Maryland Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Maryland|Maryland]]  >  [[Maryland Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Maryland|Maryland]]  >  [[Maryland_Census|Census]]''  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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== Why use census?  ==
|-
+
| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
+
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
+
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
+
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
+
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
+
  
<br>
+
Censuses are the basic records for genealogist. The records give the places where your ancestors live, dates and places of birth, family members, and places where the family lived. You can also locate neighbors names. You may learn about immigration information.&nbsp;
  
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Maryland Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
+
Now, many censuses are indexes and images are located on computers. This is the easiest way to locate your ancestors.  
  
|}
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== What Records Exist  ==
  
=== Online Maryland indexes and images ===
+
=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
{{Census Online Maryland}}
+
For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, [[Maryland Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
=== Federal population schedules  ===
+
There are two main types of records for Maryland,&nbsp;colonial census&nbsp;and federal census. For other records used for locating individuals at other times you will want to use [[Maryland Directories|Directories]] and [[Maryland Taxation|Tax Records]].
  
==== Microfilm images  ====
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These are the population schedules which lists either the head of the house or the whole family. There are other schedules listed under special census.
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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=== Colonial censuses  ===
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives'''
+
|-
+
| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#maryland 1910 T624]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#maryland 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
+
|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#maryland 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#maryland Soundex T1050]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#maryland 1860 M654]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
+
|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#maryland 1920 T625] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#maryland Soundex M1566]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#maryland 1880&nbsp;T9]&nbsp;&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#maryland Soundex T753]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#maryland 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
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|}
+
  
<br>  
+
'''1776--'''A colonial census was taken for most counties.<br>  
  
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
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'''1778--'''Nearly every male 18 years of age and older (except for Friends and others who objected for religious reasons) took an oath of fidelity to the state.&nbsp;
  
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maryland, [[Maryland Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
+
'''1778--'''A list of adult males was also made to determine who had not taken the oath of fidelity.
  
=== Federal non-population schedules ===
+
== What does the Census contain?<br> ==
  
==== Online indexes and images  ====
+
The census gives you place of residency and head of the household. Each census has a&nbsp;little different information.&nbsp;The early census, 1790–1840 only give number of others in the house grouped by ages and sex. Starting in 1850, you will find the names, ages, and birthplace of everyone in the household.
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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To find exactly what is in each census, CLICK on the census year, to be taken to the United States page. You can then CLICK the BACK button. to come back to this page.
 +
 
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<br>
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{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" align="center" width="440" style="width: 440px; border-collapse: collapse; height: 66px;" id="census_years" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland'''</font>
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| align="center" valign="middle" colspan="5" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | '''CENSUS CONTENT'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1790|'''1790''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1820|'''1820''']]
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1850|'''1850''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1880|'''1880''']]
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1910|'''1910''']]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1800|'''1800''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''  
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1830|'''1830''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1860|'''1860''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''  
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1890|'''1890''']]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1920|'''1920''']]
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
 
|-
| '''1890'''  
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1810|'''1810''']]
| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1840|'''1840''']]
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1870|'''1870''']]
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1900|'''1900''']]
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" valign="middle" style="border: 1px solid rgb(0, 0, 0);" | [[United States Census 1930|'''1930''']]
| align="center" | -
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|}
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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<center>[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/freecensusforms.htm Blank forms for the US Census]</center>
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
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== How to find and search the census  ==
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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 +
The censuses are in order of residences and are handwritten. You will want to search for an index. Now all the censuses have indexes available on the Internet, in book form, and some on film.&nbsp;The National Archives filmed all of the censuses and now the images are scanned and available on the Internet.
 +
 
