Norfolk County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Norfolk_County,_Virginia|Norfolk County]]''
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<br>'''Norfolk County, Virginia''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to '''Norfolk County''' (established 1691) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Norfolk County
 
| county = Norfolk County
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl =  
 
| seat wl =  
}} ''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Norfolk_County,_Virginia|Norfolk County]]''
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}}  
 
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This page is about a county in Virginia. For the independent city see [[Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk, Virginia]].
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Formerly a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidewater_region_of_Virginia Tidewater] county in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia.
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== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
  
Because the county is now extinct, it has no existing courthouse. Records of historic Norfolk County are now found in the independent cities of [[Chesapeake,_Virginia|Chesapeake]], [[Norfolk,_Virginia|Norfolk]], and [[Portsmouth,_Virginia|Portsmouth]].<br>
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{{Tip|For additional records, see [[Norfolk, Virginia|City of Norfolk]].}}
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Because the county is now extinct, it has no existing courthouse. Records of historic Norfolk County are now found in the independent cities of [[Chesapeake, Virginia|Chesapeake]], [[Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk]], and [[Portsmouth, Virginia|Portsmouth]].<br>  
  
 
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In 1870, Norfolk County had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia (22,320) - the towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth in particular.<ref name="no">''Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive'' (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 70. Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/ninthcensusunit00offigoog#page/n73/mode/1up Internet Archive]; {{FHL|281281|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2pcu}}.</ref>  
 
In 1870, Norfolk County had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia (22,320) - the towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth in particular.<ref name="no">''Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive'' (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 70. Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/ninthcensusunit00offigoog#page/n73/mode/1up Internet Archive]; {{FHL|281281|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2pcu}}.</ref>  
  
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Norfolk.htm "Norfolk County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1791,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
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*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Norfolk.htm "Norfolk County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1791,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
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*James, Edward W. "Free and Slave, Norfolk County, 1782," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA163 Vol. 4, Part 4 (1903):163-166]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA5 Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):5-7]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA67 Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):67-70]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA121 Vol. 5, Part 3 (1905):121-122]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA134 Vol. 5, Part 4 (1906):134-139]. Digitized by [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ Google Books] - free.
  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] See also [[Norfolk County, Virginia#Revolutionary_War|Revolutionary War]] which contains information about black loyalists who left the area for Canada.  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] See also [[Norfolk County, Virginia#Revolutionary_War|Revolutionary War]] which contains information about black loyalists who left the area for Canada.  
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==== Bible Records  ====
 
==== Bible Records  ====
  
{{VABible}}  
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{{VABible}}
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*'''Marchant''' - "The Marchant Family," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' Vol. 4, Part 1 (1902):39-40. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA39 Google Books] - free.
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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#'''Norfolk '''(1804)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 442-443. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>  
 
#'''Norfolk '''(1804)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 442-443. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>  
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#'''Northwest River Bridge''' (by 1790)<ref>George Washington Paschal, ''History of North Carolina Baptists,'' 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:492. {{FHL|561274|item|disp=FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990}}.</ref>
 
#'''Portsmouth '''(1789)<ref name="baptist" />  
 
#'''Portsmouth '''(1789)<ref name="baptist" />  
 
#'''Upper Bridge''' (1782)<ref name="baptist" />
 
#'''Upper Bridge''' (1782)<ref name="baptist" />
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Elizabeth River Parish, Virginia|Elizabeth River Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Portsmouth Parish, Virginia|Portsmouth Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. Brides Parish, Virginia|St. Brides Parish]]  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Elizabeth River Parish, Virginia|Elizabeth River Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Portsmouth Parish, Virginia|Portsmouth Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. Brides Parish, Virginia|St. Brides Parish]]  
  
*Mason, George Carrington. ''Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet &amp; Shepperson, 1945. Available at {{FHL|92828|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH28,36029 Family History Archives]. [Includes Norfolk County.]
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*Mason, George Carrington. ''Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet &amp; Shepperson, 1945. Available at {{FHL|92828|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at {{FSbook|94556}} . [Includes Norfolk County.]
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===== Presbyterian  =====
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*Presbyterian Church, Norfolk, Va. (built 1802). James published a list of subscribers and pew purchasers dated 1802 that is available [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA64 online].<ref>Edward W. James, "Presbyterian Church, Norfolk, 1802," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):64-67. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA64 Google Books] - free.</ref>
  
