Maryland CensusEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
 
(35 intermediate revisions by 14 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Maryland|Maryland]]  >  [[Maryland_Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Maryland|Maryland]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Maryland_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Why use census?  ==
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
Censuses are the basic records for genealogist. The records give the places where your ancestors live, dates and places of birth, family members, and places where the family lived. You can also locate neighbors names. You may learn about immigration information.&nbsp;
+
<br>
  
Now, many censuses are indexes and images are located on computers. This is the easiest way to locate your ancestors.  
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Maryland Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
== What Records Exist  ==
+
|}
  
There are two main types of records for Maryland,&nbsp;colonial census&nbsp;and federal census. For other records used for locating individuals at other times you will want to use [[Maryland Directories|Directories]] and [[Maryland Taxation|Tax Records]].
+
=== Online Maryland indexes and images  ===
  
These are the population schedules which lists either the head of the house or the whole family. There are other schedules listed under special census.
+
{{Census Online Maryland}}
  
=== Colonial&nbsp;Census ===
+
=== Federal population schedules ===
  
'''1776--'''A colonial census was taken for most counties.<br>
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1778--'''Nearly every male 18 years of age and older (except for Friends and others who objected for religious reasons) took an oath of fidelity to the state.&nbsp;
+
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
+
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library]]'''  
'''1778--'''A list of adult males was also made to determine who had not taken the oath of fidelity.
+
 
+
=== Federal Census  ===
+
 
+
==== Available  ====
+
 
+
The first federal census was taken in 1790. The census has been taken every ten years and the census has been made public through 1930. The 1890 census was damaged and then destroyed in a fire. The whole population schedule for Maryland was destroyed. <br>
+
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
|+ '''MARYLAND:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 60-67, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 104, and ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;dq=A+Census+of+Pensioners+for+Revolutionary+or+Military+Services&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;source=bl&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ots=W0WZrdm6i0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sig=jYVSDAIoCz3Nsa0f8tBvJhDM6Eg&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;hl=en&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ei=B7rHSf2JJ8bgnQfKhPHnDQ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sa=X&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oi=book_result&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;resnum=5&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ct=result A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]'' (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 49-61. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.</ref>
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
+
| {{FHL|637202|title-id|disp=1910}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
+
| width="18%" | {{FHL|698901|title-id|disp=1870}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
+
| width="18%" | {{FHL|120333|title-id|disp=1840}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
+
| {{FHL|118496|title-id|disp=1810}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1790 '''Aug 2
+
| {{FHL|1036357|title-id|disp=1930 and Soundex}}
| Exist for all counties, except Allegany, Calvert, and Somerset counties, and much of Dorchester County is also lost.
+
| {{FHL|655770|title-id|disp=1900}} and {{FHL|655770|title-id|disp=Soundex}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|704932|title-id|disp=1860}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|119992|title-id|disp=1830}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|118365|title-id|disp=1800}}
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1800''' Aug 4
+
| {{FHL|571898|title-id|disp=1920}}&nbsp;and {{FHL|571898|title-id|disp=Soundex}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties, except Baltimore County (only schedules for Baltimore City).
+
| {{FHL|673565|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|744483|title-id|disp=1850}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|120949|title-id|disp=1820}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|121535|title-id|disp=1790}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1810''' Aug 6
+
| 1940 N/A
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#maryland 1910 T624]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#maryland 1870 M593]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#maryland 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#maryland Soundex T1050]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#maryland 1860 M654]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#maryland 1920 T625] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#maryland Soundex M1566]
| Exist for all counties, except Montgomery, Prince Georges, St. Marys, Queen Annes, and Somerset counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#maryland 1880&nbsp;T9]&nbsp;&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#maryland Soundex T753]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#maryland 1850 M432]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| Exist for all counties; free schedules.  
+
| &nbsp;
+
| Exist&nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;Exist
+
| Exist*
+
| Exist
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties; free schedules.&nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist*
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;Exist
+
| &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| Lost&nbsp;
+
| Exist
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
*Agricultural schedules exist only in the City and County of Baltimore and Worcester County in 1850; and only in the City of Baltimore in 1860.<br>
+
<br>  
  
