Northumberland County, VirginiaEdit This Page

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<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidewater_region_of_Virginia">Tidewater</a> county in the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Neck">Northern Neck</a> region of Virginia.

Contents

County Courthouse

Northumberland County, Virginia
P O Box 217
Heathsville, Virginia 22473-0217
804-580-3777

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History

Parent County

1648--Northumberland County was created 12 October 1648 from Indian District of Chickacoan.
County seat: Heathsville [1]

Boundary Changes

Northumberland County and <a href="Westmoreland County, Virginia">Westmoreland County</a> were temporarily joined in 1662.[2]

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

<img src="ef=" _fck_mw_filename="NorthernNeck.png|thumb|right|400px|Part of the Northern Neck region" alt="RTENOTITLE" />

Populated Places

Northumberland County, Virginia Wikipedia

Neighboring Counties

  • <a href="Lancaster County, Virginia">Lancaster</a>
  • <a href="Richmond County Virginia">Richmond</a>
  • <a href="Westmoreland County, Virginia">Westmoreland</a>

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see <a href="Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy">Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy</a>.

If you are researching families who lived in Northumberland County, Virginia between the 1650s and 1710s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

Research Guides

African American

Cemeteries

  • "Early Tombs in Westmoreland, Richmond, and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Oct. 1902):123-130; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jan. 1903):191-195. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • "Early Tombstones in Northumberland County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jul. 1899):42-47. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • "Inscriptions on Old Tombstones in Westmoreland and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jul. 1900):25-31. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution, Daughters of the American Revolution. Freedom Hill Chapter (McLean, Va.). Virginia DAR Genealogical Records Committee Report: Tombstone Inscriptions of Northumberland County, Virginia. Virginia DAR, 1996.
  • <a href="http://genealogenie.net/northumberland/cemeteries.shtml">Northumberland County Cemeteries</a>

Census
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1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • Hall, Addison. The Glory of the Latter House: Sermon, Dedication of Coan Meeting House, County of Northumberland, Va.,Oct. 3, 1847. 1848.
Baptist
  • Coan Baptist Church (Heathsville, Virginia). Church History Committee. Stop and Look: The History of the Coan Baptist Church, 1804-1979 : Heathsville, Northumberland County, Virginia. Barbour Print., 1987.
  • Semple, Robert Baylor and Clarissa Hall. The Faithful Servant of God Exemplied in the Life and Death of Samuel L. Straughan: Late Minister of the Gospel, Northumberland County, Va. Shepherd & Pollard, printers, 1822.
Church of England

<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Boutracy Parish, Virginia">Boutracy Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Chickacoan Parish, Virginia">Chickacoan Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Fairfield Parish, Virginia">Fairfield Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Lee Parish, Virginia">Lee Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Nomini Parish, Virginia">Nomini Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="St. Stephens Parish, Northumberland, Virginia">St. Stephen's Parish</a>
<img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="RTENOTITLE" /> See also <a href="Wicomico Parish, Virginia">Wicomico Parish</a>

  • Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Northumberland and Lancaster Counties, Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr. 1946):137-151; Vol. 54, No. 3 (Jul. 1946):233-243. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
Presbyterian
  • Toler, Henry, Clarissa Pollard and Eliza Steptoe. The Faithful Minister's Work and Course Pursued and Finished: Being the Substance of Two Sermons Occasioned by the Death of Elder Lewis Lunsford, Late of Northumberland, in the State of Virginia, Who Departed this Life at Mr. Abraham Gregory['s] in Essex, October 26, 1793, about the Fortieth ... Ormond & Ormond & Conrad, no. 41, Old Sign of Franklin's Head, Chestnut-Street, 1795.

Court

County Court

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Northumberland County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="41" _fck_mw_template="true">. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Gazetteers

  • Wilson, John C. Creek Peek Collection: From the Piankatank to the Potomac: Locations of 195 Creeks, Coves, Bays, Branches, Prongs, Ponds and Rivers in Lancaster, Middlesex, Northumberland, Richmond and Westmoreland Counties of Virginia. Rappahannock Press, 199-?.

Genealogy

More than 225 genealogies have been published about Northumberland County families. To view a list, visit <a href="Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy">Northumberland County, Virginia Genealogy</a>.

Immigration

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Land

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Scott, Steven, University of New Orleans, University of New Orleans. Dept. of History. Social Networking in Sev
  • enteenth-century Virginia: Northumberland County, 1651-1665. University of New Orleans, 2005.

