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United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Jefferson County

Guide to Jefferson County Illinois genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
Hand and keyboard.jpg Illinois
Online Records
Jefferson County, Illinois
Map
Boundary map of Jefferson County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Facts
Founded: March 26, 1819
County Seat Mt. Vernon
Courthouse
IL-jefferson-courthouse.jpg
Address Jefferson County Courthouse
100 S. 10th Street
Mt. Vernon, IL 62864
618-244-8020
Jefferson County Website

Contents

Jefferson County Organization

Jefferson County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Jefferson County Records

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1878
1819
1877
1820
1816
1820


County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Jefferson County are kept, see the Jefferson County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Jefferson-thomas.jpg

Jefferson County is named for Thomas Jefferson who was the author of the Declaration of Independence and also the third president of the United States.

Parent County

  • 1819--Jefferson County was created 26 March 1819 from Edwards and White Counties.

County seat: Mount Vernon [1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Records Loss

For a list of record loss in Illinois counties see: Illinois Counties with Burned Courthouses

Places / Localities

To see a list of places in Jefferson County, click on [Show], in the bar above. The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Records and Resources

Biography

Cemeteries

One of the best places to start Jefferson County cemetery searches is at the Jefferson County Illinois Cemeteries page (available online, courtesy: ILGenWeb). Information, photographs, and transcripts from more than 100 cemeteries may be found on this site.

The Illinois Cemeteries page provides general explanations of the following online Jefferson County resources:

Bibliography Online Gravestone Transcriptions Cemetery Gazetteers
FHLC Find A Grave | national search | county list ePodunk
WorldCat USGenWeb Tombstone Transcription Project Cemetery Location Project
Illinois Cemeteries
Interment.net
Jefferson Co. Cemeteries Genealogytrails.com
Illinois Ancestor Tombstone Project
Jefferson Co. Cemeteries Rootsweb.com


Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
190028,133
191029,1113.5%
192028,480−2.2%
193031,0349.0%
194034,37510.8%
195035,8924.4%
196032,315−10.0%
197031,446−2.7%
198036,55216.2%
199037,0201.3%
200040,0458.2%
IL Counties 1900-1990
For tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Jefferson County on page 187.]

Church Records

Abstracts

Copies of Original records

Catholic

FamilySearch has made parish records from two Belleville Diocese Catholic churches in Jefferson County available online (free registration is required). The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:

Court Records

Jefferson County Courthouse
100 South 10th St.
Mt. Vernon, IL
Phone: (618) 244-8020

The following copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library:

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy

Land and Property

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Jefferson County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

Copies of Original Records

Online Resources

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Civil War

Civil War service men from Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Jefferson County.

- 18th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 44th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 60th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies C, D, G, and I.
- 70th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company E.
- 110th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B and G.

Naturalization

Newspapers and Obituaries

Probate Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Jefferson County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the SIU IRAD Wiki page.

Abstracts

Repositories

See also a List of Illinois Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Jefferson County are kept, see the Jefferson County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Introduction to LDS Family History Centers

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Southern Illinois University houses the records for Jefferson County.

Public Libraries

Social Groups Online

Societies

Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois has a page with details about its' activities.

Jefferson County Historical Society
1411 N 27th St.
Mt. Vernon, IL 62864
Phone: (618) 246-0033
E-mail: jchsvip@mvn.net

Jefferson County Genealogical Society
c/o C.E. Brehm Memorial Library
101 S. 7th Street
Mt. Vernon, IL 62864

Taxation

Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois. See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online.


Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Jefferson County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health. with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Jefferson County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

Births

Marriages

There are several marriage collections at ILGenWeb.

Deaths

Web Sites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 195. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.

 

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