 +
==== Websites  ====
 +
 
 +
Many censuses and indexes&nbsp;are on free sites, others are at paid sites.&nbsp;Some&nbsp;may have access through library membership, and other are personal paid sites. Some sites have partial censuses and others major fee sites have the whole series,&nbsp;with&nbsp;indexes and links to images. Online indexes are searchable in different ways, see tips if you are having difficulties locating your family.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/maryland.htm Census Finder] has a list with links for the state of Maryland. Then has two pages for each of the counties of Maryland, with a description of what you will find. You will find indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies, There are also other types of records described in wiki articles, such as, [[Maryland Directories|Directories and]] [[Maryland Taxation|Taxation]].
 +
*Two other websites that have links to other sites are&nbsp;[http://www.census-online.com/links/MD/ Census Online] and&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maryland.htm Access Genealogy]. Some of the addresses are not current.
 +
*[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#r=0;p=allCollections FamilySearch Record Search] is&nbsp;free site. There are a few census years available now&nbsp;with more being added. Search the index and view the images. The index is to every name listed on the census. As of June 2009. the years that are indexed and available for Maryland are [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870],&nbsp;[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], and&nbsp;[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1325221;t=browsable;w=0;p=collectionDetails 1900].
 +
*[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives] has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880.&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1233962991949_264" />
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=35 Ancestry] is a large Internet company that has all the&nbsp;Maryland censuses indexed from 1790--1930&nbsp;by every name. The index is linked&nbsp;to the image as well to an extracted&nbsp;household&nbsp;group&nbsp;with source information. Ancestry is available at many libraries, the Family History Library, and certain Family History centers.You can also purchase your own subscription.
 +
*[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic Heritage Quest Online]&nbsp;is a paid site&nbsp;that has indexes for the 1790–1820,&nbsp;1860–1880, and 1900–1930.&nbsp;Images for all&nbsp;national&nbsp;censuses are available for browsing, printing, and downloading.&nbsp;Many libraries have subscriptions which allow access for their patrons outside of their library with a library card and password.
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
 +
|+ '''Online Censuses and Indexes Available'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''  
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Year'''<br>
| width="20%" | Mortality
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Index Only'''<br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Images Only'''<br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free Index &amp; Images'''<br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Free at Selected Libraries<br>'''
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#66cc66" | '''Fee Based'''<br>
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''  
+
| '''1790'''<br>
| Mortality
+
| <br>
| align="center" | -
+
| <br>
| align="center" | -  
+
| [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790d-01.pdf Census Bureau] (Transcript also)
| align="center" | -
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| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f7=&f13=Maryland&gskw=&prox=1&db=1790usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=1&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
| align="center" | -
+
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=5058&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''  
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1800'''<br>
| Slave owner
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f4=MD&f3=&f6=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1800usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=2&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7590&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''  
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| '''1810'''<br>
| Mortality
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| <br>
| align="center" | -
+
| <br>
| align="center" | -
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| <br>
| align="center" | -
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| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f4=MD&f3=&f6=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1810usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=3&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
| align="center" | -
+
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7613&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''  
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1820'''  
| Slave owner
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420440;t=browsable;w=0 Link]
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f5=MD&f4=&f7=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1820usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=4&state=24&s=2 Heritage Quest]  
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7734&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''  
+
| '''1830'''  
| Mortality
+
| <br>
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
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| <br>
| align="center" | -
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| <br>
| align="center" | -
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| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f8=maryland&f9=&f10=&f7=&f11=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1830usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry] <br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse? Heritage Quest]  
| align="center" | -
+
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8058&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1840'''  
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1840'''  
| Pensioners
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" |  
| align="center" | -
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[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1840usfedcenancestry&so=2&rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&prox=1&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gss=angs-c&gskw=maryland&sbo=1#SearchAgain Ancestry]  
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
+
|}
+
  
<br>
+
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse Heritage Quest]
  
