Maine Census

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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
 
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
Maine took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family *'''1905''' Scarboro only, in Cumberland County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18004273The Scarboro Register 1905]'' (1905; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|956815|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.191/S1 H2mh}}].</ref> *'''1904''' Kennebunkport only, in York County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4103111 The Kennebunkport Register, 1904]'' (1904; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|837191|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.195/K4 E4m}}].</ref> *'''1837''' State (some towns missing).<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 49-52.</ref> See also "[[Maine Census#Online_Maine_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maine]]" above.  
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Maine took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family *'''1905''' Scarboro only, in Cumberland County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18004273The Scarboro Register 1905]'' (1905; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|956815|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.191/S1 H2mh}}].</ref> *'''1904''' Kennebunkport only, in York County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4103111 The Kennebunkport Register, 1904]'' (1904; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|837191|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.195/K4 E4m}}].</ref> *'''1837''' State (some towns missing).<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 49-52.</ref> The Maine State Archives website ([http://www.maine.gov/sos/arc/research/vitalrec.html www.maine.gov/sos/arc/research/vitalrec.html]) says, "The Archives also has partial returns of the special revenue-sharing census of 1837." See also "[[Maine Census#Online_Maine_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maine]]" above.  
  
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''<br>
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''<br>  
  
[[Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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[[Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>  
  
 
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Revision as of 20:43, 25 September 2013

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Maine  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Maine indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1850-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1790-1840

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1837 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images - - Tran-
script
- - - - - - -
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1810 [8] indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 [8] indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790[8] indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910  1870             1790
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex  1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624    1860 M653        1820 M33 
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1049 1850 M432 1810 M252 
1920 T625   Soundex M1565 1880 T9   Soundex T752 1840 M704  1800 M32 
  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637 

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maine, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maine

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maine

  • 1890 Veterans United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library films for Maine FHL Collection Films 338165-6
  • 1880 Mortality FHL Collection Film 1841575
  • 1870 Mortality FHL Collection Film 9740
  • 1860 Mortality FHL Collection Film 009740
  • 1850 Mortality FHL Collection Film 009739])

National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maine

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 Manufactures schedule

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maine, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Maine took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family *1905 Scarboro only, in Cumberland County[9] *1904 Kennebunkport only, in York County[10] *1837 State (some towns missing).[11] The Maine State Archives website (www.maine.gov/sos/arc/research/vitalrec.html) says, "The Archives also has partial returns of the special revenue-sharing census of 1837." See also "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maine" above.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820, but in the 1790, 1800, and 1810 federal censuses Maine was enumerated separately.
  9. H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, Scarboro Register 1905 (1905; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [FHL Book 974.191/S1 H2mh].
  10. H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, The Kennebunkport Register, 1904 (1904; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [FHL Book 974.195/K4 E4m].
  11. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 49-52.