Kansas Military RecordsEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(FHLC call numbers and links)
m
 
(37 intermediate revisions by 14 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Portal:United States Military Records|Portal:United States Military Records]]>[[Kansas|Kansas]]  
+
[[Image:444px-Battle of Lawrence.png|thumb|right|320x210px|444px-Battle of Lawrence.png]]  
  
The [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military Records]] Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kansas|Kansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kansas_Military_Records|Military Records]]''
  
Many military records are found at the Family History Library and the National Archives and other federal and state archives. The [[United States|United States]] Wiki article provides more information regarding these records.  
+
Many military records are found at the Family History Library and the National Archives and other federal and state archives. The [[United States Military Records|United States Wiki article]] provides more information regarding these records.  
  
 
The [http://www.kshs.org/genealogists/military/index.htm Kansas Historical Society] has a detailed description of its military records.  
 
The [http://www.kshs.org/genealogists/military/index.htm Kansas Historical Society] has a detailed description of its military records.  
Line 9: Line 9:
 
'''[[Kansas Soldiers|DEATH AND BURIAL RECORDS-SOLDIERS]]'''  
 
'''[[Kansas Soldiers|DEATH AND BURIAL RECORDS-SOLDIERS]]'''  
  
== Forts  ==
+
=== Forts  ===
  
There were many forts established for specific purposes on the frontier. Some existed for only a few years. Some were official U.S. military posts. Some were never used as military garrisons. As a result, some had official military records, but many did not. Those listed below are only some of the known forts that existed in what is now the state of Kansas. ([http://www.vlib.us/old_west/forts.html read more]...)
+
There were many forts established for specific purposes on the frontier. Some existed for only a few years. Some were official U.S. military posts. Some were never used as military garrisons. As a result, some had official military records, but many did not.  Two websites that contain information about Kansas forts are:  
  
*Fort Abercrombie -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1877, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
+
*[http://www.vlib.us/old_west/forts.html Kansas Forts]: Western U.S. Army Forts
 +
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-forts.html Kansas Legands]: Kansas Forts of the Old West<br>
 +
*[http://www.vlib.us/old_west/forts1865.html Kansas Forts During the Civil War] - article by William C. Pollard, Jr. in the [http://www.kansashistory.us/ Kansas History] website<br>
 +
*[http://www.kshs.org/kansapedia/frontier-forts/14568 Frontier Forts]: part of Kansas Historical Society's Kansapedia. A [http://www.kshs.org/p/frontier-forts-bibliography/13571 bibliography] for selected forts:
 +
 
