Maryland Maps

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''[[Maryland|Maryland]]''&nbsp;<br>
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Maryland|Maryland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Maryland Maps|Maps]]''
  
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[[Image:Maryland Map.png|thumb|right|300px]]  
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[[Image:Maryland Map.png|thumb|right|300px|MD counties and county seats]]&nbsp;
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== Why use maps?  ==
 
== Why use maps?  ==
  
Maps are used to locate the places where your ancestors lived. They identify political boundaries, names of places, geographical features, cemeteries, churches, and migration routes. Historical maps and [[A_genealogical_glossary_terms#atlas|atlases]] are especially useful for finding communities that no longer exist.
+
Maps are used to locate the places where your ancestors lived. They identify political boundaries, names of places, geographical features, cemeteries, churches, and migration routes. Historical maps and [[A genealogical glossary terms#atlas|atlases]] are especially useful for finding communities that no longer exist.  
  
 
== Before searching you must know  ==
 
== Before searching you must know  ==
Line 17: Line 11:
 
*The names of places where your ancestor lived. Place names change over time. Use a [[Maryland Gazetteers|Maryland gazetteer]] or [[United States Gazetteers|United States gazetteer]] to find alternate names of the places where your ancestor lived.
 
*The names of places where your ancestor lived. Place names change over time. Use a [[Maryland Gazetteers|Maryland gazetteer]] or [[United States Gazetteers|United States gazetteer]] to find alternate names of the places where your ancestor lived.
  
== Reliability of maps  ==
+
== Types of Maryland maps and where to get them ==
  
Early maps are not as reliable as modern-day maps, but reliability of maps&nbsp;improved over time as surveying tools improved. Even though early or primitive maps may not be correct in terms of scale or relative positioning, they are still a good source of the names people used for various [[J genealogical glossary terms#jurisdiction|jurisdictions]] and geographic features.
+
=== Major collections online  ===
  
== Tips  ==
+
[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html Library of Congress Digitized Map Collection] has over 100&nbsp;Maryland Maps online.&nbsp;A good way to find them is&nbsp;to do a Keyword Search on&nbsp;the terms&nbsp;''Maryland Map''.&nbsp;On the ''Search Results ''screen, click ''Gallery View'' to see pages with thumbnail-sized images that will help you quickly select the map you want.
  
*To see place names in your ancestor's area, search maps that were published as close as possible to the time period when your ancestor lived there.
+
[http://sanborn.umi.com/ Sanborn Maps]&nbsp;are fire insurance maps available as part of a ProQuest subscription at some libraries, including the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] and family [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|history centers]].  
*Names of places change over time. If you cannot find on a map the place where your ancestor lived (such as a town), check&nbsp;gazetteers&nbsp;published before&nbsp;and after your ancestor lived there to see whether the town had a different name.&nbsp;
+
  
== What to do next  ==
+
[http://www.maphistory.info/imageus.html History of Cartography] links to sites with over 100 digital maps of Maryland.
  
*After locating the place where your ancestor lived, note the jurisdictions which contained it and surrounded it, as well as the jurisdictions that it contained. All of these jurisdictions may have further records of your ancestor.
+
[http://libraries.umd.edu/mdmap/Maps.aspx?Digitized=True Maryland Map Collection]&nbsp;from University of Maryland contains over 100 digitized maps of Maryland. To find the digitized maps, do a Keyword Search on ''.jpg Maryland.''
  
== Terms ==
+
=== County Maps ===
  
== Important Dates  ==
+
[[Image:Maryland-regionmap.gif|thumb|right|300px|Maryland-regionmap.gif]][http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/md_cf.html Maryland County Formation Maps] shows every change in county boundries from 1637 to the present day. It shows a map and gives details about each change and the year the change took place.
  
== Types of Maryland maps and where to get them  ==
+
[http://ftp2.census.gov/geo/maps/general_ref/us_base/stco2003/stco2003.pdf United States Census Bureau State and County Map]&nbsp;from the US Census Bureau is a nationwide county map. You can search for counties by name and can zoom in and see counties and neighboring counties even in other states.
  
=== Maryland County Maps  ===
+
Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|973 X2th|disp=973 X2th}}.) A limited view&nbsp;of this book is [http://books.google.com/books?id=KcXr1Rq-kigC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Map+Guide+to+the+U.S.+Federal+Censuses,+1790-1920 online]. Includes maps that show the county boundaries for the years the [[United States Census|U.S. federal census]] was taken.
  
