Maryland, Naturalization Petitions (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(fixed citation)
(content)
(9 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
 +
 +
This Collection will include records from 1906 to 1931.<br>
  
 
The card index is for naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of Maryland. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.  
 
The card index is for naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of Maryland. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.  
Line 11: Line 13:
  
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.  
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.  
 
The records cover the years 1906 to 1930.&nbsp;
 
  
 
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.  
 
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.  
Line 28: Line 28:
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
  
{{Collection citation
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Maryland, Naturalization Petitions 1906-1931" Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1930." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}  
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->United States District Court. Maryland, Naturalization petitions. United States National Archives and Records Administration, Mid Atlantic Region, Philadelphia.<!--bibdescend--> }}  
+
  
[[Maryland, Naturalization Petitions (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
== Record Content  ==
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Cards contain only the following information:  
 
+
The cards include the following:  
+
  
 
*Petition number  
 
*Petition number  
Line 43: Line 40:
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
  
Some of the cards also show:  
+
Cards may include the following additional information:  
  
 
*Declaration number  
 
*Declaration number  
Line 51: Line 48:
 
*Date of issuance
 
*Date of issuance
  
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
+
A Declaration of Intent and Naturalization includes the following:  
  
*Name of the immigrant
+
*Date of Declaration of Intent
*Country of birth  
+
*Full name and age of declarant
*Arrival date
+
*Date and place of birth  
*Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
+
*Current residence
 +
*Date of arrival and port of entry, including name of ship
 +
*Occupation and race
 +
*Physical description
 +
*Last foreign residence
 +
*Marital status
 +
*Spouse's name with date and place of birth
 
*Names of witnesses  
 
*Names of witnesses  
*Signature of judge or court official
+
*Name and signature of court official
  
In post-1906 records, you may also find:  
+
Petitions for Naturalization may include the following:  
  
*Birth date
+
*Name of petitioner
*Birthplace
+
*Current residence and occupation
*Age
+
*Birth date and place of petitioner
*Race
+
*Date and place of emigration
*Last foreign residence
+
*Date and port of entry in U. S. including name of ship
*Current residence
+
*Arrival place
+
 
*Marital status  
 
*Marital status  
*Name of spouse
+
*Wife's maiden name
*Maiden name of wife
+
*Number of children
*Birth date of spouse  
+
*Birth date and place of spouse  
*Residence of spouse
+
*Names of witnesses
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:  
 
+
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
+
  
 
*The full name of your ancestor  
 
*The full name of your ancestor  
Line 87: Line 86:
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
+
==== Search the Collection ====
 +
 
 +
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at
 +
[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information ====
  
For example, you can use naturalization records to:  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:  
  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
Line 98: Line 108:
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
Line 107: Line 117:
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.  
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.  
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
<br>
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
Line 133: Line 141:
  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
 
"Maryland, Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931," index, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XPCK-GVC&nbsp;: accessed 23 April 2012), Timothy Joseph Sexton (1917); citing Naturalization Indexes; NARA publication M1640; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.
 
  
 
[[Category:Maryland|Naturalization]]
 
[[Category:Maryland|Naturalization]]

Revision as of 00:39, 30 July 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1906 to 1931.

The card index is for naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of Maryland. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.

The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906, each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Maryland, Naturalization Petitions 1906-1931" Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1930." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.

Record Content

Cards contain only the following information:

  • Petition number
  • Date of petition
  • Volume and page number of the petition

Cards may include the following additional information:

  • Declaration number
  • Date of declaration
  • Volume and page number of the declaration
  • Certification number
  • Date of issuance

A Declaration of Intent and Naturalization includes the following:

  • Date of Declaration of Intent
  • Full name and age of declarant
  • Date and place of birth
  • Current residence
  • Date of arrival and port of entry, including name of ship
  • Occupation and race
  • Physical description
  • Last foreign residence
  • Marital status
  • Spouse's name with date and place of birth
  • Names of witnesses
  • Name and signature of court official

Petitions for Naturalization may include the following:

  • Name of petitioner
  • Current residence and occupation
  • Birth date and place of petitioner
  • Date and place of emigration
  • Date and port of entry in U. S. including name of ship
  • Marital status
  • Wife's maiden name
  • Number of children
  • Birth date and place of spouse
  • Names of witnesses

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.


Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

Related Websites

Maryland State Archives

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.