Middlesex County, Virginia

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Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
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Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
  
 
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Revision as of 19:50, 18 December 2012

United States  go to  Virginia  go to  Middlesex County


Middlesex County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Middlesex County (established 1674) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Middlesex County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Middlesex County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Middlesex County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1674
County Seat Saluda
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Middlesex County Courthouse
Rts 17 & 33; P O Box 428
Saluda, Virginia 223149
Phone: 804-758-0061

Clerk Circuit Court has birth and death records 1853-1871
Marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1773[1]

Beginning Dates for Middlesex County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1740 1853 1810 1679 1675

History

Parent County

1674--Middlesex County was created 21 September 1674 from Lancaster County.
County seat: Saluda [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Middlesex County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Middlesex County, Virginia between the 1670s and 1720s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: Antient Press. (Some of the index volumes have not been printed and it is necessary to contact the publishers to search them.)

Research Guides

  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. "Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t [For Middlesex County, see p. 62]

African American

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721

The original Registers of Free Negroes and Mulattoes for the County of Middlesex, 1800-1862 are held at the County Courthouse. The Library of Virginia microfilmed these records, see also FHL Collection 2024874 Items 1 - 2

Additional Middlesex County African American resources include:

  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. 2005-present. - free online book. Bond, Bowles, Burwell, Cassidy, Chapman, Chavis, Day, Driver, Dungee, Gillett, Gilmore, Goings, Goldman, Grimes, Haynes, Hearn, Howard, Key, Lawhan (see introduction), Lawrence, Lighty, Meggs, Month, Morris, Nickens, Ormes (see introduction), Peters, Pinn, Robinson, Sampson, Simms, Smith, Snelling, Syphax, Toyer, Twopence, Tyre, West, Whistler, Williams, Young families of pre-1820 Middlesex County, Virginia.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "Middlesex County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1819," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]

  • Bogger, Tommy; Black Church Cultural Affairs Committee. A History of African-Americans in Middlesex County, 1646-1992. White Stone, VA: Nohill, 1994.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Middlesex County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.



Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 4,140
1800 4,203 1.5%
1810 4,414 5.0%
1820 4,057 −8.1%
1830 4,122 1.6%
1840 4,392 6.6%
1850 4,394 0.0%
1860 4,364 −0.7%
1870 4,981 14.1%
1880 6,252 25.5%
1890 7,458 19.3%
1900 8,220 10.2%
1910 8,852 7.7%
1920 8,157 −7.9%
1930 7,273 −10.8%
1940 6,673 −8.2%
1950 6,715 0.6%
1960 6,319 −5.9%
1970 6,295 −0.4%
1980 7,719 22.6%
1990 8,653 12.1%
2000 9,932 14.8%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1668-1704
  • Rutman, Darrett B. and Anita H. Rutman. "'More True and Perfect Lists': The Reconstruction of Censuses for Middlesex County, Virginia, 1668-1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 88 (1980):37-74. Available at JSTOR ($).

1783 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Baptist

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Church of England

go to See also Christ Church Parish

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Middlesex County, Virginia Chancery Records 1754-1820 and 1894 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

DNA

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Middlesex County, Virginia residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

  • [Doss] Multiple descendants of John Doss, b. c1650, resident Middlesex County, Virginia. Y-DNA 12, 37 Marker Tests, FTDNA (Kits 42781, 49305, 96454); also SMGF. Genetic signatures available online (labelled "Haplotype I," Jh-1, Jh-2, Jh-3, Jp-1), courtesy: The Doss DNA Project, World Families Network. [Several DNA matches have been established with Doss families in Amelia, Bedford, Buckingham, Essex, Goochland, Henrico, Lunenburg, Middlesex, and Pittsylvania counties.]

Genealogy

More than 125 genealogies have been published about Middlesex County families. To view a list, visit Middlesex County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

Urbanna has been a port since colonial times.[3] No official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

Headright grants identify many Middlesex County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[4] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:


  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Middlesex County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], The American Genealogist, Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at American Ancestors ($). [Middlesex Co., VA possible residents: Hudson, Musgrove, Pickwerth, Steevens, Whiteacre.]
  • O'Brien, Michael J. "Virginia, Middlesex County. - Extracts from the Parish Register of Christ Church," The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society, Vol. 12 (1913):149-155. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [O'Brien attempts to identify Irish surnames in this Church of England parish register.]

Land and Property

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):43-50. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Middlesex County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on 22:50.]

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Middlesex County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Middlesex County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Middlesex County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Middlesex County, see p. 95.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Middlesex County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Middlesex County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Middlesex County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Middlesex County on page 132.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Middlesex County men served in the 109th Regiment.[5]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Middlesex County, p. 90. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Middlesex County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Middlesex County, Virginia:


- 24th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company D (Clopton's Partisan Rangers).[6]
- 47th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (1st) (Middlesex Rifles) and Company K (1st) (Middlesex Artillery).[7]

Records and histories are available, including:

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Middlesex County, Virginia newspapers.


Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

Philip Alexander Bruce's book Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century (Vol. II, 1896, p. 334 footnote 1) includes a list of early English merchants in Middlesex County.

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

Probate Records

A free index to Middlesex County, Virginia wills and administrations (1673-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Middlesex County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

The original volumes of Middlesex County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists are held at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Va. The Genealogical Society of Utah microfilmed these records for the years 1782 to 1799 in 1947: FHL US/CAN Film 29302 Item 1. In 1992, the Genealogical Society of Utah microfilmed these records for the years 1782 to1850: FHL US/CAN Film 1905689.

  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [Middlesex County appears in 33:47-50.]
  • [1782-1819] Heinegg, Paul. "Middlesex County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1819," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Middlesex County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1789] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):43-50. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Middlesex County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on 22:50.]
  • [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Middlesex County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Jul. 1997). Available at FHL.
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. Available at FHL. [The sources for this publication are the 1810 Personal Property Tax List and the 1810 U.S. Federal Census. The names listed in these two sources are compared for Middlesex County.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Middlesex County is included in Vol. 3.]
  • [1820-1821] Sheriffs Receipt Book, 1820-21, Tidewater Virginia Families, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Nov. 1995); Vol. 4, No. 4 (Feb. 1996); Vol. 5, No. 2 (Aug. 1996). Available at FHL.

Vital Records

Indexes to Middlesex County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Marriage
  • 1740s-1760s - "Marriage Bonds in Middlesex County Clerk's Office," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Oct. 1895):118-122. Digital version at JSTOR - free.
  • 1740s-1790s - Crozier, William Armstrong. Early Virginia Marriages. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1953. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Middlesex County marriages 1740s-1790s.
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Societies and Libraries

Websites

 
Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Middlesex County, Virginia. Page 717 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Urbanna: A Port Town in Virginia 1680-1980 (1980).
  4. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  5. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 139. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  6. Darryl Holland, 24th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 128.
  7. Homer D. Musselman, 47th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 73.