[[Image:Maryland-regionmap.gif|thumb|right|300px|Maryland counties in regions]][http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/md_cf.html Maryland County Formation Maps] shows every change in county boundries from 1637 to the present day. It shows a map and gives details about each change and the year the change took place.
+
=== Historical Atlases  ===
  
[http://ftp2.census.gov/geo/maps/general_ref/us_base/stco2003/stco2003.pdf United States Census Bureau State and County Map]This map from the US Census Bureau is a nationwide county map. You can search for counties by name and can zoom in and see counties and neighboring counties even in other states.
+
*[http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/us_states/maryland/index.html Historical Maps of Maryland]
  
=== Maryland Map Resources  ===
+
*A helpful historical atlas is Papenfuse, Edward C., and Joseph M. Coale. ''The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908''. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. (Family History Library book {{FHL|58688|title-id|disp=Q 975.2 E7p}}; film {{FHL|58688|title-id|disp=1597909 item 18}}.)
  
*Johns Hopkins University, the Enoch Pratt Free Library, the University of Maryland, and the Maryland State Archives have large collections of Maryland maps and atlases. A helpful historical atlas is:
+
*Baltimore City ward maps that correspond roughly with the censuses of 1820 to 1900 are on Family History Library film {{FHL|373717|title-id|disp=1377700}} and Family History Library fiche {{FHL|373717|title-id|disp=6016568}}-76 .  
*Papenfuse, Edward C., and Joseph M. Coale. ''The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908''. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=58688&disp=The+Hammond%2DHarwood+House+atlas+of+his%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Q 975.2 E7p]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=58688&disp=The+Hammond-Harwood+House+atlas+of+his++ 1597909 item 18].)
+
*For 7.5-, 15-, and 30-minute topographic quadrangle maps for [[Maryland|Maryland]] published between 1884 and 1972 use the:  
*Maps that show the county boundaries at the time the U.S. censuses were taken are in:
+
*Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+X2th 973 X2th].) A limited view&nbsp;of this book is [http://books.google.com/books?id=KcXr1Rq-kigC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Map+Guide+to+the+U.S.+Federal+Censuses,+1790-1920 online].
+
*Baltimore City ward maps that correspond roughly with the censuses of 1820 to 1900 are on Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=373717&disp=Ward+maps+of+United+States+cities++ 1377700] and Family History Library fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=373717&disp=Ward+maps+of+United+States+cities%20%20&columns=*,0,0 6016568]-76 .  
+
*For 7.5-, 15-, and 30-minute topographic quadrangle maps for [[Portal:Maryland|Maryland]] published between 1884 and 1972 use the:  
+
 
*United States Geological Survey. ''Topographic Maps of the United States''. Suitland, Maryland: National Archives and Records Service, 1976. The maps are arranged alphabetically by the name of the quadrangle on the following films:
 
*United States Geological Survey. ''Topographic Maps of the United States''. Suitland, Maryland: National Archives and Records Service, 1976. The maps are arranged alphabetically by the name of the quadrangle on the following films:
  
 
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|-
 
|-
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| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
| Aberdeen-Flintstone  
 
| Aberdeen-Flintstone  
| Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1433784 film 1433784]
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| Family History Library film {{FHL|1433784|film|disp=1433784}}
 
|-
 
|-
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|
 
| Gunpowder-Myersville  
 
| Gunpowder-Myersville  
| Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=154455&disp=Topographic+maps+of+the+United+States++ 1433785]
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| Family History Library film {{FHL|154455|title-id|disp=1433785}}
 
|-
 
|-
 +
|
 
| Paw Paw-Urbana  
 
| Paw Paw-Urbana  
| Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=154455&disp=Topographic+maps+of+the+United+States++ 1433786]
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| Family History Library film {{FHL|154455|title-id|disp=1433786}}
 
|-
 
|-
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|
 
| Wyoming  
 
| Wyoming  
| Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=154455&disp=Topographic+maps+of+the+United+States++ 1433783]
+
| Family History Library film {{FHL|154455|title-id|disp=1433783}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
*Film numbers for additional and more recent topographical maps are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MAPS.  
 