==== '''Missing''' ====
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''''179''0:&nbsp; Allegany''', '''Calvert''', and '''Somerset counties'''.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maryland, [[Maryland Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1800:&nbsp;''' '''Baltimore County '''outside of '''Baltimore City.'''
+
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1830:&nbsp; Montgomery''', '''Prince Georges''', '''Queen Annes''', '''St. Marys''', and '''Somerset''' '''counties.'''
+
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== What does the Census contain?<br> ==
+
{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
+
The census gives you place of residency and head of the household. Each census has a&nbsp;little different information.&nbsp;The early census, 1790–1840 only give number of others in the house grouped by ages and sex. Starting in 1850, you will find the names, ages, and birthplace of everyone in the household.
+
 
+
To find exactly what is in each census, CLICK on the census year, to be taken to the United States page. You can then CLICK the BACK button. to come back to this page.
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" id="census_years" style="width: 440px; border-collapse: collapse; height: 66px" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" width="440" align="center"
+
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" colspan="5" | '''CENSUS CONTENT'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland'''</font>
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1790|'''1790''']]
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1820|'''1820''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1850|'''1850''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1880|'''1880''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1910|'''1910''']]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1800|'''1800''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1830|'''1830''']]
+
| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1860|'''1860''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1890|'''1890''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1920|'''1920''']]
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''  
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1810|'''1810''']]
+
| '''1890'''  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1840|'''1840''']]  
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1870|'''1870''']]
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1900|'''1900''']]
+
| align="center" | -  
| style="border-right: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-top: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-left: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid; border-bottom: rgb(0,0,0) 1px solid" valign="middle" align="center" | [[United States Census 1930|'''1930''']]
+
| align="center" | -
|}
+
| align="center" | -
<center>[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/freecensusforms.htm Blank forms for the US Census]</center>
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
== How to find and search the census  ==
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
The censuses are in order of residences and are handwritten. You will want to search for an index. Now all the censuses have indexes available on the Internet, in book form, and some on film.&nbsp;The National Archives filmed all of the censuses and now the images are scanned and available on the Internet.
+
 
+
==== Websites  ====
+
 
+
Many censuses and indexes&nbsp;are on free sites, others are at paid sites.&nbsp;Some&nbsp;may have access through library membership, and other are personal paid sites. Some sites have partial censuses and others major fee sites have the whole series,&nbsp;with&nbsp;indexes and links to images. Online indexes are searchable in different ways, see tips if you are having difficulties locating your family.
+
 
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/maryland.htm Census Finder] has a list with links for the state of Maryland. Then has two pages for each of the counties of Maryland, with a description of what you will find. You will find indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies, There are also other types of records described in wiki articles, such as, [[Maryland Directories|Directories and]] [[Maryland Taxation|Taxation]].
+
*Two other websites that have links to other sites are&nbsp;[http://www.census-online.com/links/MD/ Census Online] and&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maryland.htm Access Genealogy]. Some of the addresses are not current.
+
*[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#r=0;p=allCollections FamilySearch Record Search] is&nbsp;free site. There are a few census years available now&nbsp;with more being added. Search the index and view the images. The index is to every name listed on the census. As of June 2009. the years that are indexed and available for Maryland are [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870],&nbsp;[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], and&nbsp;[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1325221;t=browsable;w=0;p=collectionDetails 1900].
+
*[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives] has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880.&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1233962991949_264" />
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=35 Ancestry] is a large Internet compatny that has all the&nbsp;Maryland census indexed from 1790--1930&nbsp;by every name. The index is linked&nbsp;to the image as well to an extracted&nbsp;household&nbsp;group&nbsp;with source information. Ancestry is available at many libraries, the Family History Library, and certain Family History centers.You can also purchase your own subscription.
+
*[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic Heritage Quest Online]&nbsp;is a paid site&nbsp;that has indexes for the 1790–1820,&nbsp;1860–1880, and 1900–1930.&nbsp;Images for all&nbsp;national&nbsp;censuses are available for browsing, printing, and downloading.&nbsp;Many libraries have subscriptions which allow access for their patrons outside of their library with a library card and password..
+
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
|+ '''Online Censuses and Indexes Available'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Year'''<br>
+
| '''1880'''  
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Index Only'''<br>
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Images Only'''<br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Index &amp; Images'''<br>
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free at Selected Libraries<br>'''
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Fee Based'''<br>
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1790'''<br>
+
| '''1870'''  
|  
+
| Mortality
<br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]  
 