 
===== Quaker  =====
 
===== Quaker  =====
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*'''Portsmouth-First Evangelical Friends Church,''' Portsmouth, Va. (begun 1893)<ref name="jay" />
 
*'''Portsmouth-First Evangelical Friends Church,''' Portsmouth, Va. (begun 1893)<ref name="jay" />
  
Friends from Norfolk County, Virginia also attended the [[Nansemond County, Virginia#Quaker|Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting]] in Nansemond County, Virginia.<ref>Martha A. Putnam, ''Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia'' (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). {{FHL|767160|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 K2qu}}.</ref>  
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Friends from Norfolk County, Virginia also attended the [[Nansemond County, Virginia#Quaker|Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting]] in Nansemond County, Virginia.<ref>Martha A. Putnam, ''Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia'' (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). {{FHL|767160|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 K2qu}}.</ref>
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
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==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
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Early settlers maps are available for the Town of Norfolk (1682) and the Borough of Norfolk (1736). Walter plots the owners of town lots for those years. The Family History Library has copies: {{FHL|164910|item|disp=FHL Map 975.5521 E7w no. 1}} and {{FHL|164910|item|disp=FHL Map 975.5521 E7w no. 2}}.
  
 
'''''Deeds'''''  
 
'''''Deeds'''''  
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*Burton, H. W. ''The History of Norfolk, Virginia:&nbsp;A Review of Important Events and Incidents Which Occurred from 1736-1877; Also a Record of Personal Reminiscences and Political, Commercial, and Curious Facts''. Norfolk, Va.: Norfolk Virginian Job Print, 1877. {{FHL|115261|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25514 Ancestry] ($) and [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH27,64105 BYU Family History Archives].  
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*Burton, H. W. ''The History of Norfolk, Virginia:&nbsp;A Review of Important Events and Incidents Which Occurred from 1736-1877; Also a Record of Personal Reminiscences and Political, Commercial, and Curious Facts''. Norfolk, Va.: Norfolk Virginian Job Print, 1877. {{FHL|115261|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at {{FSbook|95399}} and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25514 Ancestry] ($) .  
 
*Forrest, William S. ''Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Norfolk and Vicinity: Including Portsmouth and the Adjacent Counties, During a Period of Two Hundred Years: Also, Sketches of Williamsburg, Hampton, Suffolk, Smithfield, and Other Places, with Descriptions of Some of the Principal Objects of Interest in Eastern Virginia''. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1853. Available at {{FHL|70990|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30016 Ancestry] ($) and [http://books.google.com/books?id=p2G96FcJhZoC Google Books] (full-view).
 
*Forrest, William S. ''Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Norfolk and Vicinity: Including Portsmouth and the Adjacent Counties, During a Period of Two Hundred Years: Also, Sketches of Williamsburg, Hampton, Suffolk, Smithfield, and Other Places, with Descriptions of Some of the Principal Objects of Interest in Eastern Virginia''. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1853. Available at {{FHL|70990|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30016 Ancestry] ($) and [http://books.google.com/books?id=p2G96FcJhZoC Google Books] (full-view).
  
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
 
===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
[[Image:VAgreatbridge.png|thumb|right|300px]] The following Revolutionary War battles took place in and around Norfolk: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Great_Bridge Battle of Great Bridge], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kemp%27s_Landing Battle of Kemp's Landing], and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burning_of_Norfolk Burning of Norfolk]. <br> <br> '''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Norfolk County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Norfolk County supplied soldiers for the:  
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[[Image:VAgreatbridge.png|thumb|right|300px|VAgreatbridge.png]] The following Revolutionary War battles took place in and around Norfolk: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Great_Bridge Battle of Great Bridge], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kemp%27s_Landing Battle of Kemp's Landing], and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burning_of_Norfolk Burning of Norfolk]. <br> <br> '''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Norfolk County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Norfolk County supplied soldiers for the:  
  
