Northumberland County, VirginiaEdit This Page

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Template:Infobox U.S. CountyfckLR <a href="United States">United States </a> <img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" />  <a href="Virginia">Virginia </a> <img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" />  <a href="Northumberland_County,_Virginia" class="selflink">Northumberland County</a>

<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidewater_region_of_Virginia">Tidewater</a> county in the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Neck">Northern Neck</a> region of Virginia.

Contents

County Courthouse

Northumberland County, Virginia
P O Box 217
Heathsville, Virginia 22473-0217
804-580-3777

  • Circuit Clerk has marriage divorce, probate court, and land records

History

Parent County

1648--Northumberland County was created 12 October 1648 from Indian District of Chickacoan.
County seat: Heathsville The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).

Boundary Changes

Northumberland County and <a href="Westmoreland County, Virginia">Westmoreland County</a> were temporarily joined in 1662.Milnor Ljungstedt, "Westmoreland and Northumberland Joined," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan. 1924):46-47. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

<img src="ef=" _fck_mw_filename="NorthernNeck.png|thumb|right|400px|Part of the Northern Neck region" alt="RTENOTITLE" />

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

  • <a href="Lancaster County, Virginia">Lancaster</a>
  • <a href="Richmond County Virginia">Richmond</a>
  • <a href="Westmoreland County, Virginia">Westmoreland</a>

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see <a href="Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy">Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy</a>.

If you are researching families who lived in Northumberland County, Virginia between the 1650s and 1710s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: <a href="http://www.antientpress.com/">Antient Press</a>. (Some of the index volumes have not been printed and it is necessary to contact the publishers to search them.)

Research Guides

  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. "Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t [For Northumberland County, see p. 63]
  • Dorman, John Frederick. "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Northumberland County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1975):205-208. Digital version at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).

African American

  • Virginia Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872
  • Heinegg, Paul. <a href="http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/northumberland.htm">"Northumberland County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1813,"</a> Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Kegley, Mary B. Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at FHL; digital version at <a href="http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH42,53652">Family History Archives</a>. [Includes information about Northumberland County free people of color.]
  • Sutton, K.E. Black, Red and Revolutionary: Free African Americans of Lancaster and Northumberland Counties, Virginia in the Era of the American Revolution. K.E. Sutton, 1997.
  • Sutton, Karen E. Northumberland County, Virginia Registers of Free Blacks. Maryland: Heritage Books, 1999.

Cemeteries

  • "Early Tombs in Westmoreland, Richmond, and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Oct. 1902):123-130; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jan. 1903):191-195. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • "Early Tombstones in Northumberland County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jul. 1899):42-47. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • "Inscriptions on Old Tombstones in Westmoreland and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jul. 1900):25-31. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution, Daughters of the American Revolution. Freedom Hill Chapter (McLean, Va.). Virginia DAR Genealogical Records Committee Report: Tombstone Inscriptions of Northumberland County, Virginia. Virginia DAR, 1996.
  • <a href="http://genealogenie.net/northumberland/cemeteries.shtml">Northumberland County Cemeteries</a>

Census
For tips on accessing Northumberland County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Template:Historical populationsfckLR

1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • Hall, Addison. The Glory of the Latter House: Sermon, Dedication of Coan Meeting House, County of Northumberland, Va.,Oct. 3, 1847. 1848.
Baptist
  • Coan Baptist Church (Heathsville, Virginia). Church History Committee. Stop and Look: The History of the Coan Baptist Church, 1804-1979 : Heathsville, Northumberland County, Virginia. Barbour Print., 1987.
  • Semple, Robert Baylor and Clarissa Hall. The Faithful Servant of God Exemplied in the Life and Death of Samuel L. Straughan: Late Minister of the Gospel, Northumberland County, Va. Shepherd & Pollard, printers, 1822.
Church of England

<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Boutracy Parish, Virginia">Boutracy Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Chickacoan Parish, Virginia">Chickacoan Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Fairfield Parish, Virginia">Fairfield Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Lee Parish, Virginia">Lee Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Nomini Parish, Virginia">Nomini Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="St. Stephens Parish, Northumberland, Virginia">St. Stephen's Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Wicomico Parish, Virginia">Wicomico Parish</a>

  • Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Northumberland and Lancaster Counties, Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr. 1946):137-151; Vol. 54, No. 3 (Jul. 1946):233-243. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
Presbyterian
  • Toler, Henry, Clarissa Pollard and Eliza Steptoe. The Faithful Minister's Work and Course Pursued and Finished: Being the Substance of Two Sermons Occasioned by the Death of Elder Lewis Lunsford, Late of Northumberland, in the State of Virginia, Who Departed this Life at Mr. Abraham Gregory['s] in Essex, October 26, 1793, about the Fortieth ... Ormond & Ormond & Conrad, no. 41, Old Sign of Franklin's Head, Chestnut-Street, 1795.

Court

County Court

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Northumberland County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Gazetteers

  • Wilson, John C. Creek Peek Collection: From the Piankatank to the Potomac: Locations of 195 Creeks, Coves, Bays, Branches, Prongs, Ponds and Rivers in Lancaster, Middlesex, Northumberland, Richmond and Westmoreland Counties of Virginia. Rappahannock Press, 199-?.

Genealogy

More than 225 genealogies have been published about Northumberland County families. To view a list, visit <a href="Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy">Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy</a>.

Immigration

Headright grants identify many Northumberland County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[1] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source. Additional resources include:

Land

Grants and Patents

  • Davey. <a href="http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm">253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map</a>. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's <a href="http://www.directlinesoftware.com/">DeedMapper</a> product.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1694-1742. Vol. I. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1987. Available at [1]. [Includes Northumberland County.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at FHL; digital version at <a href="http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48408">Ancestry</a> ($). [Includes Northumberland County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Local Histories

  • Scott, Steven, University of New Orleans, University of New Orleans. Dept. of History. Social Networking in Seventeenth-century Virginia: Northumberland County, 1651-1665. University of New Orleans, 2005.

