Maryland Directories

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (cat)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] > [[United States Directories|United States Directories]] > Maryland Directories''
+
''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] > [[United States Directories|United States Directories]] > Maryland Directories''  
  
{| style="background-color: #e9d584" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" width="70%" align="center" border="1"
+
{| width="70%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" align="center" style="background-color: rgb(233, 213, 132);"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''This article needs revision.''' Want to help? Please sign up on the [[Maryland Barn Raising Tasks|Maryland Barn Raising]] page! For ideas on the types of headings and information to add to this article, click the Discussion link to the right and also see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Headings for Articles about Records|Headings for Articles about Records]].
 
| '''This article needs revision.''' Want to help? Please sign up on the [[Maryland Barn Raising Tasks|Maryland Barn Raising]] page! For ideas on the types of headings and information to add to this article, click the Discussion link to the right and also see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Headings for Articles about Records|Headings for Articles about Records]].
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 
== Record Coverage/Introduction/Content  ==
 
== Record Coverage/Introduction/Content  ==
  
Line 34: Line 35:
 
== How to Search Directories  ==
 
== How to Search Directories  ==
  
#Check the beginning of the directory for cutoff dates, geographical coverage, and the meaning of abbreviations.
+
#Check the beginning of the directory for cutoff dates, geographical coverage, and the meaning of abbreviations.  
#Check alphabetical listing of residents to find known ancestors. 
+
#Check alphabetical listing of residents to find known ancestors.   
 
#After finding a known ancestor’s address in the alphabetical listings, check the street address listing to find unknown ancestors at the same address.
 
#After finding a known ancestor’s address in the alphabetical listings, check the street address listing to find unknown ancestors at the same address.
  
Line 42: Line 43:
 
City, County or State of residence. Find through sesarching census records.  
 
City, County or State of residence. Find through sesarching census records.  
  
== Where to find Maryland directories ==
+
== Where to find Maryland directories ==
  
 
*[http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/ OCLC/Worldcat] lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]."   
 
*[http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/ OCLC/Worldcat] lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]."   
*[http://www.uscitydirectories.com UScityDirectories.com] identifies directories by place and gives repository and call number (including FHL film numbers).
+
*[http://www.uscitydirectories.com UScityDirectories.com] identifies directories by place and gives repository and call number (including FHL film numbers).  
 
*Local public and university libraries, historical and genealogical socities and state archives generally have historic directories.   
 
*Local public and university libraries, historical and genealogical socities and state archives generally have historic directories.   
 
*The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.
 
*The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.
Line 66: Line 67:
 
|}
 
|}
  
== <span id="1232659178466S" style="display: none">&nbsp;</span>Online Sources<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1232659177957_878"></span>  ==
+
== <span id="1232659178466S" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span>Online Sources<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1232659177957_878" />  ==
  
 
'''Search these online site for Maryland directories'''.  
 
'''Search these online site for Maryland directories'''.  
  
The Enoch Pratt Free Library at http://www.prattlibrary.org/, the Maryland Historical Society at http://www.mdhs.org/, and the Maryland State Archives [http://www.msa.md.gov/ http://www.msa.md.gov/]&nbsp; have large collections of Maryland city directories. Local public libraries and county and city historical and genealogical societies are another good source of city directories, especially for small towns and cities.  
+
The Enoch Pratt Free Library at http://www.prattlibrary.org/, the Maryland Historical Society at http://www.mdhs.org/, and the Maryland State Archives [http://www.msa.md.gov/ http://www.msa.md.gov/]&nbsp; have large collections of Maryland city directories. Local public libraries and county and city historical and genealogical societies are another good source of city directories, especially for small towns and cities.
  
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a huge collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitysearch&columns=*,0,0 Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog] by searching for the town or county. <!--{12040503182813} --><!--{12040503182814} --><!--{12040503182815} --><!--{12040503182816} -->
+
[http://www.uscitydirectories.com/md.htm US City Directories] This web site identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.
 +
 
 +
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a huge collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitysearch&columns=*,0,0 Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog] by searching for the town or county. <!--{12040503182813} --><!--{12040503182814} --><!--{12040503182815} --><!--{12040503182816} -->  
  
 
== Tips  ==
 
== Tips  ==
Line 78: Line 81:
 
*Some early directories listed only businesspeople.  
 
*Some early directories listed only businesspeople.  
 
*A substitute record that existed before directories is town meeting minutes, which listed the inhabitants of a town.  
 
*A substitute record that existed before directories is town meeting minutes, which listed the inhabitants of a town.  
*Tips
+
*Tips  
*Directories list occupants (not necessarily owners).
+
*Directories list occupants (not necessarily owners).  
*Major cities: Check town or county histories for outlying towns later absorbed by a city.
+
*Major cities: Check town or county histories for outlying towns later absorbed by a city.  
*Minorities were often listed separately.
+
*Minorities were often listed separately.  
*Others at your ancestor’s address may be boarders.
+
*Others at your ancestor’s address may be boarders.  
*Pay attention to occupations.&nbsp;Occupations can give you an extra “handle” by which you can identify your ancestor in another record.&nbsp;If an alphabetical listing says your ancestor is “Asst. to John Doe,” see what John Doe does for a living.
+
*Pay attention to occupations.&nbsp;Occupations can give you an extra “handle” by which you can identify your ancestor in another record.&nbsp;If an alphabetical listing says your ancestor is “Asst. to John Doe,” see what John Doe does for a living.  
*Streets were renumbered. If your ancestor’s address changes, see if his neighbors’ addresses change correspondingly.
+
*Streets were renumbered. If your ancestor’s address changes, see if his neighbors’ addresses change correspondingly.  
*Second marriages: If a widow is listed at an address, then replaced by a man the next year at that address, check marriage records!
+
*Second marriages: If a widow is listed at an address, then replaced by a man the next year at that address, check marriage records!  
 
