Maryland, United States, Deaths 1850-1899Edit This Page

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1. The Basics on How to Search for Ancestors in the United States

While there is no set way to do research in the United States, this guide gives basic research steps and an explanation of the records.

The following list of suggested records is given in an order likely to help many people.

What you are looking for
An understanding of the research process and how to use the suggested list of records to search.

2. United States Previous Research, Part 1

Previous research is the work other people have done. By searching what others have already done, you may save hours. However, previous research is only as good as the skills of the person doing the research. Therefore, you should double check the information in previous research.

What you are looking for
Information about your ancestors compiled by other people.

Why go to the next record
Any of the following records may:

  • Have the information you are looking for.
    * Add information to what you have found.
    * Clear up differences found in previous searches.

If you find new information, you may want to again look at the records you searched before.

3. Death Record: Vital records

Birth and death records contain information given by family members to hospitals, physicians, midwives, or coroners, who filed the records with town or county clerks. The record usually gives the person's name, date and place of birth or death, parent's names, and may give the place of birth of the parents. Death records may give name of spouse, age, place of death and burial, and name of undertaker.

Birth and death records may be from towns, counties, or states.

What you are looking for
Your ancestor's death record kept by the government.

4. Tombstone and Sexton Records: Cemeteries

Tombstone and sexton records contain information from tombstones or from records kept by the sexton of the cemetery. They usually give the ancestor's name, birth date, and death date. They may include the birthplace and date, name of spouse, names of children, and names of other relatives.

There are tombstone and sexton records for towns, counties, states, and the country.

What you are looking for
Your ancestor's tombstone inscription or your ancestor's name in the sexton records.

5. Obituary: Obituaries

Obituaries (death notices with some biographical information) are written by family members and published in local newspapers. They usually give the name of the deceased; residence; age; dates and places of birth, marriage, and death; name of spouse; and maiden and married surnames of women. Obituaries may give the names of parents, names of children with their residences, names of children's spouses, place of burial, name of undertaker, cause of death, previous residences, occupation, military service, immigration information, religion, membership in organizations, and a photograph.

Obituaries are found in newspapers for towns and cities.

What you are looking for

  • An obituary for your ancestor in a book of obituaries.
    * An obituary in a newspaper where and when your ancestor died.

Why go to the next record
Wills, administrations, and inventories indicate when and where a person died.

6. Wills, Administrations, and Inventories: Probate records

Wills, administrations, and inventories (probate records) show a court's decisions regarding the distribution of the estate of a deceased person to his heirs or creditors. They may give the person's death date, names of family members, family relationships, and residences. They may also give information about the adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.

There are probate records for towns, counties, states, and the country.

What you are looking for

  • Your ancestor's will, the list (inventory) of what he or she owned at death, or records of what was done to settle the estate.
    * Similar records of people who are or might be your ancestor's parents or relatives who might have included him or her in their wills.

Why go to the next record
Newspapers often give announcements of deaths, which may include date and place of death plus information about family members.

7. Newspapers: Newspapers

Local newspapers report local, regional, national, and global news. They also include notices of births, marriages, deaths, obituaries, etc. To find newspapers, you need to know the place and an approximate date of an event. Check newspapers from a week or two before or after a wedding, funeral, or wedding anniversary to find mention of out-of-town visitors and relatives.

There are newspapers for towns and cities.

What you are looking for
A newspaper covering the area where your ancestor lived when he or she lived there.

Why go to the next record
Burial records are alternatives to death records. People generally were buried within a few days of death and usually near the place they died.

8. Church Baptisms, Marriages, Burials, Minutes, etc.: Church records

Church records usually include baptisms, marriages, burials, and minutes. Baptism records usually give the name of the child, parents' names, and date and place of baptism. Marriage records usually give the names of the bride and groom, witnesses, and the date and place of the marriage. Burial records usually give the name and age of the deceased person, with the date and place of burial or death. The name of the spouse may be listed, and for young children, the names of the parents may be given. Church minutes have a variety of information, including lists of members in various years.

Church records were kept in towns or counties by the minister or clerk of a congregation.

What you are looking for
A church record of your ancestor's burial.

Why go to the next record
Military records often give death information, such as date, place, and cause.

9. Military Records: Military records

Military records may contain birth information about a large portion of the male population. They may also have information about their deaths and marriages.

Pensions are offered for military service by state or federal governments. The applications and pension records often contain birth, marriage, death, and service information; residences; and names of spouses, children, and other close relatives. They began with the Revolutionary War and continue to the present.

There are military records for towns, counties, states, and the country. There are military pension records for states and the country.

What you are looking for
Records about your ancestor's military service. To find his or her military records, you usually need:

  • The state where he enlisted.
    * His company, regiment, or unit.
    * Dates of service.

Why go to the next record
A collection often gathers information from many sources. Some of these sources may no longer be available or would be difficult to find.