==== Microfilm images  ====
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
|+ '''Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=7&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules%2525252525252Benumerating%2525252525252BUnion%2525252525252Bveterans%2525252525252Band%2525252525252B%2525252525252B&last=106&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1890 Veteran]
+
| '''1850'''
| 1870 Mortality
+
| <br>
| 1860 Slave owner
+
| <br>
| 1850&nbsp;Slave owner&nbsp;
+
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#placeId=53;collectionId=1401638;p=recordResults;eventPlace=Maryland%2C%20United%20States;searchId=120878297584547250000;searchType=standard FamilySearch]<br>
| 1840&nbsp;Pensioners
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| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f11=&f12=&f6=&f2=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1850usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=rfs&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry] <br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse Heritage Quest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1880 Mortality
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1860'''
| 1870&nbsp;Agricultural
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1860 Mortality
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1850 Mortality
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
| <br>1820 Manufacturers
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&gskw=&prox=1&db=1860usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=8&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1880&nbsp;Agricultural
+
| '''1870'''
| 1870&nbsp;Industrial
+
| <br>
| 1860 Agricultural
+
| <br>
| 1850 Agricultural
+
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch]
| <br>
+
[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives]
 +
 
 +
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f23=MD&f3=&f4=&f13=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&gskw=&prox=1&db=1860usfedcenancestry&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=9&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1880 Industrial
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1880'''
| 1870 Social Statistics
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]<br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#collectionId=1417683;eventPlace=Utah%2C%20United%20States;placeId=27;searchId=82034795640645810000;searchType=standard;p=recordResults FamilySearch]
| 1860 Industrial
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1850 Industrial
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" |
|  
+
[http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/refserv/html/censussearch.html Maryland State Archives]
 +
 
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f5=MD&f4=&f7=&f42=&f8=&f15=&f27=&f21=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&_8000C002=&f28=&_80008002=&f16=&_80018002=&f6=&f11=&f10=&f22=&f43=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1880usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=10&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1880 Defective
+
| '''1900'''
 +
| <br>
 +
| <br>
 +
| <br>[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 FamilySearch]
 
|  
 
|  
| 1860 Social Statistics
+
[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f107=Maryland&f106=&f21=&f33=&rg_f32__date=&rs_f32__date=0&f75=&f72=&rg_f53__date=&rs_f53__date=0&_8000C002=&_80008002=&_80018002=&f114=&f108=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1900usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=12&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
| 1850 Social Statistics
+
|
+
|}
+
  