+
| align="center" | -
| <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790d-01.pdf Census Bureau]  
+
| align="center" | -
(Transcript also)
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f7=&f13=Maryland&gskw=&prox=1&db=1790usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=1&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=5058&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1800'''<br>
+
| '''1860'''  
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| Slave owner
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f4=MD&f3=&f6=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1800usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=2&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7590&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1810'''<br>
+
| '''1860'''  
| <br>
+
| Mortality
| <br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
| <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f4=MD&f3=&f6=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1810usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=3&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7613&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1820'''  
+
| '''1850'''  
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| Slave owner
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f5=MD&f4=&f7=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1820usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=4&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7734&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830'''  
+
| '''1850'''  
| <br>
+
| Mortality
| <br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| <br>
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f8=maryland&f9=&f10=&f7=&f11=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1830usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry] <br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse? Heritage Quest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8058&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1840'''  
+
| '''1840'''  
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| Pensioners
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" |  
+
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1840usfedcenancestry&so=2&rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&prox=1&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gss=angs-c&gskw=maryland&sbo=1#SearchAgain Ancestry]  
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse Heritage Quest]
+
<br>
  
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| align="center" width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''[[Family History Library|Family History Library]] Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
+
| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=1890 Veteran}}
| <br>
+
| 1870 Mortality
| <br>
+
| {{FHL|704932|title-id|disp=1860 Slave owner}}
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#placeId=53;collectionId=1401638;p=recordResults;eventPlace=Maryland%2C%20United%20States;searchId=120878297584547250000;searchType=standard FamilySearch]<br>
+
| {{FHL|443531|film|disp=1850 Slave owner}}
|  
+
| 1840 Pensioners
[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f11=&f12=&f6=&f2=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1850usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=rfs&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]
+
 
+
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse Heritage Quest]
+
 
+
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1860'''
+
| 1880 Mortality
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1870 Agricultural
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1860 Mortality
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
+
| 1850 Mortality
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&gskw=&prox=1&db=1860usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=8&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
+
| 1820 Manufacturers
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''
+
| 1880&nbsp;Agricultural
| <br>
+
| 1870&nbsp;Industrial
 +
| 1860 Agricultural
 +
| 1850 Agricultural
 
| <br>
 
| <br>
 +
|-
 +
| 1880 Industrial
 +
| 1870 Social Statistics
 +
| 1860 Industrial
 +
| 1850 Industrial
 
|  
 
|  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch]
+
|-
 +
| 1880 Defective
 +
|
 +
| 1860 Social Statistics
 +
| 1850 Social Statistics
 +
|
 +
|}
  
[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives]
+
<br>
  
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&gskw=&prox=1&db=1860usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=9&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
+
{| align="center" width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
|+ '''[[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1880'''
+
| 1890 Veteran
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]<br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#collectionId=1417683;eventPlace=Utah%2C%20United%20States;placeId=27;searchId=82034795640645810000;searchType=standard;p=recordResults FamilySearch]
+
| 1860 Slave owner
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1860 Industrial
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" |
+
| 1850 Agricultural
[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives]
+
| 1820 Manufactuer
 
