Missouri CensusEdit This Page
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Online Missouri indexes and images
|Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Missouri|
|Free||Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)*||Pay|
|Internet Archive||Misc.||Heritage Quest||Fold3||Ancestry FHL||Ancestry Library||Ancestry Home||Archives||Family Link|
|Family Search||Internet Archive||Misc.||Heritage Quest||Fold3||Ancestry FHL||Ancestry Library||Ancestry Home||Archives||Family Link|
|Free||Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)||Pay|
Federal population schedules
|1940 N/A||1900 and Soundex||1860|
|1930||1900 and Soundex||1850|
|1920 and Soundex||1880 and Soundex||1840|
|1910 and soundex||1870||1830|
|1940 N/A||1910 T624 and Soundex T1270||1870 M593||1840 M704|
|1930 T626||1900 T623 and Soundex T1055||1860 M653||1830 M19|
|1920 T625 and Soundex M1571||1880 T9 and Soundex T758||1850 M432|
Many federal census records (1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930) are at the following archives:
- State Historical Society of Missouri (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus)
- Missouri State Archives (Jefferson City)
- The Family History Library
- The National Archives
Residents of Missouri may borrow microfilm of federal census records through 1880 from the Missouri State Historical Society on interlibrary loan through public or college libraries. State census microfilm. Soundexes, and other indexes may not be borrowed.
Indexes: fiche, film, or book
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Missouri, click here
Federal non-population schedules
Online indexes and images
|Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Missouri|
||Free||Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card)||Pay|
|Year||Type||Record Search||Census Bureau||Google Book||Heritage Quest||Ancestry FHL||Ancestry Library||Ancestry Home|
|1850-1880 Mortality Schedules|
Indexes: fiche, film, or book
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Missouri, click here.
State, territorial, and colonial censuses
The Territory of Missouri took censuses in 1814, 1817, and 1819. The State of Missouri took censuses in 1821, then every four years beginning in 1824 through 1868, and in 1876. Most of these Territorial and State Censuses no longer exist. Listed below are copies currently available. Some censuses only gave head of household and others listed all household members.
- 1876- Atchison, Benton, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Cass, Christian, Daviess, St. Francois, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Holt, Howard, Madison, McDonald, Moniteau, Montgomery, Osage, Perry, Phelps, Reynolds, Ripley, Stone, Texas, Worth and Webster Counties.
- 1873-Cole County
- 1869-Franklin County
- 1868-Cape Girardeau and Franklin Counties
- 1867- Cape Girardeau, Franklin, and Greene Counties.
- 1858- St. Louis County
- 1857- St. Louis County
- 1856- Audrain County
- 1844- Callaway County
At the State Historical Society of Missouri (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus):
- 1876 - Benton, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Greene, Holt, Howard, McDonald, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, Reynolds, St. Francois counties (all microfilm) Butler, Iron and Texas counties (transcriptions).
- 1868 - Cape Girardeau, Ste. Genevieve, and Webster counties (all microfilm)
- 1864 - Gasconade County (transcription)
- 1844 - Callaway County (microfilm), Marion County (transcription) *1852 - St. Charles County (transcription)
- 1840 - Rives County [now Henry County] (transcription)
- 1819 - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription)
- 1817 - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription)
At the Missouri State Archives (Jefferson City):
- 1868 - Cape Girardeau County (microfilm)
- 1844 - Callaway County (microfilm); Greene County (transcription)
- 1840 - New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Rives (later Henry), Shelby, Stoddard and Warren counties (all transcriptions)
Existing and lost censuses
For a list of available and missing Missouri censuses, click here.
Why use a census?
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
More about censuses
Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
Sources and footnotes
- ↑ FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
- ↑ Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
- ↑ HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
- ↑ Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
- ↑ Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
- ↑ FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.