<br>
+
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
|+ '''National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| 1890 Veteran
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1910'''
| 1860 Slave owner
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1860 Industrial
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1850 Agricultural
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1820 Manufactuer
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f7=MD&f9=&f10=&f18__n=&f20=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f23=&f17=&f16=&rg_f19__date=&rs_f19__date=0&_8000C002=&f21=&_80008002=&f22=&_80018002=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1910uscenindex&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3 Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=13&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1880 Mortality
+
| '''1920'''
| 1860 Mortality
+
| <br>
| 1850 Slave owner
+
| <br>
| 1850 Industrial
+
| <br>
| <br>
+
| [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f8=Maryland&f9=&f10=&f20=&rg_fa5__date=&rs_fa5__date=0&f16__n=&rg_f19__date=&rs_f19__date=0&f18=&fa20=&f21=&fa18=&f22=&fa14=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1920usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3 Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=14&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1870 Mortality
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | '''1930'''
| 1860 Agricultural
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1850 Mortality
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| 1840 Pensioner
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | <br>
| <br>
+
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&gsfn=&gsln=&=&f12=Maryland&f4=&f7=&f15=&rg_81004011__date=&rs_81004011__date=0&f18=&f14__n=&_8000C002=&_80008002=&_80018002=&f10=&f16=&gskw=&prox=1&db=1930usfedcen&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=IMAGE&gst=&so=3#SearchAgain Ancestry]<br>[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic?series=15&state=24&s=2 HeritageQuest]
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffcc" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
=== Film Records  ===
 +
 +
Many libraries have films of the census. The films are&nbsp;organized by counties then smaller areas. You will want to use indexes or you will need to search the films line by line to locate your families.
 +
 +
Book indexes are helpful to back up looking for the a family. You may find indexes for whole state of Maryland or each individual&nbsp;county. Some indexes are also published in periodicals. Check your the catalog at your library, srchive, or society&nbsp;for indexes. These indexes will lead you to the census. You can then look&nbsp;at&nbsp;the online&nbsp;version or one of the following film or order the a copy.
 +
 +
The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=673565&disp=Maryland%2C+1880+federal+census+%3A+soun++ Family History Library] has all the films for Maryland. You can view the films at the library in Salt Lake City or you can order a copy of the film to a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family HIstory Center]] close to you. The links will take you the catalog entry to determine the correct film number.
 +
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=121535&disp=Census+schedules%2C+1790++ 1790]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=118365&disp=Census+schedules%2C+1800++ 1800]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=118496&disp=Population+schedules+of+the+third+census++ 1810]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=42&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=120949&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1820%25252B%25252B&last=141&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1820]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=53&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=119992&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1830%25252B%25252B&last=152&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1830]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=61&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=120333&disp=Census%25252Bschedules%2525252C%25252B1840%25252B%25252B&last=160&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1840]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=744483&disp=Maryland%2C+1850+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1850]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=704932&disp=Maryland%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1860]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=698901&disp=Maryland%2C+1870+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1870]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=673565&disp=Maryland%2C+1880+federal+census+%3A+soun++ 1880 and index]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=128&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=655770&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1900%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=227&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1900] and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=1&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=655770&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1900%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=100&columns=*%2C0%2C0 index]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=637202&disp=Maryland%2C+1910+federal+census+%3A+popu++ 1910]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=127&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=571898&disp=Maryland%2525252C%25252B1920%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=226&columns=*%2C0%2C0 1920]&nbsp;and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=1&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=571898&disp=Maryland%252525252C%2525252B1920%2525252Bfederal%2525252Bcensus%2525252B%252525253A%2525252Bsoun%2525252B%2525252B&last=100&columns=*%2C0%2C0 index]
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1036357&disp=Maryland%2C+1930+federal+census++ 1930]
 +
 +
The [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/using-microfilm-catalogs.html National Archives] is the owners of the Federal Census. The archives have the films at the main center in Washington DC and [http://www.archives.gov/locations/ various branches]. You can also buy films from the archives or rent films for your use. There site also has hints on how to look to use the census. You will need the publication number, the number beginning with a 'T' or a 'M', and the&nbsp;roll number, will be the number you will find when you click on the year.
 +
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#maryland 1850 M432]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#maryland 1860 M654]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#maryland 1870 M593]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#maryland 1880&nbsp;T9]&nbsp;&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#maryland Soundex T753]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#maryland 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#maryland Soundex T1050]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#maryland 1910 T624]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#maryland 1920 T625] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#maryland Soundex M1566]
 +
*[http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
 +
 +
The Maryland Archives has a complete set of films. They are [http://guide.mdsa.net/series.cfm?action=viewDetailedSeries&ID=SM61&column= ID]&nbsp;cataloged&nbsp;under the same entry and by each county. The&nbsp;counties are listed by&nbsp;two letters.&nbsp; The [http://guide.mdsa.net/series.cfm?action=viewSeries&ID=SM62 soundex films]&nbsp;are also available at the archives and the catalog is on the Internet.
 +
 +
=== Other&nbsp;Ways to Locate&nbsp;Census&nbsp;  ===
 +
 +
If you are unable to locate your ancestor in the census, the following may help. Also, the&nbsp;[[Maryland#Maryland_counties|county]] may have some indexes, images, or hints for that area.
 +
 +
If the person lived in a large city, you can find an address in a city directory for the same year that the census was taken. Then look for that address on the original census schedules.
 +
 +
The following reference tools can help you determine which census schedule microfilm and ward or enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
 +
 +
*Brown, Mary Ross. ''An Illustrated Genealogy of the Counties of Maryland and the District of Columbia as a Guide to Locating Records ''. . . Baltimore, Maryland: French-Bray Printing Co., 1967. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.2+E7b 975.2 E7b].) This has maps showing Baltimore City ward boundaries in 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
 +
 +
Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts. The United States Census Offices has prepared the following descriptions:
 +
 +
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1880--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=464749&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1402861]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''1900--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1303022]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1910--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1374004]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1920--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1842708]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1930--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1037259&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 2261284]
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
+
*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=594710&disp=U%2ES%2E+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 X2bu 1910]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=594710&disp=U.S.+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex++ 6101340].) This work lists all Maryland towns (or wards), their 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and their Family History Library film numbers. The work contains special instructions and information for Baltimore, including the Family History Library film numbers of city directories.
 +
*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. (On 51 Family History Library fiche beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 6331481].) This reference lists street addresses of Baltimore on fiche numbers two through four and lists corresponding census enumeration districts.
  