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f5=MD&f4=&f7=&f42=&f8=&f15=&f27=&f21=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&_8000C002=&f28=&_80008002=&f16=&_80018002=&f6=&f11=&f10=&f22=&f43=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1880usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=10&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1900'''
+
| 1880 Mortality
 +
| 1860 Mortality
 +
| 1850 Slave owner
 +
| 1850 Industrial
 
| <br>
 
| <br>
| <br>
 
| <br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 FamilySearch]
 
|
 
[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f107=Maryland&f106=&f21=&f33=&rg_f32__date=&rs_f32__date=0&f75=&f72=&rg_f53__date=&rs_f53__date=0&_8000C002=&_80008002=&_80018002=&f114=&f108=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1900usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=12&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 
 
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1910'''
+
| 1870 Mortality
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1860 Agricultural
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1850 Mortality
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
+
| 1840 Pensioner
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f7=MD&f9=&f10=&f18__n=&f20=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f23=&f17=&f16=&rg_f19__date=&rs_f19__date=0&_8000C002=&f21=&_80008002=&f22=&_80018002=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1910uscenindex&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3 Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=13&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
|-
+
| '''1920'''
+
 
| <br>
 
| <br>
| <br>
 
| <br>
 
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f8=Maryland&f9=&f10=&f20=&rg_fa5__date=&rs_fa5__date=0&f16__n=&rg_f19__date=&rs_f19__date=0&f18=&fa20=&f21=&fa18=&f22=&fa14=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1920usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3 Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=14&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1930'''
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f12=Maryland&f4=&f7=&f15=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f18=&f14__n=&_8000C002=&_80008002=&_80018002=&f10=&f16=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1930usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=15&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Film Records  ===
+
<br>
 
+
Many libraries have films of the census. The films are&nbsp;organized by counties then smaller areas. You will want to use indexes or you will need to search the films line by line to locate your families.
+
 
+
Book indexes are helpful to back up looking for the a family. You may find indexes for whole state of Maryland or each individual&nbsp;county. Some indexes are also published in periodicals. Check your the catalog at your library, srchive, or society&nbsp;for indexes. These indexes will lead you to the census. You can then look&nbsp;at&nbsp;the online&nbsp;version or one of the following film or order the a copy.
+
 
+
The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=673565&disp=Maryland%2C+1880+federal+census+%3A+soun++ Family History Library] has all the films for Maryland. You can view the films at the library in Salt Lake City or you can order a copy of the film to a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers: Accessing Family History Library Materials in Your Area|Family HIstory Center]] close to you. The links will take you the catalog entry to determine the correct film number.
+
 
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=121535&disp=Census+schedules%2C+1790++ 1790]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=118365&disp=Census+schedules%2C+1800++ 1800]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=118496&disp=Population+schedules+of+the+third+census++ 1810]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=42&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=120949&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1820%25252B%25252B&last=141&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1820]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=53&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=119992&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1830%25252B%25252B&last=152&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1830]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=61&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=120333&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1840%25252B%25252B&last=160&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1840]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=744483&disp=Maryland%2C+1850+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1850]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=704932&disp=Maryland%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1860]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=698901&disp=Maryland%2C+1870+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1870]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=673565&disp=Maryland%2C+1880+federal+census+%3A+soun++ 1880 and index]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=128&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=655770&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1900%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=227&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1900] and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=1&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=655770&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1900%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=100&columns=*%2C0%2C0 index]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=637202&disp=Maryland%2C+1910+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1910]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=127&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=571898&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1920%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=226&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1920]&nbsp;and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=1&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=571898&disp=Maryland%252525252C%2525252B1920%2525252Bfederal%2525252Bcensus%2525252B%252525253A%2525252Bsoun%2525252B%2525252B&last=100&columns=*%2C0%2C0 index]
+
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1036357&disp=Maryland%2C+1930+federal+census++ 1930]
+
 
+
The [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/using-microfilm-catalogs.html National Archives] is the owners of the Federal Census. The archives have the films at the main center in Washington DC and [http://www.archives.gov/locations/ various branches]. You can also buy films from the archives or rent films for your use. There site also has hints on how to look to use the census. You will need the publication number, the number beginning with a 'T' or a 'M', and the&nbsp;roll number, will be the number you will find when you click on the year.
+
 