 +
Those listed below are only some of the known forts that existed in what is now the state of Kansas. <br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Abercrombie Fort Abercrombie] -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1877, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Atkinson_(Nebraska) Fort Atkinson] -- Sometimes mentioned in connection with Kansas, Fort Atkinson was actually located in [[Nebraska Military Records|Nebraska]].  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Atkinson_(Nebraska) Fort Atkinson] -- Sometimes mentioned in connection with Kansas, Fort Atkinson was actually located in [[Nebraska Military Records|Nebraska]].  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Blair_(Fort_Scott) Fort Blair] -- The official name of a Civil War fort existing from about 1862 to 1865, more commonly known as Fort Baxter. It was located near the present town of Baxter Springs.<br>
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Baxter_%28Kansas%29 Fort Baxter] -- A small US Army post located in the southeast corner of Kansas near present-day Baxter Springs, Kansas, an area that was known as the Cherokee Strip. It was also knowb as Fort Blair<br>
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-forts3.html Fort Cavagnolle] -- 1744-1760
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Blair_(Fort_Scott) Fort Blair] -- The official name of a Civil War fort existing from about 1862 to 1865, more commonly known as Fort Baxter. It was located near the present town of Baxter Springs.<br>  
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-fortdodge.html Fort Dodge] -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). These records have also been microfilmed on 25 rolls as National Archives Microcopy M989.
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_de_Cavagnal Fort Cavagnolle] -- 1744-176, also known as Fort Cavagnolle or Post of the Missouri or Fort de la Trinité placed somewhere between Kansas City, Missouri, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.<br>
Available through the Family History Library {{FHL|Film: 1694850}} (first film of 25)  
+
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-fortdodge.html Fort Dodge] -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). These records have also been microfilmed on 25 rolls as National Archives Microcopy M989.Available through the Family History Library {{FHL|Film: 1694850}} (first film of 25)  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Hays Fort Fletcher ]-- the original name of Fort Hays. Records of Fort Hays, Kansas (Army Post), 1866-1889. T 713. 22 rolls. {FHL|Film: 1695711}} (first film of 22)
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Hays Fort Fletcher ]-- the original name of Fort Hays. Records of Fort Hays, Kansas (Army Post), 1866-1889. T 713. 22 rolls. {{FHL|title number|479071|item|disp=FHL film 1695711 (first film of 22)}}
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Harker_(Kansas) Fort Harker ]1866 -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1873, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Harker_(Kansas) Fort Harker ]1866 -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1873, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Hays Fort Hays] -- Established in 1865 as Fort Fletcher, it was closed for a few months in 1866 and then reopened later that year and renamed [http://www.kshs.org/places/forthays/history.htm Fort Hays]. It was abandoned in 1889. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1878, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Hays Fort Hays] -- Established in 1865 as Fort Fletcher, it was closed for a few months in 1866 and then reopened later that year and renamed [http://www.kshs.org/places/forthays/history.htm Fort Hays]. It was abandoned in 1889. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1878, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Kearny Fort Kearny] -- Although near the Kansas-Nebraska border, this fort was actually located in Nebraska.<br>
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Kearny Fort Kearny] -- Although near the Kansas-Nebraska border, this fort was actually located in Nebraska.<br>  
 
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-fortlarned.html Fort Larned] 1859 -- Textual records of this fort, 1848-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ks-fortlarned.html Fort Larned] 1859 -- Textual records of this fort, 1848-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth] -- Originally established as Cantonment Leavenworth in 1827 near the site of the 18th Century French Fort de Cavagnal. It was renamed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth] in 1832. It is still an active military post. Textual records of this fort, 1856-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The fort is also the site of [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEM/cems/nchp/ftleavenworth.asp#hi Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery].  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth] -- Originally established as Cantonment Leavenworth in 1827 near the site of the 18th Century French Fort de Cavagnal. It was renamed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth] in 1832. It is still an active military post. Textual records of this fort, 1856-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The fort is also the site of [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEM/cems/nchp/ftleavenworth.asp#hi Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery].  
Line 28: Line 35:
 
*Fort Lyon -- Sometimes associated with the state of Kansas, Fort Lyon was actually located in [[Colorado Military Records|Colorado]].  
 