 
::- [[4th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)|4th Virginia Regiment]]  
 
::- [[4th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)|4th Virginia Regiment]]  
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*''[http://www.blackloyalist.info/ Black Loyalist], ''courtesy: The University of Sydney. Includes biographical information about approximately 1,000 black loyalists from the Norfolk, Virginia area.<ref name="east">Dick Eastman, [http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2011/05/black-loyalist-web-site.html "Black Loyalist Web Site,"] ''Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter,'' 1 May 2011.</ref>  
 
*''[http://www.blackloyalist.info/ Black Loyalist], ''courtesy: The University of Sydney. Includes biographical information about approximately 1,000 black loyalists from the Norfolk, Virginia area.<ref name="east">Dick Eastman, [http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2011/05/black-loyalist-web-site.html "Black Loyalist Web Site,"] ''Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter,'' 1 May 2011.</ref>  
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*James, Edward W. "Lord Dunmore and His Negro Followers," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):32-35. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA32 Google Books] - free.
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Norfolk County on page 132.]  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Norfolk County on page 132.]  
 
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
 
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
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:- [[3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. '''Company A''' (Dismal Swamp Rangers), '''Company B''' (Virginia Riflemen), '''Company H''' (National Light Infantry Greys).<ref>Lee A. Wallace, ''3rd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). {{FHL|576910|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 22}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. '''Company A''' (Dismal Swamp Rangers), '''Company B''' (Virginia Riflemen), '''Company H''' (National Light Infantry Greys).<ref>Lee A. Wallace, ''3rd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). {{FHL|576910|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 22}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. '''Company A''' (McKenney's Eyeteeth), '''Company B''' (1st) (Lamb's Herd), '''Company C''' (Woodis' Riflemen), '''Company D''' (Norfolk Light Infantry), '''Company D''' (1st), '''Company G''' (Company F, Southern Guard aka Kid Glove aka Silk Stocking Regiment).<ref>Michael A. Cavanaugh, ''6th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). {{FHL|361570|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 43}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. '''Company A''' (McKenney's Eyeteeth), '''Company B''' (1st) (Lamb's Herd), '''Company C''' (Woodis' Riflemen), '''Company D''' (Norfolk Light Infantry), '''Company D''' (1st), '''Company G''' (Company F, Southern Guard aka Kid Glove aka Silk Stocking Regiment).<ref>Michael A. Cavanaugh, ''6th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). {{FHL|361570|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 43}}.</ref>  
:- [[12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company H (Norfolk Juniors).<ref>William D. Henderson, ''12th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). {{FHL|122363|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8}}.</ref>
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:- [[12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company H (Norfolk Juniors).<ref>William D. Henderson, ''12th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). {{FHL|122363|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8}}.</ref>  
:- [[18th_Battalion,_Virginia_Heavy_Artillery_(Confederate)|18th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery]]. Company B (Atlantic Artillery).<ref>Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). {{FHL|753834|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113}}.</ref>
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:- [[18th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate)|18th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery]]. Company B (Atlantic Artillery).<ref>Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). {{FHL|753834|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113}}.</ref>
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:- [[20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate)|20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate)]]. Company B (St. Bride's Artillery).<ref>Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). {{FHL|753834|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113}}.</ref>
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:- [[38th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Pittsylvania Regiment) (Confederate)|38th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Pittsylvania Regiment) (Confederate)]]. 2nd Company I (St. Brides Artillery).<ref>G. Howard Gregory, ''38th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). {{FHL|370008|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 46}}.</ref>
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
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:*'''1787-1789''' - ''Norfolk and Portsmouth Journal'' at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1789''' - ''Norfolk and Portsmouth Gazette'' at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1792-1794''' - ''Virginia Chronicle'' (Norfolk, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1802-1803''' - ''Norfolk Herald'' at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=r0s_y6AIs4IC Google News] - free.
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:*'''1802-1803''' - ''Commercial Register'' (Norfolk, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1804-1816''' - ''Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger'' at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=8bEfNjzhQ0EC Google News] - free.
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:*'''1804-1816''' - ''Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger'' at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1811-1859''' - ''Norfolk &amp; Portsmouth Herald'' at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=FQnhRx9bfrkC Google News] - free.
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:*'''1815-1820''' - ''American Beacon'' (Norfolk, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
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:*'''1820-1833''' - ''The Norfolk and Portsmouth Herald'' at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=wP5e0sba15sC Google News] - free.
  
