. (Google books)
Kinietz, Vernon – Chippewa Village, The Story of Katikitegon.
Kinietz, Vernon - The Indians of the Western Great Lakes, 1615-1760.
Kirkham, E. Kay - Our Native Americans and Their Records of Genealogical Value, 2 vls.
Kohl, Johann Georg - Kitchi-Gami: Life Among the Lake Superior Ojibway
Kubiak, William J. – Great Lakes Indians, a Pictorial Guide.
Lantz, Raymond C. - Ottawa & Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1870-1909.
“ - Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1855-1868.
“ - Potawatomi Indians of Michigan, 1843 – 1904.
Matson, N. – Memories of Shaubena, With Incidents Relating to the Early Settlement of the West. (Google book)
McClurken, James M. – Our People, Our Journey: The Little River Band of Ottawa Indians.
McDonald, Daniel – Removal of the Pottawattomie Indians from Northern Indiana.
Minnesota Historical Society - Chippewa & Dakota Indians: a Subject Catalog of Books, Pamphlets, Periodical Articles & Manuscripts in the Minnesota Historical Society.
Murdock, George P. & Timothy O'Leary - Ethnographic Bibliography of North America, 5 vols.
Murphy, Lucy Eldersveld – A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Metis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832.
National Archives & Record Service - Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, see Chap. 11, p. 157, "Records of American Indians".
National Archives Trust Fund - American Indians: a Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications.
Neal, Henry S., et al. – Half-Breed Script. Chippewas of Lake Superior. (Google book)
Nichols, John D. & Earl Nyholm – A Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe.
O’Meara, F. – Report of a Mission to the Otahwahs and Ojibwas on Lake Huron. (Google book)
Peacock, Thomas & Marlene Wisun – Ojibwe Waasa Inaabidaa, We Look in All Directions.
Peers, Laura, - The Ojibwa of Western Canada, 1780-1870.
Rafert, Stewart - "American-Indian Genealogical Research in the Midwest: Resources and Perspectives" in the NATIONAL GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY, v.76 #3, Sept. 1988, pp.212-224.
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. & Pat – The Woodland Indians of the Western Great Lakes.
Rhodes, Richard A. – Eastern Ojibwa-Chippewa-Ottawa Dictionary.
Ruoff, A. LaVonne Brown & Donald B. Smith, editors – Life, Letters & Speeches; George Copway (Kahgegagahbowh).
Schenck, Theresa M. – All Our Relations. Chippewa Mixed Bloods and the Treaty of 1837.
“ “ “ - William W. Warren, The Life, Letters, and Times of an Ojibwe Leader.
Schmalz, Peter S. – The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario.
Schmalz, Peter S. – “The Roll of the Ojibwa in the Conquest of Southern Ontario, 1650-1751”, in ONTARIO HISTORY, v. 76, #4, Dec. 1984, pp.326-52.
Sleeper-Smith, Susan – Indian Women and French Men: Rethinking Cultural Encounter in the Western Great Lakes.
Smith, Donald B. - Sacred Feathers: the Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) & the Mississauga Indians.
Soetebier, Virginia M. – Woman of the Green Glade. The Story of an Ojibway Woman on the Great Lakes Frontier.
Swierenga, Robert P. & William VanAppledorn – Old Wing Mission.
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck - Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History .
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck - The Ojibwas: a Critical Bibliography.
US Government - LETTERS RECEIVED, 1824-1881(microfilm publication M234).
US Government - REGISTERS OF LETTERS, (film M18).
Vogel, Virgil J. - Indian Names in Michigan.
Warren, Paula Stuart – “Native Sons and Daughters” in FAMILY TREE MAGAZINE, April 2004, v.5, #2, pp.38-43.
Warren, William W. - History of the Ojibway People (aka - History of the Ojibway Nation).
Weeks, George – Mem-ka-weh. Dawning of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians.
White, Richard - The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires & Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815.
Widder, Keith Robert – Battle for the Soul: Métis Children Encounter Evangelical Protestants at Mackinac Mission, 1823-1837.
Willard, Shirley & Susan Campbell – Potawatomi Trail of Death – 1838 Removal from Indiana to Kansas

Webpages