*Fort Lyon -- Sometimes associated with the state of Kansas, Fort Lyon was actually located in [[Colorado Military Records|Colorado]].  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_McKean Fort McKean] -- Civil War Fort  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_McKean Fort McKean] -- Civil War Fort  
*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-mann-ra-white.html Fort Mann] -- Established as a non-military fort principally to protect teamsters and provide a place for the repair of their wagons and replacement of animals. It was in use for only a few years in the late 1840s. It was abandoned when Fort Atkinson was built.<br>
+
*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-mann-ra-white.html Fort Mann] -- Established as a non-military fort principally to protect teamsters and provide a place for the repair of their wagons and replacement of animals. It was in use for only a few years in the late 1840s. It was abandoned when Fort Atkinson was built.<br>  
*Fort Marion -- Fort Marion was located at St. Augustine, Florida. It occupies a place in the military history of Kansas because Indian leaders from Kansas and other states were sent to Fort Marion as punishment for their involvement in murders and other military actions against settlers and military troops. For the names of Indians sent to Fort Marion, [http://www.drbronsontours.com/bronsonplainindiannames.html read more]...  
+
*[http://fcit.usf.edu/Florida/docs/s/sanmarcos.htm Fort Marion] -- Fort Marion was located at St. Augustine, Florida. It occupies a place in the military history of Kansas because Indian leaders from Kansas and other states were sent to Fort Marion as punishment for their involvement in murders and other military actions against settlers and military troops. For the names of Indians sent to Fort Marion, [http://www.drbronsontours.com/bronsonplainindiannames.html read more]...  
*[http://www.vlib.us/old_west/forts1865.html Fort Montgomery] -- Civil War Fort
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Montgomery_%28Eureka%29 Fort Montgomery] -- Civil War Fortin Eureka, Kansas.<br>
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Riley Fort Riley] -- Established by a group of surveyors early in the year 1853, it was initally called Camp Center. In June of that year, it was renamed Fort Riley and has continued under that name to the present day. Textual records of this fort, 1859, 1864-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Riley Fort Riley] -- Established by a group of surveyors early in the year 1853, it was initally called Camp Center. In June of that year, it was renamed Fort Riley and has continued under that name to the present day. Textual records of this fort, 1859, 1864-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Scott_National_Historic_Site Fort Scott] -- Fort Scott was an active Army post from 1842-1854, 1861-1865, and 1870-1873. It is now a National Historic Site. Textual records of this fort, 1862-1865, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The records of Fort Scott, 1869-1873, have been microfilmed and form National Archives Microcopy M1077, 2 rolls.  
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Scott_National_Historic_Site Fort Scott] -- Fort Scott was an active Army post from 1842-1854, 1861-1865, and 1870-1873. It is now a National Historic Site. Textual records of this fort, 1862-1865, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The records of Fort Scott, 1869-1873, have been microfilmed and form National Archives Microcopy M1077, 2 rolls. Availiable through the Family History Library {{FHL|title number 479385|item|disp= FHL film 1695673 (first film of 2)}}
 
*Solon's Fort  
 
*Solon's Fort  
*[[Fort Wallace|Fort Wallace]] -- Textual records of this fort, 1866-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
+
*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-wallace.html Fort Wallace] -- Textual records of this fort, 1866-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-zarah-kansas.html Fort Zarah] -- Fort Zarah was established in 1864 at a site about 2 miles east of present-day Great Bend, Kansas and was originally named Camp Dunlap. It was moved about one-half mile upstream in 1866 and was abandoned in 1869. Textual records of this fort, 1864-1869, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
 
*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/research/fort-zarah-kansas.html Fort Zarah] -- Fort Zarah was established in 1864 at a site about 2 miles east of present-day Great Bend, Kansas and was originally named Camp Dunlap. It was moved about one-half mile upstream in 1866 and was abandoned in 1869. Textual records of this fort, 1864-1869, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  
 
'''References'''  
 
'''References'''  
  
A paper was presented by William C. Pollard, Jr. at the Fourteenth Annual Mid-American Conference on History in 1992 about [http://www.vlib.us/old_west/forts1865.html Kansas Forts During the Civil War]. It lists many of the above forts and others, as well.  
+
''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890'' . By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana. C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7
  
[http://www.kshs.org/places/forts/ Kansas Frontier Forts], a web site maintained by the Kansas State Historical Society.
+
=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
  
''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana. C. 2003 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0878424687|ISBN 0-87842-468-7]]<br>
+
The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>  
  
== '''Civil War (1861-1865)'''  ==
+
*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Kansas, see:
+
:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
  
'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
+
*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].<br>
  
'''Volunteer Regiments -&nbsp;'''An index to the enlistment papers of Kansas Volunteer Regiments, 1861-1865, which are housed in the Kansas State Archives is on the [http://www.lineages.com/InfoCenter/Databases/KSEnlistments.cfm Lineages, Inc]. website (free search). The enlistment papers may contain the following information on a soldier:
+
Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]]. <br>
  
*Name
+
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
*Date
+
*Place of birth,
+
*Date and place enlisted
+
*Date and place mustered into service
+
*Physical description
+
*Signature
+
*Occasionally a medical report.
+
  
'''Civil War Regimental Lists.''' See a [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Kansas_in_the_Civil_War list of regiments] and links to their histories.&nbsp;
+
[[Image:{{Battle of Lawrence, Kansas}}]]See [[Kansas in the Civil War|Kansas in the Civil War]] for information about Kansas Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Kansas regiments involved in the Civil War.  
  
