King's Highway

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''[[United States|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[King's_Highway|King's Highway]]'' [[Image:King's Highway map]] <br>
 
''[[United States|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[King's_Highway|King's Highway]]'' [[Image:King's Highway map]] <br>
  
The '''King's Highway''', also called in various parts the "Boston Post Road," "Great Coastal Road," or "Potomoc Trail" was an important Colonial American route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and stage coaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina. From Boston to Charleston was about 1300 miles ( km).<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[{{FHL|973 E3d}}], 2-4, and 7. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry].</ref>
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The '''King's Highway''', also called in various parts the "Boston Post Road," "Great Coastal Road," or "Potomoc Trail" was an important Colonial American route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and stage coaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina. From Boston to Charleston was about 1300 miles ( km).<ref name="DollarM">William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[{{FHL|973 E3d}}], 2-4, and 7. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38096564 WorldCat entry].</ref>  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Regular stage coach schedules between Boston and New York City were not available until the 1740s. Before that, a traveler on horseback would have a difficult time. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The route included several possible ferry paths off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disvavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.).<ref name="DollarM" />
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Regular stage coach schedules between Boston and New York City were not available until the 1740s. Before that, a traveler on horseback would have a difficult time. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The route included several possible ferry paths off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disvavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.).<ref name="DollarM" />  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
''(Northeast to Southwest)''<ref name="DollarM">  
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''(Northeast to Southwest)''<ref name="DollarM" />  
  
*Boston, Massachusetts
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*Boston, Massachusetts  
*Providence, Rhode Island
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*Providence, Rhode Island  
*New Haven, Connecticut
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*New Haven, Connecticut  
*New York City, New York
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*New York City, New York  
*Newark, New Jersey
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*Newark, New Jersey  
*Trenton, New Jersey
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*Trenton, New Jersey  
 
*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
 
*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
*Wilmington, Delaware
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*Wilmington, Delaware  
 
*Baltimore, Maryland  
 
*Baltimore, Maryland  
*Annapolis, Maryland
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*Annapolis, Maryland  
 
*Alexandria, Virginia  
 
*Alexandria, Virginia  
 
*Fredericksburg, Virginia  
 
*Fredericksburg, Virginia  
*Williamsburg, Virginia
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*Williamsburg, Virginia  
*Norfolk, Virginia
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*Norfolk, Virginia  
*New Bern, North Carolina
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*New Bern, North Carolina  
*Wilmington, North Carolina
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*Wilmington, North Carolina  
*Georgetown, South Carolina
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*Georgetown, South Carolina  
 
*Charleston, South Carolina
 
*Charleston, South Carolina
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.
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No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.  
  
{{Wikipedia|Great Wagon Road}}  
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{{Wikipedia|King's Highway}}  
  
 
=== Internet Sites  ===
 
=== Internet Sites  ===
  
*Brenda E.McPherson Compton, "The Scots-Irish From Ulster and The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road" in ''ElectricScotland.com'' at [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm] (accessed 31 July 2010).  
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*Brenda E.McPherson Compton, "The Scots-Irish From Ulster and The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road" in ''ElectricScotland.com'' at [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/wagon_road.htm] (accessed 31 July 2010). fckLR*"The Old Wagon Road" at http://www.delmars.com/family/wagonrd.htm (accessed 31 July 2010). fckLR*Joe A. Morley, ed., ''The Way We Lived in North Carolina'' chapter excerpts "The Great Wagon Road" at [http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm] (accessed 1 August 2010).
*"The Old Wagon Road" at http://www.delmars.com/family/wagonrd.htm (accessed 31 July 2010).  
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*Joe A. Morley, ed., ''The Way We Lived in North Carolina'' chapter excerpts "The Great Wagon Road" at [http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm http://www.waywelivednc.com/before-1770/wagon-road.htm] (accessed 1 August 2010).
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=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
{{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}}
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Massachusetts]] [[Category:Connecticut]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:New_Jersey]] [[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Delaware]] [[Category:Maryland]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]]
{{Connecticut|Connecticut}}
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{{New York|New York}}
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{{New Jersey|New Jersey}}
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{{Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania}}
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{{Delaware}}
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{{Maryland|Maryland}}
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{{Virginia|Virginia}}
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{{North Carolina}}
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{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:Massachusetts]] [[Category:Connecticut]] [[Category:New York]] [[Category:New Jersey]] [[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Delaware]][[Category:Maryland]] [[Category:Virginia]] [[Category:North_Carolina]] [[Category:South_Carolina]]
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Revision as of 19:08, 28 September 2010

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  King's Highway File:King's Highway map

The King's Highway, also called in various parts the "Boston Post Road," "Great Coastal Road," or "Potomoc Trail" was an important Colonial American route for settlers along the Atlantic coast. In 1664 British King Charles II requested a road from Boston to New York City, newly conquered from the Dutch. However, the sea route was relatively easier and safer. So as late as 1704 even finding the lightly traveled postal road was difficult. By 1750, weather permitting, wagons and stage coaches traversed a continuous road from Boston, Massachusetts, to Charleston, South Carolina. From Boston to Charleston was about 1300 miles ( km).[1]

Contents

Historical Background

Regular stage coach schedules between Boston and New York City were not available until the 1740s. Before that, a traveler on horseback would have a difficult time. Several nearly parallel routes eventually developed favoring different towns. The route included several possible ferry paths off Manhattan Island. Prior to 1745 travelers from Philadelphia more often used boats to New Castle, Delaware. By 1775 the highway stretched from Maine to Georgia and became one of the unifying factors of the American Revolution. The name "King's Highway" fell into disvavor because of the war, but troops on both sides often used it. Parts of the highway in the Williamsburg-Yorktown area of Virginia were virtually abandoned after the Revolution.).[1]

Route

(Northeast to Southwest)[1]

  • Boston, Massachusetts
  • Providence, Rhode Island
  • New Haven, Connecticut
  • New York City, New York
  • Newark, New Jersey
  • Trenton, New Jersey
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Wilmington, Delaware
  • Baltimore, Maryland
  • Annapolis, Maryland
  • Alexandria, Virginia
  • Fredericksburg, Virginia
  • Williamsburg, Virginia
  • Norfolk, Virginia
  • New Bern, North Carolina
  • Wilmington, North Carolina
  • Georgetown, South Carolina
  • Charleston, South Carolina

Settlers and Records

No lists of settlers who used the King's Highway are known to exist.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: King's Highway

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997)[FHL 973 E3d], 2-4, and 7. WorldCat entry.