Nansemond County, Virginia

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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Nansemond County families. To view a list, visit [[Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy|Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 275 genealogies have been published about Nansemond County families. To view a list, visit [[Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy|Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy]].
  
 
==== History ====
 
==== History ====

Revision as of 00:00, 17 July 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Nansemond County


Nansemond County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Nansemond County (established 1637) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Nansemond County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Nansemond County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1637
County Seat
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Because the county is extinct, there is no existing Nansemond County Courthouse. Records are held at the Independent City Courthouse in Suffolk.

Beginning Dates for Nansemond County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1853 1853 1820 1868 1866

History

The county was named after a local Indian tribe. The county is now extinct.

Parent County

Established in 1637 as Upper Norfolk County and the name Nansemond was adopted in 1646. It became the independent city of Nansemond in 1972 and merged with the independent city of Suffolk in 1974. The entire area is now known as Suffolk.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Fire.png
Many records were lost by the burning of the county clerk's office in 1866.
  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Finding records about historic Nansemond County on the Family History Library Catalog can be confusing. Most appear under the Place Search "Suffolk (Independent City), Virginia."

Research Guides

African American

From 1790 to 1860, Nansemond County had one of the largest free colored populations in the state (480 in 1790; 2480 in 1860).[1]

  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861. Cocoa, Fla.: GenRec Books, 1995. The majority of these workers (which included free people of color and Native Americans) came from Nansemond County, Virginia.[2]
  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. 2005-present. - free online book. Documents the Alman, Ashe, Boon, Bowser, Burkett, Churchwell, Copeland, Curtis, Davis, Demery, Elliott, Elmore, Milton, Newby, Parker, Pierce, Powell, Pugh, Read, Reynolds, Robinson, Shepherd, Teamer, Young of pre-1820 Nansemond County.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Nansemond County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 9,010
1800 11,127 23.5%
1810 10,324 −7.2%
1820 10,494 1.6%
1830 11,784 12.3%
1840 10,795 −8.4%
1850 12,283 13.8%
1860 13,693 11.5%
1870 11,576 −15.5%
1880 15,903 37.4%
1890 19,692 23.8%
1900 23,078 17.2%
1910 26,886 16.5%
1920 20,199 −24.9%
1930 22,530 11.5%
1940 22,771 1.1%
1950 25,238 10.8%
1960 31,366 24.3%
1970 35,166 12.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1783 Enumeration

1784 Enumeration

1785 Enumeration

1790 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Shoulder's Hill (1785)[3]
  2. Western Branch (1779)[3]
  3. South Quay. Birth records (1758-1799) were published in the Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Jan. 1968), which is available online at Ancestry ($). An early membership list (no date) was published in the Portsmouth Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jul. 1997) FHL Book 975.5522 D25n v. 5-10 (1993-1999).

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Nansemond County fell within the bounds of the Portsmouth Association.

Christian
  • College of William and Mary. Earl Gregg Swem Library and Liberty Spring Christian Church. County Collections: Nansemond County. MSS., Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; also available at FHL. [List of members (no date, 2 p.) from the Historical Sketch of Liberty Spring Christian Church, 1869-1931.]
Church of England

Also known as Anglican and Protestant Episcopal.

Colonial Parishes[4]

Chuckatuck South
East Suffolk
Elizabeth River Upper
Lower Upper Suffolk
Lower Suffolk West

Bennettscreekglebe.jpg

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Nansemond County is available online.[5]

  • Hall, Wilmer Lee. The Vestry Book of the Upper Parish, Nansemond County, Virginia, 1743 - 1793. Richmond [Virginia]: Commonwealth of Virginia, Division of Purchase and Printing, 1949. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.553 K2h and US/CAN Film 973095 Item 2. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Suffolk Parish Vestry Book, 1749-1784, Nansemond County, Virginia, and Newport Parish Vestry Book, 1724-1772, Isle of Wight County, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1988. Available at FHL.
  • Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at FamilySearch Books Online . [Includes Nansemond County.]
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

Court

  Nansemond County Fee Book (abstracts) 1789 to 1800 Virginia Pioneers

Genealogy

More than 275 genealogies have been published about Nansemond County families. To view a list, visit Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy.

History

  • Dunn, Joseph Bragg. The History of Nansemond County, Virginia. 1907. Digital version at Internet Archive - free.

Immigration

Suffolk has been a port since colonial times. Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

Headright grants identify many Nansemond County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[9] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:


  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Nansemond River and Nansemond County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Land

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

  • Hudgins. 882 patents dated 1638-1749 in what is now Suffolk City (previously Nansemond County), Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2003. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Joyner, Ulysses P. They Crossed the Blackwater: The First Settlers of Southhampton County Virginia. Orange, Virginia: U.P. Joyner, c2001/2003. Available at FHL. [Index to land patents (1700-1749) south of the Blackwater River in that part of Nansemond County added to Southampton in 1786.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Nansemond County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Nansemond County for European settlers included:[10]

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Nansemond County, see pp. 95, 112.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Nansemond County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Nansemond County supplied soldiers for the:

- 4th Virginia Regiment (10th Company)[11]
- 15th Virginia Regiment (1st Company)[12]

Additional resources:

The British burned Suffolk during the Revolutionary War.[13]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Nansemond County on page 132.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Nansemond County men served in the 59th Regiment.[14]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Nansemond County, p. 91. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Nansemond County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Nansemond County, Virginia:


