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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] &gt; [[United States Directories|United States Directories]] &gt; Maryland Directories''  
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''[[United States|United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[United States Directories|U.S. Directories]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[Maryland|Maryland]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[Maryland_Directories|Directories]]''  
  
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== Resources for Maryland Directories<br>  ==
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| '''This article needs revision.''' Want to help? Please sign up on the [[Maryland Barn Raising Tasks|Maryland Barn Raising]] page! For ideas on the types of headings and information to add to this article, click the Discussion link to the right and also see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Headings for Articles about Records|Headings for Articles about Records]].
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== Record Coverage/Introduction/Content ==
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=== Where to Find Maryland Directories ===
  
Directories are alphabetical lists of names and addresses. They are usually published yearly. Directories may list the following information:
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[http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/ Worldcat] lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]."
  
*Names of inhabitants (listed alphabetically).  
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[http://www.uscitydirectories.com/md.htm US City Directories] identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.  
*Address and occupation.  
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*Spouse's name.  
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*A street address listing (arranged by address, name, and occupation).
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*Widows, working women, and adult children at home.
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*Ward maps.
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*Street locator, including cross streets.
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*Street name changes.
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*Removals (a list of local people who moved away. Sometimes their destinations are listed as well).
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*Businesses (and index to advertisers).
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*Churches, schools, funeral homes, cemeteries, post offices, courts, hospitals, benevolent associations, and newspapers.
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*Whether a woman is a widow (including name of husband).
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*List of marriages and deaths of previous year.
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*Many early directories listed only businesspeople.
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== Why Use Directories ==
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=== Libraries and Archives ===
  
*Learn the exact years your ancestor inhabited a place.  
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The [http://www.prattlibrary.org/ Enoch Pratt Free Library], the [http://www.mdhs.org/ Maryland Historical Society], and the [http://www.msa.md.gov/ Maryland State Archives] have large collections of Maryland city directories.  
*Locate ancestor in a census that hasn’t been indexed (esp. state census).  
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*Estimate year of immigration.  
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*Learn occupation and employer as identifiers.  
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*Find other family members.
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== How to Search Directories  ==
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The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.
  
#Check the beginning of the directory for cutoff dates, geographical coverage, and the meaning of abbreviations.
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Local public and university libraries, historical and genealogical societies and state archives generally have historic directories.  
#Check alphabetical listing of&nbsp;residents to find known ancestors.&nbsp;
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#After finding a known ancestor’s address in the alphabetical listings, check the street address listing to find unknown ancestors at the same address.
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== Before Searching You Must Know ==
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=== Directories Online ===
  
City, County or State of residence. Find through sesarching census records.  
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*Fold3.com ($) has [http://www.fold3.com/title_11/city_directories_baltimore Baltimore City Directories 1863-1923] (5 yrs. missing) available online. Fold3 is free at some libraries and at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms].
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*Ancestry.com ($) has Maryland directories available online in its [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1540 U.S. City Directories] collection.
  
== Where to find Maryland directories ==
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=== The Family History Library ===
  
*[http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/ OCLC/Worldcat] lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]."&nbsp;
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The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a large collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search] of the Family History Library Catalog by searching for the town or county.  
*[http://www.uscitydirectories.com UScityDirectories.com] identifies directories by place and gives repository and call number (including FHL film numbers).
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*Local public and&nbsp;university libraries,&nbsp;historical and genealogical socities and state archives&nbsp;generally have historic directories.&nbsp;
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*The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.
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Directories have been published for major cities in Maryland. For example, the Family History Library has the following Baltimore directories:  
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The Family History Library has the following Baltimore directories:  
  