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#maryland 1850 M432]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#maryland 1860 M654]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#maryland 1870 M593]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#maryland 1880&nbsp;T9]&nbsp;&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#maryland Soundex T753]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#maryland 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#maryland Soundex T1050]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#maryland 1910 T624]
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#maryland 1920 T625] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#maryland Soundex M1566]
+
*[http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
+
 
+
The Maryland Archives has a complete set of films. They are [http://guide.mdsa.net/series.cfm?action=viewDetailedSeries&ID=SM61&column= ID]&nbsp;cataloged&nbsp;under the same entry and by each county. The&nbsp;counties are listed by&nbsp;two letters.&nbsp; The [http://guide.mdsa.net/series.cfm?action=viewSeries&ID=SM62 soundex films]&nbsp;are also available at the archives and the catalog is on the Internet.
+
 
+
=== Other&nbsp;Ways to Locate&nbsp;Census&nbsp;  ===
+
 
+
If you are unable to locate your ancestor in the census, the following may help. Also, the&nbsp;[[Maryland#Maryland_counties|county]] may have some indexes, images, or hints for that area.
+
 
+
If the person lived in a large city, you can find an address in a city directory for the same year that the census was taken. Then look for that address on the original census schedules.
+
 
+
The following reference tools can help you determine which census schedule microfilm and ward or enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
+
 
+
*Brown, Mary Ross. ''An Illustrated Genealogy of the Counties of Maryland and the District of Columbia as a Guide to Locating Records ''. . . Baltimore, Maryland: French-Bray Printing Co., 1967. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.2+E7b 975.2 E7b].) This has maps showing Baltimore City ward boundaries in 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
+
 
+
Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts. The United States Census Offices has prepared the following descriptions:
+
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1880--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=464749&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1402861]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''1900--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1303022]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1910--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1374004]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1920--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1842708]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1930--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1037259&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 2261284]
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
<br>
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maryland, [[Maryland Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=594710&disp=U%2ES%2E+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 X2bu 1910]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=594710&disp=U.S.+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex++ 6101340].) This work lists all Maryland towns (or wards), their 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and their Family History Library film numbers. The work contains special instructions and information for Baltimore, including the Family History Library film numbers of city directories.
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. (On 51 Family History Library fiche beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 6331481].) This reference lists street addresses of Baltimore on fiche numbers two through four and lists corresponding census enumeration districts.
+
  
Another index that may be helpful in locating individuals is:  
+
Maryland&nbsp;took several censuses in the years before the&nbsp;first federal census was taken. The dates are listed below. These censuses records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The years of coverage may give additional information on the family. Maryland did not take any censuses after statehood.<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 53-56.</ref>
  
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1984. (No Family History Library fiche number but available at many Family History Centers.) In this work, the Maryland censuses for 1790, 1800, and 1810 censuses are combined on Search 1. The 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses have separate searches.&nbsp;
+
Statistics from the 1755 Census of Maryland were published in a London newspaper. No names are mentioned, but researchers can view interesting context of which counties had the largest populations of slaves, convicts, and indentured servants.<ref name="null">[http://books.google.com/books?id=3TY3AAAAYAAJ "An Account of the Number of Souls in the Province of Maryland, in the Year 1755,"] ''The Gentleman's Magazine,'' Vol. 34 (1764):261.</ref>
  
== Special Censuses  ==
+
For an online index to both 1778 and 1776 see "[[Maryland Census#Online_Maryland_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maryland]]" above.
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
*'''1778''' Citizen fidelity oaths<ref>Bettie Stirling Carothers, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7280606 Maryland Oaths of Fidelity]'' (Lutherville, Md. : Carothers, [1980?]) [[{{CaroMD78}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1776''' State census:<ref name="Lainh" />
  
