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{{stub}} 
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To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]
  
See also the official federally-recognized name -- [[Kalispel_Indian_Community|Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation, Washington]].
+
''[[Indians of Montana|Indians of Montana]] &gt; Kalispel Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Washington|Indians of Washington]] &gt; Kalispel Indians''
  
== History  ==
+
'''Alternate Names:''' Pend d'Oreille, [[Kalispel Indian Community|Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation, Washington]] (the official federally-recognized name)<br>
  
==== Brief Timeline  ====
+
{{infobox ethnic group
 +
|group = Kalispel
 +
|image = [[Image:Kalispel (also known as Pend'd Oreilles) home of the Kalispel.jpg |232x231px]]
 +
|poptime =  
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<table style="background: none; width: 100%;" rules="rows">
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1990</td>
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<td style="text-align: right;">210</td><td style="width: 2px;">{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1905</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">837</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1805</td>
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<td style="text-align: right;">abt. 1,600</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1780</td>
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<td style="text-align: right;">abt. 1,200</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<small></small>
 +
|popplace = '''Ancestral Homelands''': Northwestern Montana and northeastern Washington<br>
 +
'''Descendants''':<br>
 +
[[Kalispel Indian Reservation (Washington)|Kalispel Reservation]] in Washington and the [[Flathead Indian Reservation (Montana)|Flathead Reservation]] in Montana.
 +
|status = Federally recognized
 +
|linguistic = Salishian
 +
|cultural = not yet researched
 +
|related-c = Flathead, Pend d'Oreilles,
 +
}}
  
==== Brief History ====
+
=== Tribal Headquarters ===
  
==== Reservations  ====
+
Kalispel Tribal Headquarters<br>P.O. Box 39<br>Usk, WA 99180<br>Phone: 1-509-445-1147<br>Fax: 1-509-445-1705
  
This tribe is primarily associated with the [[Kalispel Indian Reservation (Washington)|Kalispel Reservation]] in Washington.  
+
*Official web site of the [http://www.kalispeltribe.com/ Kalispel Tribe]
 +
 
 +
=== History  ===
 +
 
 +
'''Tribal Groups:''' The Upper Kalispel, Lower Kalispel and Chewelah (who live west of the Chewelah Mountains in Upper Colville Valley) are collectively known as [[Pend d'Oreille Indians|Pend d'Oreille ]]Indians.
 +
 
 +
The Kalispel Tribe acquired horses early, from the Spanish or other tribes.
 +
 
 +
For over twenty years 1760-1780 the Kalispel Indians were in conflict with the [[Blackfeet Indians|Blackfeet]], Apsaroke, and [[Sioux Indians|Sioux]] tribes. Their raids for horses against the [[Nez Perce Indians|Nez Perce and]] [[Yakama Indians|Yakima]] increased the conflict. They sought allies with the Spokan Tribe during this time.
 +
 
 +
The Jesuits established a mission among the tribe in 1841.
 +
 
 +
In 1855 the tribe ceded land and moved to Jocko Reservation in Montana Territory. Later the tribe was assigned to Kalispel Reservation in Washington.  
 +
 
 +
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 +
 
 +
*'''1730:''' acquired horses
 +
*'''1760-1781:''' conflict with the Blackfeet, Apsaroke and Sioux - allies with the Spokan Tribe
 +
*raids for horses - Nez Perce and Yakima
 +
*'''1841:''' Jesuits establish a mission
 +
*'''1855-1856:''' Yakima War
 +
*'''1855:''' July 16, Treaty
 +
*'''1858:''' Coeur d'Alene War
 +
*'''1872:''' reservation established for the Coeur d'Alene, Kalispel
 +
*'''1880:''' encroachments of non-Indians
 +
*'''1884:''' Chief Victor sought compensation of lost land and a separate reservation for the Lower Kalispel
 +
*'''1895:''' Indian Commissioner ordered Kalispel lands surveyed
 +
*'''1914:''' Kalispel Reservation was established
  
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
  
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribehistory3.htm#Kalispel Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Kalispel tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
+
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribehistory3.htm#Kalispel Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Kalispel tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.  
  
