Lawrence County, Arkansas

From FamilySearch Wiki

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==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
See an interactive map of Lawrence County [http://www.n2genealogy.com/arkansas/ar-maps.html boundary changes].  
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For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
  
 
==== Variant Spellings  ====
 
==== Variant Spellings  ====
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
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For a list of record loss in Arkansas counties see: [http://www.familytree101.com/arkansas/ar-counties.html#courthouse Arkansas Counties with Burned Courthouses]
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
  
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*[http://backwardbranch.com/arlawrence/index.html Lawrence County Arkansas ARGenWeb]<br>  
 
*[http://backwardbranch.com/arlawrence/index.html Lawrence County Arkansas ARGenWeb]<br>  
 
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Lawrence|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Lawrence|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Lawrence/ Lawrence County, Arkansas Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)  
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*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Lawrence/ Lawrence County, Arkansas Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium) *[http://www.familytree101.com/arkansas/lawrence-county.html Lawrence County, AR History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] (Familytree101)
*[http://www.myarkansasgenealogy.com/ar-county-lawrence.html Lawrence County]&nbsp; My Arkansas Genealogy
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Revision as of 09:24, 18 February 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Lawrence County

Guide to Lawrence County Arkansas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Lawrence County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 15, 1815
County Seat DeWitt
Courthouse
Address Lawrence County Courthouse
PO Box 553, 315 W Main;
Walnut Ridge, AR 72476
Phone: 870.886.1111


Contents

County Courthouse

Lawrence County Courthouse
PO Box 553, 315 W Main;
Walnut Ridge, AR 72476
Phone: 870.886.1111

County Clerk has marriage and probate records.[1]

Beginning years for Lawrence County, Arkansas government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1821 1914* 1816 1815 1817
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

History

Parent County

County seat: Walnut Ridge [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Arkansas counties see: Arkansas Counties with Burned Courthouses

Places/Localities

Arlawrence.jpg

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Census

1820 is missing

Church Records

Church records vary greatly, depending upon the the record keepers and beliefs of the church. They may give: a member's dates of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information, maiden name; and death date. For more information, see Arkansas Church Records.

See also Towns and Townships to find records listed at the town level in the FamilySearch Catalog.

Court

Genealogy

Land and Property

Land and property records can 1) place an ancestor in a specific location, 2) provide economic information, 3) reveal family relationships, and more.

After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse in the form of deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, and others.

See Arkansas Land and Property for more about online collections and early Arkansas land grants and patents from the government to private ownership.

http://files.usgwarchives.net//ar/lawrence/land/lawrence.txt Lawrence County Federal Land Records] USGenWeb Archives

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

See also Towns and Townships to find records listed at the town level in the FamilySearch Catalog.

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture [1]

  • The Osage Indians hunted in what would become Lawrence County, although they had no settlements there.
  • Arkansas became United States territory with the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1800s (early) - White settlers first inhabited the county’s western regions
  • 1815 January 15 - Lawrence County was created. The “Mother of Counties,” Lawrence County once covered a majority of north Arkansas, an enormous stretch of land ultimately forming thirty-one counties.
  • 1816 - The earliest important settlement was at Davidsonville along the Black River. Named for territorial legislator John Davidson, the town served as the first county seat. Yellow fever ended the settlement.
  • 1861-1865 - During the Civil War, Lawrence County escaped damage.
  • 1800s (mid) - Powhatan experienced explosive growth and soon sported mills, shops, and hotels. Because of this growth, it became the county seat in 1869.
  • 1940-2010 - Lawrence County population hit its high mark in 1940 (22,600) and has a slow decline to a prsent (2010) low mark of 17,400.

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Arkansas, Lawrence County on page 191.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Lawrence County, Arkansas served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Lawrence County, Arkansas:


- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate)[4], Company E
- 7th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)[5]
- 8th Battalion, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies Cand G
- 38th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate),
- 45th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)[6],
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[7], Companies C and E

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Lawrence County, Arkansas newspapers in online catalogs like:

Occupations

Probate Records

Probate records of Arkansas have been kept by the probate or county courts. See Arkansas Probate Records for more information about Probate records in Arkansas, including statewide indexes.

  • Probate Records 1817-1969 Part of: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration and guardian bonds and letters 1859-1927; Administration bonds and letters 1839-1866; Administration records 1821-1873; Dockets 1873-1906; Indentures and articles of incorporation 1883-1904; Probate packets 1820-1885; Probate records 1833-1894; Wills 1817-1885.

Taxation

Arkansas tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years for some counties. For more information see Arkansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arkansas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
Death
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 68.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Desmond Walls Allen, First Arkansas Confederate Mounted Rifles, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 2. FHL book 976.7 M2a
  5. Desmond Walls Allen, The Seventh Arkansas Confederate Infantry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988) FHL book 976.7 M22adw
  6. Desmond Walls Allen, Forty-fifth Arkansas Confederate Calvary, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 1. FHL book 976.7 M2af
  7. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987), p. 33-92. FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  8. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/0/0d/Igiarkansasem.pdf.