King's Highway

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''[[United States|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[King's_Highway|King's Highway]]'' [[Image:King's Highway map]] <br>
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[King's_Highway|King's Highway]]''  
  
The '''King's Highway''', also called in various parts the "Boston Post Road," "Great Coastal Road," or "Potomoc Trail" was an important Colonial American route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and stage coaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina. From Boston to Charleston was about 1300 miles ( km).<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[{{FHL|973 E3d}}], 2-4, and 7. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
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The '''King's Highway''' was also called in various parts the "Kennebunk Road," "Boston Post Road," "New York-Philadelphia Post Road," "Pequot Path," "Delaware Indian Path (New Jersey)," "Great Coastal Road," "Potomoc Trail," or "Charleston-Savannah Trail." It evolved from a network of Indian paths into postal trails, and then into an important Colonial American wagon and stagecoach route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. The highway in South Carolina was built from 1732 to 1735.<ref>"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in ''The Royal Colony of South Carolina'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).</ref> By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and regularly scheduled stagecoaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina, a trip of about 1,300 miles (2,100 km).<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. ({{FHL|660781|item}} Book 973 E3d). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry].</ref> As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Regular stage coach schedules between Boston and New York City were not available until the 1740s. Before that, a traveler on horseback would have a difficult time. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The route included several possible ferry paths off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disvavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.).<ref name="DollarM" />  
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Before 1735, people on horseback found traveling the muddy pathways of the King's Highway a difficult journey. Occasional stagecoaches between Boston and New York started about 1735. Regular schedules for stagecoaches were not available until the 1740s. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The "highway" included several possible ferry routes off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disfavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.<ref name="DollarM" /> [[Image:{{KingsHwyMap}}]]
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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''(Northeast to Southwest)''<ref name="DollarM" />  
 
''(Northeast to Southwest)''<ref name="DollarM" />  
  
*Boston, Massachusetts  
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:*Portland, Maine ''(in later years)''
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:*Portsmouth, New Hampshire ''(in later years)''
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*'''Boston''', Massachusetts  
 
*Providence, Rhode Island  
 
*Providence, Rhode Island  
 
*New Haven, Connecticut  
 
*New Haven, Connecticut  
*New York City, New York  
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*'''New York City''', New York  
 
*Newark, New Jersey  
 
*Newark, New Jersey  
 
*Trenton, New Jersey  
 
*Trenton, New Jersey  
*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
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*'''Philadelphia''', Pennsylvania  
*Wilmington, Delaware  
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*New Castle, Delaware  
 
*Baltimore, Maryland  
 
*Baltimore, Maryland  
 
*Annapolis, Maryland  
 
*Annapolis, Maryland  
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*Williamsburg, Virginia  
 
*Williamsburg, Virginia  
 
*Norfolk, Virginia  
 
*Norfolk, Virginia  
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*Suffolk, Virginia
 
*New Bern, North Carolina  
 
*New Bern, North Carolina  
 
*Wilmington, North Carolina  
 
*Wilmington, North Carolina  
 
*Georgetown, South Carolina  
 
*Georgetown, South Carolina  
*Charleston, South Carolina
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*'''Charleston''', South Carolina
  
=== Settlers and Records  ===
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:*Savannah, Georgia ''(in late 1730s)''
  
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=== Settlers and Records  ===
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<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
 
No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.  
 
No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.  
  
{{Wikipedia|King's Highway}}
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=== Additional Information  ===
  
=== Internet Sites  ===
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The Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road Boston Post Road], describes the route in detail, including a list the towns and cities on the road.<br>
  
*Brenda E.McPherson Compton, "The Scots-Irish From Ulster and The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road" in ''ElectricScotland.com'' at [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm] (accessed 31 July 2010). fckLR*"The Old Wagon Road" at http://www.delmars.com/family/wagonrd.htm (accessed 31 July 2010). fckLR*Joe A. Morley, ed., ''The Way We Lived in North Carolina'' chapter excerpts "The Great Wagon Road" at [http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm] (accessed 1 August 2010).
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{{Wikipedia|King's Highway (Charleston to Boston)}}
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</div>
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Massachusetts]] [[Category:Connecticut]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_Jersey]] [[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Delaware]] [[Category:Maryland]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]]
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{{Maine|Maine}}{{New Hampshire|New Hampshire}}{{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}}{{Rhode Island|Rhode Island}}{{Connecticut|Connecticut}}{{New York|New York}}{{New Jersey|New Jersey}}{{Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania}}{{Delaware|Delaware}}{{Maryland|Maryland}}{{District of Columbia|District of Columbia}}{{Virginia|Virginia}}{{North Carolina|North Carolina}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}{{Georgia|Georgia}}{{-}}</div>
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Maine]] [[Category:New_Hampshire]] [[Category:Massachusetts]] [[Category:Rhode_Island]] [[Category:Connecticut]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_Jersey]] [[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Delaware]] [[Category:Maryland]] [[Category:District_of_Columbia]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Horry_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgetown_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]]

Revision as of 19:30, 10 January 2014

United States go to Migration go to Trails and Roads go to King's Highway

The King's Highway was also called in various parts the "Kennebunk Road," "Boston Post Road," "New York-Philadelphia Post Road," "Pequot Path," "Delaware Indian Path (New Jersey)," "Great Coastal Road," "Potomoc Trail," or "Charleston-Savannah Trail." It evolved from a network of Indian paths into postal trails, and then into an important Colonial American wagon and stagecoach route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. The highway in South Carolina was built from 1732 to 1735.[1] By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and regularly scheduled stagecoaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina, a trip of about 1,300 miles (2,100 km).[2] As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Contents

Historical Background

Before 1735, people on horseback found traveling the muddy pathways of the King's Highway a difficult journey. Occasional stagecoaches between Boston and New York started about 1735. Regular schedules for stagecoaches were not available until the 1740s. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The "highway" included several possible ferry routes off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disfavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.[2]
Map of the King's Highway about 1750.

Route

(Northeast to Southwest)[2]

  • Portland, Maine (in later years)
  • Portsmouth, New Hampshire (in later years)
  • Boston, Massachusetts
  • Providence, Rhode Island
  • New Haven, Connecticut
  • New York City, New York
  • Newark, New Jersey
  • Trenton, New Jersey
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • New Castle, Delaware
  • Baltimore, Maryland
  • Annapolis, Maryland
  • Alexandria, Virginia
  • Fredericksburg, Virginia
  • Williamsburg, Virginia
  • Norfolk, Virginia
  • Suffolk, Virginia
  • New Bern, North Carolina
  • Wilmington, North Carolina
  • Georgetown, South Carolina
  • Charleston, South Carolina
  • Savannah, Georgia (in late 1730s)

Settlers and Records

No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.

Additional Information

The Wikipedia article, Boston Post Road, describes the route in detail, including a list the towns and cities on the road.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: King's Highway (Charleston to Boston)

Sources

  1. "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in The Royal Colony of South Carolina at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. (FHL Collection Book 973 E3d). WorldCat entry.