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This page describes sources of genealogical data about Nassau County, New York families, including links to smaller localities in the county. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New York_Online_Genealogy_Records New York
Online Records


Nassau County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Nassau County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1899
County Seat Mineola
Courthouse
Ny-nassau-ch.jpg
Address 240 Old County Road
Mineola, NY 11501
Nassau County Website

Contents

Historical Facts

Parent County

1899: Created from eastern 70 percent of Queens County.[1]

Neighboring Counties

Bronx | Queens | Suffolk | Westchester | Connecticut: Fairfield[2]

Boundary Changes

1664 Yorkshire became the first large government unit (not actually a county) organized by New York after the English took control from the Netherlands. It was divided into three ridings including North Riding (Westchester, Bronx, New York (Manhattan), Nassau and part of Queens counties).[3] [4]
1683 New York ended Yorkshire, creating Queens County (including later Nassau County) from part of Yorkshire.[3] [4]
1899 Nassau County was created from the eastern 70 percent of Queens County.[3]

Record Loss

Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com* Family History Library* Findagrave.com*
Interment.net* WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   epodunk*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   Names in Stone*
Names in Stone*    
Linkpendium*    
Ancestry*    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

Individual cemeteries:


Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

Federal

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[5]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42 which can be ordered through any Family History Center.
State
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Ancestry.com - - - - - - - - Yes Yes
Family History Library Films - - - - - - - - Yes Yes
FamilySearch Images - - - - - - - - - -
New York State Library Films - - - - - - - - Yes Yes

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

Ann Mensch's Local Catholic Church and Family History & Genealogical Research Guide is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Nassau County, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Nassau County parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Rockville Centre.

The following church records are available online:

  • 1660s-1770 - Hicks, Benjamin D. "Records of the Society of Friends of Westbury, L.I.," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Births 1660s-1750s: Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct. 1885):171-175; Births 1710s-1770: Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul. 1886):218-222. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 16-17. Internet Archive has digitized Vol. 17, but not Vol. 16.[6]
  • 1785-1878 - Frost, Josephine C. Marriages Recorded at Reformed Dutch Church, Manhasset, Long Island: 1785-1878, Also a Few Deaths 1841-1878. Brooklyn, N.Y., 1913. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1790-1900 - Quaker Marriages, Jericho Monthly Meeting, Long Island, New York. 1991. Digital version at Ancestry ($). Births 1812-1887, marriages 1790-1900, deaths 1813-1888.

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Nassau County, New York Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals

Directories

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

  • Rootsweb message board for Nassau County, New York has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.

History

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Nassau County, New York

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Nassau County, New York began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].

Online

Microforms

Books

Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Maps

Migration

Military

Civil War service men in Nausau County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county.[7]

- 119th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 139th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 142nd Regiment, New York Infantry
- 155th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 176th Regiment, New York Infantry

Naturalization and Citizenship

Indexes

The Family History Library has also acquired this comprehensive index for the years 1792 through 1906 on microfilm: FHL Film 1419807 (1st of 294 films). The courts this index covers are:

  • City Court of Brooklyn, 1836-1894
  • Kings County Court, 1806-1906
  • New York City Marine Court, 1806-1849
  • New York County Common Pleas Court, 1792-1895
  • New York County Superior Court, 1828-1895
  • New York City and County Supreme Court, 1868-1906
  • Queens County Court, 1799-1906
  • Queens County Surrogate Court, 1888-1898
  • Richmond County Court, 1869-1906
  • U.S. Circuit Court Southern District, 1846-1876
  • U.S. District Court Eastern District, (Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk counties), 1865-1906
  • U.S. District Court Southern Court Southern District, (New York, Bronx and also Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Richmond, Rockland, Sullivan and Westchester counties), 1824-1906[8]

Newspapers

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the largest online collection of 400 New York 1795-2007 newspapers. The instructions for this quirky site are needed to get the most out of it.

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the following Nassau County, New York newspaper images:

  • Long Island NY Daily Star 1881-1889
  • Long Island NY Star Journal 1938-1967

Obituaries

 

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the Nassau County, New York County Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. [9] [10]

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the Nassau County Surrogate Court.

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Nassau County, New York probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories

Archives, Libraries and Museums

Libraries
The Nassau Library System consists of 54 public libraries in Nassau County. Each library has access to genealogical databases - especially newspaper sites. Many are accessible with your library card from home. A list of the libraries in this system and their website and contact information is found here.