Maps

Northumberland County, Virginia maps from Google

Military

English Civil War
  • Hackley, Woodford B. "The Northumberland Oath 1652," [Oath of Allegiance to Oliver Cromwell's government during Commonwealth Period] The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 49, No. 1 (Jan. 1941):33-36. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($). [Identifies many local residents.]
Colonial Militia
French and Indian War
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Northumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Northumberland County supplied soldiers for the:


- <a href="5th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)">5th Virginia Regiment</a>
- <a href="15th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)">15th Virginia Regiment</a> (7th Company)[3]


Additional resources:

  • "Revolutionary Proceedings in Northumberland County, 1765, 1776-1778," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2, (Labeled issue 1) (Oct. 1911):127-132. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).
  • Sutton, K.E. Black, Red and Revolutionary: Free African Americans of Lancaster and Northumberland Counties, Virginia in the Era of the American Revolution. K.E. Sutton, 1997.
War of 1812
Civil War

Virginia, Civil War Service <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382">Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865</a>

Virginia, Civil War Service<a href="https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427">Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865</a>

Naturalization

Native Americans

  • Potter, Stephen R. An Ethnohistorical Examination of Indian Groups in Northumberland County, Virginia: 1608-1719. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976.

Newspapers

Indexed images of the <a href="http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm">Virginia Gazette </a>(1736-1780) are available online through the <a href="http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/">Colonial Williamsburg </a>website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: <a href="http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/">The Geography of Slavery in Virginia</a>. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Doggett, Barbara Lynn. Parish Apprenticeship in Colonial Virginia: A Study of Northumberland County, 1680-1695 and 1750-1765. College of William and Mary, 1981.
  • "Northumberland County," [List of Burgesses from the County Levy (1658-1719)] The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jan. 1896):179-180. Available at <a href="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</a> ($).

Poor Records

  • Doggett, Barbara Lynn. Parish Apprenticeship in Colonial Virginia: A Study of Northumberland County, 1680-1695 and 1750-1765. College of William and Mary, 1981.

Private Papers

Virginia, <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="19" _fck_mw_template="true">

  • [Galloway] Nickson, James, David Galloway and Thomas Lee. Title Account, November 1745 to November 1746, with David Galloway of Northumberland County, Virginia. [Incomplete citation taken from Google Books.]
  • [Jones] Jones Family and Library of Congress. The Papers of the Jones Family of Northumberland, Virginia, 1649-1889. Library of Congress, 1972.

Probate

Local Court

  • Lewis, James F. and J. Motley Booker. Wills and Administrations, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1713-1749. J.F. Lewis and J.M. Booker, 1967. Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1967):137. Review available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).
  • Lewis, James F. and J. Motley Booker. Wills and Administrations, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1750-1770. J.F. Lewis and J.M. Booker, 1964. Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1964):137-138. Review available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).
  • Photocopy of the Will of Samuel Griffin of Northumberland County, Virginia (1702) and Research Notes. [Incomplete citation from Google Books.]
  • Washington, John A. "Will of Thomas Bushrod, Northumberland County, Virginia, 1698," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1974):55-60. Available at <a href="http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285">American Ancestors</a> ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Cherry Point, Bow Tracy, Northumberland County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

<a href="Virginia Tax Lists">How can Virginia tax lists help me?</a>

The original personal property tax lists of Northumberland County, Virginia are held at the Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. FHL has microfilmed <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="17" _fck_mw_template="true"> for the years 1782 to 1850.

Additional Northumberland County taxation records available online or in print include:

  • [1664] Horse Owners Pay Bounty on Wolves, 1664, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1985).
  • [1679] Context and Significance of County Tithables List with Records, 1679, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 41 (2004).
  • [1782] Land Tax List, 1782, Northumberland County Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 1 (1972).
  • [1782-1813] Heinegg, Paul. <a href="http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/northumberland.htm">"Northumberland County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1813,"</a> Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="15" _fck_mw_template="true">. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Northumberland County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1788, 1801] Indexed images of the <a href="http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/">1788 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Northumberland County, Virginia</a> are available online, courtesy: <a href="http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/">Binns Genealogy</a>.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Jan. 2002); Vol. 46, No. 2 (Apr. 2002); Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul. 2002).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="13" _fck_mw_template="true">. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Northumberland County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
Vital Record Substitutes

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Voting

  • Bromley, Richard Franklin and Margaret Payne Bromley. Northumberland County, Virginia Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for the Period 1750-1774. Family Line Publications, 1994.

Societies and Libraries

Websites

Learning <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help">How to Edit our Wiki Sites</a>

  • Northumberland CountyFamily History Hall of Fame

"May we preserve their memories & Contributions!"

Contribute information on Historians and Genealogist

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References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Milnor Ljungstedt, "Westmoreland and Northumberland Joined," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan. 1924):46-47. Digital version at <A href="http://www.jstor.org" _fcksavedurl="http://www.jstor.org">JSTOR</A> ($).
  3. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. <IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="23" _fck_mw_template="true">.
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