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
  
 
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Norfolk and Portsmouth&nbsp;silversmiths.]
 
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Norfolk and Portsmouth&nbsp;silversmiths.]
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==== Periodicals  ====
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''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary'' (1899-1905) includes many items of interest to genealogists. All five volumes are available online for free:
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=P09RAAAAYAAJ Vol. 1]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=2icSAAAAYAAJ Vol. 2]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=2t14AAAAMAAJ Vol. 3]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=6swBAAAAMAAJ Vol. 4]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=Ed94AAAAMAAJ Vol. 5]
  
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
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*'''[1730]''' Tithables, 1730,&nbsp;''Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. 1963). Available at FHL; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).  
 
*'''[1730]''' Tithables, 1730,&nbsp;''Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. 1963). Available at FHL; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors] ($).  
 
*'''[1732-1788]''' [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaColonialTitheLists/Norfolk.htm Norfolk County - the Colonial Tithe Lists 1732-1788], CD, available for purchase at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1732-1788]''' [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaColonialTitheLists/Norfolk.htm Norfolk County - the Colonial Tithe Lists 1732-1788], CD, available for purchase at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
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*'''[1782]''' James, Edward W. "Free and Slave, Norfolk County, 1782," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA163 Vol. 4, Part 4 (1903):163-166]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA5 Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):5-7]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA67 Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):67-70]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA121 Vol. 5, Part 3 (1905):121-122]; [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA134 Vol. 5, Part 4 (1906):134-139]. Digitized by [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ Google Books] - free.
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*'''[1782]''' James, Edward W. "Property Owners, Princess Anne County, 1782," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' Vol. 4, Part 3 (1902):114-146. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA114 Google Books] - free.
 
*'''[1782-1791]''' Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Norfolk.htm "Norfolk County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1791,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1782-1791]''' Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Norfolk.htm "Norfolk County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1791,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1784]''' Taxable Property, 1784,&nbsp;''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jul. 1894). Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($).  
 
*'''[1784]''' Taxable Property, 1784,&nbsp;''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jul. 1894). Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($).  
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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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===== Birth =====
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*'''1792-1896''' - Norfolk County Birth Index 1792-1896. Batch {{IGI|C868622}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>
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*'''1799-1853''' - Norfolk County Birth Index 1799-1853. Batch {{IGI|C868618}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
  
 
===== Marriage  =====
 
===== Marriage  =====
  
*Tucker, George Holbert. ''Abstracts from Norfolk City Marriage Bonds [1797-1850].'' [Norfolk, Va.?]: William H. Delaney, 1934. Available at {{FHL|199180|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806351152_georgeholberttucker World Vital Records] ($).
+
*'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
 
 +
*'''1706-1784''' - James, Edward W. "Abstracts from Norfolk County Marriage Bonds," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' '''1706-1725:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/40/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 1 (1899):40-42]; '''1727-1743:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/74/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 2 (1900):74-80]; '''1744-1753:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/94/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 3 (1900):95-99]; '''1754-1758:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/124/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 4 (1901):124-129]; '''1759-1765:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=9 Vol. 4, Part 1 (1902):9-24]; '''1766-1770:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA54 Vol. 4, Part 2 (1902):54-63]; '''1771-1773:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA100 Vol. 4, Part 3 (1902):100-105]; '''1774-1775:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=BSgSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA170 Vol. 4, Part 4 (1903):170-174]; '''1777-1778:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA18 Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):18-22]; '''1779-1782:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA47 Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):47-55]; '''1784:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA114 Vol. 5, Part 3 (1905):114-116]; '''1784:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=xSkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA150 Vol. 5, Part 4 (1905):150-153]. Digitized by Internet Archive and Google Books - free.
 +
 