*For blank forms you can use to extract information from a directory, see www.tpl.toronto.on.ca/localhistory/directories4.html<br>
 
*For blank forms you can use to extract information from a directory, see www.tpl.toronto.on.ca/localhistory/directories4.html<br>
  
== What to do next ==
+
== What to do next ==
  
 
Find ancestor in all available directories. This will yield more name handles, such as middle names or maiden or married names;&nbsp;more relatives at the same address; and more occupations.  
 
Find ancestor in all available directories. This will yield more name handles, such as middle names or maiden or married names;&nbsp;more relatives at the same address; and more occupations.  
Line 97: Line 100:
 
*Land records.&nbsp;Directory listings often mention whether the resident is an owner, renter, or boarder. If owner, see land records!
 
*Land records.&nbsp;Directory listings often mention whether the resident is an owner, renter, or boarder. If owner, see land records!
  
 
+
[[Category:Maryland|Directories]] [[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]]
 
+
[[Category:Maryland|Directories]]
+
[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]]
+

Revision as of 21:23, 25 August 2010

United States of America > United States Directories > Maryland Directories

This article needs revision. Want to help? Please sign up on the Maryland Barn Raising page! For ideas on the types of headings and information to add to this article, click the Discussion link to the right and also see Headings for Articles about Records.

Contents

Record Coverage/Introduction/Content

Directories are alphabetical lists of names and addresses. They are usually published yearly. Directories may list the following information:

  • Names of inhabitants (listed alphabetically).
  • Address and occupation.
  • Spouse's name.
  • A street address listing (arranged by address, name, and occupation).
  • Widows, working women, and adult children at home.
  • Ward maps.
  • Street locator, including cross streets.
  • Street name changes.
  • Removals (a list of local people who moved away. Sometimes their destinations are listed as well).
  • Businesses (and index to advertisers).
  • Churches, schools, funeral homes, cemeteries, post offices, courts, hospitals, benevolent associations, and newspapers.
  • Whether a woman is a widow (including name of husband).
  • List of marriages and deaths of previous year.
  • Many early directories listed only businesspeople.

Why Use Directories

  • Learn the exact years your ancestor inhabited a place.
  • Locate ancestor in a census that hasn’t been indexed (esp. state census).
  • Estimate year of immigration.
  • Learn occupation and employer as identifiers.
  • Find other family members.

How to Search Directories

  1. Check the beginning of the directory for cutoff dates, geographical coverage, and the meaning of abbreviations.
  2. Check alphabetical listing of residents to find known ancestors. 
  3. After finding a known ancestor’s address in the alphabetical listings, check the street address listing to find unknown ancestors at the same address.

Before Searching You Must Know

City, County or State of residence. Find through sesarching census records.

Where to find Maryland directories

  • OCLC/Worldcat lists the holdings of 69,000 libraries. Search it with the keywords "directory [county or city name]." 
  • UScityDirectories.com identifies directories by place and gives repository and call number (including FHL film numbers).
  • Local public and university libraries, historical and genealogical socities and state archives generally have historic directories. 
  • The Library of Congress has the largest single collection of city and county directories.

Directories have been published for major cities in Maryland. For example, the Family History Library has the following Baltimore directories:

1752, 1796-1860 Family History Library fiche 6043563-601
1863-1930 Family History Library films 1376528-56 & 1605845-71
1914 Family History Library film 1697549 item 1
1940, 1956 Family History Library book Q 975.271/B1 E4p

Online Sources

Search these online site for Maryland directories.

The Enoch Pratt Free Library at http://www.prattlibrary.org/, the Maryland Historical Society at http://www.mdhs.org/, and the Maryland State Archives http://www.msa.md.gov/  have large collections of Maryland city directories. Local public libraries and county and city historical and genealogical societies are another good source of city directories, especially for small towns and cities.

US City Directories This web site identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.

The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. has a huge collection of U.S. directories. Find directories in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog by searching for the town or county.

Tips

  • Some early directories listed only businesspeople.
  • A substitute record that existed before directories is town meeting minutes, which listed the inhabitants of a town.
  • Tips
  • Directories list occupants (not necessarily owners).
  • Major cities: Check town or county histories for outlying towns later absorbed by a city.
  • Minorities were often listed separately.
  • Others at your ancestor’s address may be boarders.
  • Pay attention to occupations. Occupations can give you an extra “handle” by which you can identify your ancestor in another record. If an alphabetical listing says your ancestor is “Asst. to John Doe,” see what John Doe does for a living.
  • Streets were renumbered. If your ancestor’s address changes, see if his neighbors’ addresses change correspondingly.
  • Second marriages: If a widow is listed at an address, then replaced by a man the next year at that address, check marriage records!
  • For blank forms you can use to extract information from a directory, see www.tpl.toronto.on.ca/localhistory/directories4.html

What to do next

Find ancestor in all available directories. This will yield more name handles, such as middle names or maiden or married names; more relatives at the same address; and more occupations.

Directories serve as springboards to other records:

  • Church records. To narrow down the church records to search for an ancestor, use directories to find addresses of churches near your ancestor’s residence. If you have a marriage certificate naming the minister who performed the marriage ceremony, find his listing in directories to learn the name of his church.
  • Land records. Directory listings often mention whether the resident is an owner, renter, or boarder. If owner, see land records!