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maryland, [[Maryland Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
+
Another index that may be helpful in locating individuals is:  
  
=== State and colonial censuses ===
+
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1984. (No Family History Library fiche number but available at many Family History Centers.) In this work, the Maryland censuses for 1790, 1800, and 1810 censuses are combined on Search 1. The 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses have separate searches.&nbsp;
  
Maryland made in '''1778''' a list of citizens who had taken an oath of fidelity which list is sometimes called a census.
+
== Special Censuses  ==
  
Maryland took a census in '''1776''':
+
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
  
*Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11019085&referer=brief_results Maryland Records, Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources]'', 2 vols. (1915-1928; reprint, Baltimore:Genealogical Publ.,&nbsp;1975) [[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=444406&disp=Maryland+records++ FHL book&nbsp;975.2 D29b; fiche&nbsp;6046943]]
+
&nbsp;'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist. The schedules and indexes are available at the Maryland State Archives.  
*Bettie Stirling Carothers, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13665718&referer=brief_results ''1776 Census of Maryland'' ](Lutherville, Md.: B.S. Carothers, 1972) [[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=253505&disp=1776+census+of+Maryland%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book&nbsp;975.2 X2p 1776; film&nbsp;928227 Item 2]]
+
  
An '''online index to both '''is found in&nbsp; [http://guide.mdsa.net/series.cfm?action=viewSeries&ID=S1419 MARYLAND INDEXES (Census Index) 1776-1778 [MSA S1419]].  
+
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
+
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of and the following published mortality schedules:
 +
 
 +
*Dryden, Ruth T. (Ruth Jean Tamm), 1923–. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=482563 ''State of Maryland Mortality Schedules, 1850 &amp; 1860''.] San Diego, California: Dryden, [198-?]. (Family History Library book 975.2 X28d; fiche 6117599)<br>
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*Riley, Janet Wilson.''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=482569&disp=Eastern+shore%2C+mortality+schedule%2C+1 &amp;columns=*,0,0 Eastern Shore Mortality Schedule, 1870.]''Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.21 X28r.) The Eastern shore area includes nine counties: Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester. <br>
  
For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, [[Maryland Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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*Riley, Janet Wilson. ''Mortality Schedule of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, 1880.'' Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1986. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=583057&disp=Mortality+schedule+of+the+eastern+shore+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.2 A1 No. 196]) The Eastern Shore area includes nine counties: Caroline, Cecil, Dorcester, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester.
  
=== Why use a census? ===
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==== Slave Holder Schedules ====
  
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
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'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.  
  
=== More about censuses  ===
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'''1850-1860--''' Slave holder schedules list the name of the owner, the numbers of slaves owned, whether the slaves were male or female, and the slaves' age ranges. They do not list the slaves by name. The slave schedules are not indexed.
  