<br>
+
The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
  
== '''World War I'''  ==
+
The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''Kansas, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. {{FHL|746978|title-id|disp=(On Family History Library films beginning with 1643420.)}}
+
=== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s) ===
  
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.  
+
The [http://www.kshs.org/p/19th-kansas-cavalry-enlistment-papers-at-kshs/11171 19th Kansas Cavalry Enlistment Papers] at the [http://www.kshs.org Kansas Historical Society's website] is an index to the enlistment papers of the 19th Kansas Cavalry during the 1868-1869 Indian campaigns.  
  
Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:
+
=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ===
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives. {{FHL|378717|title-id|disp=(Family History Library film 1498803)}}<br><!--{12089852414720} -->
+
The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.  
  
[http://www.kshs.org/genealogists/military/index.htm Kansas Historical Society] has an online index to their "state bonus," or "bounty claims,"&nbsp;records for World War I veterans, their widows, and orphans. These records might include name, rank, physical description, age, character, vocation, nativity, and battles or skirmishes in which the veteran participated.
+
'''Indexes'''
  
=== The Kansas State Guard<br> ===
+
*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The "General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934". The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
Prior to 1917 the citizens of Kansas did not give much thought to having local troops to protect municipal and industrial properties. Once the United States entered World War I, it was thought that the National Guard offered ample protection against activities of alien sympathizers. Exagerated claims of sabotage, originating with stories published in Eastern newspapers soon excited the local citizenry. <br>
+
*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
 +
 
 +
*The [http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-military-index/15797 Kansas Military Index] at the [http://www.kshs.org Kansas Historical Society's website] searches several databases at once that cover the Indian Wars, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1680 Kansas, United Spanish War Veterans Reports of Deaths, 1945-1970] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
 
 +
Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].
 +
 
 +
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
 +
 
 +
World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.
 +
 
 +
'''WWI Draft Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*United States. Selective Service System. ''Kansas, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with {{FHL|746978|title-id|disp= 1643420)}}. Also available at:<br>
 +
 
 +
:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
 +
 
 +
[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.
 +
 
 +
'''World War I Kansas Veterans Collection'''
 +
 
 +
The [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2021 Kansas, World War I Veteran Collection, 1917-1919] available online at Ancestry.com is a collection containing items about Kansas veterans solicited and compiled by the Kansas State Historical Society. The collection contains letters, photographs and biographies of the veterans.
 +
 
 +
'''The Kansas State Guard'''
 +
 
 +
Prior to 1917 the citizens of Kansas did not give much thought to having local troops to protect municipal and industrial properties. Once the United States entered World War I, it was thought that the National Guard offered ample protection against activities of alien sympathizers. Exagerated claims of sabotage, originating with stories published in Eastern newspapers soon excited the local citizenry. <br>  
  
 
On April 17, 1917, the State Council of Defense was organized in the Governor's office at Topeka. The objective was "to mobilize all the resources of the state to support of the war." The Department of Public Defense was created by the Council and assigned the duty of organizing Home Guards "for the protection of local property." Immediately after the meeting, units were organized in many Kansas communities. This Home Guard, or Kansas State Guard, as it became known, existed from August 6, 1917, to November 11, 1919, when it was disbanded. A complete history, including the rosters of those involved, is found at http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/military/ksguard/index.html.  
 
On April 17, 1917, the State Council of Defense was organized in the Governor's office at Topeka. The objective was "to mobilize all the resources of the state to support of the war." The Department of Public Defense was created by the Council and assigned the duty of organizing Home Guards "for the protection of local property." Immediately after the meeting, units were organized in many Kansas communities. This Home Guard, or Kansas State Guard, as it became known, existed from August 6, 1917, to November 11, 1919, when it was disbanded. A complete history, including the rosters of those involved, is found at http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/military/ksguard/index.html.  
  