 +
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
 
 +
*'''1797-1802''' - James, Edward W. "Abstracts from Norfolk Marriage Bonds," ''The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary,'' '''1797:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun2134unse#page/n45/mode/2up Vol. 2, Part 1 (1897):39-40]; '''1797:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcou00jamegoog#page/n88/mode/2upg Vol. 2, Part 2 (1897):46-47]; '''1797:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun2134unse#page/94/mode/2up Vol. 2, Part 3 (1898):94-95]; '''1798:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun2134unse#page/116/mode/2up Vol. 2, Part 4 (1899):116-120]; '''1799:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/8/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 1 (1899):8-12]; '''1800:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/56/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 2 (1900):57-62]; '''1801:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/106/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 3 (1900):107-113]; '''1802:''' [http://archive.org/stream/lowernorfolkcoun314unse#page/132/mode/2up Vol. 3, Part 4 (1901):133-138]. Digitized by Internet Archive - free.
 +
 
 +
*'''1797-1850''' - Tucker, George Holbert. ''Abstracts from Norfolk City Marriage Bonds [1797-1850].'' [Norfolk, Va.?]: William H. Delaney, 1934. Available at {{FHL|199180|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806351152_georgeholberttucker World Vital Records] ($).
 +
 
 +
*'''1799-1861''' - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1799-1861. Batch {{IGI|M868618}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1803-1822''' - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1803-1822. Batch {{IGI|M868791}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1822-1842''' - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1822-1842. Batch {{IGI|M868792}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1842-1850''' - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1842-1850. Batch {{IGI|M868793}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1904''' - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1853-1904. Batch {{IGI|M868621}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
===== Death  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1799-1853''' - Norfolk County Death Index 1799-1853. Batch {{IGI|B868618}} (broken link) at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1897''' - Norfolk County Death Index 1853-1897. Batch {{IGI|B868623}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
  
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
  
{{VAnewspapers}}  
+
{{VAnewspapers}}
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==

Revision as of 02:12, 27 March 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Norfolk County


Norfolk County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Norfolk County (established 1691) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Norfolk County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Norfolk County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1691
County Seat
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Because the county is now extinct, it has no existing courthouse. Records of historic Norfolk County are now found in the independent cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, and Portsmouth.

Beginning Dates for Norfolk County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1706 1853 1810

History

Norfolk County, Virginia took its name from the English county of Norfolk

The county was named after the English county of Norfolk. Virginia's royal governor, Lord Dunsmore, whose allegiance was to the King, positioned himself in the port of Norfolk during the American Revolution. British and Patriot forces burned the city.[1]

Parent County

1691--Norfolk County was created in 1691 from Lower Norfolk. It was changed to the Independent City of Chesapeake on 1 January 1963.
County seat: Norfolk [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Finding records about historic Norfolk County on the Family History Library Catalog can be confusing. Most appear under the Place Searches "Chesapeake (Independent City), Virginia," "Norfolk (Independent City), Virginia" and "Portsmouth (Independent City), Virginia."

African American

In 1870, Norfolk County had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia (22,320) - the towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth in particular.[3]

go to See also Revolutionary War which contains information about black loyalists who left the area for Canada.

For a case study demonstrating how an African American family was traced back to the mid-1700s in Norfolk, see:

Heinegg's study documents free people of color living in Norfolk County before 1820 with the following surnames:

  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. 2005-present. - free online book. Abel, Africa, Allen, Alman, Anderson, Archer, Armstrong, Arnold, Artis, Ash, Bailey, Baker, Barber, Bartlett, Bass, Bazmore, Beckett, Bell, Berry, Blue, Bowman, Bowser, Bright (see introduction), Cassidy, Charity, Chavers, Churchwell, Cooper, Copeland, Cox, Cuffee, Cypress, Davis, Demery, Doby, Driggers, Duncan, Dunn, Elliott, Flood, Flora, Freeman, Fuller, Gordon, Grimes, Hall, Hamilton, Hammon, Harmon, Hatfield, Hawkins, Herbert, Hodges, Hubbard, Hunt, Hunter, Ivey, Jackson, James, Jasper, Jones, Lamb, Lang, Leviner, Lewis, Lovina, Manly, Matthews, Miller, Morris, Newsom, Newton, Nichols, Nicholas, Nickens, Page, Parrot, Perkins, Pinn, Price, Pugh, Rains, Randall, Richards (see introduction), Roberts, Robins, Robinson, Russell, Sample, Sampson, Saunders, Scott, Shoecraft, Skipper, Smith, Sparrow, Spruce, Spurlock, Stafford, Stewart, Swan, Taylor, Teamer, Temo, Thomas, Thompson, Travis, Turner, Tyler, Valentine, Wallace, Wattleton, Weaver, Webb, Weeks, White, Whitehurst, Williams, Wilson, Wise, Young.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

