Mississippi County, Missouri GenealogyEdit This Page

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This article is about a southeastern county of Missouri. For other uses, see Mississippi (disambiguation).

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Mississippi County

Guide to Mississippi County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

Mississippi County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded February 14, 1845
County Seat Charleston
Address Missippi County Courthouse
PO Box 304;
Charleston, MO 63834-0304
Phone: 573.683.2146
Mississippi County Website


County Courthouse

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce and court records;
Probate  Judge has probate records County Recorder has
has land records[1]


Parent County

1845--Mississippi County was created 14 February 1845 from Scott County. County seat: Charleston [2]

Boundary Changes

  • See an interactive map of Mississippi County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Mississippi County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.



Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Mississippi County

Map showing Civil War battles in Missouri


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Mississippi County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1853-1861 - Mississippi County Birth Index 1853-1861. Batch C515441 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1845-1881 - Mississippi County Marriage Books 1 thru 4 Index 1845-1881. Batch M515441 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1881-1885 - Mississippi County Marriage Book 5 Index 1881-1885. Batch M515442 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi County, Missouri. Page 403 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August 2012)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d8/Igimissourij.pdf.


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