New York, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1491284|title=New York State Census, 1865|location=United States}}<br>  
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1491284 |title=New York State Census, 1865|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
+
== Record Description ==
  
These records are for the year 1865.  
+
This collection contains most of the 1865 New York state census records still in existence. Ten schedules were filed for each locality, including population, marriages, and deaths schedules. The population schedule included the name, age, birthplace, and occupation of each household member. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. The record is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator. The records are usually arranged by county and town.  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York. The following counties are missing:
  
The record is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator.&nbsp;The records are usually arranged by county and town.
+
*Allegany
 +
*Clinton
 +
*Franklin
 +
*Genesee
 +
*Hamilton
 +
*New York
 +
*Oswego
 +
*Putnam
 +
*Queens
 +
*Seneca
 +
*St Lawrence
 +
*Sullivan
 +
*Westchester
 +
*Wyoming
  
 
This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items. The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1865. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.  
 
This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items. The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1865. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1491284/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
  
[[Image:New York 1865 State Census DGS 004234868 00109.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
== Record Content  ==
  
Key genealogical facts found in the population schedules of the 1865 New York State Census are:
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:New York 1865 State Census DGS 004234868 00109.jpg|New York 1865 State Census
 +
</gallery>
  
*Name of every person whose usual place of abode was in the family on the 1st day of June, 1865  
+
Information found in the population schedules of the 1865 New York State Census includes:
*Age
+
 
*Gender
+
*Name of every person whose usual place of abode was with this family on 1 June 1865  
*Color
+
*Head of household, name of employer
*Relation to the head of the family
+
*Name of each person in household
*In what county of New York, or in what state or country born  
+
*Age, gender, race of each person
*Parent of how many children
+
*Marital status and occupation of each person
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*In what county of New York or in what state or country born  
 +
*Child's birth number
 
*Number of times married  
 
*Number of times married  
*Current marital status (married, widowed, or single)
+
*Citizenship (native, naturalized or alien)  
*Occupation
+
*If a land owner  
*Citizenship (native, naturalized, or alien)  
+
*If over 21 and illiterate
*If owner of the land
+
*If handicapped
*If currently or formerly in the Army or Navy&nbsp;
+
*If currently or formerly in the Army or Navy
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
A census can provide you with names and ages of family members, which can then be used to calculate birth or marriage dates. It can provide the county and town where your ancestor lived, people living with (or gone from) the family, and relatives that may have lived nearby. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
+
To begin your search, it is helpful to know
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
+
*Name
 +
*Residence or address
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
+
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
+
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
+
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.
+
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page,<br> ⇒Select the "County",<br> ⇒Select the "Town/City/Borough/Ward and Election District" which takes you to the images
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
+
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
+
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
  
== Record History ==
+
==== Using the Information ====
  
State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795.&nbsp;This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York because the counties of Clinton, Franklin, Genesee, Hamilton, New York, Oswego, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, Westchester, and Wyoming are missing.  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors. The following examples show ways you can use the information:
  
=== Why This Collection Was Created?  ===
+
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
 +
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  
The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of New York.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
 +
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 +
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 +
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 +
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 +
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 +
*Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
  
Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
 +
*Check for an index. Check online or with local historical and genealogical societies.
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.<br>
+
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].  
  
[http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.newyork.counties.kings/16164/mb.ashx Kings County, Brooklyn -&nbsp;Ward 20 Enumeration Districts]
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[New York 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
[[New York Census]]
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
== Known Issues With This Collection  ==
+
[http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.newyork.counties.kings/16164/mb.ashx Kings County, Brooklyn -&nbsp;Ward 20 Enumeration Districts]
  
{{HR Known Issues|no message=}}Problem #1 - The records for the city of Kingsbury were never digitized and published online. However, the records were filmed (see FHL film 513918) and can be ordered from the Family History Library. See the WIKI article "
+
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
[http://bit.ly/aFJOLp Ordering Microfilm or Microfiche from a Family History Center]
+
."
+
 
+
Problem #2 - Kings, Brooklyn, Ward 12: There is a section of Ward 11 (bounded by Myrtle, Hudson, Willoughby and Bridge Streets) incorporated in the Ward 12 image database (images 52 thru 88).
+
  
Problem #3 - Images for Niagara County were never digitized and published online. However, the records were filmed (see FHL film 1577675 ) and can be ordered from the Family History Library. See the WIKI article "[http://bit.ly/aFJOLp Ordering Microfilm or Microfiche from a Family History Center]."<br>
+
*[[New York Census]]
 +
*[[New York Census State Censuses|New York Census State Censuses]]
 +
*[[New York Census Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules|New York Censuses Existing and Lost]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
&nbsp;{{Contributor_invite}}<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1299951081614_645" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1299951081624_634" /><br>
+
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1491284/waypoints New York, State Census, 1865]
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
"New York State Census,1885."index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 31 March 2011. entry for Polly Herrick, age 65; citing Census Records, Sarataoga, Edinburg, Image 1 frame 75; Saratoga County Clerk Office, Ballston Spa, New York.
+
=== Citation for This Collection ===
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->New York Census, 1865, database, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]); from various County Clerks throughout New York. FHL microfilm, 75 rolls, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah <!--bibdescend-->
+
{{Collection citation | text= "New York, State Census, 1865" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Albany.}}
  
<br>
+
[[New York 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
[[Category:New_York|Census]]
 
[[Category:New_York|Census]]

Revision as of 20:48, 8 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: New York State Census, 1865 .

Contents

Record Description

This collection contains most of the 1865 New York state census records still in existence. Ten schedules were filed for each locality, including population, marriages, and deaths schedules. The population schedule included the name, age, birthplace, and occupation of each household member. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. The record is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator. The records are usually arranged by county and town.

This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York. The following counties are missing:

  • Allegany
  • Clinton
  • Franklin
  • Genesee
  • Hamilton
  • New York
  • Oswego
  • Putnam
  • Queens
  • Seneca
  • St Lawrence
  • Sullivan
  • Westchester
  • Wyoming

This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items. The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1865. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Record Content

Information found in the population schedules of the 1865 New York State Census includes:

  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode was with this family on 1 June 1865
  • Head of household, name of employer
  • Name of each person in household
  • Age, gender, race of each person
  • Marital status and occupation of each person
  • Relationship to head of household
  • In what county of New York or in what state or country born
  • Child's birth number
  • Number of times married
  • Citizenship (native, naturalized or alien)
  • If a land owner
  • If over 21 and illiterate
  • If handicapped
  • If currently or formerly in the Army or Navy

How to Use the Records

To begin your search, it is helpful to know

  • Name
  • Residence or address

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page,
⇒Select the "County",
⇒Select the "Town/City/Borough/Ward and Election District" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors. The following examples show ways you can use the information:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Check for an index. Check online or with local historical and genealogical societies.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Kings County, Brooklyn - Ward 20 Enumeration Districts

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: New York, State Census, 1865

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"New York, State Census, 1865" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Albany.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.