  • Marchant - "The Marchant Family," The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 4, Part 1 (1902):39-40. Digital version at Google Books - free.

Cemeteries

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 14,524
1800 19,419 33.7%
1810 22,872 17.8%
1820 23,943 4.7%
1830 24,806 3.6%
1840 27,569 11.1%
1850 33,036 19.8%
1860 36,227 9.7%
1870 46,702 28.9%
1880 58,657 25.6%
1890 77,038 31.3%
1900 50,780 −34.1%
1910 52,744 3.9%
1920 57,358 8.7%
1930 30,082 −47.6%
1940 35,828 19.1%
1950 99,937 178.9%
1960 51,612 −48.4%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1785 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Norfolk (1804)[4]
  2. Northwest River Bridge (by 1790)[5]
  3. Portsmouth (1789)[4]
  4. Upper Bridge (1782)[4]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Norfolk County fell within the bounds of the Portsmouth Association.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Elizabeth River Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Portsmouth Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Brides Parish

  • Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at FamilySearch Books Online . [Includes Norfolk County.]
Presbyterian
  • Presbyterian Church, Norfolk, Va. (built 1802). James published a list of subscribers and pew purchasers dated 1802 that is available online.[6]
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Bennett's Creek Monthly Meeting, Portsmouth, Va. (1731-1821)[7]
  • Bufkin's Monthly Meeting, Portsmouth, Va. (1698-1780) aka Leven Bufkin's[7]
  • Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting, Portsmouth, Va. (1656-1768)[7]
  • Norfolk Worship Ground Monthly Meeting, Norfolk, Va. (1656-1663, resumed 1990)[7]
  • Portsmouth-First Evangelical Friends Church, Portsmouth, Va. (begun 1893)[7]

Friends from Norfolk County, Virginia also attended the Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting in Nansemond County, Virginia.[8]

Court

County Court
  • Walter, Alice Granbery. Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records: Book "A" 1637-1646 and Book "B" 1646-1651/2. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).

The earliest minute books are dated 1743. They are held at Portsmouth. Copies: FHL Films 32869-32880

Directories

  • Norfolk City Directory, 1888. Norfolk, VA: J. H. Chataigne and Co., 1888. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Norfolk City Directory, 1889. Norfolk, VA: J. H. Chataigne and Co., 1889. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Norfolk City Directory, 1890-91. Norfolk, VA: J. H. Chataigne and Co., 1891. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
    Family Histories

Genealogy

More than 50 genealogies have been published about Norfolk County families. To view a list, visit Norfolk County, Virginia Genealogy.

See also:
Gotoarrow.png Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Genealogy (identifies more than 50 published genealogies)

Immigration

Norfolkvirginia.jpg
Norfolk and Portsmouth have been important port towns since the colonial period. During the eighteenth century, many English transported convicts who ran away from their masters in the Northern Neck headed to Norfolk, where they impersonated sailors, and hoped to board ships bound for England.[9]


No official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

Headright grants identify many Norfolk County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[10] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Norfolk with the following surnames: Donaldson, Proudfitt, and Sutton (?).]
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Elizabeth River, Gosport, Lower Norfolk County, Norfolk County, and Portsmouth proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Lower Norfolk and Norfolk Counties, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 52 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Norfolk Boro, Portsmouth, and Norfolk County.[11]

Land

Early settlers maps are available for the Town of Norfolk (1682) and the Borough of Norfolk (1736). Walter plots the owners of town lots for those years. The Family History Library has copies: FHL Map 975.5521 E7w no. 1 and FHL Map 975.5521 E7w no. 2.