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*1752, 1796-1860 Family History Library fiche {{FHL|6043563|film|disp=6043563-601}}  
|-
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*1863-1930 Family History Library films {{FHL|1376528|film|disp=1376528-56 and 1605845-71}}
| 1752, 1796-1860  
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*1914 Family History Library {{FHL|145162|item|disp=film}}  
| Family History Library fiche {{FHL|6043563|film|disp=6043563}}-601
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*1940, 1956 Family History Library book {{FHL|807631|title-id|disp=Q 975.271/B1 E4p}}
|-
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| 1863-1930  
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| Family History Library films {{FHL|1376528|film|disp=1376528}}-56 &amp; 1605845-71
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|-
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| 1914  
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| Family History Library film {{FHL|1697549|film|disp=1697549}} item 1
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|-
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| 1940, 1956  
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| Family History Library book {{FHL|807631|title-id|disp=Q 975.271/B1 E4p}}
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|}
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== <span style="display: none" id="1232659178466S">&nbsp;</span>Online Sources<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1232659177957_878" />  ==
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{{Template:Pros-MD}}
  
'''Search these online site for Maryland directories'''.
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== Web Sites  ==
  
The Enoch Pratt Free Library at http://www.prattlibrary.org/, the Maryland Historical Society at http://www.mdhs.org/, and the Maryland State Archives [http://www.msa.md.gov/ http://www.msa.md.gov/]&nbsp; have large collections of Maryland city directories. Local public libraries and county and city historical and genealogical societies are another good source of city directories, especially for small towns and cities.
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{{Maryland|Maryland}} {{U.S. Directories}}
 
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[http://www.uscitydirectories.com/md.htm US City Directories] This web site identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.
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The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a huge collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitysearch&columns=*,0,0 Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog
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{{dead link}} by searching for the town or county. <!--{12040503182813} --><!--{12040503182814} --><!--{12040503182815} --><!--{12040503182816} -->
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== Tips  ==
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*Some early directories listed only businesspeople.  
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*A substitute record that existed before directories is town meeting minutes, which listed the inhabitants of a town.  
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*Tips
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*Directories list occupants (not necessarily owners).
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*Major cities: Check town or county histories for outlying towns later absorbed by a city.
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*Minorities were often listed separately.
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*Others at your ancestor’s address may be boarders.
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*Pay attention to occupations.&nbsp;Occupations can give you an extra “handle” by which you can identify your ancestor in another record.&nbsp;If an alphabetical listing says your ancestor is “Asst. to John Doe,” see what John Doe does for a living.
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*Streets were renumbered. If your ancestor’s address changes, see if his neighbors’ addresses change correspondingly.
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*Second marriages: If a widow is listed at an address, then replaced by a man the next year at that address, check marriage records!
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*For blank forms you can use to extract information from a directory, see www.tpl.toronto.on.ca/localhistory/directories4.html<br>
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== What to do next  ==
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Find ancestor in all available directories. This will yield more name handles, such as middle names or maiden or married names;&nbsp;more relatives at the same address; and more occupations.
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Directories serve as springboards to other records:
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*Church records.&nbsp;To narrow down the church records to search for an ancestor, use directories to find addresses of churches near your ancestor’s residence.&nbsp;If you have a marriage certificate naming the minister who performed the marriage ceremony, find his listing in directories to learn the name of his church.
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*Land records.&nbsp;Directory listings often mention whether the resident is an owner, renter, or boarder. If owner, see land records!
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[[Category:Maryland|Directories]] [[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Maryland|Directories]] [[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]]
{{Maryland|Maryland}}
 

Latest revision as of 01:31, 12 September 2012

United StatesGotoarrow.pngU.S. DirectoriesGotoarrow.pngMarylandGotoarrow.pngDirectories

Contents

Resources for Maryland Directories

Where to Find Maryland Directories

Worldcat lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]."

US City Directories identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.

Libraries and Archives

The Enoch Pratt Free Library, the Maryland Historical Society, and the Maryland State Archives have large collections of Maryland city directories.

The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.

Local public and university libraries, historical and genealogical societies and state archives generally have historic directories.

Directories Online

The Family History Library

The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a large collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog by searching for the town or county.

The Family History Library has the following Baltimore directories:


Web Sites


 

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  • This page was last modified on 12 September 2012, at 01:31.
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