Indians of Pennsylvania

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (a few alternate names added)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Indians_of_Pennsylvania'' [[Image:Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg|frame|right|235x235px]]  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Indians_of_Pennsylvania'' [[Image:Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg|frame|right|235x235px|Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg]]  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania  ==
  
[[Image:Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg|frame|right|250x310px]]  
+
[[Image:Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg|frame|right|250x310px|Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg]]  
  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
*[[Delaware Indians|Delaware]]  
+
*[[Delaware Indians|Delaware]] (Lenni Lenape)
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/erie-tribe.htm Erie]
+
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/erie-tribe.htm Erie]  
*Honneasont
+
*Honniasont
*[[Iroquois Confederacy|Iroquois]]  
+
*[[Iroquois Confederacy|Iroquois]] (Iroquois of mixed ancestry were called Mingo)
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/saluda-tribe.htm Saluda]
+
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/saluda-tribe.htm Saluda]  
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/search/?q=Sponi+tribe Saponi]
+
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/search/?q=Sponi+tribe Saponi]  
 
*[[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]  
 
*[[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]  
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/susquehanna-tribe.htm Susquehanna]
+
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/susquehanna-tribe.htm Susquehannock (Andaste)]  
 
*[[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]]  
 
*[[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]]  
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tutelo-tribe.htm Tutelo]
+
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tutelo-tribe.htm Tutelo]  
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wenrohronon-tribe.htm Wenrohronon]
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wenrohronon-tribe.htm Wenrohronon]
  
Iroquois League: Oneida, [[Onondaga Indians|Onondaga]], [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]], [[Cayuga Indians|Cayuga]], [[Mohawk Indians|Mohawk]] ([[Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Five Nations]]) and [[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]] ([[Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Six Nations]])  
+
Iroquois League: Oneida, [[Onondaga Indians|Onondaga]], [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]], [[Cayuga Indians|Cayuga]], [[Mohawk Indians|Mohawk]] ([[Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Five Nations]]) plus [[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]] ([[Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Six Nations]])  
  
 
*A good history is Michael N. McConnell, ''A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; {{FHL|598071|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 M134}}.  
 
*A good history is Michael N. McConnell, ''A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; {{FHL|598071|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 M134}}.  
Line 28: Line 28:
 
=== Indian Schools  ===
 
=== Indian Schools  ===
  
[[Image:Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg|frame|right|250x310px]] The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
+
[[Image:Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg|frame|right|250x310px|Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg]] The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
Line 70: Line 70:
  
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 +
<script type="text/javascript" id="ncoEventScript">function DOMContentLoaded(browserID, tabId, isTop, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) { object.DOMContentLoaded(browserID, tabId, isTop, url);} }; function Nav(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, isBool, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.Nav(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, isBool, url); }; function NavigateComplete(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.NavigateComplete(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, url); } function Submit(browserID, tabID, target, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.Submit(browserID, tabID, target, url); }; </script>

Revision as of 19:52, 23 March 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Pennsylvania Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Pennsylvania
Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania

Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Iroquois League: Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Cayuga, Mohawk (Five Nations) plus Tuscarora (Six Nations)

  • A good history is Michael N. McConnell, A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774 (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; FHL book 970.1 M134.
  • See also Paul A. W. Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, PA: Historical and Museum Commission, 1970; not at Family History Library).

Records

Indian Schools

Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Conflicts

  • "List of Pennsylvania Settlers Murdered, Scalped, and Taken Prisoners by Indians, 1755-1756," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 32 (1908):309-319. For free online access, see WeRelate.

Family History Library

Records of American Indians are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under PENNSYLVANIA - NATIVE RACES and in the Subject Search under the name of the tribe or language group. The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o.
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H551g.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Available online.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.



<script type="text/javascript" id="ncoEventScript">function DOMContentLoaded(browserID, tabId, isTop, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) { object.DOMContentLoaded(browserID, tabId, isTop, url);} }; function Nav(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, isBool, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.Nav(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, isBool, url); }; function NavigateComplete(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.NavigateComplete(BrowserID, TabID, isTop, url); } function Submit(browserID, tabID, target, url) { var object = document.getElementById("cosymantecnisbfw"); if(null != object) object.Submit(browserID, tabID, target, url); }; </script>