== Tribal Headquarters ==
+
=== Records ===
  
Kalispel Tribal Headquarters<br>P.O. Box 39<br>Usk, WA 99180<br>Phone: (509) 445-1147<br>Fax: (509) 445-1705
+
==== Agencies: ====
  
== Records  ==
+
The following [[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs]] had jurisdiction over the Kalispel for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
*[[Spokane Indian Agency (Washington)|Spokane Agency]],<br>
 +
*[[Flathead Indian Agency (Montana)|Flathead Agency]], -1905
 +
*[[Colville Indian Agency (Washington)|Colville Agency]], 1885-1916<br>
 +
*[[Coeur d'Alene Indian Agency (Idaho)|Coeur d'Alene Agency]], 1906-1937<br>
 +
*[[Northern Idaho Indian Agency (Idaho)|Northern Idaho Agency]], 1938-<br>
 +
 
 +
==== Census Records  ====
 +
 
 +
The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here]].
 +
 
 +
The following table lists the census rolls for the Kalispel Indians:
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
! scope="col" | Tribe
 +
! scope="col" | Agency
 +
! scope="col" | Location of Original Records
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Post -1885 Census
 +
 
 +
M 595 RG 75 -- 692 Rolls
 +
 
 +
Roll Number
 +
 
 +
! scope="col" | FHL Film Number
 +
|-
 +
| Pend d'Oreille (Kalispel)
 +
|
 +
Flathead Agency,1886-1905
 +
 
 +
| Washington, DC
 +
| 703-713
 +
| {{FHL|Films: 575799-575470}}
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
==== Enrollment Records  ====
 +
 
 +
In 1905, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs assigned Special Agent Thomas Downs to investigate the enrollment of the Indians of the Flathead Reservation. The National Archives has microfilmed the resulting documents as their Microcopy M1350, consisting of 3 rolls of microfilm. These records are available at the National Archives and their Regional Archives, and at other research institutions, including the {{FHL|573254|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} in Salt Lake City. The records include census rolls for 1903, 1905, and 1908, as well as applications for enrollment and Agent Downs' field notes. It includes members of all tribes then living on the Flathead Reservation, including the Flathead, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreille, Kalispel, and Spokane tribes.
 +
 
 +
==== Treaties  ====
 +
 
 +
During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, [[American Indian Treaties with the United States|click here]].
 +
 
 +
Treaties to which the Kalispel Indians were a part were:
 +
 
 +
*1855 October 17, with the Blackfeet
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*1855 July 16, at Hell Gate, with the Flatheads, Etc.,
 +
 
 +
==== Tribal Office Records  ====
 +
 
 +
The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.
 +
 
 +
==== Vital Records  ====
 +
 
 +
Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record]] of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "[[American Indian Census Rolls|Indian Census Rolls]]." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
 +
 
 +
Some vital records for the Kalispel Indians include:
 +
 
 +
*Flathead Agency, M595, births and deaths and some marriages 1924-1934, {{FHL|Film: 576469}} and 1927-1937, {{FHL|Film: 576470}} and 1938-1939, {{FHL|Film: 576471}} <br>
 +
 
 +
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
 
*[http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/kalchrtr.html Corporate Charter of the Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation Washington]  
 
*[http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/kalchrtr.html Corporate Charter of the Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation Washington]  
Line 29: Line 149:
 
*Pend d'Oreilles Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pend_d'Oreilles_(tribe) Wikipedia]
 
*Pend d'Oreilles Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pend_d'Oreilles_(tribe) Wikipedia]
  
== References  ==
+
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
==== Bibliography  ====
+
=== Bibliography ===
 +
 