Deeds

  • Fleet, Beverley. Lower Norfolk County, 1651-1654. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1961. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Lower Norfolk County and Upper Norfolk County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]
  • Walter, Alice Granbery. Virginia Land Patents of the Counties of Norfolk, Princess Anne & Warwick. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Local Histories

  • Burton, H. W. The History of Norfolk, Virginia: A Review of Important Events and Incidents Which Occurred from 1736-1877; Also a Record of Personal Reminiscences and Political, Commercial, and Curious Facts. Norfolk, Va.: Norfolk Virginian Job Print, 1877. FHL; digital versions at FamilySearch Books Online and Ancestry ($) .
  • Forrest, William S. Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Norfolk and Vicinity: Including Portsmouth and the Adjacent Counties, During a Period of Two Hundred Years: Also, Sketches of Williamsburg, Hampton, Suffolk, Smithfield, and Other Places, with Descriptions of Some of the Principal Objects of Interest in Eastern Virginia. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1853. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and Google Books (full-view).

Maps

Military

Many War of 1812 veterans were living in Norfolk in the early 1880s.

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Lower Norfolk County and Norfolk County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Lower Norfolk County and Norfolk County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Norfolk Borough, Lower Norfolk and Norfolk County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Norfolk County, see p. 112.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Lower Norfolk and Norfolk County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War
VAgreatbridge.png
The following Revolutionary War battles took place in and around Norfolk: Battle of Great Bridge, Battle of Kemp's Landing, and the Burning of Norfolk.

Regiments. Service men in Norfolk County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Norfolk County supplied soldiers for the:
- 4th Virginia Regiment
- 15th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • Black Loyalist, courtesy: The University of Sydney. Includes biographical information about approximately 1,000 black loyalists from the Norfolk, Virginia area.[12]
  • James, Edward W. "Lord Dunmore and His Negro Followers," The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):32-35. Digital version at Google Books - free.
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Norfolk County on page 132.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Norfolk Borough men served in the 54th Regiment and Norfolk County men served in the 7th and 95th Regiments.[13]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Norfolk County, pp. 92-95. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  • Wingo, Elizabeth B. Norfolk County, Virginia (now city of Chesapeake, Virginia) Revolutionary War and War of 1812 applications for pensions, bounty land warrants and heirs of deceased pensioners (Norfolk, Virginia, E.B. Wingo, copyright 1964) pages 131 FHL Book 975.5523 M2
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Norfolk County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Norfolk County, Virginia:

- 3rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Dismal Swamp Rangers), Company B (Virginia Riflemen), Company H (National Light Infantry Greys).[14]
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (McKenney's Eyeteeth), Company B (1st) (Lamb's Herd), Company C (Woodis' Riflemen), Company D (Norfolk Light Infantry), Company D (1st), Company G (Company F, Southern Guard aka Kid Glove aka Silk Stocking Regiment).[15]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Norfolk Juniors).[16]
- 18th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery. Company B (Atlantic Artillery).[17]
- 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate). Company B (St. Bride's Artillery).[18]
- 38th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Pittsylvania Regiment) (Confederate). 2nd Company I (St. Brides Artillery).[19]

Newspapers

  • 1787-1789 - Norfolk and Portsmouth Journal at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1789 - Norfolk and Portsmouth Gazette at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1792-1794 - Virginia Chronicle (Norfolk, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1802-1803 - Norfolk Herald at Google News - free.
  • 1802-1803 - Commercial Register (Norfolk, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1804-1816 - Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger at Google News - free.
  • 1804-1816 - Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1811-1859 - Norfolk & Portsmouth Herald at Google News - free.
  • 1815-1820 - American Beacon (Norfolk, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1820-1833 - The Norfolk and Portsmouth Herald at Google News - free.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Norfolk and Portsmouth silversmiths.]