&nbsp;'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist. The schedules and indexes are available at the Maryland State Archives.  
+
:*Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11019085&referer=brief_results Maryland Records, Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources]'', 2 vols. (1915-1928; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1975) [{{FHL|444406|title-id|disp=FHL Book 975.2 D29b; Fiche 6046943}}]
 +
:*Bettie Stirling Carothers, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13665718&referer=brief_results ''1776 Census of Maryland'' ](Lutherville, Md.: B.S. Carothers, 1972) [{{FHL|253505|title-id|disp=FHL Book 975.2 X2p 1776; Film 928227 Item 2}}]
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of and the following published mortality schedules:
+
For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, [[Maryland Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
*Dryden, Ruth T. (Ruth Jean Tamm), 1923–. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=482563 ''State of Maryland Mortality Schedules, 1850 &amp; 1860''.] San Diego, California: Dryden, [198-?]. (Family History Library book 975.2 X28d; fiche 6117599)<br>
+
=== Why use a census? ===
*Riley, Janet Wilson.''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=482569&disp=Eastern+shore%2C+mortality+schedule%2C+1  &columns=*,0,0 Eastern Shore Mortality Schedule, 1870.]''Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.21 X28r.) The Eastern shore area includes nine counties: Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester. <br>
+
  
*Riley, Janet Wilson. ''Mortality Schedule of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, 1880.'' Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1986. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=583057&disp=Mortality+schedule+of+the+eastern+shore+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.2 A1 No. 196]) The Eastern Shore area includes nine counties: Caroline, Cecil, Dorcester, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester.
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
+
{{Template:Pros-MD}}
  
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
'''1850-1860--''' Slave schedules list the name of the owner, the numbers of slaves owned, whether the slaves were male or female, and the slaves' age ranges. They do not list the slaves by name. The slave schedules are not indexed.
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
For slave schedules see:  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1850--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=443531 443531]-33<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''1860--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=704932&disp=Maryland%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu%20%20&columns=*,0,0 803484]-85
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
==== Veterans Schedules  ====
+
{{reflist}}
  
The Family History Library has the Maryland 1890 Civil War Union veterans schedule and index. The index is:
+
{{Place|Maryland}} {{USCensus}} {{Maryland|Maryland}}
  
*Dilts, Bryan Lee. ''1890 Maryland Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1985. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=214203&disp=1890+Maryland+census+index+of+Civil+War+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.2 X22d 1890]).
+
[[Category:Maryland|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 20:06, 23 August 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Maryland  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Maryland indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - - - - - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link  Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex Link[8] Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1840-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 1870 indexes Link - Link[9] Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1776-1830

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 partial 1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - Link Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - Link Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script

Link
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1778 State indexes - - Link - - - - - - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1776 State indexes - - Link - - Link

Link

Link
images - - - - - Tran-
script
Tran-
script
Tran-
script
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870 1840 1810
1930 and Soundex 1900 and Soundex 1860 1830 1800
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850 1820 1790


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1050 1860 M654 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1566 1880 T9  and Soundex T753 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maryland, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[10] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[10] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link


Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner 1840 Pensioners
1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality 1820 Manufacturers
1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural
1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial
1880 Defective 1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural 1820 Manufactuer
1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial
1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality 1840 Pensioner


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maryland, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Maryland took several censuses in the years before the first federal census was taken. The dates are listed below. These censuses records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The years of coverage may give additional information on the family. Maryland did not take any censuses after statehood.[11]

Statistics from the 1755 Census of Maryland were published in a London newspaper. No names are mentioned, but researchers can view interesting context of which counties had the largest populations of slaves, convicts, and indentured servants.[12]

For an online index to both 1778 and 1776 see "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maryland" above.

  • 1778 Citizen fidelity oaths[13]
  • 1776 State census:[11]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.


More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Only Anne Arundel County is indexed for 1880.
  9. Residents of what is now Garrett County were part of Allegany County in 1870 and indexed under Allegany County.
  10. 10.0 10.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 53-56.
  12. "An Account of the Number of Souls in the Province of Maryland, in the Year 1755," The Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. 34 (1764):261.
  13. Bettie Stirling Carothers, Maryland Oaths of Fidelity (Lutherville, Md. : Carothers, [1980?]) [FHL Film 908753 Items 6-7].

 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 23 August 2012, at 20:06.
  • This page has been accessed 29,203 times.