 +
==== Kalispel  ====
 +
 
 +
==== General ====
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
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:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.  
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.  
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
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:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.  
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
+
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]  
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
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:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.  
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
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:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.  
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
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:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
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:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.  
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
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:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.  
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
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:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
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:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
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:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
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*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
+
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]] [[Category:Idaho_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Washington_Indian_Tribes]]
+
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Idaho_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Washington_Indian_Tribes]]

Latest revision as of 04:22, 7 May 2012

To get started in American Indian Research

Indians of Montana > Kalispel Indians
Indians of Washington > Kalispel Indians

Alternate Names: Pend d'Oreille, Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation, Washington (the official federally-recognized name)

Kalispel
Kalispel (also known as Pend'd Oreilles) home of the Kalispel.jpg
Population
1990 210 
1905 837 
1805 abt. 1,600 
1780 abt. 1,200 

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands: Northwestern Montana and northeastern Washington

Descendants:
Kalispel Reservation in Washington and the Flathead Reservation in Montana.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

Salishian

Cultural Group

not yet researched

Other Related Ethnic Groups

Flathead, Pend d'Oreilles,

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Kalispel Tribal Headquarters
P.O. Box 39
Usk, WA 99180
Phone: 1-509-445-1147
Fax: 1-509-445-1705

History

Tribal Groups: The Upper Kalispel, Lower Kalispel and Chewelah (who live west of the Chewelah Mountains in Upper Colville Valley) are collectively known as Pend d'Oreille Indians.

The Kalispel Tribe acquired horses early, from the Spanish or other tribes.

For over twenty years 1760-1780 the Kalispel Indians were in conflict with the Blackfeet, Apsaroke, and Sioux tribes. Their raids for horses against the Nez Perce and Yakima increased the conflict. They sought allies with the Spokan Tribe during this time.

The Jesuits established a mission among the tribe in 1841.

In 1855 the tribe ceded land and moved to Jocko Reservation in Montana Territory. Later the tribe was assigned to Kalispel Reservation in Washington.

Brief Timeline

  • 1730: acquired horses
  • 1760-1781: conflict with the Blackfeet, Apsaroke and Sioux - allies with the Spokan Tribe
  • raids for horses - Nez Perce and Yakima
  • 1841: Jesuits establish a mission
  • 1855-1856: Yakima War
  • 1855: July 16, Treaty
  • 1858: Coeur d'Alene War
  • 1872: reservation established for the Coeur d'Alene, Kalispel
  • 1880: encroachments of non-Indians
  • 1884: Chief Victor sought compensation of lost land and a separate reservation for the Lower Kalispel
  • 1895: Indian Commissioner ordered Kalispel lands surveyed
  • 1914: Kalispel Reservation was established

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Kalispel tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Records

Agencies:

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Kalispel for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

Census Records

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, click here.

The following table lists the census rolls for the Kalispel Indians:

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post -1885 Census

M 595 RG 75 -- 692 Rolls

Roll Number

FHL Film Number
Pend d'Oreille (Kalispel)

Flathead Agency,1886-1905

Washington, DC 703-713 FHL Films: 575799-575470


Enrollment Records

In 1905, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs assigned Special Agent Thomas Downs to investigate the enrollment of the Indians of the Flathead Reservation. The National Archives has microfilmed the resulting documents as their Microcopy M1350, consisting of 3 rolls of microfilm. These records are available at the National Archives and their Regional Archives, and at other research institutions, including the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. The records include census rolls for 1903, 1905, and 1908, as well as applications for enrollment and Agent Downs' field notes. It includes members of all tribes then living on the Flathead Reservation, including the Flathead, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreille, Kalispel, and Spokane tribes.

Treaties

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Kalispel Indians were a part were:

  • 1855 October 17, with the Blackfeet
  • 1855 July 16, at Hell Gate, with the Flatheads, Etc.,

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the Kalispel Indians include:

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

Kalispel

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 7 May 2012, at 04:22.
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