== References ==
+
'''Bounty Claims'''
 +
 
 +
The [http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-military-index/15797 Kansas Military Index] at the [http://www.kshs.org Kansas Historical Society's website] searches several databases at once that cover the Indian Wars, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. The database includes Bounty Claims records from World War I.
 +
 
 +
=== World War II (1941-1945) ===
 +
 
 +
On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
 +
 
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
 +
 
 +
:Also available at:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
 +
 
 +
[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
 +
 
 +
[http://www.kshs.org/p/wwii-kansas-draft-board-records-index/11208 WWII Kansas Draft Board Records Index]&nbsp;&nbsp;contains more than 227,000 entries of male and female Kansas veterans of the armed forces who served between September 16, 1940 and June 30, 1946.
 +
 
 +
=== Korean War (1950–1953)  ===
 +
 
 +
The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
 +
 
 +
=== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ===
 +
 
 +
The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
 +
 
 +
=== Web Sites  ===
  
[[Kansas|Kansas]] Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.  
+
The [http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-military-index/15797 Kansas Military Index] at the [http://www.kshs.org Kansas Historical Society's website] searches several databases at once that cover the Indian Wars, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.  
  
:NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated here, as time permits.
+
{{Kansas|Kansas}} {{State Military Records}}
  
{{Kansas|Kansas}}
+
<br>
  
 
[[Category:Kansas|Military]]
 
[[Category:Kansas|Military]]

Latest revision as of 22:02, 4 April 2014

444px-Battle of Lawrence.png

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Kansas Gotoarrow.png Military Records

Many military records are found at the Family History Library and the National Archives and other federal and state archives. The United States Wiki article provides more information regarding these records.

The Kansas Historical Society has a detailed description of its military records.

DEATH AND BURIAL RECORDS-SOLDIERS

Contents

Forts

There were many forts established for specific purposes on the frontier. Some existed for only a few years. Some were official U.S. military posts. Some were never used as military garrisons. As a result, some had official military records, but many did not.  Two websites that contain information about Kansas forts are:

Those listed below are only some of the known forts that existed in what is now the state of Kansas.