Maps

Military

English Civil War
  • Hackley, Woodford B. "The Northumberland Oath 1652," [Oath of Allegiance to Oliver Cromwell's government during Commonwealth Period] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 49, No. 1 (Jan. 1941):33-36. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($). [Identifies many local residents.]
Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Northumberland County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at <a href="http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4596&o_xid=8910&o_lid=8910">Ancestry</a> ($). [Identifies some Northumberland County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Northumberland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ">Google Books</a>. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Northumberland County, see p. 96.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at <a href="http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4596&o_xid=8910&o_lid=8910">Ancestry</a> ($). [Identifies some Northumberland County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Northumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Northumberland County supplied soldiers for the:

- <a href="5th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)">5th Virginia Regiment</a>
- <a href="15th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)">15th Virginia Regiment</a> (7th Company)E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.

Additional resources:

  • "Revolutionary Proceedings in Northumberland County, 1765, 1776-1778," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2, (Labeled issue 1) (Oct. 1911):127-132. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • Sutton, K.E. Black, Red and Revolutionary: Free African Americans of Lancaster and Northumberland Counties, Virginia in the Era of the American Revolution. K.E. Sutton, 1997.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ">Google Books</a> and <a href="http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog">Internet Archive</a>. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Northumberland County, p. 96. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Virginia, Civil War Service <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382">Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865</a>

Virginia, Civil War Service<a href="https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427">Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865</a>

Naturalization

Native Americans

  • Potter, Stephen R. An Ethnohistorical Examination of Indian Groups in Northumberland County, Virginia: 1608-1719. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976.

Newspapers

Indexed images of the <a href="http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm">Virginia Gazette </a>(1736-1780) are available online through the <a href="http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/">Colonial Williamsburg </a>website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: <a href="http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/">The Geography of Slavery in Virginia</a>. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Doggett, Barbara Lynn. Parish Apprenticeship in Colonial Virginia: A Study of Northumberland County, 1680-1695 and 1750-1765. College of William and Mary, 1981.
  • "Northumberland County," [List of Burgesses from the County Levy (1658-1719)] The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jan. 1896):179-180. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).

Poor Records

  • Doggett, Barbara Lynn. Parish Apprenticeship in Colonial Virginia: A Study of Northumberland County, 1680-1695 and 1750-1765. College of William and Mary, 1981.

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

  • [Galloway] Nickson, James, David Galloway and Thomas Lee. Title Account, November 1745 to November 1746, with David Galloway of Northumberland County, Virginia. [Incomplete citation taken from Google Books.]
  • [Jones] Jones Family and Library of Congress. The Papers of the Jones Family of Northumberland, Virginia, 1649-1889. Library of Congress, 1972.

Probate

Local Court

  • Lewis, James F. and J. Motley Booker. Wills and Administrations, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1713-1749. J.F. Lewis and J.M. Booker, 1967. Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1967):137. Review available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).
  • Lewis, James F. and J. Motley Booker. Wills and Administrations, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1750-1770. J.F. Lewis and J.M. Booker, 1964. Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1964):137-138. Review available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).
  • Photocopy of the Will of Samuel Griffin of Northumberland County, Virginia (1702) and Research Notes. [Incomplete citation from Google Books.]
  • Washington, John A. "Will of Thomas Bushrod, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1698," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1974):55-60. Available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Cherry Point, Bow Tracy, Northumberland County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

<a href="Virginia Tax Lists">How can Virginia tax lists help me?</a>

The original personal property tax lists of Northumberland County, Virginia are held at the Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. FHL has microfilmed Northumberland's personal property tax lists for the years 1782 to 1850.

Additional Northumberland County taxation records available online or in print include:

  • [1664] Horse Owners Pay Bounty on Wolves, 1664, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1985).
  • [1679] Context and Significance of County Tithables List with Records, 1679, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 41 (2004).
  • [1782] Land Tax List, 1782, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 1 (1972).
  • [1782-1813] Heinegg, Paul. <a href="http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/northumberland.htm">"Northumberland County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1813,"</a> Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Northumberland County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1788, 1801] Indexed images of the <a href="http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/">1788 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Northumberland County, Virginia</a> are available online, courtesy: <a href="http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/">Binns Genealogy</a>.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Jan. 2002); Vol. 46, No. 2 (Apr. 2002); Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul. 2002).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Northumberland County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
  • Headley, Robert K. Married Well and Often: Marriages of the Northern Neck of Virginia 1649-1800: Marriages and Marriage References for the Counties of Lancaster, Northumberland, Old Rappahannock, Richmond, and Westmoreland. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2003. FHL.
  • "Marriage License Records of Northumberland County, Virginia, from 1735 to 1795: As Recorded in Clerk's Fee Books," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Jan. 1939):41-47. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • Nottingham, Stratton. The Marriage License Bonds of Northumberland County, Virginia, 1783 - 1850. Onancock, VA: S. Nottingham, 1929. FHL; and <a href="http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806306564_strattonnottingham1929">World Vital Records</a> ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Voting

  • Bromley, Richard Franklin and Margaret Payne Bromley. Northumberland County, Virginia Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for the Period 1750-1774. Family Line Publications, 1994.

Societies and Libraries

Websites

Learning <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help">How to Edit our Wiki Sites</a>

  • Northumberland CountyFamily History Hall of Fame

"May we preserve their memories & Contributions!"

Contribute information on Historians and Genealogist

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References


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