Maryland CensusEdit This Page

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Maryland  Gotoarrow.png  Census

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Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Maryland indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
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images Link - Link
Link
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1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link  Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex Link[8] Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1840-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 1870 indexes Link - Link[9] Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1776-1830

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maryland 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 partial 1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - Link Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - Link Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script

Link
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1778 State indexes - - Link - - - - - - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1776 State indexes - - Link - - Link

Link

Link
images - - - - - Tran-
script
Tran-
script
Tran-
script
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870 1840 1810
1930 and Soundex 1900 and Soundex 1860 1830 1800
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850 1820 1790


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1050 1860 M654 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1566 1880 T9  and Soundex T753 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maryland, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[10] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[10] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link


Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner 1840 Pensioners
1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality 1820 Manufacturers
1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural
1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial
1880 Defective 1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural 1820 Manufactuer
1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial
1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality 1840 Pensioner


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maryland, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Maryland took several censuses in the years before the first federal census was taken. The dates are listed below. These censuses records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The years of coverage may give additional information on the family. Maryland did not take any censuses after statehood.[11]

Statistics from the 1755 Census of Maryland were published in a London newspaper. No names are mentioned, but researchers can view interesting context of which counties had the largest populations of slaves, convicts, and indentured servants.[12]

For an online index to both 1778 and 1776 see "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maryland" above.

  • 1778 Citizen fidelity oaths[13]
  • 1776 State census:[11]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maryland censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Only Anne Arundel County is indexed for 1880.
  9. Residents of what is now Garrett County were part of Allegany County in 1870 and indexed under Allegany County.
  10. 10.0 10.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 53-56.
  12. "An Account of the Number of Souls in the Province of Maryland, in the Year 1755," The Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. 34 (1764):261.
  13. Bettie Stirling Carothers, Maryland Oaths of Fidelity (Lutherville, Md. : Carothers, [1980?]) [FHL Film 908753 Items 6-7].

 

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