  • Fort Abercrombie -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1877, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Atkinson -- Sometimes mentioned in connection with Kansas, Fort Atkinson was actually located in Nebraska.
  • Fort Baxter -- A small US Army post located in the southeast corner of Kansas near present-day Baxter Springs, Kansas, an area that was known as the Cherokee Strip. It was also knowb as Fort Blair
  • Fort Blair -- The official name of a Civil War fort existing from about 1862 to 1865, more commonly known as Fort Baxter. It was located near the present town of Baxter Springs.
  • Fort Cavagnolle -- 1744-176, also known as Fort Cavagnolle or Post of the Missouri or Fort de la Trinité placed somewhere between Kansas City, Missouri, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
  • Fort Dodge -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). These records have also been microfilmed on 25 rolls as National Archives Microcopy M989.Available through the Family History Library FHL Film: 1694850 (first film of 25)
  • Fort Fletcher -- the original name of Fort Hays. Records of Fort Hays, Kansas (Army Post), 1866-1889. T 713. 22 rolls. FHL film 1695711 (first film of 22)
  • Fort Harker 1866 -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1873, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Hays -- Established in 1865 as Fort Fletcher, it was closed for a few months in 1866 and then reopened later that year and renamed Fort Hays. It was abandoned in 1889. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1878, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Kearny -- Although near the Kansas-Nebraska border, this fort was actually located in Nebraska.
  • Fort Larned 1859 -- Textual records of this fort, 1848-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Leavenworth -- Originally established as Cantonment Leavenworth in 1827 near the site of the 18th Century French Fort de Cavagnal. It was renamed Fort Leavenworth in 1832. It is still an active military post. Textual records of this fort, 1856-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The fort is also the site of Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery.
  • Fort Lincoln -- Civil War Fort
  • Fort Lyon -- Sometimes associated with the state of Kansas, Fort Lyon was actually located in Colorado.
  • Fort McKean -- Civil War Fort
  • Fort Mann -- Established as a non-military fort principally to protect teamsters and provide a place for the repair of their wagons and replacement of animals. It was in use for only a few years in the late 1840s. It was abandoned when Fort Atkinson was built.
  • Fort Marion -- Fort Marion was located at St. Augustine, Florida. It occupies a place in the military history of Kansas because Indian leaders from Kansas and other states were sent to Fort Marion as punishment for their involvement in murders and other military actions against settlers and military troops. For the names of Indians sent to Fort Marion, read more...
  • Fort Montgomery -- Civil War Fortin Eureka, Kansas.
  • Fort Riley -- Established by a group of surveyors early in the year 1853, it was initally called Camp Center. In June of that year, it was renamed Fort Riley and has continued under that name to the present day. Textual records of this fort, 1859, 1864-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Scott -- Fort Scott was an active Army post from 1842-1854, 1861-1865, and 1870-1873. It is now a National Historic Site. Textual records of this fort, 1862-1865, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The records of Fort Scott, 1869-1873, have been microfilmed and form National Archives Microcopy M1077, 2 rolls. Availiable through the Family History Library FHL film 1695673 (first film of 2)
  • Solon's Fort
  • Fort Wallace -- Textual records of this fort, 1866-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Zarah -- Fort Zarah was established in 1864 at a site about 2 miles east of present-day Great Bend, Kansas and was originally named Camp Dunlap. It was moved about one-half mile upstream in 1866 and was abandoned in 1869. Textual records of this fort, 1864-1869, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

References

Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890 . By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana. C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

Battle of Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863, also known as the Lawrence Massacre and Quantrill's Raid
See Kansas in the Civil War for information about Kansas Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Kansas regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

The 19th Kansas Cavalry Enlistment Papers at the Kansas Historical Society's website is an index to the enlistment papers of the 19th Kansas Cavalry during the 1868-1869 Indian campaigns.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

  • United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The "General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934". The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. (Learn more.)

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

WWI Draft Cards

  • United States. Selective Service System. Kansas, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1643420). Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

World War I Kansas Veterans Collection

The Kansas, World War I Veteran Collection, 1917-1919 available online at Ancestry.com is a collection containing items about Kansas veterans solicited and compiled by the Kansas State Historical Society. The collection contains letters, photographs and biographies of the veterans.

The Kansas State Guard

Prior to 1917 the citizens of Kansas did not give much thought to having local troops to protect municipal and industrial properties. Once the United States entered World War I, it was thought that the National Guard offered ample protection against activities of alien sympathizers. Exagerated claims of sabotage, originating with stories published in Eastern newspapers soon excited the local citizenry.

On April 17, 1917, the State Council of Defense was organized in the Governor's office at Topeka. The objective was "to mobilize all the resources of the state to support of the war." The Department of Public Defense was created by the Council and assigned the duty of organizing Home Guards "for the protection of local property." Immediately after the meeting, units were organized in many Kansas communities. This Home Guard, or Kansas State Guard, as it became known, existed from August 6, 1917, to November 11, 1919, when it was disbanded. A complete history, including the rosters of those involved, is found at http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/military/ksguard/index.html.

Bounty Claims

The Kansas Military Index at the Kansas Historical Society's website searches several databases at once that cover the Indian Wars, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. The database includes Bounty Claims records from World War I.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

WWII Kansas Draft Board Records Index  contains more than 227,000 entries of male and female Kansas veterans of the armed forces who served between September 16, 1940 and June 30, 1946.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Web Sites

The Kansas Military Index at the Kansas Historical Society's website searches several databases at once that cover the Indian Wars, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.




 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 4 April 2014, at 22:02.
  • This page has been accessed 13,444 times.