Periodicals

The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary (1899-1905) includes many items of interest to genealogists. All five volumes are available online for free:

Probate

Original Wills

  • Fleet, Beverley. Lower Norfolk County, 1651-1654. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1961. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • James, Edward W. "Will of Josias Mackie, Presbyterian Minister, Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties, 1716," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr. 1900):358-363. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • McIntosh, Charles Fleming. Brief Abstract of Lower Norfolk County and Norfolk County Wills, 1637-1710. 1914; reprint, Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1982. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • McIntosh, Charles Fleming. Brief Abstracts of Norfolk County Wills, 1710-1753. Richmond, VA, USA: Colonial Dames of America, 1922. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Elizabeth River, Gosport, Lower Norfolk County, Norfolk County, and Portsmouth proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [Norfolk County appears in 30:21-30.]
  • [1730-1785] Norfolk County, Virginia Tithables, 1730-1785. Original records, Chesapeake City Courthouse, Chesapeake, Virginia; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • [1730-1780] Wingo, Elizabeth B. and W. Bruce Wingo. Norfolk County, Virginia Tithables. [1730-1780] 3 vols. Norfolk, Va.: E.B. Wingo, W.B. Wingo, c1979-1985. FHL. Free digital versions of Vol. II (1751-1765) and Vol. III (1766-1780) at Black Loyalist, courtesy: The University of Sydney.
  • [1730] Tithables, 1730, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. 1963). Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1732-1788] Norfolk County - the Colonial Tithe Lists 1732-1788, CD, available for purchase at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1782] James, Edward W. "Free and Slave, Norfolk County, 1782," The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 4, Part 4 (1903):163-166; Vol. 5, Part 1 (1904):5-7; Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):67-70; Vol. 5, Part 3 (1905):121-122; Vol. 5, Part 4 (1906):134-139. Digitized by Google Books - free.
  • [1782] James, Edward W. "Property Owners, Princess Anne County, 1782," The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 4, Part 3 (1902):114-146. Digital version at Google Books - free.
  • [1782-1791] Heinegg, Paul. "Norfolk County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1791," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1784] Taxable Property, 1784, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jul. 1894). Available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Norfolk County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1790, 1799] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Norfolk County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List of 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. 2000); Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct. 2000); Vol. 45, No. 1 (Jan. 2001); Vol. 45, No. 2 (Apr. 2001).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Norfolk County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Birth
  • 1792-1896 - Norfolk County Birth Index 1792-1896. Batch C868622 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1799-1853 - Norfolk County Birth Index 1799-1853. Batch C868618 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
Marriage
  • 1797-1850 - Tucker, George Holbert. Abstracts from Norfolk City Marriage Bonds [1797-1850]. [Norfolk, Va.?]: William H. Delaney, 1934. Available at FHL; digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • 1799-1861 - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1799-1861. Batch M868618 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1803-1822 - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1803-1822. Batch M868791 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1822-1842 - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1822-1842. Batch M868792 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1842-1850 - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1842-1850. Batch M868793 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1853-1904 - Norfolk County Marriage Index 1853-1904. Batch M868621 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
Death
  • 1799-1853 - Norfolk County Death Index 1799-1853. Batch B868618 (broken link) at FamilySearch - free.[20]
  • 1853-1897 - Norfolk County Death Index 1853-1897. Batch B868623 at FamilySearch - free.[20]
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

References

  1. See Chapter III, "The Struggle for Norfolk," in H.J. Eckenrode, The Revolution in Virginia (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916). Digital version at Google Books.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 70. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 442-443. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:492. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  6. Edward W. James, "Presbyterian Church, Norfolk, 1802," The Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 5, Part 2 (1905):64-67. Digital version at Google Books - free.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  8. Martha A. Putnam, Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). FHL Book 975.5 K2qu.
  9. A. Roger Ekirch, Bound for America. Table on runaway convicts.
  10. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  11. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co.), 1979, 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  12. Dick Eastman, "Black Loyalist Web Site," Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, 1 May 2011.
  13. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 152-154. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  14. Lee A. Wallace, 3rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 22.
  15. Michael A. Cavanaugh, 6th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 43.
  16. William D. Henderson, 12th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 8.
  17. Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113.
  18. Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113.
  19. G. Howard Gregory, 38th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 46.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.8 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.

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