10. Genealogical Collections: Genealogy

Genealogical collections usually give information about families and may include several generations. They usually give the names, and birth, marriage, and death dates and places for the husband and wife, the children, and possibly siblings and parents.

There are genealogical collections for towns, counties, states, and the country.

What you are looking for

  • A collection about your ancestor's family.
    * A collection with records from the place where your ancestor lived.

Why go to the next record
A magazine may have an article about your family or copies of the records you need, such as church and cemetery records.

11. Genealogical and Historical Magazines: Periodicals

Genealogical and historical magazines often publish such information as: family histories, obituaries, newspaper notices, church, cemetery, land, probate, tax, military, and naturalization records. Historical magazines may contain biographies and histories of towns, ethnic groups, organizations, industries, historical events, political campaigns, military activities, etc.

There are genealogical and historical magazines for cities, counties, regions, states, and the country.

What you are looking for

  • An article about your ancestor.
    * An article about your ancestor's relatives.
    * An article about the town or county where your ancestor lived.
    * An article with records for the town or county where your ancestor lived.

Why go to the next record
Mortality schedules give death information for those who died during the time described below.

12. Mortality Schedule: Census

Mortality schedules list the people who died during the twelve months before 1 June of the federal census years of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The records usually give the name, age, sex, state of birth, month and year of death, and cause of death. The 1880 mortality schedule also gives the birthplaces of the person's parents. Children who were born and died between censuses may be listed in mortality schedules.

Mortality schedules were taken by census officials in local towns and counties. You may find the records in county, state, and country collections.

What you are looking for
The name of your ancestor with its accompanying information in a mortality schedule.

Why go to the next record
Family Bibles often give death and burial dates.

13. Family Bible: Bible records

Family Bibles were passed down from generation to generation. They often have a section for recording family information. The recorded information usually gives birth, marriage, and death dates for one or more generations. The Bible record may list parents and names of children and their spouses, including maiden names.

Family Bibles are usually in the possession of family members, or the Bibles may have been given to town, county, regional, state, or national repositories.

What you are looking for
A Bible for your ancestor's family.

Why go to the next record
Town and county histories often give short biographies of first settlers and people in the area when the histories were written. State histories often give biographies of prominent men.

14. History: History

Histories tell of the events in a community or larger area. Effective family research requires some understanding of the historical events that may have affected your family and the records dealing with them. Learning about governments, laws, wars, migrations, and religious trends may help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns. These events may have led to the creation of records in which your family was listed, such as land and military documents.

Histories often contain biographical sketches about individuals and their families. They may include birth, marriage, and death information.

There are histories for towns, counties, regions, and states.

What you are looking for
A history of the town, county, or state where your ancestor lived.

Why go to the next record
Funeral home records are often good sources of biographical and family information.

15. Funeral Home Records: Funeral homes

Funeral homes (mortuaries) assist family members with funeral services, burials, obituaries, and other needs. The records usually give the full name of the deceased (including maiden names of women), date and place of death, place of last residence, name of spouse, and name and location of the cemetery where the person is buried. They may also give names of parents, and surviving family members with their residences, and the date and place of the birth and marriage of the deceased. Obituaries, biographies, and the death certificate may also be included in mortuary records.

A funeral home is a business in a town, and each keeps its own records. When a funeral home changes ownership, the old records usually stay with the business.

What you are looking for
Records about your ancestor from a funeral home.

Why go to the next record
Regimental histories often give death dates and places for officers and occasionally for soldiers, especially if killed in conflict.

16. Histories of Regiments and Wars: Military history

Histories of regiments have been written by individuals or groups, covering the Revolutionary War to the present, but most cover from the Civil War to the present. Regimental histories include biographical data on officers and occasionally on soldiers. They may include birth, marriage, and death information; the names of parents, spouse, children, or other family members.

They may include a roster listing the soldier's age, former occupation, enlistment date, discharge or mustering-out date, and date of death, especially if killed in conflict. They often give the town or county where the soldier was living when he enlisted.

There are histories of regiments and wars for most states.

What you are looking for
A history of your ancestor's regiment.

Why go to the next record
Court records often give biographical information about the people in a court case, such as a death date.

17. Civil and Criminal Court Records: Court records

Court records may include information on the settlement of estates, civil cases where people took court action against each other, and criminal cases. The information varies by case, but court records usually give the person's full name, age, and place of residence. They also tell about the court case and the court's decision. Court records may give occupations, names of relatives, friends or neighbors, family relationships, or other biographical information.

There are civil and criminal court records for towns, counties, states, and the country.

What you are looking for
Court records for the area where your ancestor lived during the time he or she lived there.

Why go to the next record
This is not a complete list of all records you could search. If you did not find what you need, check the FamilySearch Catalog - Place Search or archives and libraries for the area where your ancestor lived for other records which may have information about your ancestors.


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