*Film numbers for additional and more recent topographical maps are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MAPS.  
*To see changes in county boundaries, use:&nbsp;Long, John H., ed. ''Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia atlas of Historical County Boundaries.'' New York: Charles Schribner’s Sons, 1996. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=779549&disp=Delaware%2C+Maryland%2C+District+of+Colu%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975 E3L].) This volume is part of a proposed 40-volume reference work under the common title “Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.” It intends to trace boundary changes from the earliest date to 1990, leaving no gaps. It also intends to provide a frame of reference for understanding boundary changes.  
+
*To see changes in county boundaries, use:&nbsp;Long, John H., ed. ''Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia atlas of Historical County Boundaries.'' New York: Charles Schribner’s Sons, 1996. (Family History Library book {{FHL|779549|title-id|disp=975 E3L}}.) This volume is part of a proposed 40-volume reference work under the common title “Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.” It intends to trace boundary changes from the earliest date to 1990, leaving no gaps. It also intends to provide a frame of reference for understanding boundary changes.  
*Also see: ''Maryland, Delaware Atlas and Gazetteer''. DeLorme Mapping. 4th ed., Freeport, Maine: DeLorme, 2004. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1355097&disp=Maryland%2C+Delaware+atlas+%26+gazetteer%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975 E7md] .)  
+
*Also see: ''Maryland, Delaware Atlas and Gazetteer''. DeLorme Mapping. 4th ed., Freeport, Maine: DeLorme, 2004. (Family History Library book {{FHL|1355097|title-id|disp=975 E7md}} .)  
 
*The&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists more maps under:  
 
*The&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists more maps under:  
 
*Selected Maryland Out-of-print historical maps can be viewed online at [http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/us_states/maryland/index.html Historical Maps of Maryland].  
 
*Selected Maryland Out-of-print historical maps can be viewed online at [http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/us_states/maryland/index.html Historical Maps of Maryland].  
 
*MARYLAND, [COUNTY] - MAPS  
 
*MARYLAND, [COUNTY] - MAPS  
*Printable maps are also available from the [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable.htm National Atlas of the United States]  
+
*Printable maps are also available from the [http://nationalatlas.gov/ National Atlas of the United States]  
 
*Detail of Maryland's regions
 
*Detail of Maryland's regions
 +
 +
=== Libraries and Archives  ===
 +
 +
[https://catalog.library.jhu.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?profile=default Johns Hopkins University libraries], the [http://pac.epfl.net/uhtbin/cgisirsi/4NiuTk3RAd/CENTRAL/321490037/60/1180/X Enoch Pratt Free Library], the University of Maryland [http://catalog.umd.edu/F/TX42MI3N7LKDPYKGASQMIJH9GQ9YSNX99PUSXPBI645HAFCBI6-42980?func=file&file_name=find-b&local_base=cp&pds_handle=GUEST McKeldin Library] and [http://www.lib.umd.edu/HBK/ Hornbake Library], and the [http://www.msa.md.gov/ Maryland State Archives] have large collections of Maryland maps and atlases. The&nbsp;[http://207.67.203.79/M30014Staff/OPAC/ Maryland Historical Trust Library] also has a collection&nbsp;of 306&nbsp;Maryland maps.&nbsp;
 +
 +
== Reliability of maps  ==
 +
 +
Early maps are not as reliable as modern-day maps, but reliability of maps&nbsp;improved over time as surveying tools improved. Even though early or primitive maps may not be correct in terms of scale or relative positioning, they are still a good source of the names people used for various [[J genealogical glossary terms#jurisdiction|jurisdictions]] and geographic features.
 +
 +
== Tips  ==
 +
 +
*To see place names in your ancestor's area, search maps that were published as close as possible to the time period when your ancestor lived there.
 +
*Names of places change over time. If you cannot find on a map the place where your ancestor lived (such as a town), check&nbsp;gazetteers&nbsp;published before&nbsp;and after your ancestor's era&nbsp;to see whether the town had a different name.&nbsp;
 +
 +
== What to do next  ==
 +
 +
*After locating the place where your ancestor lived, note the jurisdictions which contained it and surrounded it, as well as the jurisdictions that it contained. All of these jurisdictions may have further records of your ancestor.
 +
 +
== Terms  ==
 +
 +
[[A genealogical glossary terms#atlas|atlas]] | [[G genealogical glossary terms#gazetteer|gazetteer]] | [[J genealogical glossary terms#jurisdiction|jurisdiction]]
  
 
== See Also&nbsp;  ==
 
== See Also&nbsp;  ==
  
[[Maryland Gazetteers|Maryland Gazetteers]]&nbsp;| [[United States Maps|United States Maps]] <br>
+
[[Maryland Gazetteers|Maryland Gazetteers]]&nbsp;| [[United States Maps|United States Maps]] <br> {{Maryland|Maryland}}
  
[[Category:Maryland]]
+
[[Category:Maryland|Maps]]

Revision as of 17:32, 19 July 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Maryland Gotoarrow.png Maps

Maryland Map.png

Contents

Why use maps?