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
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For slave holder schedules see:  
  
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1850--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=443531 443531]-33<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''1860--'''Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=704932&disp=Maryland%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu%20%20&columns=*,0,0 803484]-85
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
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=== Sources and footnotes ===
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==== Veterans Schedules ====
  
{{reflist}}
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The Family History Library has the Maryland 1890 Civil War Union veterans schedule and index. The index is:
  
{{Place|Maryland}} {{stub}}
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*Dilts, Bryan Lee. ''1890 Maryland Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1985. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=214203&disp=1890+Maryland+census+index+of+Civil+War+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.2 X22d 1890]).
  
 
[[Category:Maryland|Census]]
 
[[Category:Maryland|Census]]

Revision as of 22:07, 15 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Maryland  >  Census

Contents

Why use census?

Censuses are the basic records for genealogist. The records give the places where your ancestors live, dates and places of birth, family members, and places where the family lived. You can also locate neighbors names. You may learn about immigration information. 

Now, many censuses are indexes and images are located on computers. This is the easiest way to locate your ancestors.

What Records Exist

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, click here.

There are two main types of records for Maryland, colonial census and federal census. For other records used for locating individuals at other times you will want to use Directories and Tax Records.

These are the population schedules which lists either the head of the house or the whole family. There are other schedules listed under special census.

Colonial censuses

1776--A colonial census was taken for most counties.

1778--Nearly every male 18 years of age and older (except for Friends and others who objected for religious reasons) took an oath of fidelity to the state. 

1778--A list of adult males was also made to determine who had not taken the oath of fidelity.

What does the Census contain?

The census gives you place of residency and head of the household. Each census has a little different information. The early census, 1790–1840 only give number of others in the house grouped by ages and sex. Starting in 1850, you will find the names, ages, and birthplace of everyone in the household.

To find exactly what is in each census, CLICK on the census year, to be taken to the United States page. You can then CLICK the BACK button. to come back to this page.


CENSUS CONTENT
1790 1820 1850 1880 1910
1800 1830 1860 1890 1920
1810 1840 1870 1900 1930
Blank forms for the US Census

How to find and search the census

The censuses are in order of residences and are handwritten. You will want to search for an index. Now all the censuses have indexes available on the Internet, in book form, and some on film. The National Archives filmed all of the censuses and now the images are scanned and available on the Internet.

Websites

Many censuses and indexes are on free sites, others are at paid sites. Some may have access through library membership, and other are personal paid sites. Some sites have partial censuses and others major fee sites have the whole series, with indexes and links to images. Online indexes are searchable in different ways, see tips if you are having difficulties locating your family.

  • Census Finder has a list with links for the state of Maryland. Then has two pages for each of the counties of Maryland, with a description of what you will find. You will find indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies, There are also other types of records described in wiki articles, such as, Directories and Taxation.
  • Two other websites that have links to other sites are Census Online and Access Genealogy. Some of the addresses are not current.
  • FamilySearch Record Search is free site. There are a few census years available now with more being added. Search the index and view the images. The index is to every name listed on the census. As of June 2009. the years that are indexed and available for Maryland are 1850, 1860, 18701880, and 1900.
  • Maryland State Archives has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880. 
  • Ancestry is a large Internet company that has all the Maryland censuses indexed from 1790--1930 by every name. The index is linked to the image as well to an extracted household group with source information. Ancestry is available at many libraries, the Family History Library, and certain Family History centers.You can also purchase your own subscription.
  • Heritage Quest Online is a paid site that has indexes for the 1790–1820, 1860–1880, and 1900–1930. Images for all national censuses are available for browsing, printing, and downloading. Many libraries have subscriptions which allow access for their patrons outside of their library with a library card and password.
Online Censuses and Indexes Available
Year
Free Index Only
Free Images Only
Free Index & Images
Free at Selected Libraries
Fee Based
1790


Census Bureau (Transcript also) Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1800



Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1810



Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1820


Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1830


Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1840


Ancestry

Heritage Quest

Ancestry
1850

FamilySearch
Ancestry
Heritage Quest
Ancestry
1860


FamilySearch
Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry
1870

FamilySearch

Maryland State Archives

Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry
1880 Ancestry
FamilySearch

Maryland State Archives

Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry
1900


FamilySearch

Ancestry
HeritageQuest

Ancestry
1910


Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry
1920


Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry
1930


Ancestry
HeritageQuest
Ancestry

Film Records

Many libraries have films of the census. The films are organized by counties then smaller areas. You will want to use indexes or you will need to search the films line by line to locate your families.