Baldwin Public Library
2385 Grand Avenue
Baldwin, NY 11510-3289
Phone: 516-223-6228
Email: [1]

Genealogical Resources: The library houses obituaries for local newspapers. The Baldwin History room houses history books on Nassau County and Baldwin as well as Suffolk, Queens, Kings, and New York Counties. Collections include journals, photographs, school records, directories, and yearbooks. Baldwin History room open by appointment only.

The Bryant Library
2 Paper Mill Road
Roslyn, NY 11576
Phone: 516-621-2240
Email

Genealogical Resources: Bryant Room houses the local history collection that includes 19th and 20th century books, mapts, photographs,newspaper clippings, letters and documents.  They also have a special collection that includes materials on William Cullen Bryant, Clarence H. Mackay and Christopher Morley. List of collections.  Hours vary from the library. You can also make an appointment.

Hofstra University Library
Joan & Donald E. Axinn Library
Special Collections Department
Room 032
Hempstead, NY 11549-1000
Phone: 516-463-6158

Genealogical Resources: Has the historical and genealogical collections of the Nassau County Historical Society, Oceanside Historical Society Collection (now defunct), Nassau County Museum Reference Collection, family history collections, newspapers, and photographs.

Glen Cove Public Library
4 Glen Cove Avenue
Glen Cove, NY 11542-2885
Phone: 516-676-2130
Email: glencove@glencovelibrary.org

Genealogical Resources: The Robert R. Coles Long Island History Room contains books; periodical series; artifacts; pamphlets; maps; microfilmed documents; records and manuscripts, and microfilm of local newspapers for the local area. The room has limited hours. Digital collection. Email for history room: Longislandhistory@glencovelibrary.org.

Port Washington Public Library
One Library Drive
Port Washington, NY 11050
Phone: 516-883-440 x167
Email: localhistory@pwpl.org

Genealogical Resources: The library has a Local History Center containing digital collections and onsite marterial including newspapers, histories, maps, and manuscripts. The center has limited hours and can be contacted at: localhistory@pwpl.org.

 

County Historian's Office

Nassau County Historian[11]
Edward J. Smits, Director
Nassau County Museum
1864 Muttontown Road
Syosset, New York 11791
Phone: 516-571-7615
Fax: 516-571-7623

Genealogical Resources: The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.

Courthouses

The Nassau County Clerk's office has marriage, land, court, military discharge and naturalization records as well as the state census. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Nassau County are held, see the Nassau County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Nassau County, New York is the Lynbrook New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.

Societies

Nassau County Historical Society
Box 207
Garden City, NY 11530
Phone: 516-538-7679
Email: Natalie.A.Naylor"at"hofstra.edu

The Nassau County Historical Society Journal is the offical publication and released annually.  The society has no research staff but their collection of books and manuscripts are located at:

Long Island Studies Institute
Joan And Donald E. Axinn Library, Room 032
123 Hofstra University
Hempstead, NY 11549-1230
Phone: 516-463-6411
Email: LISI@hofstra.edu


Social Groups Online

Taxation

Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.


Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Birth

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

Marriage

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the Nassau County clerk starting in 1907 and go until 1935.[12]

Marriage Substitutes

Divorce

Pre–1787

All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.

1787–1847

All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.

1847–present

All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Substitutes

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Nassau County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Nassau– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Places

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 490. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook, 478.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kathryn Ford Thorne, New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993), 115, and 153-55. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 E7t.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wikipedia contributors, "York Shire (Province of New York)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_Shire_(Province_of_New_York) (accessed 16 December 2011).
  5. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  6. WeRelate contributors, "Source:New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (New York Genealogical and Biographical Society)," in WeRelate, http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Source:New_York_Genealogical_and_Biographical_Record_%28New_York_Genealogical_and_Biographical_Society%29, accessed 17 February 2012.
  7. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  8. Family History Library Catalog, FamilySearch, accessed 6 December 2011, http://www.familysearch.org.
  9. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  10. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.
  11. Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogist's Address Book: State and Local Resources, with Special Resources Including Ethnic and Religious Organizations, 6th ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Pub., 2009), 432. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  12. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 283. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002

 

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