Maps are used to locate the places where your ancestors lived. They identify political boundaries, names of places, geographical features, cemeteries, churches, and migration routes. Historical maps and atlases are especially useful for finding communities that no longer exist.

Before searching you must know

Types of Maryland maps and where to get them

Major collections online

Library of Congress Digitized Map Collection has over 100 Maryland Maps online. A good way to find them is to do a Keyword Search on the terms Maryland Map. On the Search Results screen, click Gallery View to see pages with thumbnail-sized images that will help you quickly select the map you want.

Sanborn Maps are fire insurance maps available as part of a ProQuest subscription at some libraries, including the Family History Library and family history centers.

History of Cartography links to sites with over 100 digital maps of Maryland.

Maryland Map Collection from University of Maryland contains over 100 digitized maps of Maryland. To find the digitized maps, do a Keyword Search on .jpg Maryland.

County Maps

Maryland-regionmap.gif
Maryland County Formation Maps shows every change in county boundries from 1637 to the present day. It shows a map and gives details about each change and the year the change took place.

United States Census Bureau State and County Map from the US Census Bureau is a nationwide county map. You can search for counties by name and can zoom in and see counties and neighboring counties even in other states.

Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. (Family History Library book 973 X2th.) A limited view of this book is online. Includes maps that show the county boundaries for the years the U.S. federal census was taken.

Historical Atlases

  • A helpful historical atlas is Papenfuse, Edward C., and Joseph M. Coale. The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. (Family History Library book Q 975.2 E7p; film 1597909 item 18.)
  • Baltimore City ward maps that correspond roughly with the censuses of 1820 to 1900 are on Family History Library film 1377700 and Family History Library fiche 6016568-76 .
  • For 7.5-, 15-, and 30-minute topographic quadrangle maps for Maryland published between 1884 and 1972 use the:
  • United States Geological Survey. Topographic Maps of the United States. Suitland, Maryland: National Archives and Records Service, 1976. The maps are arranged alphabetically by the name of the quadrangle on the following films:
           Aberdeen-Flintstone Family History Library film 1433784
Gunpowder-Myersville Family History Library film 1433785
Paw Paw-Urbana Family History Library film 1433786
Wyoming Family History Library film 1433783
  • Film numbers for additional and more recent topographical maps are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MAPS.
  • To see changes in county boundaries, use: Long, John H., ed. Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia atlas of Historical County Boundaries. New York: Charles Schribner’s Sons, 1996. (Family History Library book 975 E3L.) This volume is part of a proposed 40-volume reference work under the common title “Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.” It intends to trace boundary changes from the earliest date to 1990, leaving no gaps. It also intends to provide a frame of reference for understanding boundary changes.
  • Also see: Maryland, Delaware Atlas and Gazetteer. DeLorme Mapping. 4th ed., Freeport, Maine: DeLorme, 2004. (Family History Library book 975 E7md .)
  • The Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog lists more maps under:
  • Selected Maryland Out-of-print historical maps can be viewed online at Historical Maps of Maryland.
  • MARYLAND, [COUNTY] - MAPS
  • Printable maps are also available from the National Atlas of the United States
  • Detail of Maryland's regions

Libraries and Archives

Johns Hopkins University libraries, the Enoch Pratt Free Library, the University of Maryland McKeldin Library and Hornbake Library, and the Maryland State Archives have large collections of Maryland maps and atlases. The Maryland Historical Trust Library also has a collection of 306 Maryland maps. 

Reliability of maps

Early maps are not as reliable as modern-day maps, but reliability of maps improved over time as surveying tools improved. Even though early or primitive maps may not be correct in terms of scale or relative positioning, they are still a good source of the names people used for various jurisdictions and geographic features.

Tips

  • To see place names in your ancestor's area, search maps that were published as close as possible to the time period when your ancestor lived there.
  • Names of places change over time. If you cannot find on a map the place where your ancestor lived (such as a town), check gazetteers published before and after your ancestor's era to see whether the town had a different name. 

What to do next

  • After locating the place where your ancestor lived, note the jurisdictions which contained it and surrounded it, as well as the jurisdictions that it contained. All of these jurisdictions may have further records of your ancestor.

Terms

atlas | gazetteer | jurisdiction

See Also 

Maryland Gazetteers | United States Maps