Book indexes are helpful to back up looking for the a family. You may find indexes for whole state of Maryland or each individual county. Some indexes are also published in periodicals. Check your the catalog at your library, srchive, or society for indexes. These indexes will lead you to the census. You can then look at the online version or one of the following film or order the a copy.

The Family History Library has all the films for Maryland. You can view the films at the library in Salt Lake City or you can order a copy of the film to a Family HIstory Center close to you. The links will take you the catalog entry to determine the correct film number.

The National Archives is the owners of the Federal Census. The archives have the films at the main center in Washington DC and various branches. You can also buy films from the archives or rent films for your use. There site also has hints on how to look to use the census. You will need the publication number, the number beginning with a 'T' or a 'M', and the roll number, will be the number you will find when you click on the year.

The Maryland Archives has a complete set of films. They are ID cataloged under the same entry and by each county. The counties are listed by two letters.  The soundex films are also available at the archives and the catalog is on the Internet.

Other Ways to Locate Census 

If you are unable to locate your ancestor in the census, the following may help. Also, the county may have some indexes, images, or hints for that area.

If the person lived in a large city, you can find an address in a city directory for the same year that the census was taken. Then look for that address on the original census schedules.

The following reference tools can help you determine which census schedule microfilm and ward or enumeration district to search for specific addresses:

  • Brown, Mary Ross. An Illustrated Genealogy of the Counties of Maryland and the District of Columbia as a Guide to Locating Records . . . Baltimore, Maryland: French-Bray Printing Co., 1967. (Family History Library book 975.2 E7b.) This has maps showing Baltimore City ward boundaries in 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.

Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts. The United States Census Offices has prepared the following descriptions:

                          1880--Family History Library film 1402861
                          1900--Family History Library film 1303022
                          1910--Family History Library film 1374004
                          1920--Family History Library film 1842708
                          1930--Family History Library film 2261284


  • Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2bu 1910; fiche 6101340.) This work lists all Maryland towns (or wards), their 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and their Family History Library film numbers. The work contains special instructions and information for Baltimore, including the Family History Library film numbers of city directories.
  • United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. (On 51 Family History Library fiche beginning with 6331481.) This reference lists street addresses of Baltimore on fiche numbers two through four and lists corresponding census enumeration districts.

Another index that may be helpful in locating individuals is:

  • Jackson, Ronald Vern. AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1984. (No Family History Library fiche number but available at many Family History Centers.) In this work, the Maryland censuses for 1790, 1800, and 1810 censuses are combined on Search 1. The 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses have separate searches. 

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

 1850-1880--Mortality schedules exist. The schedules and indexes are available at the Maryland State Archives.

1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of and the following published mortality schedules:

  • Riley, Janet Wilson. Mortality Schedule of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, 1880. Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.2 A1 No. 196) The Eastern Shore area includes nine counties: Caroline, Cecil, Dorcester, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester.

Slave Holder Schedules

1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.

1850-1860-- Slave holder schedules list the name of the owner, the numbers of slaves owned, whether the slaves were male or female, and the slaves' age ranges. They do not list the slaves by name. The slave schedules are not indexed.

For slave holder schedules see:

                        1850--Family History Library film 443531-33
                        1860--Family History Library film 803484-85

Veterans Schedules

The Family History Library has the Maryland 1890 Civil War Union veterans schedule and index. The index is:

  • Dilts, Bryan Lee. 1890 Maryland Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.2 X22d 1890).