- 3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Nansemond Rangers).[15]
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12 months, 1861-62) (Mullins') (Confederate).[16]
- 13th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (12th Months, 1861-62) (Confederate). Company C (Randolph's Dragoons) and Company I (The Nansemond Cavalry).[17]

Native Americans

The Nansemond Tribe lived in the area in the late 1600s.[18]

  • Bell, Albert D. Nansemond Indian Ancestry of Bass Familes. 1961?. Available at FHL.
  • Egloff, Keith and Deborah Woodward. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Department of Historic Resources, 1992. Available at FHL. [History concerning the Indian tribes in Virginia, notably the Mattaponi, Chickahominy, Monacan, Nansemond, Pamunjey and Rappahannock.]
  • Floyd, Donald. The Elusive Floyds: And Many More Related Families Including - Bagley, Bass, Basse, Bushier, Clerke, Goodson, Griggs, Jordan, Justice, Ledbetter, Lister, Nansemond Indian, Pritchett, Sandiford, Strickland. Griffin, Georgia: D. Floyd, 2006?. Available at FHL.
  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861. Cocoa, Fla.: GenRec Books, 1995. The majority of these workers (which included free people of color and Native Americans) came from Nansemond County, Virginia.[2]
  • Houck, Peter W. Indian Island in Amherst County (Virginia). Progress Printing Co., Inc., 1984. Available at FHL.

Newspapers

Private Papers

  • Norfleet, Fillmore. Bible Records of Suffolk and Nansemond County, Virginia: Together with Other Statistical Data. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1996, 2001. Available at FHL. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).
  • [Campbell] Family Bible Record of Robert and Mary Campbell. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library in Smithfield, Virginia. Available at FHL.
  • [Langley] Hargroves, Abigail Langley Granbery, Julian Hastings Granbery, and Alice Granbery Walter. The Journal of Abigail Langley of Nansemond County, Virginia: So-called in the Family, but Properly "John Granbery, Junior, His Book, 1708." [Virginia Beach, Virginia : A.G. Walter, 1963?]. Available at FHL.
  • [Lawrence] Family Bible Records of George Lawrence. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library in Smithfield, Virginia. Available at FHL.
  • [Scull] Scull: Bible Records Transcript, 1755-1835. MSS., available at FHL.

Probate

Local Court

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes Nansemond County.]

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Nansemond River and Nansemond County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Will of James Montgomery, "of James River in Nantzimum in the Island of Virginia," dated 25 August 1697, proved 24 December 1697, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Pyne, 290, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 39 (1885):333-334. Digital versions at Google Books and New England Ancestors ($).

North Carolina Courts

  • Livingston, Virginia Pope. "Some Virginia Wills Recorded in North Carolina," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1967):30-34. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [Includes abstracts of wills of the following Nansemond County testators: John Lear (dated 1695), John Hamilton (dated 1706/7), and Rev. John McKinzie (dated 1754).]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. FHL 975.5 B2v v. 29 (1921); reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983. FHL 975.5 R4v; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [Nansemond County appears in 29:402-412.]
  • [1782-1861] Land Tax Lists of Nansemond County [Suffolk, Virginia] 1782-1861. FHL 29950.
  • [1785] Insolvents, 1785, Southside Virginian, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul. 1988); Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct. 1998). FHL 975.5 D25s v. 6 (1988)
  • [1786-1788] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL 975.5 R4sn v. 2. [Source for this publication are the 1787/88 land tax lists, three petitions dated 1786/87, and the 1786 insolvent list. Nansemond County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1786] Residents on Southampton Co. Land Tax List, 1786, Southside Virginian, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Jan. 1984). FHL 975.5 D25s v. 1-2 (1982-1983)
  • [1789, 1802] Images of the 1789 and 1802 Land Tax Lists of Nansemond County, Virginia are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Jul. 1999); Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct. 1999). FHL 975.5 B2vg v. 43 (1999)
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. FHL 975.5 R4s [The source for this publication is the 1810 personal property tax list. Nansemond County is included because the 1810 Census for that county has been destroyed.]
  • [1810, 1815] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti. Nansemond County, Virginia, 1815 Tax List. FHL 975.553 R4s [The source for this publication is the 1815 personal property tax list; includes 1810 land tax list.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL 975 E4w v. 3. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax list. Nansemond County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Marriage
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


  • Norfleet, Fillmore. Bible Records of Suffolk and Nansemond County, Virginia: Together with Other Statistical Data. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1996, 2001. Available at FHL. Digital version at Ancestry($) andWorld Vital Records ($).

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

References

  1. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 70. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.
  2. 2.0 2.1 John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):227-237.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 442-443. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. Freddie Spradlin, "Parishes of Virginia," Virginia GenWeb, http://vagenweb.org/parishes.htm, accessed 3 February 2010.
  5. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  7. Martha A. Putnam, Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). FHL Book 975.5 K2qu.
  8. William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6.
  9. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  10. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  11. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 43. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  12. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  13. David Lee Russell, The American Revolution in the Southern Colonies (McFarland, 2000), 127-128.
  14. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 146. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  15. Lee A. Wallace, 3rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 22.
  16. Robert J. Driver, 5th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 127.
  17. Daniel T. Balfour, 13th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 26.
  18. Charles Campbell, History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia (Philadelphia, Pa.: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1860), 267-268. Digitized by Internet Archive.